|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)|
Kashyapa (कश्यप) was an ancient sage (rishis) in Suryavansha, who was one of the Saptarshis in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja .
Mention by Panini
Jat Gotras from Kashyapa
- Kashyap / Kashyapa (कश्यप) gotra Jats found in Madhya Pradesh are descendants of rishi Kashyapa (कश्यप).
- Kashya (काश्य)/Kashy (काश्य)
- Kashiwat (काशीवत)
- Kachchhawa (कच्छवा) Kachhwaha (कछवाहा) Kachhwala (कछवाला) gotra Suryavanshi Jats live in Rajasthan, who are the descendants of rishi Kashyapa (कश्यप), who was progenitor of Suryavansh. 
He was the father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. He is married to Aditi, with whom he is the father of Agni, the Adityas, and most importantly Lord Vishnu took his fifth avtar as Vamana, as the son of Aditi, in the seventh Manvantara. With his second wife, Diti, he begot the Daityas. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha Prajapati and sisters to Sati, Shiva's consort. Kashyapa received the earth, obtained by Parashurama's conquest of King Kartavirya Arjuna and henceforth, earth came to be known as "Kashyapi".
He was also the author of the treatise Kashyap Samhita, or Braddha Jivakiya Tantra, which is considered, a classical reference book on Ayurveda especially in the fields of Ayuvedic Pediatrics, Gynecology & Obstetrics  .
Mahavansa/Chapter 1 writes that ...Now since a great sacrifice by Kassapa of Uruvela was near at hand, and since he saw that this latter would fain have him away, he, the victorious over enemies, went to seek alms among the Northern Kurus ; and when he had eaten his meal at evening time near the lake Anotatta, the Conqueror, in the ninth month of his buddhahood, at the full moon of Phussa, himself set forth for the isle of Lañkä, to win Lanka for the faith. For Lanka was known to the Conqueror as a place where his doctrine should (thereafter) shine in glory; and (he knew that) from Lañkä, filled with the Yakkhas, the Yakkhas must (first) be driven forth.
Manda, Visala, Kassapa - Mahavansa/Chapter 15 tells ...Third in our age of the world was the Conqueror of the Kassapa clan, the all-knowing Teacher, compassionate toward the whole world. `The Mahamegha-grove was called (at that time) Mahasagara; the capital, named Visãla, lay toward the West. Jayanta was the name of the king of that region then, and this isle bore then the name of Mandadipa. At that time a hideous and life-destroying war had broken out between king Jayanta and his younger royal brother. When Kassapa, gifted with the ten powers, the Sage, full of compassion, knew how great was the wretchedness caused to beings by this war, then, to bring it to an end and afterwards to achieve the converting of beings and progress of the doctrine in this island, he, urged on by the might of his compassion, came through the air surrounded by twenty thousand (disciples) like to himself, and he stood on the Subhakuta-mountain.
Birth and Lineage of Kashyapa
He is the son of Marichi, one of the ten mentally generated sons (Maanasa-putras) of the Creator Brahma. The Prajapati Daksha gave his thirteen daughters (Aditi, Diti, Kadru, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavasa, Ida, Khasa and Muni  in marriage to Kashyapa.
- His sons from Aditi or Adityas (Sons of Aditi) were, Ansa, Aryaman, Bhaga, Dhūti, Mitra, Pushan, Śakra, Savitar, Tvastar, Varuna, Vishnu, and Vivasvat or Vivasvan , who went on to start the Solar Dynasty (Suryavansha), which later came to be known as Ikshvaku dynasty, after his great grandson, King Ikshvaku, whose subsequent kings were, Kukshi, Vikukshi, Bana, Anaranya, Prithu, Trishanku, and finally King Raghu, who gave it the name, Raghuvansha (Dynasty of Raghu), and then further leading up to Lord Rama, the son of Dashratha .
- His sons from Diti were, Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha and a daughter Sinka, who later became the wife of Viprachitti. Hiranyakashipu had four sons, Anuhlada, Hlada, Prahlada, and Sanhlada, who further extended the Daityas .
- Garuda and Aruna are the sons of Kashyapa from his wife, Vinata 
- The Nagas (serpents) are his sons from Kadru.
- The Danavas are his sons from Danu.
- The Bhagavata Purana states that the Apsaras were born from Kashyap and Muni.
