Maderna

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Maderna (मदेरणा)[1][2] Madrak (मद्रक)[3][4] Madraka (मद्रक)/ (मदरक)[5] [6] Madra (मद्र)[7] Madrayana (मद्रेणा) Madhan (मधान)[8][9] [10] Mad (मद्) Madh (मध) Madra (मदरा)[11] /Madrene (मद्रेने)/Madrena (मदेरना)[12] is an ancient gotra of Jats and is the root of many of the Jat gotras. There were two groups of Madras inhabiting Punjab. Their capital was at Madarpur (मद्रपुर).

Origin

Maderna is said to be derived from Madra (मद्र).[13] Madarpur named villages at present are in Bilari and Thakurdwara Tahsils in Moradabad district in Uttar Pradesh.

History

V S Agarwal [14] writes that Panini takes Bhakti to denote loyalty of the citizen to the State either a kingdom or a republic. The Kashika mentions, as examples of this kind of Bhakti or loyalty, 1. Angaka, 2. Vangaka, 3. Sauhmaka, 4. Paundraka, 5. Madraka, 6. Vrijika.


Ram Sarup Joon[15] writes that ....There is a story in Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 23 of the Mahabharata that when Dron Acharya was killed in action, Karna was appointed Commander in Chief of Kaurava Army. He chose Raja Shalya of Sialkot as his charioteer. He was a Madrak Jat and a brother of Madri, mother of the Pandavas. When they were driving to the battle field Karan said, “0, Shalya, there is none equal to me in archery in the Pandava army. They will flee before my arrows”. Shalya was frank and said “No, my people don’t acknowledge your prowess with the bow and arrow as being superior to that of Arjuna.” Karan felt offended and remarked caustically’ “0 Shalya, what do you Jartikas living in the land of five rivers, know about archery and bravery. All your people, Arh, Gandhar, Darad, Chima, Tusar, Malhia, Madrak, Sindhaw, Reshtri, Kukat, Bahik and Kekay eat onion and garlic..... The gotras mentioned above are all Jats and are not found in any other community. However ungraceful the remark, it does prove the existence of Jats in that period and that people of Punjab were called Jatika or Jartika.


Ram Swarup Joon[16] writes about Lalla, Saroha or Sirohi, Gathwala and Malik (branch of Madraka): Malak, Gathwala, Tank, Bura and Sagroha are the gotras of the same dynasty. According to the Bards of the Gathwala, the latter on being ousted from Ghazni, moved towards Multan and Satluj River. They were accompanied by their Bards, some of who became Doms and Barbers. The Malak and Gathwala (Kath) republics existed in the Punjab at the time of Alexander's invasion. They also lived in Jhang and Bahawalpur State later. They ruled over Dipalpur near Hansi. Kutubuddin Aibak defeated them and drove them out of their capital. Later on, they spread out to Rohtak and Muzaffarnagar districts. They continued to struggle against Panwar and Midhan Rajputs. They have 35 villages in Rohtak district. Chaudhary Bacha Ram is regarded the leader of a big Khap (republic) of 160 villages besides 10 villages in Jind State, in district Hissar, 2 in Meerut, 52 in Muzaffarnagar and some in Himachal Pradesh.

Buras and Sirohis are at present found in Rajasthan, Karmach, Burhakhera, Jind and Karnal, and 12 other villages like Khosra, Bhador, and Girana. In addition they have six villages in Patiala, one village Saidpur, and 8 other villages in Bulandshahr District of UP. Sagroha is a derivative of the word 'Saroha" and exists as a separate gotra.


Ram Swarup Joon[17] writes about Madrak, Madra: The Madrak gotra is an ancient gotra, and is the root of many of the Jat gotras. According to various historians Sialkot, Quetta and Ghazni were the capitals of the Madrakas since ancient times. King Shalya, the maternal uncle of the Kauravas was from the Madrak gotra. Colonel Todd found a rock inscription during the excavations of Shakla Nagri (Modern Sialkot), which he sent to the Asiatic society. In this inscription King Shalya has been called a Madrak Jat. In Mahabharata (Karna Parva) King Shalya has been called Jatit. Alexander's army had a fierce battle with the forces of the Madrakas at Sialkot. Madra and Madrayana are just the other names of Madrak. According to "Neel Puran", Madrak country began after crossing the river Bias, Satyabhama (Satluj) and the river Devika flowed through it. In ancient India the country between the rivers Ravi and Chenab was called Madrak. According to Alberuni and Ptolemy Sialkot and Shakilnagri are one and the same. People belonging to Bhatti gotra associate themselves with both Ghazni and Sialkot and for this reason the Bhatti gotra is accepted as a branch of Madrak.


Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Madras in Rajasthan are: Jinja, Bana, Thoria, Lagman, Kamodia, Madal, Devsalya, Junawa, Maderna, Judi, Madrewa, Khokh, Asihag etc. [18]

Bhim Singh Dahiya[19] writes that they are frequently mentioned in the epics [Mahabharata and Ramayana] and the Puranas. Their king , Salya, fought in the war. Madri, mother of Nakula and Sahadeva was a Madra Princess . Sabha Parva Shows that “ Jatasura Madra Kanam” (i.e. Asra and Madra Jats) brought presents for the Pandavas, who were their relations. They are also called Mad or Madh (Madhan) as well as Maderna nowadays. In Kurukshetra alone, they have twelve village . [20] Many Madhan Jats are now Muslims also. They are recorded in the Bible as Madai. [21] In Prakrit, the name Madra, becomes Madda. Their deity at Sakala, is called Kharaposta, which is and Iranian form. They ate pork beef, drank rum with milk, (136-MBT,VII,44,28,36) Their strange dress, banners, arms and chariots are also noted. [22] They came from the Iranian side. It is well known from Indian works that the ladies of Madra people (in the Punjab) were famous for their beauty, and were much sought after as wives by kings of distant lands. The examples of Madri, wife of Pandu, and of Savitri, can be quoted in this connection. Bhim Singh Dahiya also writes that It is well known from Indian works that the ladies of Madra people (in the Punjab) were famous for their beauty, and were much sought after as wives by kings of distant lands. The examples of Madri, wife of Pandu, and of Savitri, can be quoted in this connection.[23]

It is significant that Madri wife of Pandu, is called Bahliki, obviously because she was from Balkh area. [24] It is also significant that she was perhaps the only lady among the kuru-Pandava who committed Sati, at the pyre of her husband. It is this custom which was later on eulogised in India and was very much prevalent among the Rajputs in the later centuries. [25]

Sabha Parva in Sanskrit, shloka 13 writes as follows about Madra king Salya:

ततः शाकलम अभ्येत्य मद्राणां पुटभेथनम
मातुलं परीतिपूर्वेण शल्यं चक्रे वशे बली ।।13।।
मालवा मद्रकाश्चैव द्राविडाश्चोग्रकर्मिणः ।
यौधेयाश्च ललित्थाश्चक्षुद्राश्चाप्युशीनराः ॥
(महाभारत कर्णपर्व ५ अध्याय)


Ram Swarup Joon[26] write: 64. Madrak, Madra: The Madrak gotra is an ancient gotra, and is the root of many of the Jat gotras. According to various historians Sialkot, Quetta and Ghazni were the capitals of the Madrakas since ancient times. King Shalya, the maternal uncle of the Kauravas was from the Madrak gotra. Colonel Todd found a rock inscription during the excavations of Shakla Nagri (Modern Sialkot), which he sent to the Asiatic society. In this inscription King Shalya has been called a Madrak Jat. In Mahabharata (Karna Parva) King Shalya has been called Jatit. Alexander's army had a fierce battle with the forces of the Madrakas at Sialkot. Madra and Madrayana are just the other names of Madrak. According to "Neel Puran", Madrak country began after crossing the river Bias, Satyabhama (Satluj) and the river Devika flowed through it. In ancient India the country between the rivers Ravi and Chenab was called Madrak. According to Alberuni and Ptolemy Sialkot and Shakilnagri are one and the same. People belonging to Bhatti gotra associate themselves with both Ghazni and Sialkot and for this reason the Bhatti gotra is accepted as a branch of Madrak.


Ram Sarup Joon[27] writes that ....Alexander invaded India in 326 BC and came upto the River Beas. After crossing the River Indus at Attock, he had to fight with a series of Jat Kingdoms. Alexander's historian Arrian writes that Jats were the bravest people he had to contest with in India......Names of tribes described above by Arrian as having fought Alexander viz., Maliha, Madrak, Malak, Kath, Yodha and Jatrak exist today as Jat gotras.


Ram Sarup Joon[28] writes that ....According to the research of Hem Chandra, Lichhavis belonged to Madrak dynasty and were called Karskar or Kakkar because of their origin from Kar. Shale, Shal, Shi, all originating from Sialkot are also Madrak. In Sanskrit Scripture they have been called Jatra or Jatrali meaning Jat.


