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(Leel, Nila, Leelwal, Leela)

Location  : Rajasthan, Punjab

Country  : India, Afghanistan

Languages : Rajasthani, Punjabi, Dhundhari

Religion  : Hinduism

Neel (नील)[1] [2] Nila (नील) Leel (लील)[3]Leelwal (लीलवाल) [4] Leela (लीला)[5] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan[6] and Punjab. In Rajasthani language they are also called Leel in some areas. It is a Rajasthani Language variant of Neel. Nil clan is found in Afghanistan.[7]


Ancestry of Nila as per Bhagavata Purana

This Gotra originated from Nagavanshi mahapurusha named Nilabha (नीलाभ)[8] or Nila Naga (नील). [9]

Mention by Panini

Nila (नील) A cloth dyed with nili, is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [10]

Nila (नीला) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [11]

Nili (नीली) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [12]

Jat Gotras Namesake

Course of River Nile

Nile (नील) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world.[13]


Rajatarangini[14] mentions that Nila: Then reigned Nila over the Nagas ; his royal umbrella was the hood of

[p.5]: the serpent (Naga). There lived various classes of Nagas whose jewels made the city as rich as the treasury of Kuvera. The first king Nila was invited by the Nagas to reign over them. He had a sceptre one and a half cubit long, and had an umbrella placed over him, and a kunda.

Rajatarangini[15] tells us that when Sussala became king of Kashmir second time in 1121 AD he had to face defeat but continued the renewal of war. .... Although the king Sussala's army was destroyed, yet with twenty or thirty men of the royal blood and of his own country, Sussala faced the enemies.

Nila and others, sons of Viḍāla, born of the family of Bhāvuka, of the royal blood and of his own country, helped Sussala in facing the enemies in 1121 AD. (p.92)

Neela[16], the paramount of Nagas of Kashmir, was believed from early times, to have dwelt in main source of Vitasta river. Hence this fine spring was known as Neela-kunda, may possibly account for the location of the neel naga in this particular fountain.[17] It goes by the name of Veranaga. Neelanaga is still worshipped in Kashmir and fairs related to him are also held even today. In the district of Nāgām (ancient name nāgrām) which is watered by the Dudhganga a small stream which joins the Vitasta at Srinagar, there is a small lake, likewise, known by the name of Neelā nāg.[18]

Tej Ram Sharma[19] writes about Avamukta (अवमुक्त) in Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta (=A.D.335-76) (No. 1, L. 19). This Inscription No. 1 refers to Avamukta as one of the countries in Dakshinapatha subdued by Samudragupta . Its ruler was Nilaraja.[20] . Avamukta has not been identified with certainty. Some scholars on the basis of the similarity of names identify it with Avimukta another name of Kasi. [21] But the suggestion cannot be accepted. Avamukta of the inscription was a country in the South while Avimukta or Kasi is an eastern country. It may be considered to be situated in the Godavari district. [22] According to D.B. Diskalkar it must lay on the Eastern Ghats which lie to the west of Kanchi or Conjeevaram. [23]

In Mahabharata

Nila (नील) in Mahabharata (3-255-15a),

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 255 describes Karna's victory march and countries subjugated. Nila (नील) is mentioned in Mahabharata (3-255-15a)[24]..... Having met with Rukmi (रुक्मि) (3-255-14a), Karna (कर्ण) (3-255-14a), repaired to Pandya (पाण्ड्य) (3-255-14a) and the mountain, Shri (Shrishaila) (श्रीशैल) (3-255-14a). And by fighting, he made Kevala (केवल) (3-255-15a), king Nila (नील) (3-255-15a), Venudari's (वेणुदारि) (3-255-15b) son, and other best of kings living in the southern direction pay tribute.

Villages founded by Neel clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Nila (नील) gotra of Jats found in, Sikar, Tonk, Jaipur districts in Rajasthan.

