Ratlam

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District map of Ratlam

Ratlam (रतलाम) is a city in the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India.

Introduction

The town of Ratlam lies 1577 feet above sea level. Ratlam is one of the important Districts of Madhya Pradesh Which is situated in the North West part of the State. The New Town of Ratlam was founded by Captain Borthwick in 1829 with regular and broadened streets and well built houses. [1]Ratlam was once one of the first Commercial Towns in Central India being the centre of an extensive trade in opium, tobacco and salt. It was also famous in Malwa for its bargains called Sattas. Before the opening of the Railway Line to Kahndwa in 1872, there was no better mart than Ratlam.

Tahsils in Ratlam district

Ratlam has 6 tahsils. Click the links below to Know details of villages in each tahsil:

Villages in Ratlam tahsil

Aewariya, Alniya, Ambodiya, Amleta, Amleti, Badchhapara, Badnara, Badoda, Badodiya, Bajan Kheda, Bajeda, Bambori, Bangrod, Banjli, Barbodana, Baroda, Barwad, Barwan Khedi, Bawadi Kheda, Berchha, Bhadwasa, Bhainsa Dabar, Bharoda, Bhati Badodiya, Bhatuni, Bhil Khedi, Bibdod, Bilpank, Binja Khedi, Birmawal, Bodina, Borda, Borwana, Chandodiya Chanwara, Chhatri, Chhayan, Chikaliya, Chitawad, Chorana, Chorani, Dantoda, Dantodiya, Delanpur, Deri No.2, Dhabaipada, Dhamnod, Dhamotar, Dhanasuta, Dhanesara, Dharad, Dhaturiya, Dhikwa, Dholawad, Dholka, Dhonswas, Diwel, Dosigaon, Ganga Khedi, Ghatla, Ghatwas, Ghoda Kheda, Gopalpura, Gunawad, Guwal Khedi, Hapu Khedi, Harthali, Hathnara, Hemti, Isarthuni, Itawa Kalan, Itawa Khurd, Jadwasa Kalan, Jadwasa Khurd, Jalod, Jamthun, Jamuniya, Jhar, Jhar Khedi, Junwaniya, Kachlana, Kalmoda, Kaloli Kalan, Kaloli Khurd, Kalu Khedi, Kamed, Kandarwasa, Kaneri, Karmadi, Karoda, Khara Khedi, Khari, Khedi, Khokhra, Kolwa Khedi, Kotadi, Kuajhagar, Lakhangarh, Lalguwadi, Laptiya, Lochi Tara, Lunera, Malwasa, Mangrol, Mathuri, Mau, Mewasa, Morda, Morwani, Mundri, Nagra, Nalkui, Namli (NP), Nandlai, Naugawan Jagir, Naugawan Kalan, Nayan, Nayapura, Negdada, Palas, Palduna, Palsoda, Palsodi, Panched, Pipalkhunta, Piplodi, Pritam Nagar, Rajpura, Rampuriya, Rampuriya, Ranjitpura, Ratlam (M Corp.) Rattagarh Kheda, Rawadiya, Ren, Renganiya, Rojadaka, Rughnathgarh, Rupa Kheda, Sagod, Sala Khedi, Sanawada, Sandla, Sanwliya Rundi, Sanwri Kheda, Sarwad, Sarwani Bant, Sarwani Jagir, Sarwani Khurd, Sejawata, Semliya, Sewariya, Shivpur, Sikhedi, Simlawada No.1, Simlawada No.2, Singa Khedi, Sinod, Siru Khedi, Sujlana, Sura Khedi, Surajapur, Surana, Sutreti, Tajpuriya, Tar Khedi, Thikwa, Titri, Umar Thana, Umran, Uni, Usargar,

Early history

Taxakeshwar temple
Statue of Taxaka at Taxakeshwar temple
Shivalinga at Taxakeshwar Temple

Discovery of a few stone age tools, picked from three villages of Ratlam, proves the existence of the primitive man in the District. Among these, two microlithic sites were found in Jaora[2]. In Ancient times Ratlam was included in Avanti region, known as Malwa from the 7th-8th century onwards.

This Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh was ruled by Nagavanshi rulers for a long period. This is clear from some historical evidences such as the very name of the town Nagda in adjoining Ujjain district. The name of the town was actually nag-dah which means cremation/burning (dah) of snakes (nagas). Near by Nagda there is famous Delanpur temple of Hanumanji, Place of Naga Maharaj Kalkheda (कालखेड़ा), Kalmoda (कलमोड़ा), Kalukhedi, Kalukheda, Nagpipalya in Ratlam district.

Taxakeshawar (तक्षकेश्वर) or Takhaji (ताखाजी) is a place of religious and historical importance with temple of Taxaka in Mandsaur district in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated at a distance of 22 km from Bhanpura town on Hinglajgarh road. [3]This is the site of serpent king taxak , where he is worshiped as Taxakeshawar but the local people call him Takhaji. Curiously enough he shares the worship of the country folk with Dhanvantri, the Indian Aesculapius. [4][5] The shrine in question stands on a most romantic spot from village Navali[6] situated on the table land at the foot of which Bhanpura lies. [7]

This place is probably the only site having a temple and a statue of nagaraja Taxak. Statue of Taxaka is shown with seven serpent hoods protecting from above. In one hand of Taxaka is shown a human head. On one side is shown his wife and his son on other side. The period of installing this statue is estimated to be 12th century. [8] [9] A fair is organized on every purnima of baisakh month of Hindu Calendar. [10]

