Bhilwara

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Map of Bhilwara district

Bhilwara (भीलवाड़ा) is a town in Mewar region of Rajasthan, India, 600 km from Delhi. It is the administrative headquarters of Bhilwara District.

Tahsils in Bhilwara district

Villages in Bhilwara tahsil

Location of Places around Bhilwara

Agarpura, Akola, Amba Kheri, Amli (Garh Pachhli), Amli Purawatan, Arjiya, Atoon, Bansra, Barantiya, Bardod, Barsoliya, Batakhon Ka Khera, Bhadali Khera, Bhainsa Kundal, Bhilwara (MCI), Bholi, Bhopalgarh @ Gandarmala, Biharipura, Biliya Kalan, Borda, Brahmpuri, Chainpura, Chhachheri, Chhapari, Chhapri, Dadiya, Dadiya, Dalelsingh Ji Ka Khera, Danta, Dantajati, Danthal, Dariba, Darri, Deoli, Dhangras, Dholiya Khera, Dhool Khera, Dhoomras, Dudiya, Ekling Pura, Eras, Gadri Khera, Gatheela Khera, Gokalpura, Gonwaliya, Gordhanpura, Govindpura, Govindsingh Ji Ka Khera, Gundli, Gurla, Guwardi, Haled, Hameer Garh, Hansiyas, Hooniya Khera, Jagdari, Jawasiya, Jeepiya, Jhopariya, Jitya Kheri, Jodhras, Kabra, Kacholiya, Kalundiya, Kalyan Pura, Kalyanpura, Kanda , Kanoli, Kanpura, Kanya Kheri, Karoi Kalan, Karoi Khurd, Keeratpura, Keeron Ki Jhonpariya, Khaira Bad, Khayra, Kochriya, Kodu Kota, Kotri, Kumariya Khera, Kumhariya, Madhopur, Mahesh Pura, Mahuwa Kalan, Malola, Mandpiya, Mandpiya, Mangrop, Mohanpura, Momi, Mujras, Nathadiyas, Nogawan, Ojhagar, Ojyara, Palri, Pansal, Parliya Khera, Parwati Pura, Patliyas, Patniya, Peepli, Phagnon Ka Khera, Pondras, Rajola, Rajpura, Rampuriya, Ratan Pura, Rayra, Reechhra, Roopaheli, Roopaliya, Rooppura, Rugnathpura, Sabalpura, Sagat Puriya, Sakariya Khera, Salampura, Salariya, Samori, Sangwa, Sayla, Seedriyas, Sethooriya, Shri Nagar, Siyar, Sopura, Sundarpura, Suwana, Swaroopganj, Tagariya, Takhat Pura, Taswariya, Teela Ka Khera, Teli Khera, Thala Ka Khera, Tiloli,

History

Jataun ka Mandir at Junawas Bhilwara

It is belived that when Arjuna went to Dwarika with all Gopis during Mahabharata period, he was passing through the present Bhilwara region. There was a war of Arjuna with Bhils. Local tradition reveals that it came to be known as Bhilwara because it was mostly inhabited by Bhil tribes in old days. These Bhils were eventually driven away towards the hilly tracts and interior places of less importance by the ancestors of the peasant settlers. It is said to have come up in the middle of the 11th century when a Bhil tribal, supposedly one of the first settlers, built a Shiva temple on the site of the existing Jataun ka Mandir. This is in the area called Junawas, the oldest part of the town. And if we are to believe this, the town is more than 900 years old.[1]Ironically enough, now very few Bhils live in this area. Another version recounts that the present Bhilwara city had a mint where coins known as 'BHILADI' were minted and from this denomination was derived the name of the district. A town nearby the city named "Mandal" is assumed to be the base of the Mughals when they attacked Chittor Garh, the moughal forces camped near the "talab" of the town of Mandal, ruins of the camp can still be seen there. A tower served as light house was also built on a small hill in Mandal, know known as "Mandara (minar)" this small hill also houses a devi temple. Bhilwara's history can be back to prehistoric period when neolithic culture was flourishing at Bagore village. A pillar said to be of first century BC at Nandsa village is evidence of Vedic rituals and culture. Classical 'Nagar' style of temple architect can be seen at temples of Menaal(Mahanaleshwer),Bijoliya, Gurlan, Gadarmala, Momi, Kanpura and Mandalgarh places.

