Chhikara

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Chhikara (छिकारा)[1] [2] Chikara (चिकारा)[3] Chheekara (छीकारा) gotra Jats live in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[4]

Origin

  • This gotra started after place named Chak (चक). [5]
  • It is derived from Shiva's name Kara by adding Shri hence Shrikara which degenerated to Chhikara.

History

Ram Swarup Joon[6] writes that Chhillar and Chhikhara Both these gotras are related to each other and to Dalal and Deshwal gotras too. The Chhillar gotra is found in the Punjab. It appears that Chhail and Chhilar are one and the same gotra. Near Bahadurgarh in district Rohtak (Haryana) they have a few villages in a compact area. They are considered to be the descendants of Mann.


The Vayu Purana (47, 44) and the Matsya Purana, (121, 45) mention that:

सान्ध्रान् स्तुखारान् लम्पकान् पह्लवान् दरदान् छकान्
अताञ्जनापदाञ्चक्षु प्लावयन्ती गतोदधिम्

The Chaksu or Oxus river goes to the sea after irrigating the lands of the Sandhrans (Jats) , Tukharas (Takhar Jats), Lampakas (Lamba Jats), Pahlavas (Pehlavi-Iranians) Daradas (of Kashmir) and Chhakans (Chhikara Jats).

Dasharatha Sharma in book "Early Chauhan Dynasties" [Page-171] while discussing Udayasimha Chauhan of Jalor writes that Iltutmish pushed on, and managed to reach Udayasimha's desert capital. Udayasimha opened negotiations; and the Sultan though he could hardly have been satisfied with the token tribute of a hundred camels and two hundred horses offered by Udayasirhha, accepted it and confirmed Udayasimha in his possessions. Nearly five years later, perhaps in V. 1278 when Iltutmish once again assumed the offensive against Rajasthan, and after sacking Nagda advanced even upon Gujarat, Udayasirhha joined as already stated above, the league organised by Viradhavala Vaghela of Dholka and his minister Vastupala. The drama gives the name of the Muslim invader as Milachchhrikara (मीलच्छ्रिकार), which Dr. G.H. Ojha equates with Amir-i-shikar, a title once borne by Iltutmish. Drs.D.R. Barnett and H.C, Ray object to the identification, saying that Milachchhrikara cannot phonetically be the Sanskritised form of Amir-i-shikar. It is no doubt so; but it can be easily the Paisachi form of Mir-i-shikar. The Muslim ruler and his minister talk with each other in Paishachi; so it is only natural that he should have a Paisachi name. The dramatist changes Mir into Mila and shikar into chhrikara through the intermediate Sanskritised form Shrikara. The usual sandhi rules thereafter give us the Milachchhrikara, actually used in the drama. As regards the date of this expedition we put it about V. 1278 (1221 A.D.)

Jatland considers that Milachchhrikara may be a combination of Meel + Chhikara, representing the combined forces of the two clans.

छीलर-छिकारा

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[7] लिखते हैं कि इतिहासकारों ने यह सिद्ध किया है के छीलर-छिकारा चीमा जाटों के वंशज हैं तथा उसी की शाखा हैं। पंजाब में चीमा एवं छिकारे जाट एक ही स्थान पर बसे हुए हैं।

चीमा चन्द्रवंशी जाट गोत्र है। यह गोत्र वैदिककाल से है। चीमा जाट आर्यावर्त से चीन देश में गए और वहां बस्तियां बसाईं तथा राज्य किया। (अधिक जानकारी के लिए देखो तृतीय अध्याय, चीना या चीमा प्रकरण)।

छीलर व छिकारा एक ही नाम है, केवल भाषा-भेद से दो नाम बोले जाने लगे। छीलर व छिकारा एक ही रक्त के हैं, इसीलिए इनके आमने-सामने तथा भानजा-भानजी के आपस में रिश्ते-नाते नहीं होते हैं। यह इन दोनों का रक्त भाई का ठोस प्रमाण है।

जिला रोहतक में छिकारा जाटों के गांव - 1. कानौंदा 2. मुकन्दपुर 3. खेरपुर 4. लडरावण 5. खेड़ी आसरा

दिल्ली प्रान्त में - जौंती, टटेसर, निजामपुर

जिला मेरठ में - 1. खानपुर 2. महोड़ा 3. महपा 4. नानू

जिला बरेली मुरादाबादबिजनौर में छिकारा जाटों के कई गांव हैं। अमरोहा के पास कीलबकरी नामक रियासत छिकारों की थी। कमालपुर और बस्तापुर छिकारा जाटों के बड़े गांव हैं।

जिला बिजनौर में 1. बाहुपुरा 2. ऊमरी 3. पामार 4. गजरोला गांव छिकारा जाटों के हैं।

जिला सोनीपत में करेवड़ी गांव छिकारा जाटों का है।

जिला रोहतक में छीलर जाटों के गांव बामनौली और बराही हैं।

जिला सोनीपत में बड़ा गांव जूआं छिकारा जाटों का है।

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sonepat district

Chirasmi (चिरशमी), Juan, Karewadi,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Barahi, Kanonda, Khairpur, Kheri Asra, Kulasi, Ladrawan, Mukandpur,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Muzaffarnagar,

Villages in Jyotiba Phule Nagar district

Villages in Meerut district

Aghera, Khanpur, Lodha, Mehpa, Nanu,

Villages in Bareilly district

Bhoola Nabipur (भूला नबीपुर) (in Baheri tahsil),

Villages in Moradabad district

KhalilPur Amru, Kuchawali, Uchaiti in Kanth tehsil, Sanai in Bilari tehsil have Chhillar gotra.

Villages in Rampur district

Loharri Tanda (38),

Villages in Delhi

Jaunti, Tatesar,

Notable persons

  • Master Raghbir Singh (Chhikara): Retired school teacher, social worker, Arya Samaji and philanthropist
  • Ajay Chikara - President Delhi Students Union[8]
  • Mr. Satish Kumar Chikara - Under Secretary Revenue , 44, Tarun Vihar, Plot 3, Sec-13, Rohini, New Delhi Ph: 011-23094083, 011-27860909, 9971727996 (PP-382)
  • Ajay Chhikara: IRS-2010, presently posted as Deputy Director, Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, New Delhi, M: 9911046586
  • Dr. D. V. Chikara - Govt. Service Asso.Prof, Delhi University, HRD, Shivaji College , 304/2A, Chemsford Road, Railway Appts, New Delhi-110055, 011-23746633, 9971233102 (PP-521)
  • Geeta Chhikara: IRS (C&CE) 2014, Currently undergoing training at different places, M: 8397049697

Gallery of Chhikara people

Chhikara Village in Mathura

Chhikara is the name of a village in Mat tahsil of Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. छ-8
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.237, s.n.40
  3. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.300
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV (Page 342)
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.242
  6. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 77
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter XI,p.1014
  8. http://www.jatland.com/forums/showthread.php?32479-JATS-wins-DUSU-Election

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