Ram Sarup Joon[29] writes that ....Samudra Gupta conquered the whole of Punjab and a major part of India. The clans defeated by him included


Ram Sarup Joon [30] writes ...Bahik, Bahi, Bahin or Bahela: Bahik Jats is found both among the Hindu and Sikhs. In Pakistan there are Muslim Bahele Jats-, Bahiks are mentioned in Mahabharat also. According to "Karna Parva", chapter of the Mahabharat) King Shalya paid l/6th part of his income to the Bahiks. According to Nandlal Dey, Bahik are a sub branch of the Madraks. Arat in district Sheikhupura was their capital. Hashak, Karmabh Kalak and Karkar were their important towns. In Daurala (District Meerut, U.P.) the Bahiyan Jats have six villages.


Ram Sarup Joon[31] writes that...The Bhatti Rajputs are a branch of Madrak Jat gotra and are named after Bhatti Rao, son of Gaj, ruler of Gajni. The Bhatti Raja of Jaisalmer later converted to Rajput.

मदेरणा गोत्र की वंशावली

पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा[32] ने लिखा है - पटियाला रियासत में धारसूल ग्राम मदेरणा गोत्र के जाटों का एक बड़ा गाँव है। मदेरणा गोत्र का एक बड़ा गाँव सांगा रियासत जींद में भी है। सांगा गाँव के मदेरना गोत्र के जाटों की वंशावली निम्नानुसार है:

1 चाहू, 2 बूड़ा, 3 माणक, 4 जाला, 5 पूना, 6 सेखा, 7 अतमल, 8 दादू, 9 नारायनदास, 10 छज्जू, 11 रामकौर, 12 चेतू, 13 फूलू, 14 बाला, 15 हरसूख, 16 जीराम, 17 ऊदा, 18 सोहन, 19 जयगोपाल

सांगा के मदेरना गोत्र के जाटों का पहला निकास धारसूल है। दूसरा निकास बैहलंभा गाँव जिला रोहतक है, तीसरा निकास बौंद ग्राम जो रियासत जींद में है। सांगा के मदेरना जाटों का कोई बड़ा बौन्द से चलकर सांगा ग्राम में आकर बस गया। यह रियासत जींद में है। यह विवरण सांगा के चौधरी रामबकस ने लिखाया।

Madra Khap

Madra Khap has 24 villages in tahsil Nakur of Saharanpur district in UP .

Its other main villages in Moradabad district in UP are: Madra Rampur (मद्र रम्पुर) , Dhanpur (धनपुर) , Makhyal (मख्याल) , Alampur (आलमपुर) , Kasampur (कासमपुर) , Mubarakpur (मुबारकपुर) , Jhalchipur (झलचिपुर) . [33]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Village in Sambhal district

Kasampur Sambhal,

Distribution in Haryana

Village in Bhiwani district

Bond Kalan, Sanga Bhiwani,

Village in Fatehabad district

Dharsul,

Village in Rohtak district

Balhemba,

Distribution in Punjab

Madra named Village is in Batala tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Villages in Ludhiana district

Distribution in Rajasthan

Maderna Khap has 5 villages in Bharatpur district. [34], .

Locations in Jaipur city

C-Scheme, Banipark, Jagatpura,

Villages in Bikaner district

Rajedu,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Bhundana (भुण्डाणा), Chadi (150), Jodhpur, Khinchan, Korilan sandelav, Laudi, Poonasar

Villages in Pali district

Kosalav,

Villages in Churu district

Sujangarh (2),

Notable persons of this gotra

See also

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.240, s.n.134
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.55,s.n. 1981
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-21
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.55,s.n. 1981
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-54
  6. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.55,s.n. 2005
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-21
  8. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.240, s.n.135
  9. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-98
  10. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.55, s.n. 1975
  11. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.55,s.n. 1981
  12. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-21
  13. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra, 1998, p. 275
  14. V S Agarwal, India as Known to Panini,p.430
  15. History of the Jats/Chapter II,p.33-34
  16. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 92
  17. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 93
  18. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.14
  19. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 265-266
  20. Fragments, XLVI, 7
  21. Genesis, X,2
  22. ibid, IV, 8 , 3-4
  23. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Antiquity of the Jats, p.303
  24. Mahabharata: I, 125,21
  25. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Antiquity of the Jats, p.304
  26. History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.
  27. History of the Jats/Chapter IV,p. 49-50
  28. History of the Jats/Chapter IV ,p. 56
  29. History of the Jats/Chapter IV ,p. 58
  30. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.71-72
  31. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/ChapterVIII,p. 136
  32. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma, p.43
  33. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, Agra, 2004, p. 20
  34. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991



Back to Gotras