In the family line of Kashyapa, along with him there are two more discoverers of Mantras, namely, his sons Avatsara and Asita. Two sons of Avatsara, namely, Nidhruva and Rebha, are also Mantra-seers. Asita had a son named Shandila, from whom the famous Shandilya family line (Gotra) started.
In the Manvantara period named 'Svarochisha', Kashyapa was one of the seven Sages for that manvantara. The Indian valley of Kashmir in the himalayas is named after him. Legend states that the valley of Kashmir was a vast high altitude lake which was drained by Kashyap rishi, out of which the beautiful valley of Kashmir emerged, hence the name Kashyapmira which corrupted overtime to become Kashmir.
ठाकुर देशराज ने लिखा है.... काश्यप - शिवि लोगों के वर्णन में मिस्टर क्रूक साहब के हवाले से यह बात हम बता चुके हैं कि जाटों में एक बड़ा समूह काश्यप लोगों का भी है। सूर्यवंश की प्रसिद्धि इन्हीं काश्यप से बताई जाती है। काशी के काश्य भी काश्यप हैं जो कि जाटों के अंदर काफी काशीवात कहलाते हैं। मगध के लिच्छवि शाक्य और ज्ञातृ भी काश्यप ही थे। इनके अलावा सैकड़ों काश्यिप गोत्री खानदान जाटों में मौजूद हैं। पुराणों में तो कैस्पियन सागर को कश्यप ऋषि का आश्रम बताया है। कुछ लोग श्रीनगर से 3 मील दूर हरी पर्वत पर कश्यप ऋषि का आश्रम मानते हैं।
कश्यप/ काश्यप का इतिहास
दलीप सिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं : ब्रह्मा के पुत्र मरीचि से कश्यप का जन्म हुआ था। कश्यप ऋषि से ही सूर्यवंश की प्रसिद्धि बताई जाती है। असल में सूर्यवंश का प्रचलन तो कश्यपपुत्र विवस्वत् से हुआ था। इनके नाम पर कश्यप या काश्यप जाटवंश प्रचलित हुआ। पुराणों ने तो कैस्पियन सागर को कश्यप ऋषि का आश्रम बताया है। कुछ इतिहासकारों ने श्रीनगर से तीन मील दूर हरिपर्वत पर कश्यप ऋषि का आश्रम लिखा है।
“ट्राईब्स एण्ड कास्ट्स ऑफ दी नार्थ वेस्टर्न प्राविन्सेज एण्ड अवध”नामक पुस्तक में मिस्टर डब्ल्यू कुर्क साहब लिखते हैं कि दक्षिण पूर्वी प्रान्तों के जाट अपने को दो भागों में विभक्त करते हैं - शिवि गोत्री या शिवि के वंशज और कश्यप गोत्री।
मगध के लिच्छवी, शाक्य और ज्ञातृ भी काश्यप ही थे। इनके अतिरिक्त सैंकड़ों काश्यप गोत्री खानदान जाटों में विद्यमान हैं। काशी के काश्य भी काश्यप हैं जो कि जाटों के अन्दर काशीवत कहलाते हैं। 
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.328, 334, 342
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.227
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p.226
- Q7 indianmedicine.nic.in. Q 7. The main classical texts for reference of Ayurvedic principles comprise of Charak Samhita, Susrut Samhita, Astang Hridaya, Sharangdhar Samhita, Madhav Nidan, Kashyap Samhita, Bhavprakash and Bhaisajya Ratnavali etc.
- Kashyap Samhita, Prof. (Km.) P. V. Tewari
- Vishnu Purana: Book I, Chapter XV Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840. p. 112. The daughters of Daksha who were married to Kaśyapa were Aditi, Diti, Danu, Arisht́á, Surasá, Surabhi, Vinatá, Támrá, Krodhavaśá, Id́á, Khasá, Kadru, and Muni 19; whose progeny I will describe to you...Vishńu, Śakra, Áryaman, Dhútí, Twáshtri, Púshan, Vivaswat, Savitri, Mitra, Varuńa, Anśa, and Bhaga
- Lineage of Kashyapa Valmiki Ramayana - Ayodhya Kanda in Prose Sarga 110.
- Birth of Garuda The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896], Book 1: Adi Parva: Astika Parva: Section XXXI. p. 110.
- Jat Itihas (Utpatti Aur Gaurav Khand)/Pancham Parichhed,p.99
- जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ-225
- (जाट इतिहास (उत्पत्ति और गौरव खण्ड, पृ० 100, लेखक ठा० देशराज)
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