Meel

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur

Meel (मील) [1] [2] (Meal,Mil) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan[3] and Haryana. Mil clan is found in Afghanistan.[4]

Origin

  • The inhabitants of place called Mihran (मिहरान) were known as Meel. [5]
  • Meel is derived from word Mir as l and r are interchangeable.

History

According to Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc. the inhabitants of place called Mihran were known as Meel. [6] Mihran is also the name of Sindhu in Multan. They find mention with Mandas. The Mandas in the later period are found settled in Punjab and Sindh in sixth/seventh centuries AD. Ibn Haukal says that “the infidels who inhabited Sindh, are called Budha and Mand.” “The Mands dwell on the banks of Mihran (Sindhu) river. From the boundary of Multan to the sea… They form a large population. [7], [8]

Bhim Singh Dahiya's book "Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda". mentions names of two seers Purumila (पुरुमील) and Ajamilah (आजमीळ्ह) showing its presence in Rigvedic times. (Rigveda:4/43-44). [9]

Sir H. M. Elliot[10] writes that the River Mihrán of Sind comes from well-known sources in the highlands of Sind, from the country belonging to Kanauj in the kingdom of Bauüra, and from Kashmír, Kandahár, and Táfan; and at length, running into Múltán, it receives the name of the Mihrán of gold, just as Múltán means boundary of gold.

Villages founded by Meel clan

Kolida: The Capital of Meels

They are found mainly in Jaipur, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Nagaur districts in Rajasthan. They are in Hisar, Sirsa and Fatehabad Districts of Haryana.

Maximum concentration of Meels is in Laxmangarh tahsil in Sikar district. Meel Jats had founded the village Bergaon, ancient name of Laxmangarh , where Rao Raja Laxman Singh of Sikar had built the Laxmangarh fort.[11] The ancient village Kolida in Sikar district is main village of Meel gotra Jats. All Meel Jats have migrated from this village. Kolida was the Capital of Meels. We get historical and inscriptional evidences of village Kolida.

Harsha Inscription of 961 AD of Chauhan dynasty mentions Kolira village.[12] The inscription tells us about genealogy of 6 princes of the same distinguished family whose head then held the neighbouring kingdom of Ajmer - the family of the Chauhan dynasty is continued from regularly from father to son starting from Guvaka and terminated in Sinharaja, in whose reign this work appears to have been commenced in AD 961.

The Harsha inscription tells us names of villages which were donated by nearby Chauhan rulers or chieftains from their controlled area to the temple of Shiva at Harsh. Koli Kupakā donated by Jaya-Sri-raja has been identified with Kolida. We reproduce relevant line from verse XLVIII (L-38) of this inscription:

"Likewise, the young prince, the blessed Jaya-Sri-raja, religiously bestowed on Harsha-deva, the village of Koli-kūpaka, whose revenues were received by himself."[13]

In Chauhan History

The appearance of name Kolida in Harsha Inscription of year 961 about the Chauhan Dynasty indicates their association with Chauhans.

Dasharatha Sharma in book "Early Chauhan Dynasties" [P.171] while discussing Udayasimha Chauhan of Jalor writes that Iltutmish pushed on, and managed to reach Udayasimha's desert capital. ...Nearly five years later, perhaps in V. 1278 (1221 AD) when Iltutmish once again assumed the offensive against Rajasthan. Dasharatha Sharma (P.171,f.n.32) writes that the drama gives the name of the Muslim invader as Milachchhrikara (मीलच्छ्रिकार), which Dr. G.H. Ojha equates with Amir-i-shikar, a title once borne by Iltutmish. Drs.D.R. Barnett and H.C, Ray object to the identification, saying that Milachchhrikara cannot phonetically be the Sanskritised form of Amir-i-shikar. It is no doubt so; but it can be easily the Paisachi form of Mir-i-shikar. The Muslim ruler and his minister talk with each other in Paishachi; so it is only natural that he should have a Paisachi name. The dramatist changes Mir into Mila and shikar into chhrikara through the intermediate Sanskritised form Shrikara (Sikar?). The usual sandhi rules thereafter give us the Milachchhrikara, actually used in the drama. As regards the date of this expedition we put it about V. 1278 (1221 A.D.)

There can be two explanations of this name Milachchhrikara:

  • we may consider that Milachchhrikara may be a combination of Mila (मील) + Chhikara (छिकार) = Milachchhrikara (मीलच्छ्रिकार), representing the combined forces of the two clans. Meel and Chhikara are two well known clans of Jats found in this area of Rajasthan and Haryana.
  • Secondly In Sanskrit Milachchhrikara may be interpreted this way also:
Mila + Shrikara = Milashshrikara. Milashshrikara might have changed to Milachchhrikara in prakrat language.

Shrikara (श्रीकर) is the sanskritized form of Sikar. Thus this sanskrit term means 'The Meels of Sikar'.