तेजा मेला

भीलवाड़ा - तेजाजी के चौक में भरने वाला तीन दिवसीय तेजा मेला भरता है। तेजाजी स्थल पर एकादशी के दिन मजदूरों व कावाखेड़ा कच्चीबस्ती की ओर से विशाल ध्वज चढ़ाए जाते हैं। अगरपुरा, सांगानेर, सुवाणा व पांसल गांवों से श्रद्धालु अपने-अपने नेजे चढ़ाते हैं। चित्तौड़ रोड स्थित मॉडर्न व वुलन तथा राजस्थान स्पिनिंग मिल के मजदूर झंडे के साथ रवाना होते हैं। मुख्य बाजारों में होते हुए थान पर पहुंचते हैं, जहां पूजा के बाद झंडे तेजाजी को चढ़ाए जाते हैं।

Maharaja Kartik

Maharaja Kartik was a Jat ruler in Bundi area of Rajasthan.

James Todd obtained a Pali inscription about Jit or Jat tribe at village Ramchandrapura 3 kos (6 miles) east of Bundi state, which he sent to Asiatic Society London. The inscription reveals that there was a king Thot born in Yuti vansha. His son was Raja Chandrasain, a powerful and beloved of his subject. The son of Chandrasain was Kartika, renowned for his prowess. His wife was Gunaniwas, who gave birth to two sons Mukund and Daruka. Daruk produced son named Kuhal. Kuhal produced son named Dhunak, who achieved great works. He had war with Hill Meenas tribes and defeated and destroyed them. He along with his brother Dok worshipped gods and brahmanas. They founded a Sun-temple for the pleasure of his beloved wife. The temple will stand till the sumer suvarna mountain stands on the sand. Kuhal had founded this temple and a Maheshwar temple in east. The popularity of this was spread by Achal, son of Mahabali Maharaja Yashovarma. [2]

The period of war of this dynasty with pahari Meenas is difficult to asses. If we assume that Jat ruler Kartik had war with Menander then the period of this comes about 150 BC. Menander had attacked areas upto Chittor. It is very likely that Kartik had a war with Menander. This way the period of his descendant becomes the first century. If we look into the period of Achal who made this temple popular it comes around third or fourth century or beyond it, as ruler Yashovarman was in Maukhari vansha in eighth century in Kannauj. He had sent a delegation to China in 731 AD. [3] Lack of records and history prior to sixth century prevents prom determining the exact period of the rule of Kartik and his descendants. According to Thakur Deshraj, We can presume their rule from fourth to sixth century. [4]

Jhanjhar Jats

Jhanjhars have been associated with jat folk-deity Tejaji. Tejaji was married in Jhanjhar gotra jats of Paner (पनेर) village in Ajmer district in Rajasthan. Tejaji was married to Pemal, daughter of Raimal of Jhanjhar (झांझर) gotra of Paner. Raimal was the chieftain of this village and popularly known as Mehtaji or Muthaji. The historical Paner village is now abondoned and the present Paner village is situated 1 km south of it.

There is a temple of Tejaji at Paner in which three statues are placed. People believe that a statue of Tejaji came out from the ground on its own at site of Raimal's house. The magical powers of Tejaji had spread all around. Maharaja Abhay Singh of Jodhpur wanted to shift this statue to to his state Jodhpur. He got it dug out the statue for many days but could not take out this. It is believed that Maharaja Jodhpur at last saw Tejaji in dream who guided him that statue can not be taken out from here but it can be installed at boarder of Nagaur district. Later Jodhpur Maharaja got constructed a temple of Tejaji at Parbatsar and installed a statue of Tejaji here. The temple of Paner bears inscription of samvat 1885 and name of Pithaji. The pooja of this temple is done by a kumhar and not by brahman. This temple is situated near famous Sambhar lake. There is a big pond here built by Jhanjhar gotra Jats known as Jinjardab or Jhanjhardab.