There is puranic mythological legend heard about nagaraja Taxaka and Dhanavantari in this part of Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh. Emperor Janamejaya ascended to the throne of Hastinapura upon the death of his father Parikshita. According to legend, Parikshita, the lone descendant of the House of Pandu, had died of snakebite. He had been cursed by a sage to die so, the curse having been consummated by the serpent-chieftain Takshak. Janamejaya bore a deep grudge against the serpents for this act, and thus decided to wipe them out altogether. He attempted this by performing a great Sarpa satra - a sacrifice at Nagda that would destroy all living serpents. All the nagas had been destroyed in this nagayagya except Taxaka, who is believed to have obtained boon from Lord Vishnu. Local tradition goes that Taxaka resides here in this place.

On the other hand Dhanavantari along with his followers and medicines was going to save Parikshita. The Taxaka naga with the help of illusive powers took the form of wood-stick of chandan tree. When Dhanavantari took this wood-stick on his shoulder, the Taxaka bite him on back and Dhanvantari died. The local people believe that Dhanvantari stays here since that time as god of herbs and medicines. The local vaidyas first worship Dhanavantari here and then collect medicinal herbs for treatment.

Origin of Ratlam

Dr Ajit Raizada writes that the name of Ratlam is popularly said to be derived from that of Raja Ratan Singh (1652-58), the founder of Ratlam State. This is, however, a fallacy as Ratlam was already in existence before Ratan Singh was granted the district, since it is mentioned by Abul Fazl in the Ain-i-Akbari as one of the mahals in the Ujjain sarkar of Malwa subah. [11]

Bhim Singh Dahiya [12] mentions about king of Varika clan of the Jats ruling in that area in the year 428 S.V., and the name of his grandfather was Yashorata and that of his great grandfather was Vyagrarata. The 'Rata' ending names are admittedly foreign to Indian and this example also shows how the personal names were gradually being Indianised. He [13] further mentions the four ancestors of Vishnuvardhana Varika of Mandsaur Pillar inscription :

  1. Vyaghrarata ... 420 A.D.
  2. Yasorata ... 455 A.D.
  3. Yasovardhana ... 480 A.D.
  4. Vishnuvardhana ... 506 A.D.

Here we must note that apart from other evidence, the first two names ending with 'Rata', are not Indian but definitely of Central Asian origin, only partly Indianised. Here this 'Rata' Dynasty probably gives name to Ratlam as there rule in the area is evident from Mandsaur Pillar Inscription.

Dr Naval Viyogi in his book "Nagas: the Ancient Rulers of India" [14] has provided a list of some important Gotras of Tak kshatriyas and explained their history. The list includes Jat as well Rati.

Dr Naval Viyogi also writes that there was a Naga family of Ratta people in the south. Ratta was naga king of Mahinsak-Ratta. C.V. Vaidya [15] has traced out the relation of queen of Ratta family with the region of eastern valley. Kalhan has described her, as the queen of Ratta family of Karnat country, which has been equated with Karnataka and the region has been called Mahinsaka in pali literature and Mahishaka in sanskrit. The rule of Ratta in Karnataka was in in 7-8th century. [16]

Dr Naval Viyogi quotes the opinion of N K Dutta according to whom Aratta were round headed Iranians, and were known as Rattika or Ratta, whose mention has been made in the inscription of Ashoka. This Rattika or Ratta is a variation of Iranian word 'Rathaestha'. Hulus has equated Ratta with the Arattioi of Periplus and Aratta of Punjab. [17]

There is evidence from Shankhpaul jataka that there was a naga king of Ratta or Aratta family who were Karaskaras. [18]

The study of Jat Gotras in Ratlam district shows that at present Ratiwar (रतिवार) Gotra of Jats are found in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh. More than three-fourth of Taxaka people merged in to Jat federation. [19] It is clear from this fact that Ratiwars are descendants of Nagavanshi king Rati or Ratti or Ratta. This Nagavanshi king probably gives name to Ratlam.

Jats in Ratlam district

Jats were earlier in Nagavansha and lived in this region in ancient times. The local tradition also reveals the presence of Jats in the region in ancient times. We have some authentic records from the Ratlam District Gazetteer about the population of Jats. Dr Ajit Raizada [20]quotes the The Ratlam District Gazetteer Published in 1907, according to which Ratlam district included the three erstwhile princely states of Ratlam, Sailana and Jaora. Regarding Castes,Tribes and Races in the Princely State Ratlam the District Gazetteer gives breakup as under:

  • Brahman-11600 (16%),
  • Rajputs - 6000 (Rathore;754,chauhans:338, Solanki:226, Parmars;222,Sisodia:184),
  • Banias - 4200,
  • Kunbis - 2900,
  • Jats - 1680,
  • Dhakars - 690,
  • Khatis - 1400 and
  • Malis - 1040

Study of Jat Gotras in Ratlam distrct

Veer Jat Prichayawali, Ratlam

Dr Nirmal Anand (Bajdoliya) from Ratlam collected detailed information in year 2006 about family members of Jats residing in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh. The format of information included name of the Village, name of Jat member, age, gotra, relation with head of family, marital status, education and profession. This information was compiled into a book covering 368 pages.

