Poona

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)
Map of Pune District

Poona (पूना),also transcribed as Pune) (Marathi/Hindi: पुणे), is the second largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the 8th largest urban agglomeration in India with a population of 5 million, and serves as the administrative capital of Pune district.

Variants of name

Location

It is situated 560 metres above sea level on the Deccan plateau, at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha river [1]. The nearest port is Mumbai, 150 kilometres to the west.

Jat Gotras

Bhadala, Bhambu, Bola, Dangi, Dhayal, Godara, Gora, Jakhar Kadolia, Khatkar, Khatri, Mokad, Mundel, Sihag,

Origin

The name derives from Punia clan of the Jats. Mahabharata Shalya_Parva_in_Sanskrit writes about Puniyas in shloka 55 as under:

पुण्यनामा सुनामा च सुवक्त्रः परियथर्शनः
परिश्रुतः कॊक नथः परिय माल्यानुलेपनः ।। 55 ।।

According to Hukam Singh Pawar (Pauria) [2], In all probability the Punia or Pauniyas belong to the followers of Pani leader Bribu. It is possible that a branch of Pani or Puni migrated from Sapta Sindhu to south India where they were known as Pani [3] or Paunika [4], identified [5], [6], [7] with the Punaka-Visaya of Talegaon inscription i.e. modern Poona or Pune, which may be their earlier settlement. The Punaiyyas or Panayyas of the South also betray their ancestry from the Panis. While Sivis, Mallavas etc. migrated from the Indus Valley after Alexander’s invasion to Rajasthan where they still survive in the Sivis, Shivranas, Mall or Malli Jats, the Punia or Pauniya Jats of Rajasthan, are likely to be the descendants [8] of the Panis, who were deprived of their wealth [9] by their brethren Aryan opponents, and were compelled [10] to settle down in their new home from the valley much earlier. The Punias were allowed by Aryans to remain in their Indian home in return for liberal donations by Bribu [11], [12], [13] to the Aryans (the Bharatas) for which he was held in high esteem by them where as the rest of Panis, who refused to donate likewise, were chased [14], [15] to the western lands. Babylonia, known as Brbyru to the Vedic Indians, is said to be the city of Bribu, (a wealthy leader of the Panis), by Weber, (Kalyanaramana, 1969, 112). It is interesting to note that the leaders of Panis who migrated [16], [17] to America in the pre-Aztec times from India, are depicted as robust, standing erect with folded hands, having Rajasthani features, with their head adorned with Marwari pagrees. [18]

The circular Nandi mandapa at the Pataleshwar

The name Pune derives from Punya Nagari (Sanskrit, "City of Virtue"). The oldest reference to this name is on a Rashtrakoota copper plate dated to 937, in which the town is refered to as as Punya-Vishaya or Punak Vishaya[19]. By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Kasbe Pune or Punavadi (Marath], "Town of Pune").

In the 19th century, it was refered to as Poona by British administrators. Since 1947, both spellings have been in use, but Pune has dominated for the last decade.

History

Copper plates dated to 758 and 768 show that, by the 8th century, an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed where Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakutas. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was also built during this era.

Pune was a part of Yadava Empire of Deogiri from the 9th century to 1327. It was later ruled by the Nizamshahi sultans, until it was annexed by the Mughal empire in the 17th century. In 1595, Maloji Bhosale was appointed the Jahagirdar of Pune and Supe by the Mughals.

Poona Plates of 13th year of Prabhavatigupta

Sanskrit Text
First plate

१ द्रष्टम् [।*] सिद्धम् [।*] जितम्भगवता [।*] स्वस्ति [।*] नान्दिवर्द्धनादासीद्गुप्तादि[राजो] म[हाराज]

