Deshwal

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Deswal (देसवाल) Deshwal (देशवाळ)[1] Deswal (देसवाल) Deswali (देसवाली)[2] Desali (देसाली)[3][4] Desiwal (देसीवाल)[5] Deshvar (देशवार) Deshwar (देशवार)[6] Dasval (दसवाल)[7] is a gotra of Jats found in Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, western Uttar Pradesh and Haryana in India. This gotra originated from Haryana and were known as Deswali due to their permanent settlement there. [8] They were supporters of Chauhan Confederacy.

Origin

History

Ram Swarup Joon[10] writes that....Deshwal gotra is even smaller than the Dalal gotra and people belonging to this gotra are found scattered all over Haryana. They have a few villages in Bhatinda and some in Bahawalpur State and Rohtak. The genealogical tables prepared by the bards of these four gotras are incorrect because they called them the descendants of Dhanna, when gotras like "Mann and Sihag existed long before Dhanna Rao.


The History Of Bamrolia Jats mentions the presence of Deshwal Gotra Jats around Agra/ Mathura region in the 11th century and Origin of Gangoli Village in Distt Jind/ Sangroor (before Haryana came into existence in 1966, It was part of Distt. Sangroor) is believed to be 850 years old. There is a mention of Distt Record at Sangroor in this regard. [11]

The dynasty of Bamrolia belongs to the Deswali clan of Jats and traces its descent from Jai Singh, who acquired territories near Bairat, south of Alwar. Loyal to Emperor Anang Rao Puar, he received the hereditary title of Rana in ca 1068, together with the usual Royal insignia of a parasol and chamra or yak-tail. A century later, his descendent Rana Palun Singh, transferred his allegiance to Prithvi Raj Chauhan, and was slain beside him in 1175. Rana Birhan Pal, son of Palun, settled at Bamroli, near Agra in 1195. It is from this place that the family derives their name. His descendants ruled there until driven out by the Mughal Governor of Agra in 1367. Rana Ratan Pal, eighth in descent from Birhan Pal, joined the service of the Tuar ruler at Gwalior. His son supported Raja Barsingh Dev of Gwalior, helping him to win his independence from their Muslim overlords in 1375. He married a Jat lady and later settled at Baghthurra, near Gohad. [12]

This gotra is even smaller than the Dalal gotra and people belonging to this gotra are found scattered all over Haryana. The genealogical tables prepared by the bards of these four gotras are incorrect because they called them the descendants of Dhanna Jat, when gotras like Mann and Sihag existed long before Dhanna Rao.


According to the history narrated by Bhats, the Deswals are considered to be the descendents of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. The Indian history, however, does not acknowledge the fact that Maharaja Prithvi Raj Chauhan was a Jat. This needs an intensive research. Many Jat clans find their origins from Chauhans. It is most probable that Chauhans were a short of federation of clans which included Jat clans along with other warrior clans.

H.A. Rose [13] writes that The Deswal sections are : — Goriya, Chauhan and Kanakwal — all Raput clans. In History some people assume them a branch of Ahir clan also.

The place of Origin of the Deshwal/Deswal Gotra is believed to be Village Ladhaut/ Ladhot, also Known as Ladhaut Bhayapur. It is believed to be one of the ancient villages in the region. It is located in District Rohtak, about 7 Km from Sukhpura Chowk Rohtak and 10 km from Purani Anaj Mandi Rohtak. The village is surrounded by Kiloi, Dhamad, Makrauli Khurd, Makrauli Kalan, Bohar and Bhalauth. [14]

H A Rose writes that Deswal (देसवाल), 'men of the country,' a Jat tribe, sprung from the same stock as the Dalal. They are most numerous in Rohtak, Gurgaon,and Karnal. In Mewar and Ajmer, Musalman Raputs are called Deswal, and are hardly recognised as Rajputs. [15]

देसवाल गोत्र का इतिहास

पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा[16]ने लिखा है - कोड खोखर नामका सरदार उदयपुर रियासत में रहता था। वह चौहान संघ में था और वहाँ से चलकर ददरेड़े नामक गाँव में आ बसा। बाद में वह पल्लूकोट में आ बसा। पल्लूकोट और ददरेड़ा दोनों मारवाड़ में हैं। कोड खोखर की वंशावली निम्नानुसार है:

