Madreya

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Madreya (माद्रेय) was an ancient Janapada mentioned by Panini and in Mahabharata (II.28.30), (II.28.35),(VI.10.37).

Origin

The sons of Madri (माद्री) were called Madreya.

Jat clans

History

V. S. Agrawala[1] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Bodha (बोधा) - The Bodha also occur in the list of Bhishmaparva (10.37-38) in the same group as Kulingas, Sālvas and Mādreyas. Shalva country had a special breed of bulls known as s Sālvaka.


V. S. Agrawala[2] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Sālveyaka (शाल्वेयक) - Shālveyakas are mentioned as separate people in Mahabharata, grouped with Matsyas in their fight with the King Susharma of Trigarta (Virataparva.29.2). They must be same as Shalvaputra mentioned in Udyogaparva (4.24). The name Sālvaputra may still be traced in Alwar region. The Sālveyas stood in relation to Shalvas as the Mādreyas to Madras.


ठाकुर देशराज[3] लिखते हैं कि महाभारत में कुन्ति-भोज और कौन्तेय लोगों का वर्णन आता है। कुन्ति-भोज तो वे लोग थे जिनके कुन्ति गोद थी। कौन्तेय वे लोग थे, जो पांडु के यहां महारानी कुन्ती के पैदा हुए थे। महाराज पांडु के दो रानी थीं - कुन्ती और माद्री। कुन्ती के पुत्र कौन्तेय और माद्री के माद्रेय नाम से कभी-कभी पुकारे जाते थे।

In Mahabharata

Madreya (माद्रेय) are mentioned in Mahabharata (II.28.30), (II.28.35),(VI.10.37), (VIII.17.94).


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions Sahadeva's march towards south: kings and tribes defeated. Madreya is mentioned in verse (II.28.30) ...."Having said this, that tiger among men--the son of Madri--spreading some kusa grass on earth sat down in expectation of the (approaching) fire and in front of those terrified and anxious troops of his". [4]

Madreya is again mentioned in verse (II.28.35)...."And at these words of Agni, O bull of the Bharata race, the son of Madri rose up with a cheerful heart, and joining his hands and bending his head worshipped that god of fire, sanctifier of all beings.[5]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Madreya is listed in provinces in verse (VI.10.37). .... "After this, listen to the names of the provinces as I mention them. They are the Kuru-Panchalas, the Salwas, the Madreyas, the Jangalas..." [6]


Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 17 mentions Madreya in verse (VIII.17.94)...."Return home, O son of Madri, or go thither where Krishna and Phalguna are."[7]

Notable persons

Distribution

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.58
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.56
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VIII,p. 559
  4. एवम उक्त्वा तु माद्रेय: कुशैर आस्तीर्य मेथिनीम, विधिवत पुरुषव्याघ्रः पावकं परत्युपाविशत (II.28.30)
  5. तत उत्दाय हृष्टात्मा पराञ्जलिः शिरसानतः, पूजयाम आस माद्रेय: पावकं पुरुषर्षभः
  6. अत ऊर्ध्वं जनपदान निबॊध गदतॊ मम, तत्रेमे कुरुपाञ्चालाः शाल्व माद्रेय जाङ्गलाः (VI.10.37).
  7. गृहं वा गच्छ माद्रेय यत्र वा कृष्ण फल्गुनौ (VIII.17.94)

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