Dr Nirmal Anand published it as a book under the title 'Jat Veer Parichayavali, District Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh)'. This directory has a list of 10713 members of Jat community from 612 Jat Gotras and about 73 villages in Ratlam district. The 380 gotra names are new gotras not yet recorded in Jatland Wiki with any information about them. I have compiled the information village wise, gotra wise and digitized to use it here in this article. This list is a useful document for the study and distribution of Jat gotras in Ratlam district.

List of Jat Gotras in Ratlam district

Based on above records is the list of Jat Gotras in Ratlam district as under. Some of the gotras are very ancient which find mention in Rigveda, Ramayana and Mahabharata etc. Such gotras have been shown in the following list in bold text.

Achra (ऐचरा) , Age (अगे) , Ahlawat (अहलावत) , Ajdoliya (अजड़ोलिया) , Akodiya (आकोदिया) , Amaraolitaya (अमरावलितया) , Amethia (अमेठिया) , Anchra (अँचरा) , Babariya (बाबरिया) , Baboriya (बबोरिया), Babosha (बाबोशा) , Babosiya (बबोसिया) , Babuchha (बबुछा) , Bacholi (बचोली) , Badak (बड़क) , Badbadwal (बड़बड़वाल) , Badbadwar (बड़बड़वार), Badgama (बडगामा) , Badgav (बडगाव) , Badgava (बडगावा) , Badla (बड़ला), Badrak (बद्रक) , Baduliya (बड़ुलिया) , Badwar (बड़वार) , Baeeda (बईडा) , Bagadiya (बगडिया), Bagara (बगारा) , Bagaria (बगड़िया) , Bagda (बगड़ा) , Bagoliya (बगोलिया) , Bhairi (भैरी) , Baida (बैड़ा) , Bainiwal (बैनीवाल), Baira (बैरा) , Bajadoliya (बाजडोलिया) , Bajhaiya (बझईया) , Bajkodia (बाजकोडिया), Bajna (बाजना) , Bajroliya (बाजड़ोलिया), Bajya (बाज्या) , Bamal (बामल) , Baldawa (बलदवा) , Bamar (बामर) , Bamboriya (बम्बोरिया) , Bamrolia (बमरोलिया) , Bana (बाना) , Banchdoliya (बान्चडोलिया) , Bangara (बंगारा) , Bangawa (बंगावा), Bangawar (बंगावार), Baooph (बऊफ) , Baraj (बराज) , Barala (बराला) , Barayla (बरायला) , Barbadwar (बरबड़वार) , Bardawa (बरदवा) , Baswana (बसवाना) , Baswar (बसवार) , Batair (बटैर) , Bater (बटेर) , Beda (बेडा), Beniwal (बेनीवाल) , Beniwar (बेनिवार) , Ber (बेर) , Bera (बेडा), Beriya (बेरिया) , Bhabhariya (भभरिया), Bhadanda (भड़ांदा) , Bhadara (भदारा) , Bhadu (भादू) , Bhagaur (भगौर) , Bhagor (भागोर), Bhairi (भैरी) , Bhakal (भाकल) , Bhakar (भाकर) , Bhambhu (भाम्भू) , Bhandari (भंडारी) , Bhanwariya (भंवरिया) , Bharatdwaj (भरतद्वाज) , Bhati (भाटी) , Bhatre (भत्रे) , Bhatte (भट्टे) , Bhatu (भटू) , Bheri (भेरी) , Bherid (भेरी) , Bheriya (भेरिया), Bherunja (भेरुन्जा), Bherwa (भेरवा) , Bhichar (भीचर) , Bhodiyan (भोड़ियन) , Bhoot (भूत), Bhudaniya (भूदानिया) , Bhugadwal (भुगड़वाल , Bhukar (भूकर) , Bhunaniya (भुनानिया) , Bhundaniya (भुन्दानिया) , Bhuwanda (भुवान्दा) , Bhuwanya (भुवान्या) , Bichchhoo (बिच्छू) , Bicholiya (बिचोलिया) , Bidiyasa (बिडीयासा) , Bidiyasar (बिडियासर) , Bieeda (बिईडा) , Bijoriya (बिजोरिया) , Bikarwar (बिकरवार) , Bobasa (बोबासा) , Bobashya (बोबाश्या) , Bobasiya (बोबासिया) , Bochalia (बोचलिया) , Bodana (बोडाणा) , Bodhana (बोढाना) , Bodiyana (बोडीयाना) , Bohar (बोहर) , Boori (बूरी) , Bopcha (बोपचा), Bubariya (बुबारिया), Bulawa (बुलावा) ,

Chahar (चाहर) , Chandeliya (चंदेलिया) , Chandoliya (चंदोलिया) , Chaudhari (चौधरी) , Chauhan (चौहान) , Chaupda (चौपड़ा) , Chaurlya (चौरल्या) , Chautiya (चौटिया) , Chayda (चायड़ा) , Chhaba (छाबा) , Chhangad (छांगड़) , Chharang (छरंग) , Chharul (छारुल) , Chitaniya (चितानिया) , Choria (चोरिया) , Choyal (चोयल) ,

