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Khokhar (खोखर)[1][2] Khokar (खोकर) Khokkar (खोक्कर) is a gotra of Jats found in Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India and Pakistan. Khokhar is a Baloch Jat clan found in Afghanistan.[3]It is an important tribe of Punjab (Pakistan).[4]



They are mentioned in Vayu Purana and Visnu Purana as 'Kokarakas'. [5] [6]Khokhar is a derivative of Kukar. The Khokhars are found in Rajputs also.

Khokhars originated from Nagavanshi Karkotaka (कर्कोटक).[7]


The correct form of Khokhan is Khokhar, who were rulers in Raya (Mathura) and Sindh.[8]

Bhai Roop Chand ji Was also Khokhar who was devout sikh of Guru Hargobind Ji. There is village on his name Bhai Roopa in Bhatinda district of Punjab, India. Haral, Ajra, Bhalu and Bhala are the sub gotras of the Khokhar Jats.

Khokhars origin is from Central Asia. They were perhaps Central Asian Huns who repeatedly attacked North India.

They were same for north India's empires as barbarians or Huns were for Roman Empire.

They have very ancient and important history that needs to be researched. Khokhar Jats are said to have constructed fort at Kanwat village in Sikar district of Rajasthan. It was their capital.

H.A. Rose[9] writes that The Awans in Kapurthala are said to have the Jand got.

In Pakistan Khokhars are followers of Islam. A former high commissioner of Pakistan in India was Riaz Khokhar.

Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni (977-1030) and Jats

Mahmud Ghazni was a Turk. The original rulers of Turkistan were Jats. Then the Mongols ousted them and Turk tribes were gradually compelled to leave Turkistan. Mahmood's ancestors had thus come and settled in Zabulistan and Afghanistan. Alptigin of this tribe established his kingdom in Ghazni. Sabuktigin (977-997), who was born in the third generation of Alptigin, invaded India many times but was vigorously repulsed by the Jat King, Jai Pal, at Frontier Provinces. His son Sultan Mahmud was aware of his father's battles with Raja Jaipal and India's weaknesses.

It has been mentioned in Indian History that Mahmud Ghazni had given a vow to the Khalifa to invade India every year, demolish the idols they worshipped and spread Islam. Every time he came like a hurricane looted, and returned but only to create a large Army with that wealth, and invade again. Two of his invasions were purely against Jats and these proved the costliest.

In 1001 AD Mahmud of Ghazni defeated Jay Pal and occupied the state of Bhatis, Bhatinda. He captured Multan and levied tax on acts of worship. Anand Pal, son of Jay Pal, took with him the rulers of Kannauj and Jujhauti and attacked Mahmud. In this war Gakkhar Jats were also with Anand Pal. Mahmud had come this time with a huge army and camped for 40 days. At last the army of Gakkhars attacked Mahmud at place called Chhachh near Atak. The Turk army could not sustain war before Gakkhars. Mahmud was about to withdraw from the war, But unfortunately at the same time the elephant of Anand Pal got angry, which sent the signals as a defeat and the army got demoralized. This led to the victory of Mahmud. (Dr Natthan Singh, 123-124)

The Rajput kings of those days did not offer any appreciable resistance against his invasions. Once it was rumored that an attack on Somnath temple was imminent and it would be looted and devastated. All the Rajput Kings assembled there to save Somnath temple from this anticipated disaster, but had no mutual confidence among themselves. They had no heart to fight, but presented themselves only as a matter of prestige. The Head priest of this temple, however, assured them that there was no need to fight as the idol of Somnath would curse the devils to blindness, and they would perish moaning and screaming.

The rumor came true. The Muslim force laid siege of the temple and the battle ensued. At that time a dance of beautiful girls (devdasis) was going on in temple to appease the idol and all Rajput chiefs who had come to defend the temple were busy in enjoying the function. When the Muslim invaders attacked, the Rajputs took to their heels. The priests, however, fought bravely and were killed in large numbers at the altar. Sultan Mahmood demolished the idol of Somnath and started towards Ghazni with a Caravan of Camels laden with gold, silver and precious jewels.

It is mentioned in Todd's Rajasthan that while the Army of Mahmood Ghazni with the booty was passing through the Jat territory of Multan, they were ambushed by Jats in 1025 AD, and all the wealth was recovered.

Sultan Mahmood Ghazni collected the remnants of his force, and managed to slip away with it. This was the first occasion when he met defeat in India.

Muhammad Ghori (1173-1205) and Jats

In Jabulistan there is a big 'Khap' of Gaurzai (derivative of Gaur). Ghazni's old name was Gazni and was founded by the Madrak Jat Raja Gaj. After the death of Mahmood Ghazni, Gaurs again came into power.