1. वीर राणा, 2. धीर राणा, 3. पल्लू राणा, 4. कोड खोखर राणा

कोड खोखर के 4 पुत्र हुये – 1. मान, 2. सुहाग, 3. देसा, 4. दलाल

  • 1.मान की संतान मान गोत्र के जाट कहलाए,
  • 2.सुहाग की संतान सुहाग गोत्र के जाट कहलाए,
  • 3.देसा से देसवाल गोत्र के जाट कहलाए,
  • 4.दलाल से दलाल जाट गोत्र प्रचलित हुआ।

पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा[17]ने लिखा है - देसवाल गोत्र का प्रवर्तक देसा भी चौहान संघ में था । वह कोड खोखर का पुत्र और सुहाग का सहोदर भाई था। देसवाल गोत्र जाटों के बहुत से गाँव हैं।

Villages founded by Deshwal clan

Deswal Khap

लेखक----मानवेन्द्र सिंह

देशवाल खाप: लाढ़ौत गॉव जिला रोहतक से देशवाल गोत्र का निकास माना जाता है । देश में देशवाल खाप के 127 गांव हैं जिनमें यूपी में 48 गांव हैं। आज इस खाप के प्रधान चौधरी राजेंद्र सिंह जी है जो उत्तरप्रदेश के शाहजुडडी गॉव से है आज से 126 वर्ष पूर्व खाप के मुखिया बाबा चौधरी अमीचन्द की मृत्यु हो गई थी। इसके बाद खाप पंचायत के रिति रिवाज़ के अनुसार अमीचन्द के पुत्र भरत सिंह को पगडी पहनायी जानी थी । जिस समय भरत सिंह को पगडी पहनायी जा रही थी उसी समय उनके भाई कूडेसिंह की आकस्मिक मृत्यु हो गयी थी। जिसके बाद यह कार्यक्रम अपशकुन मानते हुए टाल दिया गया था । और तब से यह पगडी राजेन्द्रसिंह के परिजनों के घर मे एक धरोहर के रूप मे रखी हुई थी। जिसको 2012 में राजेंद्र सिंह को पहना कर खाप का मुखिया बनाया गया।

खाप के उत्तरप्रदेश में गॉव: टिटौली, बसेडा, शाहजुडडी, अजरोई , बबनपुर, बघेवा खुर्द और कलां , भालपुर, बासेड़ा, बुद्धा हेडी , चाकघरणी , ढिढाला , गजरजुरा , हरिपुर खेमपुर , जमालपुर ज्वाली, कल्लाहेड़ी , बधेव,कलयाणपुर , कंब्रोवाला , कटीरपुर , मानपुर , लाढूपुर , मोड़ कलां , मोड़ खुर्द , कुरलकी , सदरपुर , नारायणपुर , रामपुर , छिब्रू, सांधन, सोटी की नगला , सतीपुर नगली , सिकुड़ , टीफ , वजीरपुर , कसेरवा

हरियाणा में गॉव:

अटोला, उंटा , शेरमलपुर , बिहोली , लहरपुर , मडलौडा , त्योळे , थिराणा , मंडीपुर खेड़का गूजर, दुल्हेड़ा, भदाणी, सुरहैती, जैसोर खेड़ी, खड़खड़ी, अनूपगढ़­ , भाग खेड़ा, धरौली , गांगोली, हाडवा, पिल्लूखेड़ा, सिवाना-मा­ल, लाढौत, बलियाणा, अंता , घिलौड़, अमरपुर , सराय सूखी, खेड़ी दमकन, गंगाणा, सैदापुर , बकरवाल , किरमच , होली , शेरगढ़ , बोहरा , अलदूका, घोड़ी चांड (चांट ) , लालपुर

राजस्थान: राजस्थान में देशवाल गोत्र आधुनिक पलवल जिले के घोड़ी गॉव से आकर बसे देशवाल गोत्र के तीन भाई राजस्थान के भरतपुर जिले कि नदबई तहसील के लुहासा में अकार बसे लुहसा आज सिनसिनवार गोत्र का गॉव है यहा से देशवाल पास के भदीरा गॉव से बसे यहा देशवाल गोत्र के 5 गॉव है दो गॉव दौसा जिले में है इनको मिलकर देशवाली बोला जाता है

