|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur|
- 1 Origin
- 2 History
- 3 Villages founded by Meel clan
- 4 Kolida: The Capital of Meels
- 5 In Chauhan History
- 6 Meels in Jakhar History
- 7 In Afghan History
- 8 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 9 Distribution in Haryana
- 10 Notable persons
- 11 Gallery of Meel people
- 12 References
- The inhabitants of place called Mihran (मिहरान) were known as Meel. 
- Meel is derived from word Mir as l and r are interchangeable.
According to Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc. the inhabitants of place called Mihran were known as Meel.  Mihran is also the name of Sindhu in Multan. They find mention with Mandas. The Mandas in the later period are found settled in Punjab and Sindh in sixth/seventh centuries AD. Ibn Haukal says that “the infidels who inhabited Sindh, are called Budha and Mand.” “The Mands dwell on the banks of Mihran (Sindhu) river. From the boundary of Multan to the sea… They form a large population. , 
Sir H. M. Elliot writes that the River Mihrán of Sind comes from well-known sources in the highlands of Sind, from the country belonging to Kanauj in the kingdom of Bauüra, and from Kashmír, Kandahár, and Táfan; and at length, running into Múltán, it receives the name of the Mihrán of gold, just as Múltán means boundary of gold.
Villages founded by Meel clan
- Bhagoo Mil Ka Bas (भागू मील का बास) - village in Laxmangarh tahsil in Sikar district of Rajasthan, was Founded by Bhagu Meel.
- Dhani Meelon Ki (ढाणी मीलों की)- village in tahsil and district Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan.
- Kolida (कोलिड़ा) - village in tahsil Laxmangarh of district Sikar in Rajasthan. Its ancient name, mentioned in Harsha Inscription 961 AD (L-38), was (कोलिकूप)/Kelikupaka (केलिकूपक)/ Kolikupaka (कोलिकूपक). It is main village of Meel gotra Jats. All Meel Jats have migrated from this village.
- Laxmangarh (लक्ष्मनगढ़) - town in Sikar district of Rajasthan in India was called Bergaon (बेड़गांव) in ancient times and was capital of Meel Jats.
- Meelon Ki Dhani Jhunjhunu (मीलों की ढाणी) - Village in tahsil Jhunjhunu, district Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan
- Meelon Ki Dhani Laxmangarh (मीलों की ढाणी) - Village in tahsil Laxmangarh, district Sikar, Rajasthan
- Meelon Ki Dhani Nawalgarh (मीलों की ढाणी) - Village in tahsil Nawalgarh, district Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan
- Milo Ka Bas (मिलो का बास) - village in Nawalgarh tehsil of Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan.
- Malasar (मालासर) - village in Bikaner tehsil in Bikaner district of Rajasthan.
- Milon Ki Dhani (मीलों की ढाणी) - village in Sikar tehsil of Sikar district in Rajasthan.
Kolida: The Capital of Meels
Maximum concentration of Meels is in Laxmangarh tahsil in Sikar district. Meel Jats had founded the village Bergaon, ancient name of Laxmangarh , where Rao Raja Laxman Singh of Sikar had built the Laxmangarh fort. The ancient village Kolida in Sikar district is main village of Meel gotra Jats. All Meel Jats have migrated from this village. Kolida was the Capital of Meels. We get historical and inscriptional evidences of village Kolida.
Harsha Inscription of 961 AD of Chauhan dynasty mentions Kolira village. The inscription tells us about genealogy of 6 princes of the same distinguished family whose head then held the neighbouring kingdom of Ajmer - the family of the Chauhan dynasty is continued from regularly from father to son starting from Guvaka and terminated in Sinharaja, in whose reign this work appears to have been commenced in AD 961.
The Harsha inscription tells us names of villages which were donated by nearby Chauhan rulers or chieftains from their controlled area to the temple of Shiva at Harsh. Koli Kupakā donated by Jaya-Sri-raja has been identified with Kolida. We reproduce relevant line from verse XLVIII (L-38) of this inscription:
- "Likewise, the young prince, the blessed Jaya-Sri-raja, religiously bestowed on Harsha-deva, the village of Koli-kūpaka, whose revenues were received by himself."
