Gorya

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Goraya (गोराया)[1] Goriya (गोरिया)[2] Goria (गोरिया) Gorya (गोरया) Gaur (गौर)[3] Ghor (घोर) Gauru (गौरु)[4][5] Goru (गोरु) Gaurlia (गौरलिया)[6] Guraya (गुराया) Gaureh (गौरेह)[7]Gauraya (गौराया)[8] is Gotra of Jats are found in Punjab, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Also Found in Pakistan.

Origin

As per Manusamhita Yuvanashwa king was married to a girl Gauri of matinara (मतिनार) Chandravanshi clan. Samrata Mandhata was born from them. After Gauri's name the title of Mandhata became Gaur.[9]

H.A. Rose[10] writes that the Bagri Jats have certain sections which might appear totemistic, but very rarely is any reverence paid to the totem. Such are :— Goraya, blue cow or nilgai.


गौरवंशज जाट - इन लोगों का राज्य मध्य एशिया में गौरूया नामक प्रदेश पर था।[11]

History

Ram Sarup Joon[12] writes that...about 70 Jat Gotras joined the Gujar force and started calling themselves Gujars. Goraya is one of them.


B S Dahiya[13] writes: G.H. Ojha, has brought to light the inscription on the temple of a goddess near Chhotisadri (Udaipur) which was inscribed on Magha Sudi 10th, Samvat year 547, by Yashavapusha Gaur, granddson of Rajyavardhana, in memory of his parents.[14]

Gaur is the name of a people in Brihal Samhitii of Varahamihira. The MBT mentions them under the name of Ghoraka, same as the later Ghori/Gauri.226 It is the same name born by Mohammad Ghori. [15]

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya, this clan can be traced back to the third century BC. Ptolemy has referred to country named Goruaia and to a town named Goraya. Strabo has also mentioned it.[16] This country was situated in Pamir mountains, between Badakhshan and Khotan in central Asia. As per W.W. Tarn, Goruaia was a part of Menander's empire in second century BC. [17] After their arrival in India, these people of Gorayā clan of Jats, founded another town on GT Road, between Ludhiana and Jalandhar and named it after old principal city in Central Asia as Gorāyā. These people are still residing in the same area. Possibly the Gaur/Gauru/Grauri Jats are same as Goraya because Ptolemy says that it was irrigated by Gauraya river (Gaur/Ghor) of the Puranas.[18] Markandeya Purana mentions the Ghora and the Guruha separately. [19] [20]

According to Ram Swarup Joon[21], Gaurs are Brahmins as well as Kshatriyas. They trace their origin to Suryavanshi King Mandhathna. Mandhatha's mother's name was Goran, who was a Chandravanshi.

According to the "Vayu Puran" (Ansha 99. shloka 130) Mandhata was therefore called Gaur Naresh. According to Bhagwat Datt, both Gaur Brahmins and Gaur Kshatriyas started from King Mandhatha and the Harit gotra started from his great grandson. During the advent of Islam in Afghanistan the ruler of that place belonged to Ghore dynasty. His name was Subhag Sen. Even now there are a large number of people belonging to this dynasty in Zabalisthan and are called Ghorzai.

Shahahuddin Mohammed Ghori belonged to this very dynasty. Ghore is a branch of the Baluches also, but they are not accepted as proper Baluchis.

Bhagor in Bikaner was the capital of the Ghor kings, from where they were driven out by the people belonging to Bal Clan. After that they settled down in the mountainous county of Ajmer where they are found in large numbers even today.

Bundi and Sirohi were also under their occupation. The Chauhan clan conquered the Ghors.

Their inscriptions have also been found in Malwa and Bhind.

The Bhandon Ghor kings ruled in Bhandra in district Hissar, and they were included in 35 royal clans. Jurel also belonged to Bhadon Ghor Clans.

H.A. Rose[22] writes about Goraya (गोराया), a Jat tribe, said to be descended from the Sarolia family of Lunar Race, and to have come to Gujranwala as a nomad and pastoral tribe from Sirsa. Another story is that they are descended from a Sombansi Rajput called Guraya whose grandson Mal came from the Lakki thal some 15 generations ago. A third tradition is that Rana, their founder, came from the Jammu hills in the time of the emperors. They are now found in Gujranwala, Sialkot and Gurdaspur. They own 31 villages in Gujranwala and are excellent cultivators, being one of the most prosperous tribes in the District. They have the same peculiar marriage customs as the Sahi Jats. In Sialkot they revere Pir Munda, round whose khāngāh a bridal pair walks seven times, and offerings are made to it. This is done both by Hindus and Muhammadans. They are said to be governed by the chundavand rule of inheritance. In Montgomery the Muhammadan Goraya appears as a Jat, Rajput and Arain clan (all three agricultural), and in Shahpur it is also classed as Jat (agricultural). The word goraya is said to be used for the nilgai (Porcax picta) in Central India. They are sometimes said to be a clan of the Dhillon tribe, but in Sialkot claim descent from Budh who had 20 sons, including Goraya.

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bareilly district

Tiyuli,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Jaipur district

Gaur Jats live in villages:

Beesaloo (4),

Gaur Jats live in villages:

Muratpura Bichi (3),

Goraya Jats live in villages:

Muratpura Bichi (3),

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Nataram (Sitamau), Ralayta (Haidra Mata),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Goraya gotra are:

Banjali 8, Bhansa dabar 1, Dhamottar 1, Dodiana 2,


Villages in Ratlam district with population of Goriya gotra are:

Ratlam 4, Barbodana 1, Bardiya goyal 5, Borkheda 1, Kalori khurd 4, Malakheda 26, Panched 9, Peer ingoliya 3, Surana 2,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Villages in Jalandhar district

Villages in Gurdaspur district


Distribution in Pakistan

Goraya - The Muslim branch of the Goraya were found mainly in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur districts. They settled in the 19th century in the canal colonies districts of Sargodha, Sahiwal and Faisalabadand also settled in the 18th century in Mirpurkhas (Deh 160 Digri) Sindh.

According to 1911 census this was a principal Muslim Jat clan in districts with population:

See also

Goriya is a Village name

Goriyais a village inBali Tahsil of Pali district in Rajasthan.

Notable Persons

Sardar Harnam Singh Sialkoti, He was hanged with Kartar Singh Sarabha, a leading member of the Ghadar movement, and five other freedom fighters at the Lahore Central Jail on November 16, 1915. The seven martyrs were hanged to death for hatching a conspiracy against the British Empire by being part of the ‘Ghadar mutiny’ of 1915. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/100th-anniversary-of-ghadar-movement-in-holiday-tribute-to-martyr-punjab-forgets-6-of-his-ilk/#sthash.sySQVpAT.dpuf

Dr Jatinder Singh Goraya, MD, FRCPC (Neurology) is a graduate (MBBS) and postgraduate (MD - Pediatrics) from Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana, and currently is working as Assistant Professor in Pediatric Neurology.

Headmaster Darshan Singh Goraya, first graduate from village Kattowal, who served the area of Dinanagar and around as Mathematics teacher, School Headmaster for rural schools, social service.

External Links

References


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