श्रीघटोत्कचस्तस्य सत्पुत्रो महाराजश्री चन्द्रगुप्तस्तस्य सत्पुत्रो-

३ नेकाश्वमेधयाजी लिच्छविदो(दौ)हित्रौ महादेव्या कुमारदेव्यामुत्पन्नो

४ महाराजाधिराजश्रीसमुद्रगुप्तस्तस्य(त्स)त्पुत्रस्तत्पादपारिगृहीत

५ पृथिव्यामप्रतिरथस्सर्व्वराजोछे(च्छे)त्ता चतुरुदधिसलिलास्वादित-

६ यशा नेकगोहिरण्यकोटिसहस्त्रप्रद=परमभागवतो महारा-

७ जाधिराजश्रीसमुद्रगुप्तस्तस्य दुहिता धारणसगोत्रा नागकुलसम्भू-

८ ताया (या) श्रीमहादेव्या कुबेरनागायामुत्पन्नोभयकुलालङ्कारभूतात्यन्तभगवद्भक्ता

वाकाटकाना महाराजश्रीरुद्रसेनस्याग्रमहिषी युवराज-

१० [श्री]दिवाकरसेनजननी श्रीप्रभावति(ती)गुप्ता सुप्रतिष्ठाहारे

Second plate

११ विलवणकस्य पूर्व्वपार्श्वे शीर्षग्रामस्य दक्षिणपार्श्वे कदापिन्जनस्यापरवा[र्श्वे]

१२ सिदिविवरकस्योत्तरपार्श्वे दङ्गुणग्रामे ब्रह्मणाद्यान्ग्रामकुटुम्बिन=कुशल-

१३ मुक्तवा समाज्ञापयति [।*]विदितमस्तु वो यथाम ग्रामोस्वाभि स्वपुण्याप्यायना[र्थ]

१४ कर्त्तिकशुक्लद्वादश्या(श्या) भगवत्पादमूले निवेद्य भगवद्भक्ताचार्य्यचनालस्वामिने पूर्व्व-

१५ दत्त्या उदकपूर्व्वमतिसृष्टो यतो भवद्भिरुचितमर्य्यादया सर्व्वाज्ञा=कर्तव्या[*]पूर्व्व-

१६ [राज्जा]नुमताश्चात्र चातुर्विद्याग्रहारपरिहारान्वितरामस्तद्यथाभट्च्छत्र प्रावेश्य

१७ आचारासनचर्म्माङ्गारकिण्व क्रेणिखनक अपा [र*]म्पर[*]अ[खनि]मेध्य अपुष्पक्षीरस[न्दोह]

१८ सनिधिस्सोपनिधिस्सकृपतोपकृप्त [।*]न[त] देष भविष्यद्राजभिस्सरक्षितव्य [*] परिवर्द्ध-

१९ यितव्यश्च [।*] यश्चास्मच्छासनमगणयमानस्सवल्पामप्यत्राबाधा(धा) कुर्य्यात्कारयीत वा

२० तस्य ब्राह्मणे(णै)रावेदितस्य सदण्डनिग्रह कुर्य्याम [।*] व्यास्गि(गी)तश्चात्र श्लोको भवति [।*]

२१ स्वदत्ताम्परदत्ता(त्ता) वा यो हरेत वसुन्धरा(राम्) [।*] गवा(वां) शतसहस्त्रस्यहन्तु-र्हरति दुष्कृतम् [॥*]

२२ सवत्सरे च त्रयोदशमे लिखितमिद(द) शासनम(म्) [।*] चक्क्रदासेनोत्कट्टितम [।*]

Seal

१ वाकाटकललामस्य

२ [क्र]मप्राप्तनृपश्रिय [।*]

३ जनन्या युवराजस्य

४ शासन रिपुशास[न][म्।।*]
Poona Plates of 13th year of Prabhavatigupta [20]

These plates reveal the Gotra of Prabhavatigupta to be Dharan which is a Jat clan. In this context we must note that Prabhavatigupta, the daughter of Chandragupta II and chief queen of the Vakataka king Rudrasena II describes herself as belonging to the Dharan gotra in her Poona and Riddhapur copper plate inscriptions. Dharana is clearly the gotra of her father. Hence we see that Chandragupta II was of Dharan Gotra Jat. See details at - Prabhavatigupta.

K P Jayaswal takes it to stand for Dharan, a Jat clan found in Amritsar, and on the basis of the Kaumudimahotsava he concludes that Chandragupta I was a Karaskara or Kakkar Jat. [21] This view has been supported by B.G. Gokhale.[22]

Geography

Pune is located 560m (1,837 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau. It is situated on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain range (the Western Ghats), which separate it from the Arabian sea. It is a relatively hilly city, with its tallest hill rising to 800m (2,625 ft) above sea level.

