Varaich

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Varaich (वराइच)[1] Waraich (वराइच)[2] Baraich (बराइच)/(बराईच) [3] Bhraich[4] Bhraich (बहराइच)[5] Varaish (वराइश) Waraish (वराइश)[6] [7] Bharais (भराईस) Bharaich (भड़ाईच)/Bharaich (भराईच)[8] Barayach is gotra of Jats found in Punjab, India and Pakistan. They are known as Balaecha, Bharaecha, Bahrechi, Bahraech in Afghanistan.[9]

Origin

Branches of Nagavansha are - 1. Vasati/Bains 2. Taxak 3. Aulak 4. Kalkal 5. Kala/ Kalidhaman/ Kalkhande 6. Meetha 7. Bharshiv 8. Bharaich[10]

Villages founded by Varaich

History

They are mentioned in the Mahabharata along with the Chhinas, Odhrans, Hara Hunas, etc. as Varshneya a people [12] Satapatha Brahmana mentioned them as Varsna .


Bhim Singh Dahiya[13] writes: They are also mentioned as Varisha. Sabha Parva mentions a sea near the country of Varisha. We have taken Varaish and Varaich as one clan, though Tribes and Castes mentions them separately. Atharva Veda mentions them as a people and Chhandogya Upanished says that a place called Raikkaparna is situated in the land of Mahavrishas. Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana mention a king Hritsavashya, a king of the Mahavrishas. Rig Veda mentions a king Daivata, of Sarangya clan who was victorious over the Varichirichi (Vantas).

Dilip Singh Ahlawat has also mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[14]

Kunjah: As per Hari Ram Gupta [15] and British Gujarat (Punjab district) Gazetteer - 168 (1892-93), this town now located in Pakistan is, 12 kilometers from Gujarat, on the road to Phalia. It was founded by a person called Jethu Varaich. It is likely that the word "Jethu" probably is "Jathu" or Jat, "Varaich" is a common current Jat clan name [16].[17]

Rahmat Khan was a Varaich clan Jat who captured Gujrat Fort in Pakistan.[18]

H. W. Bellew [19] writes that The Baloch were originally the Rajput Balaecha and occupied the Kharan country adjoining their fellow tribesmen the Rajput Bharaecha (now represented in Afghanistan by the Bahrechi of Shorawak), both being clans of the great Chahuman, or Chohan, Agnikula. The latter have established some important and extensive colonies in India, and have given their name to a district (Bahraech) in Oudh; the Nuwwabship of Jhajjar (Delhi district) was another colony of this tribe, the late chief of which, a Bahraechi Pathan, was executed for his treachery in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. We shall speak of the Baloch later on, but must here notice such of their nationality as are now found within the area above assigned to the Dadikai, First, however, it will be convenient to dispose of the Bahrechi in Shorawak of Afghanistan.

H A Rose's account

H A Rose[20] gives a detailed account of this clan as under: Bharais (भराईस) — The Bharāis who are scattered throughout these Provinces are also known as Pirhain, a name which is explained thus: —

(i) One Bukan Jat was a devotee of Sakhi Sarwar who one day said to him tujhe piri di, 'the saint's mouth has fallen on thee', whence the name Pirhai.
(ii) Another account says that after leaving Dhaunkal, Sakhi Sayyid Ahmad went to Multan and rested for a while at Parahin, a place south of Shahkot, which was the home of his mother's ancestors, Rihan Jats by caste. At Multan an Afghan chief had a daughter to whose hand many of the Shahkot youths aspired, but none were deemed

The form Pirhain is said to be in use in Saharanpur. The word pariah is also said to mean drummer and is possibly connected with Bharai - Crooke : Things Indian

[Page-85]: worthy. One day, however, the Afghan invited Sayyid Ahmad to a feast and begged him to accept his daughter in marriage. This offer the saint accepted, and the sihra below, which was composed on this occasion, is still sung with great reverence. The mirasi, however, neglected to attend the wedding punctually, and when he did appear, rejected the saint's present of a piece of blue cloth, 1-1/4 yards in length, at the instigation of the Jats and Pathans, saying it was of no use to him. Hearing this the , Sayyid gave it to Shaikh Buddha, a Jat who had been brought up with him, saying : "This is a bindi (badge), tie it round your head, and beat a drum. We need no mirasi, and when yon are in any difficulty remember me in these words : — Daimji Rabdia sawāria, bohar Kali Kakki-wādlia — Help me in time of trouble, thou owner of Kali Kakki ! You and your descendants have come under our protection, panāh, and you shall be called pāndhi." This term became corrupted into Parahin in time. Thus the account contradicts itself, as the name is said to be derived from Parahin, a place.

The term Bharai itself is usually derived from chauhi bharnā, lit. 'to keep a vigil,' in which are sung praises of the Sakhi. But another and less simple account says that owing to his marriage Sayyid Ahmad incurred the enmity of the Jats and Pathans of Shahkot and left that place for Afghanistan, accompanied by Bibi Bai, Rānā Mian, and his younger brother. Twenty-five miles from Dera Ghazi Khan they halted. No water was to be found, so the Sayyid mounted his mare Kali Kakki and at every step she took water came up. His pursuers, however, were close at hand, and when they overtook him the Sakhi was slain, and buried where he fell. The spot is known as Nigaha and still abounds in springs.