In Chauhan History
Dasharatha Sharma in book "Early Chauhan Dynasties" [P.171] while discussing Udayasimha Chauhan of Jalor writes that Iltutmish pushed on, and managed to reach Udayasimha's desert capital. ...Nearly five years later, perhaps in V. 1278 (1221 AD) when Iltutmish once again assumed the offensive against Rajasthan. Dasharatha Sharma (P.171,f.n.32) writes that the drama gives the name of the Muslim invader as Milachchhrikara (मीलच्छ्रिकार), which Dr. G.H. Ojha equates with Amir-i-shikar, a title once borne by Iltutmish. Drs.D.R. Barnett and H.C, Ray object to the identification, saying that Milachchhrikara cannot phonetically be the Sanskritised form of Amir-i-shikar. It is no doubt so; but it can be easily the Paisachi form of Mir-i-shikar. The Muslim ruler and his minister talk with each other in Paishachi; so it is only natural that he should have a Paisachi name. The dramatist changes Mir into Mila and shikar into chhrikara through the intermediate Sanskritised form Shrikara (Sikar?). The usual sandhi rules thereafter give us the Milachchhrikara, actually used in the drama. As regards the date of this expedition we put it about V. 1278 (1221 A.D.)
There can be two explanations of this name Milachchhrikara:
- we may consider that Milachchhrikara may be a combination of Mila (मील) + Chhikara (छिकार) = Milachchhrikara (मीलच्छ्रिकार), representing the combined forces of the two clans. Meel and Chhikara are two well known clans of Jats found in this area of Rajasthan and Haryana.
- Secondly In Sanskrit Milachchhrikara may be interpreted this way also:
- Mila + Shrikara = Milashshrikara. Milashshrikara might have changed to Milachchhrikara in prakrat language.
Meels in Jakhar History
We get some evidences about Meel clan from the history of Jakhar clan. Jakhars had a small republic state in Jangladesh area of Rajasthan. Bigga Ji Jakhar (1301 - 1336) rose to the status of a folk-deity of Jangladesh who was ruler of Riri. Riri is an old town in tahsil Dungargarh of the Bikaner district in Rajasthan. Biggaji was married to Meera daughter of Chaudhary Khidaji Meel of Malasar (Molaniya). Malasar village at present is in Bikaner tehsil, Bikaner district, Rajasthan. This shows the dominance of Meels in 12-13th century around Bikaner area.
In Afghan History
- " The best known tribes are those who deprived the Greeks of Baktriana, the Arioi, Pasianoi, Tokharoi and Sakarauloi, who came from the country beyond the Jaxartes, opposite the Sakai and Sogdianoi, and which country was also occupied by Sakai."
H. W. Bellew writes that Out of these mentioned by Strabo, The Arienoi are also mentioned in the Bassarica of Denis of Samos along with the Kaspeiri and the Kossai (Kashuri and Khasa), who were the original people of Kasperia (Kashur, or Kashmir), as the same author observes. The Indian affinities of the clans are shown in view The list of their tribes includes many Indian tribes along with Mil.
Distribution in Rajasthan
Locations in Jaipur city
Ambabari,Barkat Nagar,C-Scheme,Hanuman Nagar,Mansarowar Colony,Murlipura Scheme,Queens Road,Shastri Nagar,Sindhi Camp,Station Road,Vaishali Nagar,Vidyadhar Nagar,Watika (Sanganer),
Villages in Jaipur district
Villages in Sikar district
Ajeetpura Sikar (1), Baijnath Ki Dhani, Balod Chhoti, Beri, Bhadhadar, Bhagu ka Bas (Rahnawa), Bibipur Chhota, Chachiwad Bara, Dadia, Dantru, Dedi Dhani (Ramgarh), Dhandhan (10), Dhani Hattidan Charan, Dhani Kharinta (Malikpur), Dudwa, Fatehpura, Gothra (Tagalan) (3), Hamirpura, Hardayalpura, Harsawa Chhota, Karanga Bara, Karejra, Katrathal, Khoru, Kolida, Lalasi, Laxmangarh, Mandela, Mailasi (40), Mandha Madani, Meel Ki Dhani, Miran, Mirjwas, Murlipura (Mandha), Nagardas, Netarwas, Poshani, Puran Badi, Raghunathpura Sikar (Khud), Sewa, Sheeshyoo, Sikar, Singhasan, Sonthaliya, Udaipura, Yalsar,
Villages in Churu district
Villages in Sriganganagar district
Villages in Jhunjhunu district
Villages in Nagaur district
Villages in Alwar district
Distribution in Haryana
All of these came from Sikar District of Rajasthan some 300 Years back.