Central Pune is located at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. The Pavana and Indrayani rivers, tributaries of the Bhima river, traverse the northwestern outskirts of the metropolitan Pune.

The Bhima River originates in Bhimashankar hills, one of the twelve esteemed Jyotirlinga shrines,[23] near Karjat on the western side of Western Ghats, known as Sahyadri, in Maharashtra state in India. Bhima flows southeast for 725 km through Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh states. Bhima is the most important tributary of the Krishna river, which is one of the two majors rivers in Maharastra, the other being Godavari River. Nira confluences with Bhima in Narsingpur, Solapur. Bhima is a major tributary of the Krishna River. Its banks are densely populated and form a fertile agricultural area.[24]

Villages in Pune District

Adachiwadi, Adhale Bk, Adhale Kh., Agalambe, Agar, Agoti No.1, Ahinavewadi, Ajanawale, Akharwadi, Akole , Alame, Alandi, Alandi Mhatobachi, Alandi Rural, Aldare, Ale, Alegaon Paga, Ambade, Ambale, Ambale, Ambarwet , Ambavade, Ambe Gavhan, Ambee, Ambethan, Ambi Bk, Ambi Kh, Amboli, Amboli, Amdabad, Amondi , Amoni Mal, Andgaon, Andhalgaon, Ane , Anjangaon , Annapur, Anthurne, Apati, Aptale, Apti, Arudewadi, Arvi , Arvi, Ashtapur, Aundhe Kh., Autadwadi Handewadi, Avadar, Awasari, Awasari, Awasari Kh, Awhalwadi, Awhat, Babhulgaon, Babhulsar Kh., Baburdi, Bahirwadi, Bahul, Bajarwadi, Bajrangwadi, Bakori, Ballalwadi, Bambhulsar, Bangarwadi , Baramati, Barav , Barhanpur, Basti, Baur, Bawada, Bebad Ohol , Belewadi , Belhe , Belsar , Betwadi, Bhadalwadi, Bhalgudi, Bhambarde, Bhandgaon, Bhandgaon, Bharadi, Bharatgoan, Bhare , Bharnewadi, Bhat Nimgaon, Bhatkalwadi, Bhawadi, Bhawadi, Bhawaninagar, Bhawarapur, Bhegadewadi, Bhigvan , Bhigvanstaion, Bhilarewadi, Bhilarwadi, Bhivadi, Bhivari, Bhodani, Bholavade, Bhondvewadi, Bhongvali, Bhor, Bhorwadi, Bhorwadi, Bhosalewadi, Bhose, Bhoyare, Bhugaon, Bhukum , Bijwadi , Biradvadi, Biwari, Bopgaon, Boratewadi, Boratwadi, Borghar, Bori, Bori Bk., Bori Kh,. Boriaindi, Boribel, Boribhadak, Boripardhi, Botarde , Brahman Wadi, Buchakewadi, Burkegaon, Bursewadi, Burunjwadi, Butewadi, Chakan, Chakati, Chalakwadi, Chambali, Chandkhed, Chandoh , Chandoli, Chandoli, Chandoli Kh., Chandus , Charholi Kh., Chas, Chas, Chavhanwadi, Chawand, Chikhalgaon, Chikhalgaon , Chikhali, Chikhalse, Chilhewadi, Chimbali, Chinchani, Chinchodi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chinchoshi, Chopadaj, Dahitane, Dahiwadi, Dalaj No.1, Dalaj No.2, Dalimb, Dandwadi, Dapode, Dapodi, Darawali, Darekarwadi, Darumbare, Datkhilwadi, Daund, Daundaj, Davadi, Dehane, Dehu, Dehu Cantt, Delvadi, Deshmukh Mala, Deulgaon Gada, Deulgaon Raje, Deulgaon Rasal, Devadi, Devale, Devale, Devkarwadi, Dhakale, Dhalewadi, Dhalewadi Tarf