Villages in Sikar district

Bhawanipura Srimadhopur, Dabason Ki Dhani (12),

Villages in Tonk district

Nila (नील) gotra Jats live in villages:

Ambapura Pachewar (1), Bapdunda (1), Ganta (5), Sardarpura (3), Thada Nimeda (1),

Leel inhabited Villages in Tonk district are:

Bagarwa Tonk (12), Banediya (1), Maindwas (4), Nimola (13), Paldi Dardahind (7),

Villages in Jaipur district

Neel (नील) gotra Jats live in villages:

Amarsar Jaipur (6), Bookni, Deopura Dudu,, Chakwada Chauru (3), Chhaparwada (1), Jhag, Nanda ki Dhani Sewa (1), Paloo Kalan, Sakhoon, Sawarda (सावरदा), Salarsoo, Shri Rampura, Sitarampura, Surajpura Dudu,

Leel inhabited Villages in Jaipur district are:

Achalpura (1), Hanutpura, Jaisinghpura Sanganer (250), Khedi Charanan (4), Khedi Gokulpura (1), Khijuriya (3), Mundiya Amber, Nanda ki Dhani Sewa (1), Phagi, Raipura Jaipur (15), Sunadiya (1), Watika (1),

Villages in Nagaur district

Neel Gotra Jats are found in villages:

Beechawa (30), Jakhera

Villages in Alwar district

Leel Gotra Jats are found in villages:

Baroda Meo, Rajwara, Kathoomar,

Villages in Karauli district

Leel Gotra Jats are found in villages: Leeloti, Rajawara,

Villages in Bhilwara district

Neel Ki Kheri (t.Mandalgarh),

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Neel Ka Khera (t.Bhadesar)

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Khargone district

Daulatpura Barwaha

Villages in Shivpuri district


Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Patiala district

Notable persons

  • Rekha Choudhary (Leel) - Agriculture Officer, Permanent Address : Phagi, Jaipur, Present Address : 1. A-30 ,Krishan Vihar, Opp. Hira Path, Mansorvar Jaipur. 2. A-134, Vidhyut nagar ,Ajmer Road, Jaipur ,Rajasthan, Phone : Mob : 9983750975, Email Address :
  • Anand Choudhary (Leel) - Ex. Manager RSRTC, VPO- Rajwara, teh.- Mandawar Alwar, distt.- Alwar, Rajasthan, Present Address : A-37,Bhan Nagar, Queen's Road, Jaipur, Phone : 0141-2353756, Mob : 9414054909
  • Hawa Singh (Leel) - A. En. PWD, VPO- Rajwara, teh.- Mandawar Alwar, distt.- Alwar, Rajasthan, Present Address : H.NO.-333 "Jasraj house" Sugreev Marg,Hanuman Nagar Extension,Khatipura, Jaipur,(Rajasthan),PIN: 302012, Phone Number : 0141-2357972, Mob: 9413339821, Email :
  • Satyendra Singh (Leel) - RPS Addl. SP,VPO- Rajwara, teh.- Mandawar Alwar, distt.- Alwar, Rajasthan, Present Address : 6, Yadgar Police Quarters, Ajmeri Gate Jaipur, Phone : 0141-2574772, Mob: 9829058100
  • श्री रामस्वरूप चौधरी नील - पुत्र श्री रायचंदजी गोत्र नील, निवासी दौलतपुरा प्रथम। वाया बिजयनगर, अजमेर, व्यवसाय पत्रकार दैनिक नवज्योति। पतंजलि किसान सेवा समिति अजमेर के जिलाध्यक्ष, वह राजस्थान पूर्व के सह राज्य प्रभारी। पतंजलि जैविक किसान सेवा केन्द्र बिजयनगर 305624। समाज में योग कक्षा लगाना। नशा मुक्ति अभियान में शामिल होना किसानों को जैविक खेती करने के लिए प्रेरित करना, मृत्यु भोज में नहीं जाना। अपने जीवन में कभी भी चाय बिडी जर्दा सुपारी सहित अन्य किसी भी प्रकार के नशे को मुंह पर नहीं लगाया। 9660997744

Gallery of Neel people


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 48
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1414
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.59,s.n. 2236
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ल-51
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ल-55
  6. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.112
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 260
  9. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.19
  10. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.209
  11. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 231
  12. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 209, 231, 246
  13. "Nile River". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  14. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I,p.4-5
  15. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII,pp.92-93
  16. Vogel J. PH. "Indian Serpent lore" P-227
  17. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.19
  18. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.20
  19. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Place-Names and their Suffixes,p.253, s.n.1
  20. No. I, L. 20.
  21. History of Dharmasastra by P. V. Kane , Vol. IV, p. 626
  22. H. C. Raychaudhuri, Political History of Ancient India, p. 453, also see note 5.
  23. Diskalkar, Selections From Sanskrit Inscriptions. Vol. I, Part II, p. 33, see in Kanchi.
  24. स केवलं रणए चैव नीलं चापि महीपतिम् (3-255-15a)

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