It is believed that when Tejaji died in fighting with enemies, Pemal decided to commit sati and cursed the village Paner that

"Paner could not protect my suhag, Paner would be abandoned and Jhanjhar clan would not survive in Paner. Dholi could not beat the drum, Mali did not offer flower to Tejaji and Gurjars did not cooperate with Tejaji, all these clans would not survive in Paner."

All the four clans Jhanjhar, Mali, Dholi and Gurjars are not found in the village even today. It is said that they tried to settle many times but could not prosper here. Jhanjhar gotra Jats presently live in Bhilwara and visit this place occasionally.

Geography

Bhilwara (bēlvä`rə) is located at 25.35° N 74.63° E. It has an average elevation of 421 metres (1381 feet).

Major rivers flowing through the district are Banas, Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagdi.

There is not any natural lake in the district but on the other hand there are number of ponds and dams so the district is the most irrigated through the ponds in the state of Rajasthan.

Population

As of 2001 India census, Bhilwara had a population of 280,185. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Tourist places

  • Bagore - A historical place since the PASAN CAL of Hadappa & Mohan Jodaro which is 30 km from Bhilwara on bank of Kothari river where some ancient precious things have been discovered.
  • Bagore Shaib Kalgidhar - This is also famous for great Gurudhawara of Bagore Sahib Kalgidhar.
  • Meja Dam - largest dam in the city.
  • Menaal falls - very attractive falls.
  • Love Garden - also known as Nehru park, has been favourite spot for dating in its first few years.
  • Badnore Fort
  • Mandalgarh fort
  • Banera Fort

Religious places

  • Harni Mahadev, famous shiv temple.
  • Bada Mandir, famous Charbhuja Mandir
  • Adinath Digamber Jain Mandir, R.K. Colony, Bhilwara
  • Neelkanth Mahadev
  • Charbhuja Temple at Kotri
  • Sawai Bhoj Temple at Asind
  • Kalp Vraksh, 22 km from Bhilwara, near to Aamaa village.
  • Adhar Shila Mahadev (it is a famous shiv temple under a rock hung on only from a single place)
  • Shahpura Ramdwara - 45 km away at NW direction
  • Patula Mahadev
  • Ghata Rani. Famous for its more than 100 steps.PUR
  • Kali Mata ka Mandir. Situatued on a top of a hill, located near Harni Mahadev. From here you can observe the whole view of bhilwara city and enjoy the sunset and the sunrise. Also known at Sunset Point.
  • Kyara ke bala ji mandir 10 km PUR
  • Patola mahadev tample PUR
  • Dungri ke BALA ji PUR

Historical Places in Bhilwara district

Asind: This is tehsil and Panchayat samiti. The town is also known for temples situated on the left bank of the Khari, built by Sawai Bhoj. During the princely rule , it was an estate comprising seventy two villages , held by one of the first class nobles of the Mewar State, who had the title of Rawat.

Gangapur: Headquarter of the Sahara tehsil, this town is situated at a distance of about 46 Km. in the South-West of the district headquarters .It was part of the erstwhile princely state of Gwalior (now in M.P.) prior to independence. It is municipal town.

Badnore Fort

Badnore Fort: is 70kms from Bhilwara on the Bhilwara Asind road.

Bijolia: The town situated in the South East of Bhilwara. It is close to the borders of the District Bundi. The ancient name of Bijoliya was 'VINDHYAVALI'. It is walled with two gates (North and South) and picturesquely situated on a plateau called the UPARMAL. Objects of historical interests are three Saivite temples , probably of the tenth century . A reservoir called the Mandakini Baori with steps, five Jain temples dedicated to PARASWNATH .The remains of a palace and two rock inscriptions deserve mention. The Jain temples, situated about 1.5 Km. of the south east were built by Mahajan Lala in the time of the Chauhan Raja Someshwar of Ajmer in 1170 AD. One of them is considered scared containing a complete small model of a temple inside. The rock inscriptions are both dated 1170 AD.

