Karwasra

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Karwasra Jat Birania
C L Varma (Kadwasra), Jaora, Ratlam

Karhwasra (कड़वासरा) Karwasra (कड़वासरा) Kadwasra (कडवासरा) Kadwasda Kadwasara (कडवासरा) Kurwasra (कुरवासरा)[1] (कुड़वासरा)[2] is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan,[3] Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana in India. They belong to the Dahiya Clan.

Contents

Origin

This gotra gets name from their most prominent ruler Kadavarao (कड़वाराव).[4]

History

The gotra originated from their most prominent ruler Kadavarao (कड़वाराव). A rock inscription inscribed by his grandson Chachcha Rana was found in village Mangalana in district Maroth in Jodhpur princely state, in which they have been called as Dahiyas. It was inscribed in 1215 AD. It has been referred to in the book 'Indians in the Cauvery' on pages 87 and 88.


In the Kinsariya inscriptions of Chachha Dahiya of S.V. 1056-57 (999 AD), reported in EI, Vol. XII, pp. 56-57, He is mentioned as "Kulam Dahiyākam Jātam" and the inscriptions gives at least four generations of that prince.

The Kinsariya inscription of the year 999 AD, in the temple of Kevay Goddess, at village Kinsaria (किनसरिया), in tahsil Parbatsar district Nagaur shows that Dahiyas originated from Dadhichi Rishi.

The chronology of the rulers of Dahiya clan is as under: • Dadhichi (दधिची) , • Vimal Raja (विमल राजा) , • Sivar (सिवर) , • Kulkhat (कुलखत) , • Atar (अतर) , • Ajayvah (अजयवाह) , • Vijayvah (विजयवाह), • Susal (सुसल) , • Shalivahan (शालिवाहन) , • Narwad (नरवाड़) , • Choohad (चूहड़) , • Deoraj (देवराज) , • Gunrang (गुणरंग) , • Kadavarao (कड़वाराव) , • Kirti Singh (कीर्ति सिंह) , • Bairi Singh (बैरी सिंह) , • Chachcha Rana (चच्चा राणा) .

The Jats of Karwasra and Karwa have originated from Kadavarao (कड़वाराव). Harsolav village in Nagaur district is about seven centuries old. It is associated with hstory of Karwasra Jats. There are ruins of ancient buildings. Pipaliya Bara of Karwasra Jats in Harsolav village is a famous place where there are chhatris of their ancestors.

Jats of Karwasra, Karwa, Bhagasra and Dahiya gotras are considered as brothers and marriages are not allowed among each of these gotras.

Villages founded by Karwasra

Manglana Stone Inscription of V. 1272 (1215 AD)

Manglana was on the northern fringes of Chauhan Kingdom. Govinda was succeeded by his son Valhana in Kingdom of Ranthambhor.That, like his father, he continued to recognize the supremacy of the Delhi Sultanate is obvious from the Manglana Stone Inscription of V. 1272 (1215 AD) which refers itself to victorious reign of Shamsuddin, the lord of Ghor and Ghazna and the gadhapati Valhanadeva ruling at Ranthambhor. It is dated Sunday, the 11th of the dark half of Jyeshtha, V. 1272 (1215 AD), and records the construction of a step-well by Valhana's feudatory Jaitrasimha, son of Mahamandaleshvara Padmasimhadeva of the Dadhichaka family (Dahiya). (IA,XLI,p.87f) [5]

Origin from Trigartas

Maheswari Prasad consider this gotra to be originated from ancient Trigarta clan named Kauṇḍoparastha. He[6] writes that it appears that at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. It is carious to note that in connection with the application of a suffix Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse the Kashika commentary names these as Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), Jālamāni (जालमानि), Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and Jānaki (जानकी). These communities mentioned in the grammatical literature can be identified with following Jat Gotra names:

  • (3) Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी): Dangi,
  • (5) Jālamāni (जालमानि): Jali,

Distribution in Rajasthan

In Rajasthan they live in Distt Sikar, Churu, Nagaur, Jhunjhunu, Barmer, Jodhpur, Hanumangarh, Sri Ganganagar, Jaipur and Bikaner.

Villages in Sikar district

Alakhpura Godaran, Bairas, Birania, Rosawa, Thethalia, Sikar, Swami ki Dhani, Takhalsar, Turkasia, Pilimandori ( Fatehabad),

Villages in Churu district

Balrasar (180), Ginri Patta Rajpura, Hamusar (2), Jaleu Bari (5), Kadia, Kilipura, Rajiasar Chack, Taranagar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Amarpura Jalukhat, Bhadra, Bhairusari, Chautala, Deidas, Dhaban, Dhandela, Dingarh, Fatuhi, Karanpura, Nagrana, Pakka Saharana, Ramsara, Ratanpura Rohidawali, Sangaria, Kamrani,

Villages in Ganganagar district

49 LNP, Sahuwala Ganganagar,

Locations in Jaipur city

Jawahar Nagar, Mansarowar Colony, Queens Road,

Villages in Jaipur district

Amkeshpura (3), Reti,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Patusari, Titanwad,

Villages in Nagaur district

Borwa, Deh, Dhadharia Kalan, Girdharipura, Gotan, Harsolav (40), Karwasaron Ki Dhani, Leeliya,

Villages in Barmer district

Anta Barmer, Baitu, Barmer, Beriwala Tala (बेरीवाला तला), Bhadupura, Bhimdi, Chabawas, Chuli, Garal (20), Gorasia Ka Tala, Hira Ki Dhani, Hironion Ka Tala, Kadwasron Ki Dhani, Khinpsar, Khokhsar, Madpura Barwala, Madpura Barwala, Naukh (10), Nimboniyon Ki Dhani, Nokhra (5), Purawa, Ramariya Tala, Ramderiya Tala, Ratasar, Sindari, Sahar

Villages in Jodhpur district

Banar, Barliya, Bisalpur, Guda Vishnoiyan (5), Jodhpur, Mathaniya, Nandara Kalan, Raimalwara, Salawas, Sargiya Khurd,

Villages in Jaisalmer district

Bhaniyana,

Villages in Bikaner district

Bikaner, Nimbaniyon ki Dhani,

Villages in Pali district

Jhoontha,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Kadwasra (कड़वासरा) gotra are: Jawra (3),

Villages in Indore district

Gokalpur, Harsola,

Distribution in Maharashtra

Villages in Dhule district

Bodakikhadi,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa District

Bakrianwali , Hanjira , Makhosarani, Mammad Khera, Nathusari Kalan , Nezia Khera ,

Villages in Fatehabad District

Kirdhan, Pili Mandori,

Villages in Hisar district

Kaimri, Sundawas,

Distribution in Punjab

Pakka Kalan (Bhatinda), Sherewala,

Notable persons from this gotra

  • श्री गुगनराम कड़वासरा (ट्रस्टी), व.अ., ग्रामोत्थान विध्यापीठ परिसर, संगरिया, 9414508581, Trustee for 2013-2017 Session Gramotthan Vidyapeeth Sangaria.

Gallery of Kadwasra people

Reference

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-151
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-44
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 229
  5. Early Chauhan Dynasties" by Dasharatha Sharma, p.118-119
  6. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 26

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