Villages in Fatehabad district
Villages in Bhiwani district
Villages in Hisar district
- Karni Ram Meel - Leader of Shekhawati farmers movement
- Raja Ram Meel - The modern Bhamasah of Jats & President, Rajasthan Jat Mahasabha
- Surja Ram Meel - President Rajasthan Jat Samaj Sansthan (1999-2003)
- Dr. Banwari lal Meel- Principal specialist and Head of the Forensic Medicine Department at WSU, Mob.No.-0822007460
- Priyanka Meel - 1st Rank in Rajasthan Board of Secondary Examination - 2005, Appointed Scientist in ISRO
- Sanjiv Meel - IRS Rajasthan
- Jawahar Singh Meel - Social worker, Born on 21 March 1922 at village Mirajwas (मिरजवास) in Sikar district in Rajasthan.
- Neki Ram Meel - Executive Engineer (NPCIL (DAE) ,Mumbai)
- D.C. Choudhary (Meel) - Rajasthan Accounts Service, Mobile Number: 9414055355
- Balbir Singh Meel - RAS (2009), Home District : Sikar
- Subhash Chand Meel - RAS-2012 from village Mordunga in Dhod tehsil of Sikar district in Rajasthan.
- Rameshwar Singh (Meel) - IAS (Retd) , Home District : Jhunjhunu
- Dr. Balbir Singh Meel - Major in AMC RMY , Date of Birth : 30-August-1978, village- Sonthaliya, Post- Baori, Tehsil- Srimadhopur, District- Sikar, pin-332411, Present Address : 31-A, Jay Residency ,Fatima nagar, Pune-411040, Phone:Mob: 9923628288, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Dr.K.C. Meal - Govt. Service, Medical Officer MCD. 50, Anamika Apptts., IP Extn., New Delhi 011-22441727. NCR (PP-617)
- Gangajal Meel - विधायक सुरतगढ़, 45, नई धान मण्डी, हनुमानगढ़ टाउन, Mob:9829855555, 9414095321, Elected Cong.M.L.A.from Suratgarh, Sriganganagar(Raj.) in 2009
- पृथ्वीराज मील - पूर्व जिला प्रमुख श्रीगंगानगर
- विद्याधर मील - सरपंच दांतरु Dantru, प्रदेश उपाध्यक्ष NSUI
- Avinash Meel - RAS (2012), (Rank-210) from Hetamsar (Sikar)
- Akhilesh Meel: Indian Foreign Service – 2011, IRAN posted +989128109102
Gallery of Meel people
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-51
- O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.56,s.n. 2069
- Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,s.n. 86,p-695
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.145
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 274
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 274
- Elliot and Dowson, op. cit., Vol. I, p. 38
- Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 136
- नरो यद वाम अश्विना सतोमम आवन सधस्तुतिम आजमीळ्हासो अग्मन Rigveda 4-44
- The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians/III. Al Mas'údí,p.21
- Mansukh Ranwa:Amar Shaheed Lothoo Jat, 2000, p. 12
- Sikar Ki Kahani, Captain Webb Ki Jubani, 2009, p. 79
- L-38:[*तथा युवरा]ज: श्रीजयश्रीराज स्वभुज्यमानकोलिकूपग्रामं भक्तया हर्षदेवाय शासनेन दत्तवान् ।
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.140
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.142
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.144
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 355
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