Dabla (डाबला) , Dadi (डडी) , Dadiya (डाडिया) , Daga (डागा) , Dagar (डागर) , Dagaur (डागौर) , Dagolia (दगोलिया) , Dagoliya (दगोलिया), Dagur (डागुर) , Dahiyan (दाहियन) , Dalal (दलाल) , Dandak (दांदक) , Danga (डांगा) , Danteriya (दंतेरिया) , Dantoriya (दंतोरिया) , Dara (डारा) , Daraiya (दरैया) , Davala (डावला) , Davla (डावला), Dawla (डावला), Dawocha (दवोचा) , Dayla (डायला) , Dayma (डायमा), Deedwal (डीडवाल) , Delu (डेलू) , Deru (डेरू) , Des (देस) , Devanda (देवन्दा) , Dhaba (धाबा) , Dhadaud (धड़ौद) , Dhains (धैंस) , Dhaka (ढाका) , Dhama (धामा) , Dhandhu (धान्धू), Dhaneriya (धनेरिया) , Dhaniya (धानिया) , Dhankad (धनकड़) , Dhanya (धान्या) , Dharera (धरेरा) , Dhariya (धारीया) , Dhatarwa (धातरवा) , Dhatarwal (धातरवाल), Dhatarwar, (धातरवार) Dhaulya (धौल्या) , Dhayal (धायल) , Dhelan (ढेलन) , Dhingla (धिन्गला), Dholiya (धोलिया) , Didel (डिडेल) , Didwal (डीडवाल) , Didwar (डीडवार), Dindel (डिंडेल), Dodaria (दोदरिया) , Dodiya (डोडिया) , Doga (डोगा) , Dogiwar (डोगिवार) , Dolad (दोलड) , Dondaria (दोंदरिया) , Donderia (दोंदेरिया) , Donga (डोंगा) , Dongiwar (डोंगिवार) , Dookiya (डूकिया) , Dotad (दोतड़) , Dotar (दोतड़), Dudhiya (दूधिया) , Dudhwal (दुधवाल) , Dudhwar (दुधवार) , Dudi (डूडी) , Dudiya (डूडीया , Dudwal (दुदवाल) , Duhun (दुहुन) , Dukiwal (डुकीवाल) , Duktawa (दुकतवा) , Dulapa (दुलापा) , Dulat (दुलत) , Dulawa (दुलावा) , Dullat (दुल्लत) , Dundi (डूंडी) , Dundiya (डूंडिया)),


Gaduliya (गडूलिया) , Gadundiya (गडूंदिया) , Gadwar (गडवार) , Gaina (गैणा) , Gair (गैर) , Galia (गालिया) , Ganora (गणौरा) , Garhwal (गढ़वाल) , Garu (गरु) , Garva (गरवा) , Garwa (गरवा), Gashliya (गशलिया) , Gatela (गटेला) , Gaura (गौरा) , Gauriya (गौरिया) , Gauya (गौया) , Gena (गेणा), Gharul (घरुल) , Ghasal (घासल) , Ghatela (घटेला) , Ghatwa (घातवा) , Ghent (घेंट) , Ghes (घेस) , Ghet (घेट) , Ghora (घोरा) , Ghatoliya (घटोलिया) , Gil (गिल) , Gila (गिला) , Giyad (गियाड़) , Godara (गोदारा) , Godiya (गोडिया) , Gora (गोरा) , Goraya (गोरया) , Goria (गोरिया) , Goriya (गोरिया), Gothiya (गोठिया) , Grihwal (ग्रिहवाल) , Guakha (गुआखा) , Gudova (गुडोवा) , Gugad (गुगड़) , Gugadwal (गुगड़वाल) , Gugarwar (गुगड़वार), Gulalwa (गुलालवा) , Guleriya (गुलेरिया) , Gunakha (गुणाखा) , Gundhaniya (गुन्धानिया) , Gunela (गुनेला) , Guwalwa (गुवालवा) , Guwarawa (गुवारवा) , Guwarwar (गुवारवार) , Gwala (ग्वाला) , Gvarwa (ग्वारवा),


Hagdoriya (हगडोरिया) , Hagthoria (हगठोरिया) , Haran (हारण) , Herokia (हेरोकिया) , Hewda (हेवदा) , Hidad (हिदड़) , Hidar (हिदड़), Higawa (हिगवा) , Hingroda (हींगरोदा) , Hirawa (हीरावा) , Hirwar (हिरवार) , Hiyag (हियाग) , Homarwar (होमरवार) Homkhar (होमखार) , Huran (हुराण) , Hurana (हुराणा) ,

Idaniya (इदाणिया) , Inaniya (इनाणिया) , Indaniya (इन्दाणिया) , Indolia (इन्दोलिया) , Itawa (इटावा) ,


Jadwa (जड़वा) , Jaiwar (जैवार) , Jajda (जाजडा) , Jajhad (जाझड़ा) , Jajunda (जजुन्दा) , Jakhar (जाखड़) , Jalaniya (जलाणिया) , Jandu (जांदू) , Jangu (जांगू) , Jani (जाणी) , Janu (जानू) Jarawat (जरावट) , Jarawata (जरावटा), Jat (जाट) , Jawar (जवार) , Jawat (जवाट) , Jayadhwar (जयधवार) , Jewad (जेवाड़) , Jewar (जेवाड़), Jewlia (जेवलिया) , Jewliya (जेवलिया), Jhad (झड़) , Jhajda (झाजड़ा , Jhajhad (झाझड़ ) , Jhajhunda (झाझून्दा) , Jhala (झाला) , Jhanjhada (झांझडा़) , Jhanjhu (झांझु) , Jhinja (झिन्जा) , Jhuriya (झूरिया) , Jijwadia (जिजवाड़िया) , Jijwadiya (जिजवाड़िया), Jinja (जीन्जा) , Juwar (जुवार) ,

