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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Bahudhanyaka (बहुधान्यक) was a Country mentioned in Mahabharata. Mahabharata knows Haryana as Bahudhanyaka, land of plentiful grains and Bahudhana, the land of immense riches. Bahudhana (बहुधन) finds mention in Mahabharata (II.29.4).

Variants of name


V S Agarwal [1] writes about Yaudheya (V.3.117) – Panini’s reference to Yaudheyas is the earliest known. The Yaudheyas have a long history as shown by their inscriptions and coins of different ages, and were existing up to the time of Samudragupta. Their coins are found in the east Punjab (now Haryana) and all over the country between the Sutlej and Jamuna, covering a period of about four centuries, 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD. The Mahabharata mentions Rohitaka as the capital of Bahudhāñyaka Country, where a mint site of the Yaudheyas of Bahudhanyaka was found by the late Dr Birbal Sahani. Sunet mentioned by Panini as Sunetra was a centre of Yaudheyas where their coins, moulds and sealings have been found. The Yaudheyas do not seem to have come into conflict with Alexander, since they are not named by the Greek writers. The Johiyas who are found on the banks of the Sutlej along the Bahawalpur frontier may be identified as their modern descendants (ASR, xiv, p.114).

In Mahabharata

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 29 mentions that Nakula subjugated Western Countries. It includes Bahudhana in verse (II.29.4) [2] ...And the hero first assailed the mountainous country called Rohitaka (Rohtak) that was dear unto (the celestial generalissimo) Kartikeya and which was delightful and prosperous and full of kine and every kind of wealth and produce.


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[3] ने लेख किया है .....बहुधान्यक (AS, p.615) नामक स्थान का वर्णन महाभारत, सभापर्व 32, 4 में हुआ है। इस वर्णन में इस स्थान उल्लेख 'रोहीतक' (वर्तमान रोहतक) के साथ है। श्री वासुदेवशरण अग्रवाल के अनुसार प्राचीन काल में बहुधान्यक पर यौधेयगण का राज्य था। इनके सिक्के रोहतक के निकट के खोकराकोट नामक स्थान पर मिले हैं। कुछ विद्वानों ने अपने मत में बहुधान्यक को वर्तमान लुधियाना (पंजाब) माना है। यह भी संभव है कि लुधियाना बहुधान्यक का ही अप्रभंश हो।

External links


  1. V S Agarwal, India as Known to Panini,p.445
  2. ततो बहुधनं रम्यं गवाढ्यं धनधान्यवत्, कार्तिकेयस्य दयितं रोहीतकम् उपाद्रवत् Mahabharata (II.29.4)
  3. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.615

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