Budaun

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Map of Budaun District

Budaun or Badayun (Hindi: बदायूँ, Urdu: بدایوں) is a city and district in the north-central Uttar Pradesh. Situated in Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces, The town is near the left bank of the river Sot.

Variants

Location

It is located near the Ganges river in the center of Western Uttar Pradesh. Geographically its Latitude 28 Degree 02 Minute 30 Second East & Longitude 79 Degree 01 Minute 20 Second North on Globe. Length of District is 144 Km. & Width is 60 Km. And Total area of District is 5168 Sq. Km. Budaun City is 235 Km. From Delhi & 311 Km. From Lucknow. Budaun has average elevation of 169 metres (554 feet).

Etymology

Prof. Goti John referred this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription based on stone scripts at the Lucknow Museum. Later this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. The Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that at Ashoka The Great ) built a Buddh Vihar and Quila; he named it BuddhMau (Budaun Fort). According to George Smith, Budaun was named after the Ahir prince Budh.[1][2]

Jat Gotras

  • Badhautia - They are considered to be descendants of Lava (लव) , the son of Rama. A group of descendants of Lava was moving towards Ayodhya after Muslim attacks in North-west. Once this group camped at a place known as Sankura (सांकुरा). There was a struggle with the local chieftain, who was defeated. This republic was near Badayun. Out of these people four brothers moved from here with the idea to settle elsewhere. Two brothers settled near Sadabad. Two brothers thus settled halfway so they were known as adhaitia (अधैतिया) which later changed to Badhautia. [5]