Their capable ruler planned to extend his empire into India to revive the ancient glory of Gaurs who had earlier ruled Hissar and Ajmer Areas. The ancestors of Raja Gaj had also ruled Sialkot and Quetta. Ruins of a fort Bala-e-Hissar still exist in Afghanistan.

The King Jai Chand was at daggers drawn with Prithvi Raj. He continued a clash between Mohammed Gauri and Prithvi Raj, and promised to support Mohammed Gauri with men and material. Mohammed Gauri jumped at the proposal. Unlike Mahmood Ghazni his aim was not more plunder. He wanted to capture the throne of Delhi and to establish his empire there. Muhammad Ghori (1173-1205) invaded in 1191 and faced Prithvi Raj Chauhan at Tarain near Delhi. Jats fought along with Rajputs. Prithvi Raj's commander-in-chief was Chand Ram, Dahima Jat. Ghori was defeated and wounded and his troops were looted by Jats while retreating.

It has been mentioned in the chronicles of Jat 'Sarv Khap', which are still reserved with Chaudhry Qabul Singh Shoron Distt Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, that the Jat Sarv Khap, reinforced Prithvi Raj with 22,000 brave Jats, who contributed a great deal for Prithvi Raj to win the day.

To avenge his humiliation and defeat he attacked again and won at Tarain (1192). Ghori made Kutb Uddin Aibak his regent at Delhi.

The Jats under Jatwan beseized the Muslim commander of Hansi (Haryana), Nasrat Uddin, raised the sieze and an obstinate and fierce battle defeated the Muslims under Kutb Uddin Aibak (1193). Khokhar Jats killed Ghori (March 15, 1205) at Dhamyak near Lahore after a fierce battle and avenged the defeat of Tarain.

Villages founded by Khokhar clan

Sub Divisions of Khokhar gotra

There are several sub-divisions of the Khokhar gotra , such as the Bandial, Bhachar, Dholka, Ganjial, Jalap, Majoka, Nissowana, Rawal, and then Denaar (among muslims). According to H.A. Rose[10] Jat clans derived from Khokhar are: Bohla and Khokhar. Haral, Ajra, Bhalu and Bhala are also the sub gotras of the Khokhar Jats (Hindu and Sikh).

Khokhar Khap

They are found in the Punjab state. There are about 52 villages of the Khokhar Jats in Mathura and Aligarh districts. Khokhar is the major gotra of Kansala and Shamdi Rohtak Haryana.

Khokhar Khap has 52 villages in Uttar Pradesh in Mathura, Aligarh districts. 24 villages of Moradabad district are in this khap. 150 villages of this khap are in Punjab , Bhatinda district around Mansa Mandi. Jat gotra is Khokhar. [11]

जाटों का तैमूर से युद्ध

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[12] ने लिखा है कि मध्यएशिया में जाटों को परास्त करके तैमूर ने अपनी राजधानी समरकन्द में स्थापित की। उसने अपनी विशाल सेना से तुर्किस्तान, फारस, अफगानिस्तान आदि देशों को जीतकर भारत पर आक्रमण करने का निश्चय किया जो उस समय बड़ी अव्यवस्थित दशा में था। दिल्ली सल्तनत पर तुगलक वंश का अन्तिम बादशाह महमूद तुगलक था जो कि एक निर्बल शासक था। भारत में फैली हुई अराजकता को दबाने में वह असफल था। इस दशा से लाभ उठाते हुए तैमूर ने भारत पर आक्रमण कर दिया।

तैमूर ने सबसे पहले अपने पौत्र पीर मुहम्मद को सेना के अग्रभाग का सेनापति बनाकर भेजा। उसने सिन्ध को पार कर कच्छ को जीत लिया। उसने आगे बढ़कर मुलतान, दिपालपुर और पाकपटन को जीत लिया। इसके बाद वह सतलुज नदी तक पहुंच गया जहां वह अपने दादा के आने की प्रतीक्षा करने लगा। तैमूर ने 92000 घुड़सवारों के साथ 24 सितम्बर 1398 ई० में हिन्दुकुश मे मार्ग से आकर सिन्ध को पार किया। वह पेशावर से मुलतान पहुंचा। वहां से आगे बढ़ने पर खोखर जाटों से इसकी सख्त टक्कर हुई जिनको परास्त करके वह सतलुज नदी पर अपने पौत्र से जा मिला। मुलतान युद्ध में तथा आगे मार्ग में जाटों ने तैमूर का बड़ी वीरता से मुकाबला किया था। अब उसने भटनेर पर आक्रमण कर दिया जहां से उस पर जाटों का आक्रमण होने का डर

जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठान्त-377

था। भटनेर की स्थिति भटिण्डा से बीकानेर जाने वाले मार्ग पर थी[13]