भरतपुर में -भदीरा ,कैलोरी, नाहरौली देशवार, उसेर ,रोनीजा ,एंचेरा और नगला देशवाल !भदीरा से बाबा कन्हैया नाहरौली में आकर बसें और नाहरौली देशवार बसा पहले नाहरौली में सिनसिनवार हुआ करते अब नाहरौली गाँव के दो गाँव है एक नाहरौली ठाकुर और एक नाहरौली देशवार है ! दौसा में देशवाल गोत्र के दो भाई (समसपाल और शीशपाल ) भदिरा गॉव से करौली जिले में जाकर बसे वहा से यह भाई वापस आये और दौसा जिले कि महुवा तहसील में बसे दोनों भाई के नाम पर दो गॉव बसे समसपाल के नाम पर समसपुर और शीशपाल के नामा पर शीशवाड़ा गॉव बसा ।

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

List of 47 villages in Uttar Pardesh with Deswal pupulation is as under:

Ajroi, Babanpur, Baghewa Kalan, Baghewa Khurd, Basheda, Bhalpur, Budha Heri, Budh Dhar Kheri, Budpur, Budhesaini, Chakgharni, Chandpur, Chaudhri Balyani, Dhidala, Gajar Jura (Hardwar), Haripur-Khempur, Jamalpur Mahipat Jhundpura, Joharpur, Jwali, Kadka Bhupa Rakra, Kallaheri, Kalyanpur, Kambrowala, Kasherwan Kalan (Muzaffar Nagar), Katiarpur (Bijnore), Keshwan Khurd, Khama-Chandpur, Klhempur (Narmomadpur), Kundhanpur, Kuralki ( Saharanpur), Kurel Ki Devan, Ladu Pur, Malikpur, Manpur (Aligarh), Mommudpur, Mohanpura, Mor Kalan, Mor Khurd, Mor Sadarpur, Nahara, Narayanpur, Pundari, Rampura (Bulandshahar), Sandhen, Satipur Nangli, Shiva Jurri, Sikur(Hathras), Soti Ki Nangal, Teef, Tehri Titoli, Wazeerpur


Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Deswal Gotra is also found in villages of Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh.

Badhev, Kaserva Kalan, Dudhadhari Kheri, Basera, Titoli,

Villages in Bijnor district

Budpur

Villages in Mathura district

Chhibrau, Jatipura,

Villages in Saharanpur district

Kalaheri, Kuralki,

Villages in Rampur district

Loharri Tanda (10),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Panipat district

Atawala, Biholi, Laharpur, Kurad, Madlauda, Mahawati, Thirana,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Villages in Jhajjar district: Kherka Gujjar (खेड़का गूजर), Dulehra (दुल्हेड़ा), Bhadani भदाणी, Surheti (सुरहैती) Asaudha (आसौदा) Jakhauda (जाखौदा) Madana (few families) Jassaur Kheri (जैसोर खेड़ी) Talave,

Villages in Rewari district

Village in Rewari district are: Kharkhari, Kherkeri, Tanki,

Villages in Jind district

Anoopgarh (अनूपगढ़), Anta (अंटा), Bhag-Khera (भाग खेड़ा), Dharoli, Gangoli (गांगोली), Hadwa (हाडवा), Siwana-Mal (सिवाना-माल)

Villages in Rohtak district

Villages in Rohtak district are: Ladhaut (लाढौत), Baliana (बलियाणा), Gharouli, Ladhaut Bhayapur, Ghilod Kalan,

Villages in Karnal district

Amarpur, Indri,

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Sarai Sukhi,

Villages in Sonipat district

Kheri Damkan (खेड़ी दमकन) (also called Dhamkan Kheri),

Gangana,( गंगाणा), Sydapur, Mahra,

Villages in Yamunanagar district

Bakarwal ,


Villages in Ambala district

Holi, Lalten, Shergarh Ambala,

Villages in Faridabad district

Bohra, Badhun Java, Ghori/ Ghoodi Chant, Lalpura, Pondary,

Villages in Gurgaon district

Aldyoka,

Villages in Palwal district

Ghori Palwal,

Distribution in Delhi

Ranikhera (रानीखेड़ा) (few families),

Distribution in Punjab

They have a few villages in Bhatinda and some in Bahawalpur village.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

They are found in Bilpan village of Astha and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.