Tahsils in Budaun district

Villages in Budaun Tahsil

Aam Ganv, Abdulla Ganj, Achaura, Adauli, Ahirvara, Ahoramai, Ahruiya, Akhta Mai, Alampur, Allapur Bhogi, Allapur Chamari, Allipur Maththaiya, Ambiya Pur, Amiliya, Anguiya, Anni, Antuia, Arangabad Mafi, Arifpur Navada, Asisa Barkhin, Aspur, Asrasi, Atheia, Aurangabad Khalsa, Azamganj Mandhiya, Babat, Badal, Badarpur, Badaun (Bahar Chungi), Bahorpura, Bakarpur Khandhar, Bakhtpur, Balliya, Bamnausi, Bamni, Banei, Bangavan, Barachirra, Baramal Dev, Baramay Khera, Barate Gadar, Baraura, Bari Samspur, Barikhera Urf Sitabnagar, Barkhera, Barsua, Basant Nagar, Basia Kheda Lalbujhia, Basoma, Bastara, Behta Dambarnagar, Behta Eman, Bhadraulia, Bhadsia Bhamuiya, Bhagautipur, Bhainsora, Bhaisamai, Bhajpura, Bhakora, Bhansee, Bharkunia, Bhatauli, Bhinduliya Plasi, Bhojpur Narayanpur, Bhoora Bhadraul, Bhuria, Bibipur, Bichhaula, Bichhu Raiyya, Bihar Chanda, Binavar, Birautia, Bitroi, Bondari, Bucha Nagla, Budaun (MB), Budhvayee, Burra Farid Pur, Butla Daulat, Butla Khanjan, Byaur, Chamraulia 130 Rukhda Khaula, Chandan Nagar, Chandanpur Pukhta, Chandau, Chandaura, Chandaura, Chaudera, Chausinga, Cheelpura, Chhatuia, Churia, Dadmai, Dahemi, Dahemu, Dalva Shahida, Daranagar, Darav Nagar, Dauri Narottampur, Dhakia, Dhamei, Dhanupura, Dhaurera, Dhimri, Dilaur, Diori Jit, Diyaura Vaura, Dugraiyya Brahmpur, Dumaira, Dunde Nagar, Fakeerabad, Faridpur Chakolar, Faridpur Nausana, Faridpur Sani, Fatehpur, Fatehpur, Firozpur Eklahri, Gabhiyae, Gadaura, Gangaura, Gangpur Pukhta, Garhia Gangwarar, Garhia Mutalika Noorpur, Gathauna, Gauramai, Gauspur, Ghat Behti, Ghatiari, Ghatpuri, Gidhaul, Girdhar Pur, Gudhni, Gulariya, Gulariya (NP), Gunaura Vajidpur, Gurai, Gurgavan, Gurpuri Chandan, Gurupuri Binaik, Hadipur, Hajrat Ganj, Har Har Purnarsinghpur, Harnathpur Mutalika Urf Talgao, Harpalpur, Hasanpur, Hasanpur Huriyai, Hayat Nagar, Husainpur Karotia, Hussainpur Pukhta, Ikri Basiyani, Indrai, Isapur, Islamganj, Ismilepur, Itua, Jagat, Jaguvasai, Jaitpur Pukhta, Jajpura, Jakheli, Jalalpur, Jamrauli, Jhandpur, Jirauli, Jirauliya, Jyorapar Vala, Kachaura, Kachhla (NP), Kadar Chowk, Kadhauli, Kailee, Kakora, Kalpia, Kandela, Kanha Nagla, Karaulia, Karela, Kartoli, Kathra Khagei, Katinna Varchau, Kazipur, Khairpura, Khajurara Kham, Khajurara Pukhta, Kharkhauli Buzurg, Kharkhauli Khurd, Khaspur, Khera Buzurg, Khiria Bakarpur, Khiria Rahlu, Khunak, Khurvara, Kinarpur, Kisrua, Kotra Sarangpur, Kua Danda, Kuan Danda Kasimpur, Kudha Narsinhpur, Kunar, Kundeli, Kundeli Badullaganj, Kundra, Kunwar Gaon, Kunwargaon (NP), Kupri, Kur Khera, Kurau, Kurha Shahpur, Kusaina, Kuthia, Kutrai, Kutubpur Thara, Labhari, Lahi Faridpur, Lakhanpur, Lakhupura, Lalei, Laloopur Nagaria, Laluia, Lauaa, Loda Bahedi, Lohater, Machlai, Mai Ranjo, Maibuchan, Majhia, Majra Gangwarar, Mal Ganv, Malik Pur, Malikpur, Mallamai, Mallapur, Mamoorganj, Manakpur, Mankapur Saraura, Manpur Kulchaura, Masrara, Mausampur, Mauzampur Chhajju, Mauzampur Nehnagar, Midhauli Mirzapur, Mighonia, Mihauna, Mira Patti, Mirzapur, Mirzapur, Mohammad Ganj, Mohammd Pur, Mohanpura, Mongar, Mudiya, Mugarra Tatei, Muhammadi, Muhammadpur Vyar, Muhiuddin Nagar, Mujahidpur, Mullapur, Mungarra Jarasi, Musajhag, Nadauliya, Nagar, Nagauri, Nagla Barsunia, Nagla Sharki, Nagla Tayyab Pur, Nai, Naithu, Nanakhera Pukhta, Narau, Narau Buzurg, Narau Khurd, Narau Pasa, Nareli Mahaura, Narkheda, Nasrulla Pur, Nausana, Naushera, Navda Sulhara, Nekpur, Nidhanpura, Nijampur Majra Shekhupur, Nizamabad, Nizampur Majra Midauli, Nizampur Pachtur, Noorganj, Noorpur, Ojha, Pachtaur Mafee, Padauliya, Padauva, Palia Jhanda, Palia Menhdi, Palia Pukhta, Palpur, Pasei, Pataura, Patpara Ganj, Patsa, Peer Nagar, Phul Pur, Phulaincha, Phulasi, Pipraul Pukhta, Pir Battu, Puthi Sarai, Rafia Bad, Rahimuddin Nagar, Rahma, Raipur, Raipura, Rajala Mai, Ramzanpur, Ranau, Ranjhaura, Rasoolpur Bilhari, Rasulpur Pudhi, Rauli, Raushan Nagar, Reba, Rijauli, Rionaia, Rukhra Khaula, Rup Pur, Rupapur, Sadadher, Sadullapur Bhitara, Sahora, Sainjani, Sakhanu, Sakhanu, (NP) Sakri Jangal, Sakri Kasimpur, Salarpur, Salempur, Sanai, Sanjarpur Baljit, Sanjarpur Gulal, Sarai Swaleh, Sarakpur Subhanpur, Sarauta, Sarki, Shekhupur, Shikrapur, Sigoe, Sigraura, Sikandra Bad, Sikrodi, Silhari, Simaria, Simra, Sirsa Pavari, Sirsadher, Sirsauli, Sisaiya, Siwaya Hamidpur, Sobhanpur, Sukatia, Sundar Nagar, Sundrayan, Surajpur, Surkha, Takipur, Tataarpur, Terha, Thalia Nagla, Tilokpur, Tisanga, Titauli, Udmai, Ughaini, Ujhani (MB), Ujhani Grameen, Ujhauli, Unaula, Upraira, Usaihata, Utarna, Vangarh, Vilhat, Yusuf Nagar,

History

Budaun was the capital of Delhi Sultanate for four years from 1210 CE to 1214 CE during Sultan Iltutmish rule. It was the most important post of Northern Frontier during Mughal reign.