वाक़ए-राजपूताना, जिल्द 3 में लेखक मुंशी ज्वालासहाय ने लिखा है कि “भटनेर जो अब रियासत बीकानेर का भाग है, पुराने जमाने में जाटों के दूसरे समूह की राजधानी थी। ये जाट ऐसे प्रबल थे कि उत्थान के समय में बादशाहों का मुक़ाबला किया और जब आपत्ति आई, हाथ संभाले। भाटी जाटों की आबादी की वजह से इस इलाके का नाम भटनेर हुआ है। जो लोग मध्यएशिया से भारत पर आक्रमण करते थे, उनके मार्ग में स्थित होने से भटनेर ने इतिहास में प्रसिद्धि प्राप्त की है। तैमूर के आक्रमण का भी मुकाबिला किया।”

तैमूर ने भटनेर को जीत लिया और यहां पर अपने हाकिम चिगात खां को नियुक्त करके आगे को बढ़ा। इस हमले के थोड़े दिन बाद जाटों ने अपने राज्य को वापिस लेने हेतु अपने सरदार वीरसिंह या वैरीसाल के नेतृत्व में मारोट और फूलरा से निकलकर भटनेर पर आक्रमण कर दिया। विजय प्राप्त करके फिर से भटनेर को अपने अधिकार में ले लिया। (जाट इतिहास पृ० 596-597, लेखक ठा० देशराज)।

तैमूर के साथ जाटों ने बड़ी वीरता से युद्ध किए। इसीलिए तो उसने कहा था कि

“जाट एक अत्यन्त मज़बूत जाति है। देखने में वे दैत्य जैसे, चींटी और टिड्डियों की तरह बहुत संख्या वाले और शत्रुओं के लिए सच्ची महामारी हैं।”

शाह तैमूर दस हजार चुनींदा सवारों के साथ जंगलों से भरे मार्गों से होकर टोहाना गांव में पहुंचा वह अपने विजय संस्मरणों में लिखता है कि

टोहाना पहुंचने पर मुझे पता लगा कि यहां के निवासी वज्र देहधारी जाति के हैं और ये जाट कहलाते हैं। ये केवल नाम से मुसलमान हैं, लेकिन डकैती और राहज़नी में इनके मुकाबिले की अन्य कोई जाति नहीं है। ये जाट कबीले सड़कों पर आने-जाने वाले कारवां को लूटते हैं और इन लोगों ने मुसलमान अथवा यात्रियों के हृदय में भय उत्पन्न कर दिया है।”

प्रथम अभियान में तैमूर जाटों को शान्त नहीं कर सका और उसे आगे बढ़कर अधिक सैनिक शक्ति का प्रयोग करना पड़ा। आगे वह लिखता है कि

“वास्तव में हिन्दुस्तान विजय का मेरा उद्देश्य मूर्तिपूजक हिन्दुओं के विरुद्ध धर्मयुद्ध संचालन करने तथा मुहम्मद के आदेश अनुसार इस्लाम धर्म कबूल करवाने का रहा है। अतः यह आवश्यक था कि मैं इन जाटों की हस्ती मिटा दूं।”

तैमूर ने 2000 दैत्याकार जाटों का वध किया। उनकी पत्नी तथा बच्चों को बन्दी बनाया। पशु और धन सम्पत्ति लूटी। उनको दबाकर सन्तोष की श्वास ली। [14]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

‎Khokhar Dawa Khri,‎‎Khokhar Dasua-1,‎Khokhar Dasua-2 ,Khokhar Dasua-3,Zahura,Sanuara ,Khaila,Bhaggowala,Khokhra,Bijjo

Villages in Faridkot district

Kot Kapura,

Villages in Bhatinda district

Khokhar Gaon, Nehianwala, Sirie Wala,

Village in Fazilka district

Karni Khera,

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Khokhar named villages are in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Khokhar Kotli

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Mansa district

Villages in Muktsar district

Villages in Rupnagar district

Villages in Sangrur district

Gobindgarh Moonak, Khokhar Village,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Kanwat village in Sikar district in Rajasthan was capital of Khokhar Jats.