Years after Isa, a merchant of Bokhara, and a devotee of Sakhi Sarwar, was voyaging in the Indian Ocean when a storm arose. Isa invoked the saint's aid and saved the ship. On landing he journeyed to Multan where he learnt that the saint had been killed. On reaching Nigaha he found no traces of his tomb, but no fire could be kindled on the spot, and in the morning as they loaded the camels their legs broke. Sakhi Sarwar descended from the hill on his mare, holding a spear in his hand, and warned the merchant that he had desecrated his tomb and must rebuild it at a cost of 1-1/4 lakhs. He was then to bring a blind man, a leper, and an eunuch* from Bokhara and entrust its supervision to them. One day when the blind man stumbled near the tomb he saved himself by clutching at some kahi grass where-upon his sight was restored and his descendants are still known as the Kahi. The eunuch was also cured and his descendants are called Shaikh. The leper too recovered, and his descendants, the Kalang, are still found in Nigaha. To commemorate their cures all three beat a drum, and Sakhi Sarwar appeared to them, saying ; "He who is my follower will ever beat the drum and remain barahi, 'sound,' nor will he ever lack anything." Hence the pilgrims to Nigaha became known as Bharais.


* For eunuchs as attendants at shrines see Burton's Pilgrimage to Medina and Mecca Vol. I, p. 371.
*Cf. Bhara in the phrase raho hara bhara, ' remain green and prosperous or fruitful ' P.Dy., p. 430.


[Page-86]: Strictly speaking the Bharais do not form a caste, but an occupational group or spiritual brotherhood which comprises men of many castes, Dogar, Habri, Rawat, Dum, Rajput, Mochi, Gujar, Tarkhan and last, but not least, Jat. They belong to the Muhammadan religion, but in marriage they follow the Hindu customs. Thus a Jat Bharai may only marry a Jat woman, and in Kangra, it is said, she too must be a Bharai. In Ambala, however, a Bharai may marry any Jatni, and in Kapurthala it is said that, being Muhammadans, marriage within the got is permitted, and that; Rajput Bharais may take wives from Jat Bharais. There appears indeed to be no absolute or even general rule, but the tendency apparently is for the Bharais recruited from any one caste to form a separate caste of Bharais, marrying only in that caste, e.g., in Ludhidna the Jat Bharai only marries a Bharai Jatni, and the gots avoided are the same as among the Jats. The Jat Bharais are numerous. They claim descent from one Garba Jat, a Hindu attendant at Sakhi Sarwar's shrine, who was in a dream bidden by the saint to embrace Islam. On conversion he was called Shaikh Garba. The Jat Bharais have several gots: — Dhillon, Deo, Rewal Garewal, Man, Randhawa, Jham, Karhi and Badecha.

Bharaich khap

Bharaich Khap has 360 villages in Gujarat in Daman (दामन) , Pahad (पहाड़) and Ithar (इठार) areas. Its alternate name is Bharashiva khap. [21]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Saharanpur district

Paniyali Kasimpur,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Ratna Desar,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Varaich population is 1,950 in Patiala district. [22]

Villages in Amritsar district

Pandori Waraich

Varaich population is 2,070 in Amritsar district. [23]

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Waraich named two villages are in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Ludhiana district

Distribution in Pakistan

Waraich - The Waraich are said to be of Chauhan Rajput ancestry. They are found in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha and Faisalabad districts. Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Jalandhar districts.

According to 1911 census the Waraich were the principal Muslim Jat clan in districts:

Notable persons from this clan

See also

  • Barach
  • Bahraich (बहराईच) - city and district in Uttar Pradesh.

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. व-51
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.244, s.n.243
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ब-195
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.50, s.n. 1627
  5. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.244, s.n.243
  6. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.244, s.n.243
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. व-51
  8. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-56
  9. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan:H. W. Bellew, p.130
  10. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.242
  11. History and study of the Jats/Chapter 7,p.105-106
  12. चीनान हूनाञ शकान ओडून पर्वतान्तरवासिनः।वार्ष्णेयान हारहूणांश च कृष्णान हैमवतांस तदा (MBT:II.47.19)
  13. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p.292
  14. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV (Page 342)
  15. Gupta, H.R., editor, Panjab or Punjab on the eve of First Sikh War, Published by the Publication Bureau of the Punjab University, Chandigarh, Punjab, 1956, pp. 212, 295, 135, 266.
  16. Barstow, A.E. (Major), The Sikhs: A Ethnology, reprinted by B.R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi, India, 1985, pp. 132-133, first published in 1928.
  17. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. pp. 105-106
  18. Asli Lutere Koun/Part-I,p.65
  19. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan , p.130
  20. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.84-86
  21. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, Agra, 2004, p. 19
  22. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p.126
  23. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p.124

Back to Jat Gotras