Chhota Nagpur

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Location of Chhota Nagpur
Map of Chhota Nagpur

Chhota Nagpur (छोटा नागपुर) is the plateau region which mainly covers the state of Jharkhand and it also also stretches in Chhattisgarh, Bihar and Orissa.


The name Nagpur is probably taken from Nagavanshis, who ruled in this part of the country in ancient times. Chota is a corruption of the word Chutia, a village in the outskirts of Ranchi, which has the remains of an old fort belonging to the Nagavanshis.[1]

Jat Gotras

Jat History

According to Dilip Singh Ahlawat [3], The Naga Jats ruled over Kantipur, Mathura, Padmavati, Kausambi, Nagpur, Champavati, (Bahgalpur) and in the central India, in western Malwa, Nagaur (Jodhpur- Rajasthan). In addition they ruled the ancient land of Shergarh, (Kotah Rajasthan), Madhya Pradesh (Central India), Chutiya Nagpur, Khairagarh, Chakra Kotiya and Kawardha. The great scholar, Jat Emperor, Bhoja Parmar, mother Shashiprabha was a maiden of a Naga Clan.

Chhotta Nagpur Plateau

Chhotta Nagpur Plateau is one of the primary topographical division of Chhattisgarh. In the north of this plateau lies the Indo Gangetic plain and in its south river Mahanadi has formed its riverine basin. The topography of Chhota Nagpur Plateau is undulating and it is dotted with small hillocks and mounds.

The Chhota Nagpur Plateau can be divided into three parts. The plateau region occupies an area of about 65,509 sq km. The smaller plateau regions of Kodarma, Hazaribagh and Ranchi form parts of Chhota Nagpur Plateau region. Of these three plateaus, the Ranchi plateau is the largest one. The elevation of the plateau land in this part is about 700 meter. Chhottanagpur Plateau is formed of ancient Precambrian rocks.

Chhota Nagpur Plateau is one of the oldest geographical division of India. It is associated with the ancient civilizations of India. This plateau region is also associated with the glorious history of India. The plateau region of India is rich in mineral deposits. There are some tourists sites located near Chhota Nagpur plateau region.

Notable persons

External links


  1. Sir John Houlton, Bihar, the Heart of India, pp. 127-128, Orient Longmans, 1949.
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p.242
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, p.242

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