Bhadu

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Bhadu (भादू)[1] Bhaado (भादो) Bhatoo (भाटू) Bhatoo (भाटू) Bhadoo (भादू)[2] is gotra of Jats found in Haryana, Rajasthan,[3] Madhya Pradesh. They supported Chauhan Confederacy.

Origin

They are said to be descendants of Mahabharata times tribe Bhadraka (भद्रक).[4] Bhadrakas fled towards the west for the fear of Jarasandha along with the eighteen tribes of the Bhojas; the Surasenas, the Vodhas, the Salwas, the Patachcharas, the Susthalas, the Mukuttas, and the Kulindas, and the Kuntis.[5]

The rulers of Bhadawar province were known as Bhadu. Their ancestral places were Bhadra and Bhadrajana.[6]

History

Bhadu rulers in Jangladesh: Bhadus were rulers in Jangladesh where they established an important city Bhadra. A famous ruler in Bhadus was Samantraj. Bhadus had a war with Bhagore people. After this war one of their group moved to Marwar. Bhadus also occupied many villages in Ajmer-merwara which were later occupied by Akbar. [7]

Evidence compiled by Nainsi on the clans of the Jats and their original homes and migration there from to different places in Merta in Nagaur are of Immense importance. It is one of the prominent immigrant clans who came to Merta.

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 13 tells....When Mahendra son of Ashoka came in time to Vedisagiri the city of his mother Devi, he visited his mother and when Devi saw her dear son she made him welcome, and his companions likewise, with foods prepared by herself, and she led the thera up to the lovely vihära Vedisagiri.....When the prince Asoka, while ruling over the realm of Avanti, that his father had bestowed on him, halted in the town of Vedisa, before he came to Ujjeni, and met there a lovely maiden named Devi, the daughter of a merchant, he made her his wife; and she was (afterwards) with child by him and bore in Ujjeni a beautiful boy, Mahinda, and when two years had passed (she bore) a daughter, Samghamitta. At that time she lived in the city of Vedisa....The son of a daughter of Devi's sister, (a youth) named Bhanduka, who had heard the doctrine preached by the thera to Devi, and who had obtained the reward of one who shall return no more unto life remained with the thera. When he had stayed there a month the thera, on the uposatha-day of the month Jettha, with the four theras and Sumana, and the lay-disciple Bhanduka also, to the end that they might be known for human beings, rose up in the air (and departed) from that vihara; and he, the (thera) of wondrous powers, coming hither with his following alighted on the pleasant Missaka-mountain, on the Sila-peak on the open and fair Ambatthala.

Note: The Sanchi Inscriptions, From West to North Gate.— (Inside.), No 33. — Gotiputasa Bhadukasa bhichhuno dānam = "Gift of Goti's son, Bhanduka, the mendicant monk." tells that Bhanduka was Goti's son of Vidisha. Here BhandukaBhadukaBhadu


Mahavansa/Chapter 14 states ....The king Devanampiyatissa (307-267 BC) who had arranged a waterfestival for the dwellers in the capital, set forth to enjoy the pleasures of the chase. Attended by forty thousand of his men he went on foot to the Missaka-mountain. The deva of the mountain arranged to meet the theras to him. The wise thera preached to the monarch the Cülahatthipadüpamasuttanta. At the end of the discourse he, with the forty thousand men, came unto the (three) refuges.

The thera took Bhandu aside and asked him what the theras intended (to do). And he told the king all. And now the king, whose fear had left him because Bhandu was a layman, knew that these were human beings... The thera bestowed on young Bhanduka, within the boundaries of that village and within that group (of bhikkhus), both the pabbajja and the upasampada-ordination, and even in the same moment he attained to the state of arahant. Devas without number were converted to the doctrine and many nägas and Supanas came unto the (three) refuges. Even as when the thera Sariputta uttered this discourse so did the devas gather together to hear it from Mahinda. The king led the theras into the palace. The king himself served them with rice-soup and with foods hard and soft. And when the meal was finished, he himself sat down at their feet and sent for Anulä, the consort of his younger brother, the sub-king Mahanaga, who dwelt in the royal palace. When the queen Anulä had come with five hundred women and had bowed down and made offerings to the theras, she stepped to one side. The thera preached the Petavatthu, the Vimänavatthu and the Sacca-samyutta. The women attained to the first stage of sanctification. (BhandukaBhadukaBhadu)

भादू गोत्र का इतिहास

दलीप सिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं कि महाभारतकालीन जनपदों में भद्रक लोगों का भी वर्णन आता है। ये जाटवंश अवश्य ही जांगल देश के भादरा नगर के क्षेत्र में रहे होंगे और निश्चित ही भादरा इनकी राजधानी रही होगी। भादरा से जोधपुर और अजमेर की ओर इनका बढ़ना पाया जाता है। ये लोग शान्तिप्रिय पाये जाते हैं और अब भादू और कहीं-कहीं भादा कहलाते हैं।[8]

भारद्वाज (भदौतिया) जनपद

महाभारतकाल में भारतवर्ष के जनपदों में भारद्वाज जाट जनपद भी था। (भीष्मपर्व, अध्याय 9) भदावर के प्रदेश का शासक जाट क्षत्रिय समुदाय भादू, भदौरिया, भदौतिया नाम से प्रसिध हुआ। यह लोग सपेऊ, सादावाद के मध्य 8 बड़े खेड़ों और जिला मथुरा के बहुत से गांवों में बसे हुए हैं। खौण्डा गांव के ठा० तोताराम ने तोसागढ़ी बसाई जो ठाकुर लालसिंह के पुत्र ठाकुर छत्तरसिंह के द्वारा भव्यभवन और कच्ची गढ़ी बनवाने पर छत्तरगढ़ी के नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुई। भादू नाम से प्रसिद्ध जाटों के बीकानेर राज्य में बहुत से गांव हैं (जाटों का उत्कर्ष पृ० 366, ले० योगेन्द्रपाल शास्त्री)।।[9]