Haveli, Dhamane, Dhamani, Dhamankhel, Dhamari, Dhangarwadi, Dhangawadi, Dhanore, Dhanore, Dhekalwadi, Dhok Sangavi, Dholwad, Dhondmal Shindewadi, Dhumalicha Mala, Dhumalwadi, Dikasal, Dingore, Dingrajwadi, Divad, Divale, Dive, Donaje, Donde, Dongargaon, Dorlewadi, Dumbarwadi, Echakewadi, Ekeriwadi, Eklahare, Fakate, Fulgaon, Fursungi, Gadadarwadi, Gadewadi, Gahunje, Galand Wadi No.1, Galand Wadi No.2, Galandwadi, Ganegaon Dumala, Ganegaon Khalsa, Ganesh Road, Ganeshwadi, Gangapur, Gangapur Kh., Gar, Garade, Gargotwadi, Gaud Dara, Gavdewadi, Ghadagewadi, Ghodegaon, Gholapwadi, Ghonshet, Ghorpadwadi, Ghotavade, Ghotavadi, Giravi, Girawali, Girim, Godre, Gogalwadi, Gohe, Gohe Kh., Gojubavi, Gokhali, Golegaon, Golegaon, Golegaon , Gopalwadi, Gorhe, Gorhe Kh., Gosasi, Gotandi, Gulani, Gulunche, Gulunchwadi, Gunat, Gundalwadi, Gunjalwadi, Gunjalwadi, Gunwadi, Gurholi, Hadsar, Handalwadi, Hangarwadi, Hargude, Harni, Hatave, Hatwalan, Hedruj, Hinganewadi, Hingangaon, Hingangaon, Hingani Berdi, Hinganigada, Hinjavadi, Hivare, Hivare, Hivare Bk, Hivare Kh, Hivare Tarf Narayangaon, Holewadi, Holkarwadi, Inamgaon, Indapur, Induri, Ingaloon, Jachakvasti, Jadhav Wadi, Jaidwadi, Jainakwadi, Jalgaon Kade Pathar, Jalgaon Supe, Jalochi, Jamb, Jambe, Jambhali, Jambhori, Jambhul, Jambut, Jankshan, Jaradwadi, Jarkarwadi, Jategaon, Jategaon Kh., Jaulke, Jaulke Kh., Jawalarjun, Jawale, Jawje Buwachiwadi, Jejuri, Jejuri Rural, Jeur, Jiregaon, Jogwadi, Junnar, Kadadhe, Kadadhe, Kadamwak Wasti, Kadamwasti, Kadbanwadi, Kadethanwadi, Kadus, Kalamb, Kalamb, Kalas, Kalashi, Kaldari, Kale, Kale, Kalechiwadi, Kalewadi, Kalewadi, Kalewadi, Kalewadi Darekarwadi, Kalkhairewadi, Kalthan No.1, Kalthan No.2, Kalus, Kalyan, Kamagalwadi, Kaman, Kamatwadi, Kambare, Kamshet, Kamthadi, Kanase , Kandalgaon , Kandali, Kangaon , Kanhe, Kanheri, Kanhersar, Kanhewadi, Kanhur Mesai, Kanjale, Kapurhop, Karade, Karandi, Karandi, Karanja Vihire, Karanjawane, Karanje, Karanjepul, Kardanwadi, Kardilwadi, Karegaon, Karegaon , Karewadi, Karhati , Karhavagaj , Kari, Karkhel, Karli, Karnalwadi, Karnawad, Karunj, Kasar Amboli, Kasari, Kasarsai, Kasurdi, Kasurdi, Katewadi, Kathapur, Kathapur Kh., Kati, Katphal, Kauthadi, Kauthali, Kawathe , Kazad , Kedgaon , Kedgaon Station, Kelawade, Kelgaon, Kendur, Kenjal, Kesnand, Ketkawale, Khadakamala, Khadaki, Khadaki, Khadakvasala , Khadakwadi, Khadkale, Khaire Nagad, Khalad, Khalchi Bhamburwadi, Khalumbre, Khamgaon, Khamgaon, Khamgaon, Khamundi, Khanapur, Khanapur, Khand, Khandaj, Khandala, Khandala, Khandale, Khandobachiwadi, Khanote, Kharade Wadi, Kharakvasla, Kharpudi, Khechare, Khed, Khodad, Khopi, Khor, Khorochi, Khorodi, Khutbav, Kikavi, Kiwale, Kodit, Kohakdewadi, Kohinde, Koldara Gonawadi , Kolvihire, Kolwadi, Kolwadi, Kolwadi, Kolwadi Kotamdara, Kolwan, Kondhanpur, Kondhapuri, Kondhur, Koregaon, Koregaon