Kachharia (काछरिया) , Kachotiya (कचोटिया) , Kadian (कादियान) , Kadiwal (कड़ीवाल) , Kadiyan (काडीयान) , Kadkadawa (कड़कड़ावा), Kadoliya (कडोलिया) , Kaduliya (कडुलिया) , Kadwa (कड़वा), Kadwasra (कड़वासरा) , Kagat (कागट) , Kahaniya (कहानिया) , Kairapa (कैरापा) , Kakad (काकड़) , Kakadwa (काकड़वा) , Kakadawa (ककड़ावा) , Kalar (कालर) , Kalel (कालेल) , Kalwaniya (कलवानिया) , Kamediya (कमेडिया) , Kamethia (कमेठिया) , Kandari (कंडारी) , Kanoria (कनोरिया) , Kanthiya (कांठिया) , Kanya (काण्या), Kapadiya (कापडिया) , Kara (कारा) , Karad (कराड़) , Kariwal (करिवाल) , Kariwar (करिवार) , Karkara (करकरा) , Karwada (करवाडा) , Karwal (कारवाल) , Karwaniya (करवाणिया) , Kasawalia (कसवालिया) , Kaswan (कसवां), Kathiya (काठिया) , Katiya (कातिया) , Kaulya (कौल्या) , Kera (केरा) , Kerapa (केरापा) , Khadap (खदाप) , Khadaw (खादव) , Khadoliya (खदोलिया) , Khainwar (खैनवार) , Khakhad (खाखड़) , Khanda (खन्दा) , Khandoliya (खंदोलिया) , Khanotiya (खानोटिया) , Kharundiya (खारुन्दिया) , Kharwad (खरवड़) , Khatiyan (खटियाँण) , Khenwar (खेनवार) , Khichar (खीचड़) , Khileri (खिलेरी) , Khoja (खोजा) , Khokar (खोकर) , Khokhar (खोखर) , Khuntela (खूंटेला) , Khurkadiya (खुरकड़िया) , Khurkhadiya (खुरखड़िया), Khurkhudiya (खुरखुड़िया), Korwadia (कोरवाडिया) , Korwal (कोरवाल) , Korwar (कोरवार), Kotwadia (कोटवाडिया) , Koyal (कोयल) , Kudi (कुड़ी) , Kudiwal (कुड़ीवाल , Kudiya (कुडिया) , Kudna (कुदना) , Kukar (कुकर) , Kundana (कुंदना) , Kundu (कुंडू) , Kurad (कुराड) , Kuradi (कुराडी) , Kuradiya (कुराडिया) , Kuran (कुराण) , Kurdiya (कुरड़िया) , Kurkuriya (कुरकुरिया) ,

Laan (लाण) , Lagar (लागर) , Laiga (लेगा) , Lain (लैण) , Lalaniya (ललाणिया) , Lalaria (लालरिया) , Lalariya (लालरिया), Lalawaniya (ललवानिया) , Lambrod (लम्बरोड़) , Lamrod (लामरोड़) , Lana (लाणा) , Langar (लांगर) , Lathbhar (लठभार) , Latiyar (लटियार) , Laur (लौर) , Leda (लेडा) , Lega (लेगा) , Len (लेन) , Limbad (लिमबड़) , Lolaniya (लोलाणिया) , Looka (लूका) , Lor (लोर) , Maan (मान) , Madar (मादर) , Madwa (मड़वा) , Madwar (मड़वार) , Magawa (मगावा) , Magawar (मागावार) , Makaraniya (मकराणिया) , Malik (मालिक) , Mandia (मंडिया) , Mandiya (मंडिया) , Mandora (मंडोरा) , Mandwa (मंडवा) , Mangroda (मांगरोदा), Manju (मांजू) , Marawania (मरावनिया) , Marawatia (मरावतिया) , Mehla (मेहला) , Mela (मेला) , Melyan (मेल्याण) , Meriya (मेरिया) , Modiya (मोडिया) , Moga (मोगा) , Mola (मोला) , Moond (मूंड) , Morwa (मोरवा) , Mubar (मुबार) , Mund (मूंड), Mundel (मुंडेल) , Muwan (मुवान) , Naad (नाद) , Naga (नागा) , Nagna (नागना) , Nagwadiya (नगवाड़िया) , Nahar (नाहर) , Nain (नैन) , Naradvidya (नारदविद्या , Nardaniya (नारदनिया) Nawad (नवाद) , Nayda (नायड़ा) , Nehra (नेहरा) , Nen (नेण) , Nepa (नेपा) , Nera (नेरा) , Nimad (निमाड़) , Novar (नोवार) , Ogar (ओगर) , Ogara (ओगरा) , Oghara (ओघरा) , Olan (ओलण) , Pabaniya ( पबाणिया) , Pachehara (पचेहरा) , Pachkiya (पचकिया) , Padadiya (पादड़िया) , Padauda (पड़ौदा) , Padiwal (पाड़ीवाल) , Padiyar (पडियार , Padoda (पड़ौदा), Padrawa (पाद्रवा) , Padwa (पादवा) , Paeedoda (पईड़ोदा , Pairoda (पइड़ोदा , Palania (पलाणिया), Palaniya (पलाणिया), Panga (पांगा) , Panja (पांजा) , Panwar (पंवार) , Papadia (पापडिया) , Parasmani (पारसमणि , Paraya (पराया) , Pareria (परेरिया) , Pareriya (परेरिया), Parmar (परमार) , Pawadia (पावडिया) , Payal (पायल) , Pindola (पिंड़ोला) , Piploda (पिपलोदा) , Piproda (पिपरोदा), Pooniya (पूनिया) , Porariya (पोररिया) , Poras (पोरस) , Punia (पुनिया) , Rad (राड) , Radeda (रादेडा) , Raghuvanshi (रघुवंशी) , Randera (रान्देड़ा) , Ranwa (रणवा) , Rao (राव) , Ratiwar (रतिवार) , Rekwar (रेकवार) , Roj (रोज) , Rolaniya (रोलाणिया) , Rudara (रुदरा) , Rukadiya (रुकडिया) , Rundara (रुन्दरा) , Rundra (रुन्दरा),