Villages in Gwalior District

Deshwar clan found in: Gadaipura,

Distribution in Rajasthan

They live in Nadbai, Vijwari towns in Bharatpur, Jaipur districts. Also found in Sangariya in Hanumangarh district. DESHWAL Villages in Rajasthan, List of 25 villages :

Aychira, Bhadona, Bhorpatepur, Bizwari, Budhwari, Chhabar, Daulatpur (Mathura), Dhanli, Ishwar, Jagta ( Near Sanghyawar) Jhugrar, Kachroti, Kailuri, Kethi Molinder, Kushera, Manohli, Muria, Nahrauli, Pobhaya, Pogan, Ronnija, Samapur, Satubika Nangal, Shishvari, Tadwa, User

Villages in Bharatpur district

Arauda, Bhadira, Enchera, Kailoori , Nadbai, Roneeja, user, Kheri Devisingh, Luhasa, Nahroli, Nahroli Deshwar, Nagla Deshwar,

Villages in Alwar district

Badka, Bhajeet, Mala Khera,

Villages in Dausa district

Samaspur, Sheeswara,

Villages in Jaipur district

Jhag (3), Hirnoda (5),

Notable persons

  • Baba chaudhary Harikrishan Deshwal -- Head of Deshwari
  • Veerendra Pal Singh Deshwal--Teacher
  • Upendra Pal Singh Deshwal--
  • Jeetendra Singh Deshwal- Enchera Wale
  • Yashpal Singh Nahroli---co founder of Maharaja Surajmal Seva Saghatan
  • Sandeep Deshwal - Advocate And Youth Leader of Rashtriya Lok Dal. From village Kasherwa Kalan, District Shamli. Mob.- 9411032555 Email- sandeepch1994@gmail.com
  • Dr. Kalyan Singh Deshwal - (President NIMA).
  • Dr Alam Singh Deshwal (डॉ आलमसिंह देशवाल) - Professor and ex. Dean & HOD of Civil Engineering, Jodhpur.
  • Dayanand Deswal
  • Jai Singh Deswal - Famous advocate district court kurukshetra.
  • Jasbir Deswal - MLA
  • Virendra Singh (Deshwar) - ACADEMIC HEAD NIFA, Bikaner, Date of Birth: 19-November-1978, Present Address : 5-D-40, JNV Colony, Bikaner-334003 Rajasthan, Phone: 0151-2233560, Mobile:9414657801, Email Address : virench2006@yahoo.co.in
  • Ravindra Singh Choudhary (Deshvar) - J. En. RSEB, Date of Birth : 24-July-1968, Present Address : 125- Nandpuri Civil Lines Jaipur, Phone Number : 0141-2212013, Mob : 9828433487
  • Surjit Singh Deshwal - Senior IPS, Commissioner Gurgaon range.
  • Rajbir Singh Deshwal - Senior IPS, Currently DIG, CID Haryana and writer of repute, specially in Haryanvi.
  • Yaduveer Singh Deshwal - E&C ENGINEER VILLAGE SAMASPUR DAUSA RAJASTHAN.
  • Dr Santram Deswal - Famous author penned half dozen books of poetry esp. on History and Culture of Haryana. (Mob. No. 09812296226).
  • Dr Rajkala Deswal - Associate Professor(Hindi) and Vice Principal of Govt College , Murthal, Haryana with a flair for Haryanvi and Hindi poetry. Awarded with Sursodharsi Samman by Haryana Sahitya Academy.
  • Udit Deswal- Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd, Gurgaon.
  • Deepika Deswal - Deputy Manager:HR at ITM University, Gurgaon.
  • Major Amit Deswal (मेजर अमित देशवाल) from village Surehti, Jhajjar district Haryana was a Martyr of militancy in an encounter with Zeliangrong United Front (ZUF) militants in Manipur’s Tamenglong district.
  • Asmita Deswal: Serving as Judicial Magistrate/Civil Judge, 2013 batch, Posted at Panchkula. Native: Rohtak, Haryana.

External links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. द-38
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.45,s.n. 1256
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. द-22
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.45,s.n. 1256
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. द-87
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. द-40
  7. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.237, s.n.53
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.255
  9. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma, p.34
  10. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 80-81
  11. Sateypal Deshwal on Jatland
  12. http://www.4dw.net/royalark/India/dholpur.htm
  13. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.166
  14. Sateypal Deshwal on Jatland
  15. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D, p.233
  16. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma, p.33-34
  17. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma, p.35

Back to Jat Gotras