Bhima, Koregaon Bhiwar, Koregaon Kh,. Koregaon Mul, Korhale Bk , Korhale Kh , Kothale, Kothurne, Koyali, Koyali Tarf Chakan, Koye, Kudaje, Kude, Kule, Kumbhargaon, Kumbharvalan, Kumshet, Kunjirwadi, Kuran, Kurawali, Kurkumbh, Kurkundi, Kurnewadi, Kuruli, Kuruli , Kurungvadi, Kurwandi, Kusagaon, Kusegaon, Kusgaon Budruk, Kusgaon P.m., Kusur, Kutwalwadi, Ladkatwadi, Lakadi, Lakhangaon, Lakhewadi, Lasurne , Late, Lavale, Lavharde, Lingali, Lonarwadi, Lonavala, Loni, Loni, Loni-kalbhor, Loni-kand, Loni Bhapkar , Lumewadi, Madanwadi, Madh, Mahadeo Wadi, Mahalunge, Mahalunge Padawal, Mahude, Mahur, Malad, Maladpatas, Malawadi, Malegaon Bk, Malegaon Kh., Malewadi, Malshiras, Malthan, Malthan, Malwadi, Malwadi, Malwadi, Malwadi, Malwadi, Man, Manappawasti, Manchar, Mandaki, Mandave, Mandavgan Farata, Mandhar, Mangadewadi, Mangrul, Manjarewadi, Manjari Kh., Manjarwadi, Markal, Marunji, Masanarwadi, Mau, Mawadikade Pathar, Medad, Mekhali, Mengadewadi, Mergalwadi, Mhasobachiwadi, Mirwadi, Modhave, Mohari, Moi , Moralwadi, Mordewadi, Morgaon , Mudhale, Mukhai, Mulkhed , Munjalwadi, Murti, Nagadwadi, Nagapur, Nagargaon, Naigaon, Naiphad, Nalawane, Nandadevi, Nandagaon, Nande, Nane, Nangaon, Nanwij, Narayangaon, Narhe, Narodi, Naroli, Narsingpur, Narutwadi, Nasrapur, Nathachiwadi, Navingar, Nawali, Nayagaon, Naygaon, Nazare, Nazare Supe, Nazarekade Pathar, Nere, Nere, Nhavara, Nhavi, Nhavi, Nhavi Sandas, Nigade, Nigade, Nighoje, Nighutwadi, Nimbalkar Vasti, Nimbodi, Nimbodi, Nimbut, Nimdari, Nimgaon, Nimgaon Bhogi, Nimgaon Dude, Nimgaon Ketki, Nimgaon Mhalungi, Nimgaon Sawa, Nimgiri, Nimone, Nimsakhar, Nirgoodsar, Nirgude, Nirgude, Nirnimgaon, Nirvagaj, Nirvi, Nirwangi, Otur, Ovale, Ozar, Ozarde, Pabal, Pabe, Pachane, Pachgharwadi, Padali, Padirwadi, Padvi, Pait, Palasdeo , Palshiwadi, Palu, Pandare, Pandeshwar, Pandharewadi, Pandharwadi, Pangare, Pansarewadi, Panshet, Parandvadi, Pargaon, Pargaon, Pargaon Tarf Ale, Pargaon Tarf Awasari, Pargaon Tarf Khed, Parinche, Paritwadi, Parodi, Parunde, Parwadi, Parwadi, Pasure, Patan, Patas, Patethan, Paud, Pawaimal, Pawarwadi, Pawnewadi, Pemdara, Perane, Peth, Peth, Phaladewadi Ugalewadi, Phulvade, Pilanwadi, Pilewadi, Pimpale, Pimpale, Pimpale Jagtap, Pimpale Khalsa, Pimpalgaon, Pimpalgaon Joga, Pimpalgaon Siddhanath, Pimpalgaon T Narayangaon, Pimpalgaon Tarf Ghoda, Pimpalgaon Tarf Khed, Pimpalgaon Tarf Mahalunge , Pimpali , Pimpaloli, Pimpalsuti, Pimpalwandi, Pimparkhed , Pimpre Kh., Pimpri, Pimpri, Pimpri, Pimpri Chinchwad, Pimpri Kh., Pimpri Pendhar, Pimpri Sandas , Pingori, Pirangut, Pisarve, Pisavare, Pisurti, Pithewadi, Pitkeshwar, Pokhari, Pondewadi, Pondkulwadi, Poundhawadi , Pune, Pune Cantt, Pur, [[Purv Rahatwade, Rahu, Rajegaon, Rajewadi, Rajgurunagar (Khed,) Rajur , Rajuri , Rajuri, Rakh, Rakshewadi, Ramnagar, Ranjangaon