Dara

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Dara (डारा)[1] Dar (डार) [2]Daara (डारा),Darwal (डारवाल)[3] [4] Dar (दार)[5] [6] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Pakistan. Darah clan found in Afghanistan.[7] Darah (दरह), a Dogar clan is found in Amritsar.[8]

History

Alexander Cunningham[9] writes The ruined city near Dārāpur, which has been described by Burnes1 and Court,2 is situated on the west bank of the river, 20 miles below Jhelam, and 10 miles above Jalalpur. In their time, the old mound was unoccupied, but about 1832 A.D. the people of Dilawar abandoned their village on a hill to the west, and settled on the site of the ruined city. Before that time, the place was usually called Find, or " the mound," although its true name is said to have been Udamnagar, or Udinagar. The same name is also given by Burnes, but Court, who twice alludes to these ruins, mentions no name, unless he includes them under that of Gagirakhi, the ruins of which he describes as extending along the banks "of the Hydaspes from near Jalalpur to Darapur." According to this account, the ruins would not be less than 6 or 7 miles in length. I think it probable that there has


1 ' Travels in Panjab, Bokhara, etc.,' ii. 51. 2 Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1836, 472, 473.


[p.162]: been some confusion between two different places, which have here been joined together as one continuous extent of ruins. Girjhāk, which I take to be the original of Court's Gagirakhi, is an old ruined fort on the top of the hill to the north of Jalalpur, to which the people assign a fabulous extent ; but it is at least 8 miles from Darapur, and is, besides, separated from it by the deep Kandar ravine, and by the precipitous range of hills at whose west foot Dilawar is situated. Burnes also describes the old city as extending "for three or four miles." But this is certainly an exaggeration, as I was unable to trace the ruins for more than one mile in length by half a mile in breadth. The ruins consist of two large mounds just half a mile apart, with two smaller mounds about midway between them. The south mound on which Dilawar is situated, is about 500 feet square at top, and 1100 or 1200 feet at base, with a height of 50 or 60 feet. The north mound, on which old Darapur stands, is 600 feet square, and from 20 to 30 feet in height. Between these mounds the fields are covered with broken bricks and pottery, and the whole place is said to be the ruins of a single city. The walls of the Dilawar houses are built of the large old bricks dug out of this mound, which are of two sizes, one of 11½ by 8¼ by 3 inches, and the other of only half this thickness. Old coins are found in great numbers in the Dilawar mound, from which the Jalalpur bazar is said to be supplied, just as Pind Dadan is supplied from the ruins of Jobnathnagar. The coins which I obtained belonged to the first Indo-Scythians, the Kabul-Brahmans, the kings of Kashmir, and the Karluki Hazara chiefs, Hasan and his son Muhammad. The site.


[p.163]: therefore, must have been occupied certainly as early as the second century before the Christian era. Its foundation is attributed to Raja Bharati, whose age is not known. I conclude, however, that the dominating position of Dilawar, which commands the passage of the Jhelam at the point where the lower road from the west leaves the hills, just below the mouth of the Bunhar river, must have led to its occupation at a very early period.


Rajatarangini[10] tells us that ...Dāraka and others frightened Majika with rumours which might have been true or false, of some harm from king Lothana. (p.170)

Villages founded by Dara clan

Dara in Parthian Stations

See Parthian Stations

Parthian Stations by Isidore of Charax[11], is an account of the overland trade route between the Levant and India, in the 1st century BCE, The Greek text with a translation and commentary by Wilfred H. Schoff. Transcribed from the Original London Edition, 1914. The Parthian Stations of Isidore of Charax, fragmentary as it is, is one of the very few records of the overland trade-route in the period of struggle between Parthia and Rome.

1. For those who cross the Euphrates, next to Zeugma is the city of Apamia, and then the village of Daeara (Dara). It is 3 schoeni distant from Apamia and the river Euphrates. Then Charax Sidae, called by the Greeks the city of Anthemusias, 5 schoeni: beyond which is Coraea, in Batana (Bhatona), a fortified place: 3 schoeni.