50 kms on the Bundi-Chittauragarh road, in Bhilwara district, is the old fort and city of Bijolia. In ancient times it was known as Vindhyavali. During the Chauhan period, it became a famous centre for art and architecture. On the eastern side of the town near the city wall, there are three beautiful temples. Prominent amongst them is Hajaresvara Mahadeva temple. It has a high linga surrounded by hundreds of small lingas and hence called Hajaresvara or Sahastralinga. Near by Mandakani Kund is a holy water tank. Bijolia inscription dating back V.E. 1226 (1170 AD) is very important because it throws a new light on the early history of the Chauhan dynasty.

Shahpura: Capital of the erstwhile state of SHAHPURA , the town houses the headquarters of the sub division, tehsil, panchayat samiti of the same name. It is about 58 Kms. from district headquarters.The rulers of the erstwhile chiefship of SHAHPURA belonged to the SISODIA CLAN of RAJPUTS . Shahpura is a place of pilgrimage for the followers of the ' RAM SANEHIS' Sect .Founded by the hindus in 1804 .They have a shrine in the town as 'RAM DWARA' .The chief priest of RAM DWARA is the head of the sect. Pilgrims from all over the world visit the shrine through out the year . Ram Snehi is an International hindu sect. An annual fair ,which is called 'PHOOL DOL KA MELA' is held here on PHALGUN SHUKLA '15( march-april) for five days. About one lac people attend the fair. It is also famous for PHAD painitings.

Mandalgarh: The place ,situated at a distance of 54 Kms. towards South-East of Bhilwara. It is sub division,tehsil and panchayat samiti of same name.The place is of historical importance because it was the scene of many a fierce battle during the medieval times,according to the muslim historians.

The place was taken twice by Mahmud Khilji of Malwa in the middle of the fifteenth century , and subsequently appears to have belonged alternately to the Ranas of Mewar and the Mughal Emperors. In or about 1650 A.D. Shah Jahan granted it in Jagir to Raja Roop Singh of Kishangarh, who partially built a palace here , but Rana Raj Singh retook it in 1660.A.D.. Twenty years later captured the palace and in 1700 A.D. made it over to Jhujar Singh Chief of Pisangan (now in Ajmer district ) from whom it was recovered by Rana Amar Singh in 1706 A.D., and it since then remained in the uninterruped possession of his successors.

To the North-West is a fort about half a mile in length with a low rampart wall and bastions encircling the crest of the hill on which it stands.The fort is said to have been constructed by a chief of the Balnote Clan of Rajputs (a branch of Solankis). There is an old temple Jaleshwar by name (1619 v.s.) The fort also houses a temple dedicated to Shiva.

Udan Chatri, at Pur

Pur: Is situated at about 10 Km. from Bhilwara city. It is famous for it Udan Chatri, Adhar Shila , and Patola mahadev. The Bhilwara Municpal corporation is developing a tourist place at Gata Rani Mandir.

Jat Gotras in Bhilwara district

Bhadu, Bhariya, Bhadala, Bhariya, Dia, Godara, Echoliya, Jhanjhar, Lamba, Legha Mahla, Manda, Ranwa, Rao, Sagdolia, Togda, Tonk,

Notable persons

  • Ashok Kumar Choudhary (Rao) - X. En. AVVNL, Date of Birth : 16-November-1961, Permanent Address : 2, Vakil Colony, College Road, Bhilwara, Raj. Phone: 01482-227109, Mob: 9414271755
  • Jagdish Chandra Jat (Bajia) - Principal School Education, Date of Birth : 11-September-1956, VILL- Nairans, PO - Suwana,teh.& distt- Bhilwara, Phone: 01482-257107, Mob : 9252133244
  • Prakash Chaudhary (): IRS (CCE) 2014 batch , Currently under training in Hyderabad, from Bhilwara, Rajasthan, M: 7080600141
  • Ram Niwas Jat (): RAS 1996 batch, Settlement officer Cum R.A.A. Sikar, From Bhilwara, M: 9414325475