Ganpati, Ranjangaon Sandas, Ranjani, Ranje, Ranmala, Ranmalawadi, Ranmodwadi, Rase, Ravangaon, Rayari, Reda, Redani, Retavadi, Rihe , Rohakal, Rohkadi, Rui, Rui, Rule, Sabalewadi, Saburdi, Sadalgaon, Sadobachiwadi, Sahajpurwadi, Sakore, Sakori T Belhe, Sakurde, Sakurdi, Sal, Salumbare, Sanaswadi , Sandbhorwadi, Sangamner, Sanganore, Sangarun, Sangavade, Sangavi Sandas, Sangurdi, Sansar, Santwadi, Sapkalwadi, Saradwadi, Sarafwadi, Sarati, Sardewadi, Sarole, Sasewadi, Sastewadi, Sasvad, Satalwadi, Sate, Satkarsthal, Savantwadi, Savindane, Sawal, Sawale, Sawargaon, Sayagaon, Sayambachiwadi, Shaha, Shelgaon, Shelu, Sherechiwadi, Shetphal Haveli, Shetphalgadhe, Shewalwadi, Shewalwadi , Shewalwadi Landewadi, Shikrapur, Shind, Shinde, Shindemala, Shindewadi, Shindewadi, Shindewadi, Shindewadi, Shindodi, Shindwane, Shingave, Shinoli, Shirapur, Shirasgaon Kata, Shirawali, Shirgaon, Shiroli, Shiroli Bk, Shiroli Kh , Shiroli T Ale, Shirsadi, Shirsuphal, Shirur, Shivali , Shivane, Shivare, Shivari, Shivatkar (Nira), Shive , Shivner, Shiwapur, Singapur, Sinhagarh, Sirsatwadi, Sitewadi, Solu, Somatane, Somatwadi, Somurdi, Sonawale, Sone Sangavi, Songaon, Sonkaswadi, Sonori, Sonvadisupe, Sonwadi, Soratewadi, Sortapwadi, Sudumbare, Sukalwadi, Sultanpur, Supe, Supe, Supedhar, Surwad, Takali, Takali Bhima, Takali Haji, Takalkarwadi, Takave, Takrarwadi, Talawade, Tale Ghar, Talegaon Dabhade, Talegaon Dhamdhere, Taleran, Taleranwadi, Tambe, Tambewadi, Tambhad, Tamblemala, Tandali, Tandulwadi, Tannu, Tarade, Tarangwadi, Tardobachiwadi, Tardoli, Tathavade, Tawashi, Tejewadi, Tejur, Tekavadi, Telewadi, Temghar, Thakar Wadi, Thakarwadi, Thapewadi Pimpalwadi, Theur, Thopatewadi, Thopatewadi, Thorandale, Thoratwadi, Thugaon, Tikekarwadi, Tilekarwadi, Titeghar, Tokavade, Tulapur, Uchhil, Udapur, Udhat, Umbare, Umbare Navalakh, Umbraj, Undavadi Kade Pathar, Undavadisupe, Undawadi, Uralgaon, Uravade, Urse, Uruli-dewachi, Uruli Kanchan, Utroli, Vadaj, Vadapuri, Vadeshwar, Vadgaon, Vadgaon Bande, Vadgaon Dal, Vadgaon Ghenand, Vadgaon Kandali, Vadgaon Kashimbeg, Vadgaon Nimbalkar, Vadgaon Pir, Vadgaon Rasai, Vadgaon Sahani, Vadgaon Tarf Khed, Vadhane, Vadner Kh., Vakilwasti, Valad, Valati, Valki, Vanjarwadi, Vanpuri, Varale, Varchi Bhamburwadi, Varkute, Varkute Kh., Varude, Varude, Varve Kh., Veer, Velhe , Velu, Venavadi, Vetale, Vinzar, Virobawadi, Vitthal Nagar, Vitthalwadi, Vyahali, Wada, Wade Bolhai, Wadgaon-shinde , Wadgaon Anand , Wadgaon Darekar, Wadhu, Wadhu Kh., Wadki, Wafegaon , Wagdarwadi, Waghale, Waghalwadi, Waghapur, Wagholi, Wajewadi, Wakalwadi, Wakhari, Waki, Waki Bk, Waki Kh., Walati, Walhe, Walunj, Wanewadi, Wangani, Wanganichi Wadi, Warulwadi, Warwand , Washere, Wasunde, Watluj, Yawat, Yawat Station , Yedgaon, Yelase, Yelewasti, Yelwadi, Yenere, Yewalewadi, Zap, Zaragadwadi, Zendewadi,