Meels in Jakhar History

We get some evidences about Meel clan from the history of Jakhar clan. Jakhars had a small republic state in Jangladesh area of Rajasthan. Bigga Ji Jakhar (1301 - 1336) rose to the status of a folk-deity of Jangladesh who was ruler of Riri. Riri is an old town in tahsil Dungargarh of the Bikaner district in Rajasthan. Biggaji was married to Meera daughter of Chaudhary Khidaji Meel of Malasar (Molaniya). Malasar village at present is in Bikaner tehsil, Bikaner district, Rajasthan. This shows the dominance of Meels in 12-13th century around Bikaner area.

In Afghan History

H. W. Bellew[14] writes that The eleventh satrapy of Darius, Herodotus says, comprised the Kaspioi, Pausikai, Pantimathoi, and Daritai.


H. W. Bellew[15] writes that has mentioned quoting Strabo as one of those Skythian tribes who deprived the Greeks of Baktriana. Speaking of the Skythians, Strabo says (Geog. xi. 8):

" The best known tribes are those who deprived the Greeks of Baktriana, the Arioi, Pasianoi, Tokharoi and Sakarauloi, who came from the country beyond the Jaxartes, opposite the Sakai and Sogdianoi, and which country was also occupied by Sakai."

H. W. Bellew[16] writes that Out of these mentioned by Strabo, The Arienoi are also mentioned in the Bassarica of Denis of Samos along with the Kaspeiri and the Kossai (Kashuri and Khasa), who were the original people of Kasperia (Kashur, or Kashmir), as the same author observes. The Indian affinities of the clans are shown in view The list of their tribes includes many Indian tribes along with Mil.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari,Barkat Nagar,C-Scheme,Hanuman Nagar,Mansarowar Colony,Murlipura Scheme,Queens Road,Shastri Nagar,Sindhi Camp,Station Road,Vaishali Nagar,Vidyadhar Nagar,Watika (Sanganer),

Villages in Jaipur district

Tankarda,

Villages in Sikar district

Ajeetpura Sikar (1), Baijnath Ki Dhani, Balod Chhoti, Beri, Bhadhadar, Bhagu ka Bas (Rahnawa), Bibipur Chhota, Chachiwad Bara, Dadia, Dantru, Dedi Dhani (Ramgarh), Dhandhan (10), Dhani Hattidan Charan, Dhani Kharinta (Malikpur), Dudwa, Fatehpura, Gothra (Tagalan) (3), Hamirpura, Hardayalpura, Harsawa Chhota, Karanga Bara, Karejra, Katrathal, Khoru, Kolida, Lalasi, Laxmangarh, Mandela, Mailasi (40), Mandha Madani, Meel Ki Dhani, Miran, Mirjwas, Murlipura (Mandha), Nagardas, Netarwas, Poshani, Puran Badi, Raghunathpura Sikar (Khud), Sewa, Sheeshyoo, Sikar, Singhasan, Sonthaliya, Udaipura, Yalsar,

Villages in Churu district

Bheemsana, Chhabri Meethi, Karejra, Khyali, Malsar, Shyopura, Sujangarh (1), Taranagar, Thalori,

Villages in Sriganganagar district

Nirwana,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bhadra, Hanumangarh,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Balariya, Bhojasar, Dundlod Mandi, Kaimari Ki Dhani, Dhani Meelon Ki, Milo Ka Bas, Meelon Ki Dhani Jhunjhunu, Meelon Ki Dhani Nawalgarh, Swami Ki Dhani, Singnor,

Villages in Nagaur district

Kuchaman City,

Villages in Alwar district

Khairthal,

Distribution in Haryana

All of these came from Sikar District of Rajasthan some 300 Years back.

Villages in Fatehabad district

Dangra, Lahriyan, Shahidawali, Tibbi,

Villages in Bhiwani district

Kakroli Hatti,

Villages in Hisar district

Dabra, Kharkari, Saharwa,

Notable persons

Gallery of Meel people

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-51
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.56,s.n. 2069
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,s.n. 86,p-695
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.145
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 274
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 274
  7. Elliot and Dowson, op. cit., Vol. I, p. 38
  8. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 136
  9. नरो यद वाम अश्विना सतोमम आवन सधस्तुतिम आजमीळ्हासो अग्मन Rigveda 4-44
  10. The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians/III. Al Mas'údí,p.21
  11. Mansukh Ranwa:Amar Shaheed Lothoo Jat, 2000, p. 12
  12. Sikar Ki Kahani, Captain Webb Ki Jubani, 2009, p. 79
  13. L-38:[*तथा युवरा]ज: श्रीजयश्रीराज स्वभुज्यमानकोलिकूपग्रामं भक्तया हर्षदेवाय शासनेन दत्तवान् ।
  14. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.140
  15. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.142
  16. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.144
  17. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 355

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