Salakwan (सलकवान) , Samalya (सामल्या) , Samatiya (सामतिया) , Sangwan (सांगवान) , Sanrag (संराग) , Sapedia (सापेडिया) , Sarabardia (सरबर्डिया) , Saradiya (सरडिया) , Saradiya (सरडिया), Sarag (सराग) , Saran (सारण) , Sarang (सरंग) , Sardiya (सरडिया), Sarunadiya (सारुनदिया) , Sarwadiya (सरवड़िया) , Satam (साटम) , Sawad (सवाद) , Sawaj (सवज) , Selaniya (सेलाणिया) , Sewad (सेवद) , Sewalia (सेवलिया) , Sewar (सेवर) , Sewda (सेवदा) , Shayyal (शय्याल) , Shejwal (शेजवाल) , Shoora (शूरा) , Shyawat (श्यावत) , Sidar (सिदड़) , Siga (सिगा) , Sigtoya (सिगतोया) , Sikarwar (सिकरवार) , Sindhwa (सिंधवा) , Singhwa (सिंघवा) , Singwa (सिंगवा) , Sinsinwar (सिनसिनवार) , Sirauta (सिरोटा) , Sirohi (सिरोही) , Sirota (सिरोटा), Sisama (सिसमा) , Siyag (सियाग) , Somarwar (सोमरवार) , Surag (सुराग) , Suran (सुराण) , Surat (सूरत) ,

Tada (टाडा) , Tadi (टाडी) , Taga (टगा) , Takar (ताकर) , Tandi (टांडी) , Tanwar (तंवर) , Tarad (तरड) , Tedwad (टेडवाड़) , Tedwal (टेडवाल), Tedwar (टेडवार), Tewatia (तेवतिया) , Thakuraichha (ठकुरैछा) , Tharol (थारोल) , Thenua (ठेनुआ) , Thenwa (ठेनवा) , Thigla (ठिगला) , Thingla (ठिन्ग्ला) , Tholiya (ठोलिया) , Thori (थोरी) , Thoriya (थोरिया) , Thuniwar (थुनिवार) , Tindora (तिन्दोरा) , Titar (तितर) , Titarwal (तितरवाल) , Titarwar (तितरवार), Todi (टोडी) , Togada (तोगडा) , Togade (तोगडे) , Togda (तोगडा), Togra (तोगडा), Tomar (तोमर) , Twatia (त्वातिया) , Ujjawal (उज्जवल) , Umarawtia (उमरावतिया) , Umraotia (उमरावतिया), Umrawatia (उमरावतिया), Undaras (उन्दरास) , Unkar (उंकार) , Vadiyar (वडीयार) , Vaeeda (वईड़ा) , Vaniwar (वनीवार) , Varda (वरदा) , Variya (वारिया) , Vaswana (वसवाना) , Veniwal (वेनीवाल) , Veniwar (वेनीवार), Vicholiya (विचोलिया) , Waswana (वसवाणा) ,

Conclusions:

  • The list of members includes total 10713 including male female and children.
  • The Gotra list includes that of women which has led to such a large number. The number of such members is limited to one or two in each village. These women seem to have come from out side the district.
  • There are total 612 gotras in the list of Jat Gotras in Ratlan district.
  • There is addition of 380 new gotras and variants to the already existing Jat Gotras on the Jatland.
  • The number of people in gotras in decreasing order (first 30) are:

Dundi 424, Nardaniya 316, Vadiyar 292, Tada 253, Khurkhadiya 258, Pabaniya 249,, Latiyar 239, Danga 214, Khichar 201, Jhajda 199, Mangroda 192, Lalaria 184, Saran 165, Punia 136, Jijwadia 132, Ranwa 127, Khoja 114, Suran 109, Karwada 106, Ratiwar 105, Dhandhu 104, Barala 101, Siyag 100, Dhatarwar 98, Bhabhariya 96, Bhadara 95, Panga 94, Godara 92, Jewlia 89, Khadaw 89,

  • Some of the gotras are very ancient which find mention in Rigveda, Ramayana and Mahabharata etc. Some such gotras have been shown in the above list in bold text.
  • Many of the Jat gotras are of Nagavansh origin.

List of Jat villages in Ratlam district

Following is the list of Jat villages in Ratlam district. Click the links below to see details about each of them. The village names in bold are of historical importance. Also these villages are inhabited by various Jat Gotras.