According to tradition, Budaun was founded about 905 AD, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Budaun then called Vodamāyuta.[6] Kanauj was conquered after AD 1085 by Mahmūd, the son of the Ghaznavid Sultān, driving out the Rāshtrakūta chief. This the Rāshtrakūta chief then move their capital to Vodamāyuta, where they ruled until conquered by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.[7]

The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In 1223, a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, was built. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur-Bilari. Budaun and its district was ceded to the British government in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh.[8]

Jat History

Ram Sarup Joon[9] writes that ....Samudra Gupta conquered the whole of Punjab and a major part of India. The clans defeated by him included

बदायूं

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[10] ने लेख किया है कि.... बदायूं (उत्तर प्रदेश): बदायूं मध्यकालीन नगर है. 11 वीं सदी के एक अभिलेख में, जो बदायूं से प्राप्त हुआ है, इस नगर का तत्कालीन नाम बोदामयूता कहा गया है. इस लेख से ज्ञात होता है कि उस समय बदायूं में पंचालदेश की राजधानी थी. यह जान पड़ता है कि अहिच्छत्रा नगरी जो अति प्राचीन काल से उत्तर पंचाल की राजधानी चली आई थी, इस समय तक अपना पूर्व गौरव गवां बैठी थी. एक किवदंती में यह भी कहा जाता है कि इस नगर को अहीर सरदार राजा बुद्ध ने 10 वीं सदी में बसाया था. कुछ लोगों का यह मत है कि बदायूं की नींव अजय पाल ने 1175 ई. में डाली थी. राजा लखनपाल को भी नगर के बसाने का श्रेय दिया जाता है.

नीलकंठ महादेव का प्रसिद्ध मंदिर जिसे इल्तुतमिश ने तुड़वा दिया था शायद लखनपाल ही का बनवाया हुआ था. ताज उल मासिर[11] के लेखक ने बदायूं पर कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक के आक्रमण का वर्णन करते हुए इस नगर को हिंद के प्रमुख नगरों में माना है. बदायूं के स्मारकों में जामा मस्जिद भारत की मध्ययुगीन इमारतों में शायद सबसे विशाल है. यह नीलकंठ मंदिर के मसाले से बनवाई गई थी और इसका निर्माता इल्तुतमिश था जिसने गद्दी पर बैठने के 12 वर्ष पश्चात अर्थात 1222 ई. में बनवाया था. (टि. महमूद गजनवी के समान ही इल्तुतमिश कुख्यात मूर्ति-भंजक था. इसने अपने समय के प्रसिद्ध देवालयों जिनमें उज्जैन का महाकाल का मंदिर भी था तुड़वाकर तत्कालीन भारतीय कला संस्कृति तथा धर्म को भारी क्षति पहुंचाई थी) जामा मस्जिद प्राय: समांतर चतुर्भुज के आकार की है किंतु पूर्व की ओर अधिक चौड़ी है. भीतरी प्रांगण के पूर्वी कौण पर मुख्य मस्जिद है जो तीन भागों में विभाजित है. बीच के प्रकोष्ठ पर गुंबद है. बाहर से देखने पर यह मस्जिद साधारण सी दिखती है किंतु इसके चारों कोनों की बुर्जियों पर सुंदर नक्काशी और शिल्प प्रदर्शित है. बदायूं में सुल्तान अलाउद्दीन खिलजी के परिवार के बनवाए हुए कई मकबरे हैं. अलाउद्दीन ने अपने जीवन के अंतिम वर्ष बदायूं में ही बिताए थे. अकबर के दरबार का इतिहास लेखक अब्दुलकादिर बदायूनी यहां अनेक वर्षों तक रहा था और इसीलिए बदायूनी कहलाता था. 1571 ई. बदायूं में भीषण अग्निकांड हुआ था जिसको बदायूनी ने अपनी आंखों से देखा था. बदायूनी का मकबरा बदायूं का प्रसिद्ध स्मारक है. इसके अतिरिक्त इमाद उल मुल्क की दरगाह (पिसनहारी का गुंबद) भी यहाँ की प्राचीन इमारतों में उल्लेखनीय है.

Vodamayuta (Budaun) inscription

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. George Smith (1882). The student's geography of India: the geography of British India : political and physical. John Murray. pp. 223.
  2. http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/badaun-shortage-of-milk-in-kilk-prodective-area-10672897.html
  3. किशोरी लाल फौजदार: "महाभारत कालीन जाट वंश", जाट समाज, आगरा, जुलाई 1995, पृ 7
  4. किशोरी लाल फौजदार: "महाभारत कालीन जाट वंश", जाट समाज, आगरा, जुलाई 1995, पृ 7
  5. Ch. Man Singh:Jat Samaj Patrika, Agra, March 2002, p. 15
  6. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budaun". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 737.
  7. Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1977). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 315. ISBN 9788120804364.
  8. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budaun". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 737.
  9. History of the Jats/Chapter IV ,p. 58
  10. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.606-607
  11. The history of India : as told by its own historians. Volume II/V. Taju-l Maasir of Hasan Nizami,p.232

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