Villages founded by Bhadu clan

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं कि जांगल देश को भादरा, भादू लोगों ने बसाया था जो आरम्भ में भादरा कहलाता था। समंतराज नाम का राजा बड़ा दानी हुआ है। वह भादू लोगों का एक प्रसिद्ध राजा हुआ है। भागोरे नामक लोगों से उसका युद्ध हुआ था। उस युद्ध के पश्चात् इन लोगों का दल मारवाड़ की ओर चला गया। अजमेर-मेरवाड़े में भी कई गांवों पर इन्होंने अधिकार कर लिया, जो कि अकबर के समय में इसके साथ से निकल गए थे।[10]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Bhilwara district

Bhadwon Ki Kotri,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Ahmedpura (अहमदपुरा), Amarpura Rathan, Pilli Bangan, Bhadra, Badopal, Bhadwanwala, Bhankharawali, Chautala, Daulatpura Tibbi, Dhaban, Dingarh, Hanumangarh, Kharakhera, Kulchander, Lakhuwali, Makkasar, Morjanda Khari, Pakka Saharana, Nathwana, Ratanpura Saharani, Saliwala, Sangaria, Utradabas,

Villages in Ganganagar district

Bhaduwala, Lalgarh Jattan, Mirjewala, Pakka Bhadwan, Sadulshahar, Sardarpura Jiwan, Telanwali,

Villages in Churu district

Bidasar, Malsar, Rajas,

Villages in Sikar district

Rampura (Nathawatpurna), Sikar,

Locations in Jaipur city

C-Scheme, Gandhi Nagar, Jawahar Nagar,

Villages in Jaipur district

Hirnoda (80), Kalyanpura Sewa, Mandawara Nareda (1),

Villages in Ajmer district

Lalaai, Kohra, Murayala, Tilonia,

Villages in Bikaner district

Arjunsar Station, Bikaner, Chhatasar, Derajsar Bikaner, Khajuwala, Kookniya, Sudsar,

Villages in Nagaur district

Gigaliya, Gotan, Jalsoo Kalan, Kalru Merta, Kantiya (Kheenvsar), Madhaniyon Ki Dhani, Manjhwas, Raliyawata,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Akthali, Asapur, Gagari, Hariya Dhana, Jodhpur, Kasti, Khatiyasani, Lunawas, Nandwan, Pal, Utamber,

Villages in Barmer district

Aalpura, Barmer, Bhaduon Ki Dhani, Bhaduon Ki Beri (t.Gudha Malani), Bhaduoy Ka Tala, Garal (15), Karna Kharawala, Khudasa (55) Nokh (100), Nokhra (5), Pokar Bhadu Ki Dhani, Shivkar, Somrad, Udasar, Umarlai Khalsa,

Villages in Jaisalmer district

Bhaniyana,

Villages in Udaipur district

Udaipur,

Villages in Jalor district

Bhadoo Ki Dhani, Chitalwana, Khara, Lalji Ki Dungari,

Villages in Tonk district

Deshaman (2),

Villages in Dausa district

Anandpura, Chak Anandpura,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dhar district

Talwada,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Bhaisa Dabar 1,

Villages in Dewas district

Kanwlasa, Kumariyarao,

Villages in Harda district

Rundlay,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa District

Dhukara, Ellenabad Harchand Ka Bas, Kaluana, Kharia Kishanpura, Shera Wali Dhani

Villege in Fatehabad District

Bhattu Jaand wala Sotar

Distribution in Punjab

Sherewala (Abohar), Kular, Waryam Khera (Abohar),

Notable persons

  • Kamlesh Kumar Bhadu - HCS Haryana
  • Ganesh Ram Bhadu - Contractor. Compiled "Bikaner Jat Pariwar Directory". Originally from Churu but settled in Bikaner. [11]
  • Lal Chand Bhadu - Rajasthan Higher Judicial Services, Appointed as Lokayukt of Chhatisgarh. Originally from Ganganagar in Rajasthan.
  • Sunil Bhadu - Date of Birth : 31-December-1976, Designation : ADET(BD),Indian Telcom.Service, Present Address : H.N.-12, Sanchar Colony, Bajaj Nagar, Jaipur, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2175470.
  • Sri Ram Bhadu - State Manager IFFCO-TOKIO General Insurance, Date of Birth : 2-January-1951, VPO- Bhaduwala, teh.- Raisinghnagar, distt.- Sri Ganganagar, Present Address : 694-A, Vidyutnagar, Ajmer Road, Jaipur, Mob: 9413343621, Email Address : sram@itgi.co.in
  • Mr. Brij Bhadu - IAS, Agriculture, 107, Shivalik Apptt, 1st Floor, Alaknanda, Kalkaji, New Delhi- 110019 (PP-112)
  • Mr. Kamlesh Kumar Bhadu - HCS, City Magistrate Revenue Haryana Govt. B/6, Mini Secretariat Complex, Barnala Road, Sirsa Haryana, Ph:01666-248716 (PP-1016)
  • Tarawati Bhadu: श्रीमति तारावती भादू, नजदीक राजकीय चिकित्सालय, सुरतगढ़, Mob: 9414506867

Gallery of Bhadu people

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-34
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.54, s.n. 1888
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.195
  5. Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13:Mahabharata (II.13.25)
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 272
  7. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Itihas, Delhi, 1992, p.597
  8. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.195
  9. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p. 295
  10. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-597
  11. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 376
  12. http://www.swamikeshwanand.com/Donors%20List.aspx sn 259
  13. 'Jat Privesh', July 2015,p. 18

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