Badauda, Badawda, Bajna, Bangrod, Banjali, Barbad, Barbodana, Bardiya Goyal, Berchha, Bhaisa Dabar, Bhatkheda, Bilpank, Bodina, Borda, Borkheda, Chikliya, Damottar, Dantodiya, Delanpur, Dharad, Dhamottar, Dhaturiya, Dhaunswas, Dheekwa, Dodiana, Ghatwas, Gunawad, Hanumanpalia , Hat Pipalya, Jamthun, Jawra, Jhar, Kachlana, Kalu Kheda, Kalmoda, Kalori, Kalori Khurd, Kamed, Kanchan Khedi, Kanser, Karmadi, Kotdi Ratlam, Kunwajhagar, Lapatia, Madhopura Ratlam, Malakheda, Mathuri, Morda, Mundari, Nagpipalya, Nalkui, Namli, Narayangarh Sailana, Negarda, Panched, Panchewa, Peer Ingoliya, Piploda Ratlam, Rakoda, Ramgarh Chaudawas, Ramgarh Sailana, Rankoda, Raoti, Ratlam, Ringnod, Rojana, Rughnathgarh, Rupa Kheda, Sailana, Salakhedi, Sarsi Ratlam, Sarwan, Shakar Khedi, Sikhedi, Sinod, Songarh, Sujlana, Sukheda, Surana, Umar Thana, Virpura,

Notable Jats in Ratlam

  • Dhulji Chaudhari (Dantoriya) - MLA from Ratlam and Ex. Minister in Govt of Uma Bharati. From Village-Mundari, Ratlam
  • Kanhaiya Lal Chaudhary - Jaton Ka Bas, Ratlam, Mob:9424824593, 9179461604[21].
  • Daulat Pahalwan - Amber Travels, Sailana Bus Stand, Ratlam.

Archaeological places in Ratlam district

Kalika Mata temple Ratlam

We are mentioning, out of the above list, the Jat history connections of some important villages in Ratlam district which are also places of archaeological importance:

Main article: Bajna Ratlam

There is a temple of Bhadrakali at Bajna at a distance of 36 km from Ratlam city in Malwa region. This Bhadrakali temple is of the period of Parmara rulers and known as Garhkhankhai mataji. This temple is situated in dense forested area of the valley at the sangam of Karan river and Mahi river. Raja Bhoj had constructed this temple.

Main article: Barbad

Barbad Hanuman temple is at a distance of 3 km from Ratlam.

Main article: Borda Ratlam

This place is very ancient. At some distance from the village is situated a tapasya sthala of rishi Bhrigu.[22]

Main article: Bilpank

Shiva temple Bilpank

The Bilpakeshwara temple is located at a distance of 18 kms, South-West direction from Ratlam. It is approached through a deviation fare-weather Road about 3 kms from Mhow-Neemach Highway. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is built in Pachayatana variety. It was constructed in circa 10-11th Century A.D., over low Jagati consisting of plain mouldings. It is easterly oriented Nirandhara Mulaprasada and this Mulaprasada includes Sapta-Ratha-Garbhagriha. The temple is recta in plan and consists of a Garbhagriha, Antarala and a Mahamandapa, all in axis facing East. This temple is built in Gurjara-Chalukyan style of architecture, a contemporary style of the Paramara temple architecture. Such type of temples are noticed at Atree and Krishnavilas, Kota, Rajasthan.

Main article: Dharad

Dhanoi (धनोई) Dhanoha (धनोहा) gotra of Jats originated from place named Dharad [23] Dharad is very ancient village. The ruler of Ratlam Raja Ratan Singh had come to this village initially. There is an ancient temple of Shankara. There is a cave under the temple.This temple is under protection of Archaeology Department.[24]

  • Dodiana (डोडियाना)

Main article: Dodiana

There is also a village called Dodiyana (डोडियाना) in Jaora tahsil in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh. Its population is 1,184. It probably gets name after Dodiya rulers. It is inhabited by many Jat Gotras.

Main article: Gunawad

Gunawad has temples of Shankaraji and Mataji on the bank of Maleni River. There are remains of ancient statues scattered all around the temple. This is very ancient village even of period earlier than Mauryas and the Guptas. Faridsahab paid homage to the God about 1400 years back while he stayed at Badawda. There is a tomb constructed in his memory. People come to this place from far off places.[25]

Main article: Jamthun

Jamthun village in Ratlam tahsil in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh, located in northwest of Ratlam city, has traces of ancient habitation. It is known as the city of Jamvanta (जाम्‍वन्त). Bricks of ancient times have been found in the excavations. There is a water tank of very ancient style. There is need to further do the excavations and discover its past history.[26]

Jhar is located 12 kms, East of Bhatpachalana in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh. It is connected with Kachhalana Road with Laptiya - Sandala. Jhar means a 'water spring'. The name Jhar probably has been assigned to this place due to a Jharana on the site. Jhar possesses the ruins of a Shiva temple of Bhumija style which are assignable to the Paramara period i.e., 11th century A.D. The sculptures of this temple are lying scattered around it.

  • Namli (नामली)

Main article: Namli

Very ancient historical village inhabited by many Jat gotras. The Namli Garh is built on an artificial mound, held together by fortified walls.


