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Karaskar (कारसकर)[1][2] Karkara (करकरा) is a gotra of Jats found in Madhya Pradesh.

Variants of name

Mention by Panini

Karaskara (कारस्कर) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [3]

Karakara (कारकर) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


Ram Swarup Joon[5] writes.... According to Bhagwatdatta, Baluchis of (of Balochistan) today are the descendants of Anu. Baluchya, Balhara, Bal, Balan are Jat gotras. Kak, Kakarzai, Klock, Kukar, Khokar, Karskar Jats belong to the Anu Branch. Thirty thousand Baluchis in Makran were recognised as Jats. Baluchis of the Lomri region are described as Jats in their chronicles. In the Rig-Veda, there are references to the Kabul River of Afghanistan, Gomal Valley, and rivers Ganga and Jamuna. There are also references to Kshatriya and the five branches of the Yayati Dynasty.

Ram Sarup Joon[6] writes that ....According to the research of Hem Chandra, Lichhavis belonged to Madrak dynasty and were called Karskar or Kakkar because of their origin from Kar. Shale, Shal, Shi, all originating from Sialkot are also Madrak. In Sanskrit Scripture they have been called Jatra or Jatrali meaning Jat.

Ram Sarup Joon[7] writes that ....Samudra Gupta conquered the whole of Punjab and a major part of India. The clans defeated by him included

Vayu Purana and Vishnu Purana have written Khokhars as Kokarkans (कोकरकंस), which became Karaskar. [8]

Guptas are sometimes called Kāraskaras. Khatkals are mentioned in the Mahabharata as 'Kata Kalika', along with Mahishaka (Bains), Karaskar, Karkana and Viraka. 'Kata Kalika' became 'Katkal' or Khatkal as they are named in Punjab. In Haryana they are called Khatkar. It should be noted that Kakar, Varika, etc, mentioned here are all Jat clans.

In Mahabharata

Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 30 mentions this tribe in derogatory sense and advises to avoid this country:

"The Karasakaras, the Mahishakas, the Kalingas, the Kikatas, the Atavis, the Karkotakas, the Virakas, and other peoples of no religion, one should always avoid."
कारः करान महिषकान कलिङ्गान कीकटाटवीन
कर्कॊटकान वीरकांश च दुर्धर्मांश च विवर्जयेत Mahabharata (8.30.45)

Karaskara (कारस्कर) - Served as tributaries in the palace of Yudhishthira (II.46.21).

आवर्जिता इवाभान्ति निघ्नाश चैत्रकि कौकुराः
कारः करा लॊहजङ्घा युधिष्ठिर निवेशने (II.46.21)

Karaskara (कारस्कर) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Karaskar (कारस्कर) (The Mahabharata Tribes

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

The prakrat form of Karaskar (कारसकर) may be Karkara (करकरा), a Jat Gotra.

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Karkara (करकरा) gotra are:

Sikhedi 1,


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