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Chaumu House, Ganesh Colony (Khatipura), Gangani Kala (Dudu), Murlipura Scheme,

Villages in Jaipur district

Anantpura (Dudu), Chakwada Chauru (1), Chauru (1), Devkishanpura (1), Ganeshpura, Sanganer,

Villages in Alwar district


Villages in Ganganagar district


Villages in Sikar district

Ghasseepura, Ghatamdaswali, Jharli Sikar, Mordunga, Raipura, Surani,

Villages in Jodhpur district


Villages in Nagaur district

Bhagwanpura, Bidiyad, Gotan, Khokharon ki Dhani, Kyamsar, Nawa, Shivdanpura Nawa,

Villages in Pali district


Villages in Tonk district

Deoli, Banedia Bujurg, Bishanpura, Dheebroo, Ganwar, Ghareda, Jhirana, Kalyan Pura, Khandwa, Kuhada Khurd, Madhoganj, Morla, Nagar, Raghunathpura Parli, Rahad unira, Suwadiyadi,

Villages in Udaipur district


Villages in Kota district


Villages in Jhalawar district


Villages in Dausa district


Villages in Churu district

Sujangarh (8),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Rohtak district


Villages in Sonipat district


Villages in Jind district


Villages in Panipat district


Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Agra district


Villages in Bagpat district

Badarkha, Chhaprauli, Halalpur, Mukandpur, Rathoda, Talwada

Villages in Mathura district

Punjabi Nagra,Kharwa

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Datiyana, Muzaffarnagar,

Villages in Badaun district


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Khokar in Kalmoda 1, Kotdi 1, Mundari 1,

Khokhar: Raoti 1, Ratlam 1,

Villages in Dewas district


Villages in Harda district


Distribution in Pakistan

List of Khokhar Towns and Villages

Villages in Jhelum

Pind Dadan Khan (Jhelum), Khokhar Malwana (Jhelum), Khokhar Aggar Khan (Jhelum),

Villages in Mandi Bahaudin

Thakkar Kalan (Mandi Bahaudin), Garh Qaim (Mandi Bahaudin),

Villages in Sargodha

Khamb Nau (Sargodha), Mitha lak (Sargodha),

Villages in Gujrat

Mari Khokhran (Gujrat), Khokhar Gharbi (Gujrat), Rindheer Khokhran (Gujrat), Kotli Khokhran (Gujrat), Shampur Khokharan (Gujrat),

Villages in Sialkot

Panwan Khokhar (Sialkot), Pindi Khokharan (Sialkot), Rhang khokhran (Sialkot),

Villages in Mianwali

Basti Khokhar (Mianwali),

Villages in Gujar Khan

Bhagwala Khokharan (Gujar Khan), Jhangh Khokharan (Gujar Khan),

Villages in Larkana

Khokhar (Larkana),

Notable Persons

In India

In Pakistan

  • Ghazanfar Ali Khan Khokhar - Former Minister of Food, Agriculture and Health, Ambassador to Iran 1948-1952, to Turkey 1952-1953, to India 1954-1956 and to Italy 1956-1957.
  • Riaz Khokhar - Former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan, High Commissioner to India 1992–1997, Ambassador to the United States 1997–1999 and to China 1999–2002.
  • M. Nawaz Khokhar - Former Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Justice Faqir Muhammad Khokhar - Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan
  • Justice (Retd.) Fakhar un Nisa Khokhar - President, Lahore High Court Bar Association.
  • Barrister Tariq Mehmood Khokhar - Former Deputy Attorney General, Government of Pakistan
  • Malik Zaheer Abbas Khokhar - Former Member, National Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Malik Afzal Khokhar - Former Member, National Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Malik Karamat Ali Khokhar - Former Member, Provisional Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Malik Saif Al Malook Khokhar - Member, Provisional Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Malik Ali Abbas Khokhar- Member, Provisional Assembly of Pakistan.
  • Malik Nazar Farid Khokhar - Chairman Standing Committee, Provincial.
  • Malik Umar Farooq Khokhar -Deputy Director Hajj for Pakistan.
  • Malik Ahsen Farooq Khokhar - CEO, Khokhar Group of Industries *Multan,CEO AL Madinah hotels.
  • Malik Adil Imtiaz Khokhar - CEO Adil Associates Lahore, who belongs to the Khokhar Jat Gotra.


  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.240, s.n.119
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-1
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.186
  4. Punjabi Muslalman by J M Wikely
  5. Elliot and Dowson, op. cit., and Tribes and Castes, Vol.II
  6. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, 1980, p. 262
  7. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.19
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 234
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,pp.27
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  11. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania, Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p. 15
  12. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.377-378
  13. सहायक पुस्तक - मध्यकालीन भारत का संक्षिप्त इतिहास पृ० 161-163 लेखक ईश्वरीप्रसाद; हिन्दुस्तान का इतिहास उर्दू पृ० 186-189; जाटों का उत्कर्ष पृ० 115 लेखक योगेन्द्रपाल शास्त्री; जाट इतिहास पृ० 596-598, लेखक ठा० देशराज।
  14. ई० तथा डा० तुजुके तैमूरी भाग 3, पृ० 429 और शरफद्दीन अली यज्दी कृत जफ़रनामा, भाग 3, पृ० 492-493)।

Further reading

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