Notable persons

  • Koshor Jakhar - Resident Shinde Basti, Keshawnagar, Moondhwa Pune. Adhyaksh Jat Yuva Manch. mob: 9325558875, 60206396[25]
  • Kapoor Singh Khatri - Adhyaksh Jat Association, 9, New Chanakya Apartment, Boat Club Road. Phone:020-26162183, mob;9822022454
  • Narendra Singh Katkar - Mantri Jat Association, A-1/704 Ganga Orchard, Mundwa Road, Koregaon Park Annex. Ph:020-32504382, mob: 9370864000
  • Bhera Ram Mokad - Mobb:9850443133
  • Mohan Lal Kadolia - Mob:981640581
  • Ramdev Gora - Mob: 9422025181
  • Govund Ram Sihag- Mob:9890692488
  • Oma Ram Godara- Mob:9421020107
  • Raja Ram Dhayal- Mob: 9890599781
  • Chetan Bola- Mob: 9765396779
  • Mohan Lal Mundel- Ph:020-60782038
  • Pali Jila Jat Yuva Manch (Pune), Punyeshwar Mahadeo Mandir, Survey No. 622/3 A, Godwad Sikhi Samaj ke Pichhe, Bivbewadi.

References

  1. Nalawade, S.B.. Geography of Pune Urban Area. Ranwa.
  2. The Jats: Their Origin, Antiquity and Migration, Rohtak, 1993, ISBN 81-85235-22-8, p. 353
  3. Vayu Purans, 1.45.127
  4. ibid, 45.127
  5. M R Singh, A critical study of the Geog. Data in Ear. Purs., Punthi Pustak, Calcutta, 1972, p. 286
  6. Cf. G. Yazdani, Early history of Deccan, p. 36
  7. Cunningham, Historical Geog. of Ancient India, p. 184
  8. D D Kosambi, The Culture and Civilization of Ancient India, Vikas Publishing House, Delhi, 1976, p. 80
  9. ibid
  10. Jain, op. cit, pp. 99-100
  11. RV, 6.4.2.31
  12. Jain, op. cit., p. 48
  13. RV VI 45.31
  14. Nripendra Kumar Dutta, op. cit., p. 96
  15. RV VII 63
  16. Ram Chandra Jain, The most ancient Aryan society, Varanasi, 1964, p. 72
  17. His. of Mexico, Maxican Government Pbn. q. by Chaman Lal, Hindu America, 1956, p. 256
  18. DA Mackenzie, Myths of Pre-Columbia America, pp. 2, 256, 265f
  19. http://www.punediary.com/html/historyevents.html
  20. [http://www.archive.org/stream/corpusinscriptio014677mbp#page/n119/mode/2up Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, Vol. V, 1963, pp.7-8]
  21. Tej Ram Sharma:Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions, pp. 16-17
  22. B.G. Gokhale, Samudragupta, Life and Times, pp. 25-26.
  23. http://www.indiantemples.com/Maharashtra/bhima.html
  24. http://geoanalyzer.britannica.com/ebc/article-9357199
  25. Jat Samaj, December 2009, p.82

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