13. Beyond is Apauarcticena (the Zapaortenon of Justin), 27 schoeni, in which is the city of Apauarctica (Possibly Dara, built by the Parthian King Tiridates about B.C. 230 as his residence, supplanting the Greek city of Hecatompylos; very near the modern Meshed). Then the city of Ragau and two villages.

Dara by Megasthenes

Dara is one of Jat clans mentioned by Megasthenes. He mentions them below the deserts: The Dari (Dara), the Surae (Soora), the Maltecorae, Singhae (Singhal), Marohae (Maurya), Rarungae (Rara), Moruni (Mor). These inhabit the hills which in an unbroken chain run parallel to the shores of the ocean. They are free and have no kings, and occupy the mountain heights, whereon they have built many cities

Distribution in Rajasthan

Dara village in Kota district

List of protected monuments by archaeological survey of India in Rajasthan in Kota district has three sites out of them one is Dara: [12]

  1. Charchoma-Shiva Temple and two unpublished Gupta Inscriptions
  2. Dara- Temple, Fortwall and Statues
  3. Kanswa - Temple with Inscription

Villages in Sikar district

Garinda, Roru Chhoti, Shahpura Sikar,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Kishorpura Jhunjhunu,

Villages in Pali district

Alawas, Chandawal Nagar, Dara Ki Dhimdi (Bagrinagar, teh Sojat) Mandiyan,

Villages in Nagaur district

Badoo, Borawar, Dangawas, Daron Ki Dhani, Degana Ganw, Dhatiyad, Dobri Kalan, Genana, Gular, Kalwa, Palot, Rabdiyad,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Basni, Bisalpur, Olvi, Sargiya Kalan,

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari,

Villages in Tonk district

Darwal (डारवाल) gotra Jats live in villages:

Bhurtiya, Darda Hind, Deoli Gaon, Deoli, Dodwadi (1), Hadi Gaam, Haneempur (1), Loharwada (3), Nalaa, Pahadi (32), Sandera Farm (5),

Villages in Jaipur district

Darwal (डारवाल) gotra Jats live in villages:

Jhonpariya (3), Nadha Madhorajpura (3), Parwan (6), Sawaimadhosinghpura (1), Dosra (दौसरा)

Dara gotra Jats live in villages:

Itawa Tejya Ka Bas,

Villages in Churu district

Sujangarh (2)

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bhakranwali,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Badauda 2, Bhatkheda 2, Damottar 13, Delanpur 2, Dhamottar 16, Dheekwa 1, Ghatwas 2, Hanumanpalia 1, Kalori khurd 1, Namli 9, Narayangarh sailana 18, Negarda 4, Ramgarh sailana 1, Songarh 1, Surana 2

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Dara were the principal Muslim Jat clan in Districts:[13]

  • Multan District - Dara (1,040)

Distribution in Afghanistan

Darah District is in Panjshir Province of Afghanistan.

Notable persons

  • Babu Lal Chaudhary (Dara) - From village Bagrinagar district Pali. Retd from Indian Air Force in 1993. Now engaged in Business in Sikanderabad (AP). Mob - 4027227926 [15]
  • Panna Ram (Dara) - Date of Birth : 14-April-1965, AO (Cash) BSNL, Vill- Huldhani, Post- Bhadwa,Via- Badu,Tehsil- Parbatsar,Distt.-Nagaur,(Raj), Present Address : H/O SH.Roopa Ram,282-283,Subhash Nagar,Pal Road,Jodhpur(Raj), Resident Phone Number: Mobile Number : 9413394250, Email Address : pramdara@yahoo.co.in
  • Dr.(Smt.) Ram Kanwar Choudhary (Dara) - Doctor S.R. Choudhary Memorial Hospital, Date of Birth : 3-March-1962, VPO- Dangawas, teh.- Merta City, distt.- Nagaur, Rajasthan, Present Address : Choudhary Memorial Hospital, Behind Shiv Mandir, Fatehpur Road, Sikar, Phone: 01572-259144, Mob: 9460151467

See also

  • Daria (डारिया)

External Links

Darah district in Panjsir province Afghanistan

References


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