Jat Dharmshalas

PIN Codes Bhilwara district

Agucha 311029 • Akola Bhilwara 311607 • Amli 311405 • Ammunition 311405 • Asind 311301 • Badnore 311302 • Bagore 311402 • Banera 311401 • Bapu Nagar Bhilwara 311001 • Barliyas 311027 • Bemali 311809 • Bhagwanpura Bhilwara 311032 • Bhilwara Bus Stand 311001 • Bhilwara City 311001 • Bhilwara Court 311001 • Bhilwara Dhan Mandi 311001 • Bhilwara H O 311001 • Bhilwara Indra Market 311001 • Bhilwara Labour Colony 311001 • Bhilwara R S 311001 • Bhilwara Subashnagar Bhil 311001 • Bigod 311601 • Bijolian 311602 • Daulatgarh 311303 • Dhanop 311030 • Gangapur Bhilwara 311801 • Gulabpura 311021 • Gurlan 311012 • Hamirgarh 311025 • Hurda 311022 • Jahazpur 305409 • Jahazpur Mandi 305409 • Junawas Bhilwara 311001 • Kachan Kalan 311406 • Kachhola 311605 • Karoi 311808 • Kashipuri Bhilwara 311001 • Khamore 311031 • Khatwara 311609 • Koshithal 311805 • Kothian 311023 • Kotri Bhilwara 311603 • Krishi Upaj Mandi 311001 • Ladpura Bhilwara 311606 • Lakhola 311807 • Mandal 311403 • Mandalgarh 311604 • Mangrop 311028 • Mor Ka Nimbahera 311026 • Nandrai 311608 • Pander 305410 • Paroli 305413 • Phulia Kalan 311407 • Piplund 305411 • Potlan 311810 • Pur 311802 • Railagaon 311024 • Raipur Bhilwara 311803 • Rajaji Ka Karera 311804 • Rupaheli Kalan 305626 • Sahada 311806 • Sambhoogarh 305011 • Sanganer Bhilwara 311013 • Shahpura 311404 • Shahpura Bazar 311404 • Shahpura Bhilwara 311404 • Shahpura Kund Gate 311404 • Shakargarh 305414 • Shastrinagar Gangapur 311801 • Suwana 311011 • Upreda 311408 • Ama 311025 • Arjiya 311001 • Atun 311802 • Badla 311001 • Ban Ka Kheda 311001 • Bapunagar Bhilwara 311001 • Bardod 311025 • Bhilwara 311001 • Bhilwara City Tso 311001 • Bhilwara Court Ndtso 311001 • Bhilwara Rly Station 311001 • Bholi 311001 • Bhunas 311802 • Danthal 311001 • Dariba 311802 • Dhanmandi Edso 311001 • Dhosar 311802 • Dudiya 311802 • Gendlia 311025 • Gundli 311802 • Gurlan Edso 311012 • Haled 311001 • Indra Market Ndtso 311001 • Jitya 311025 • Junawas Tso 311001 • Kanda 311001 • Karoi Co 311802 • Kashipuri Bhilwara Ndtso 311001 • Khedliya 311001 • Kherabad 311025 • Kochoria 311802 • Kodu Kota 311001 • Krisi Upaj Mandi Bwa Ndts 311001 • Labour Colony Ndtso 311001 • Lasadiya 311001 • Mahendragarh 311802 • Mahuwakhurd 311001 • Malola 311802 • Mangrop Edso 311028 • Ojayada 311025 • Pansal 311802 • Pipli 311025 • Pithas 311802 • Rampuria 311802 • Rupaheli 311001 • Sanganer Edso 311013 • Satola Ka Khera 311001 • Seedriyas 311001 • Sethuria 311802 • "subhash Nagar,bhilwara" 311001 • Suthepa 311025 • Swaroopganj 311025 • Udliyas 311001

External links

Gallery

References

  1. historical information on Bhilwara
  2. James Todd, Appedix 1], [Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas, p.588-589
  3. Bharat Ke Prachin Rajvansh, II
  4. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas, p.589-590

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