Main article: Panched

There is a place of Bhanapaji (भाणपाजी) near the village Panched. A fair is organized every year of Bhanapaji. [27]

Main article: Piploda Ratlam

There is a huge beautiful statue of Gajananda Ganesha at Piploda. There is also mataji temple near Piploda. [28]

Piploda was made the capital by Dodiya clan kshatriya Shardul Singh in 1547. There was a strong fort on the top of a hillock. The fort had a ditch on one side surrounded by Khedra nalah. Goddess Chamunda was Kuladevi of the Dodiya rulers. The Dodiya rulers were well protected due to the fort. They never hesitated to challenge the powerful Rajput rulers of Rajasthan. Maharawat Pratap Singh (1673-1708) of Pratapgarh, Rajasthan defeated Dodiya ruler Rawat Bhawat Singh (1663-1703). On accepting his supremacy Maharawat Pratap Singh returned the statehood to Dodiya rulers. Later Dodiya rulers successively ruled under the reign of Yashwant Rao Holker, Jaora Nawab Gafoor Khan, and British rule. [29]

Dodiya is a Jat clan found in Ratlam and Nimach in Madhya Pradesh and Chittorgarh in Rajasthan. It is probably a variant of Dudi Jat Gotra. In Malwa region they are called as Dodiya, Dundi, Dundiya etc. due to local language variation.

Main article: Sukheda

Sukheda village has a cave here on Khedapati Hanuman Tekari. This type of cave is also there in temple of Laxman Singhji. The Somnath temple of this place is very ancient. [30]


  • LIST OF TEMPLES IN RATLAM DISTRICT
  1. Veerupaksh Mahadev Temple, Bilpank.
  2. Shipawra Temple, Alot.
  3. Dharola Mahadev Temple, Alot.
  4. Garkhankhai Temple.
  5. Kedareshwar Temple, Shivgarh.
  6. Amarji Temple, Ratlam.
  7. Ayana Mahadev Temple, Jaora.
  8. Kalikamata Temple, Ratlam.
  9. Mahalaxmi Temple, Ratlam.
  10. Barbad Hanuman Temple, Sailana Road, Ratlam.
  11. Nageshwar Temple at Alot.

PIN Codes of towns in Ratlam district

Alete 457114, • Bajana 457555, • Bangrod 457111, • Bilpank 457441, • Boroda 457227, • Dhamnod (Ratlam) 457552, • Dhodhar 457339, • Jaora 457226, • Namli 457222, • Raoti 457769, • Ratlam 457001, • Ringnod (ratlam) 457336, • Sailana 457550, • Sarwan 457551, • Sukheda 457333, • Tal 457118, • Amleta 457222, • Banjli 457001, • Barbodna 457222, • Basindra 457001, • Bhadwasa 457222, • Bhatibarodia 457001, • Bibrod 457001, • Bildi 457001, • Birmawal 457441, • Dantodia 457441, • Devla 457001, • Dhanasuta 457001, • Dharad 457441, • Dhikwa 457441, • Dhonswas 457222, • Dilipnagar 457001, • Ghatalia 457001, • Harthali 457001, • Hasanpalia 457222, • Isarthuni 457001, • Itawakalan 457441, • Itawakhurd 457001, • Jadwasakalan 457001, • Kanderwasa 457222, • Kaneri 457001, • Kangsi 457001, • Lunera 457001, • Malwasa 457001, • Malwasi 457001, • Mundri 457001, • Naugawa 457001, • Nayan 457001, • Neharda 457222, • Palas 457001, • Palduna 457222, • Palsodi 457001, • Panched 457222, • Pipalkhunta 457001, • Pritamnagar 457441, • Ranisingh 457001, • Rattagarh 457441, • Sarwad 457441, • Sejawata 457001, • Shivpur 457001, • Simlaoda 457441, • Tambolia 457001, • Titari 457001,

References

  1. http://ratlam.nic.in/profile.htm
  2. Indian Archaeology, A review, 1956, p.79.
  3. Usha Agarwal:Mandsaur Zile Ke Puratatvik samarakon ki paryatan ki drishti se sansadhaniyata - Ek Adhyayan, Chirag Prakashan Udaipur, 2007, p. 35
  4. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 27
  5. J.P.H. Vogel:Indian Serpent lore, p.206
  6. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/0/Navali.html
  7. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, , p. 27
  8. Usha Agarwal:Mandsaur Zile Ke Puratatvik samarakon ki paryatan ki drishti se sansadhaniyata - Ek Adhyayan, Chirag Prakashan Udaipur, 2007, p. 36
  9. Chandra Bhusahan Trivedi:Dashpur, p. 15
  10. Usha Agarwal:Mandsaur Zile Ke Puratatvik samarakon ki paryatan ki drishti se sansadhaniyata - Ek Adhyayan, Chirag Prakashan Udaipur, 2007, p. 36
  11. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.45
  12. Bhim Singh Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.204
  13. Bhim Singh Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), First Edition 1980, Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt Ltd, AB/9 Safdarjang Enclave, New Delhi-110064 , p.204
  14. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.160
  15. C.V. Vaidya:History of Medieval Hindu India, Part II p.301
  16. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.313-314
  17. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 406
  18. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 350
  19. किशोरी लाल फौजदार: "महाभारत कालीन जाट वंश", जाट समाज, आगरा, जुलाई 1995, पृ 8
  20. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.61
  21. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 56
  22. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p. 115
  23. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p.258
  24. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.113
  25. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
  26. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.115
  27. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
  28. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
  29. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4,p 111
  30. Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116

See for more details

  • Dr Nirmal Anand (2006): Veer Jat Parichayavali, Anand Prakashan, 41 Subhashnagar, Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh). Mob - 9406634416
  • Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4

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