Kadiyan (X , not used) or Kadian (कादियान) or Kadyan (काद्यान, कादयान) gotra Jats are found in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Pakistan. They were supporters of Saroya Confederacy. 
There is chobisi (24 village) of Kadyan's in Haryana. Kadyan's are descendants of ancestor Kada, which in Persian language means powerful. Sangu, Jakhu and Kada were in relation and they are said to have given names to Sangwan, Jakhar and Kadyan Jat gotras. That's why many years back there existed no matrimonial relationship among these three gotras.
- 1 Origin
- 2 History
- 3 काद्यान गोत्र का इतिहास
- 4 Distribution in Haryana
- 5 Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
- 6 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 7 Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
- 8 Distribution in Punjab
- 9 Distribution in Pakistan
- 10 Notable persons
- 11 References
- They are probably descendants of rishi Kaundinya, a contemporary of Gautama, the Buddha.
- They are said to have descended from Kadru of Mahabharata. (Mbt:I.59.40)
- Kada , a Saroha Kshatriya, is said to have given name to Kadyan Jat gotra.
- Pātaliputa Kodiyāniya Sakaja Devāyā dānam.
Cunningham has translated it as under:
- " Gift of Sakaja Deva, of the race of Kaundinya of Pataliputra."
- 56. Kadāya Yakhiya dānam. = "Gift of Kada Yakshi."
Kodiyāniya and Kada both refer to the Kadiyan clan.
- No. 6. — Kādasa-bhichhuno- dānam.
Bhim Singh Dahiya writes that J.F. Fleet, referring to the inscriptions on the top of a lid of the steatite casket found in stupa No.2 at Andheri, near Sanchi, says that it should be, plainly read.
- Sapurisasa Gotiputasa Kakanada-Pabhasanasa Kodina-Gotasa.
This has been translated by Fleet as,
- "The relics of the virtuous Prabhasana of Kakanada, the Gotiputra, of the Kaundinya gotra".
Here no explanation has been given for the word 'Gotiputra'. It is similar to the word 'Rajaputra' occurring in the Kura inscriptions of Toramana, and it can only mean the son of a Jat. The gotra itself which Fleet changes into Kaundinya, may well be Kadin, the modern Kadian. 
Bhim Singh Dahiya  further writes about Kadyan gotra: We have already quoted inscriptional evidence mentioning a Kadan who is also called "Goti-Putra". Ancient coins have also been found with the legend 'Kāḍasa' in early Brahmi characters. Kadasa (Sanskrit Kāḍasya) means "(the coins of the Kāḍas". According to John Allan, these coins have not yet been attributed.  It has been suggested that the name Kāḍa may be for Sanskrit Kala. Cunningham says that Kāḍa may be equated with Kadrava, the descendant of Kadru.  Both these suggestions are untenable and these coins really belong to the Kādān or as it is now written, Kadyan clan. The original name is Kaḍā which means high in Persian language and the suffix 'an' is added to it. The places like Kādyān near Amritsar and another place Kadān in Balochistan is named after them. As John Allan states, the name is a tribal name and not that of a ruler. The coins were found along with the coins of Kunindas and therefore, point to a Punjab provenance. They belonged to the third century B.C. or early second century B.C. The standing figure on the coins holds a spear or sceptre in the left hand. The symbols on the coins are those of the Sun, the Swastika, etc.
According to H.A. Rose Jakhar (जाखड़) is a tribe of Jats, claiming (Chauhan or Udhi) descent. Jaku, their eponym, migrated from Bikaner to Jhajjar in Rohtak. A Raja of Dwarka had a bow which Jaku failed to bend, in spite of the promised reward. In shame he left his native land and settled in Bikaner. The legend clearly points to the loss of military status by the Jakhars. Of the same stock are the Sangwan, Piru, and Kadian Jats.
काद्यान गोत्र का इतिहास
पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्माने लिखा है: काद्यान गोत्र के जाटों का बड़ा कादा था। कादा भी सरोहा क्षत्रिय था। सरोहा संघ मुख्यत: जाट गोत्रों से ही बना था। वह सांगू का सहोदर भाई था। कादे को कादू भी कहते थे। कादू भी अपने भाई सांगू के साथ ही अजमेर से आया था और जिला रोहतक में बस गया। कादू भी जाट संघ में सामिल हो गया। उसने करेवा किया था। कादू के नाम पर काद्यान गोत्र जाट गोत्र प्रारम्भ हुआ। जिला रोहतक में इनके 12 गाँव हैं – बेरी , माजरा, दूबलधन आदि इनके मुख्य गाँव हैं।
Distribution in Haryana
Villages in Bhiwani district
Villages in Kaithal district
Villages in Faridabad district
Villages in Jhajjar district
Villages in Panipat district
Villages in Rohtak district
Villages in Yamuna Nagar district
Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
Villages in Muzaffarnagar district
Villages in Saharanpur district
Distribution in Rajasthan
KADYAN FARM HOUSE,VILLAGE-PIPALI, DISTT-JHUNJHUNU (RAJASTHAN) Shanti Nagar (Jaipur),
Villages in Hanumangarh district
Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
Villages in Ratlam district
Villages in Ratlam district with population of Kadiyan (काडीयान) gotra are:
Villages in Gwalior district
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Jalandhar district
Villages in Ludhiana district
Distribution in Pakistan
- Prof Sher Singh - Ex Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab in the Fifties.
- Dr. Raghuvir Singh Kadian - Former speaker of Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
- Lt Gen RS Kadian - From village Dubaldhan Majra (दूबलधन माजरा).
- Ch. Banwari Lal Kadiyan - Retd. CSO R/o Pipali (JhunJhunu).
- Mohinder Singh Kadian - Tehsildar (Retd.).
- Chhatar Singh Kadyan - Pradhan Kadyan Khap, Dubaldhan.
- Major Mahinder Singh Kadiyan -
- Pamella Bordes -
- Haridev Kadyan - Rowing.
- Ravi kadian - Rowing.
- Naresh Kadyan - Renowned Animal Rights Activist.
- Dr. Om Parkash Kadyan - Retired B.D.O - At present Editer & Yoga / Naturecure centre.
- Dr. Sudhir Kadian - prominent doctor.
- Dr. Rajeshwar Singh Kadian - prominent doctor
- Sanwal Singh Kadyan - Socialist from Dubaldhan & Ex President of Kadyan khap.
- Rt. SP. Jile Singh Kadyan - Retired Superintendent of Police from Village - Dharana.
- Abhishek Kadyan - Hon. Animal Welfare Officer, AWBI (Ministry of Environment and Forest - Govt. of India) / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana) / Media Adviser to United Nations affiliated OIPA in India - PFA Haryana.
- Mrs. Suman Malik Kadyan, Manager Retail and Rep. of OIPA at Toronto in Canada.
- Satbir Kadyan - Former Speaker, Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
- Lt. Col. Rajan Kadyan - ASC Core.
- L. D. Shri Purjit Singh Kadian - Won 7 Medals in 2nd World war (BERI).
- Narender Kadyan - Tehsildar.
- Lt. Col. Rizak Ram Kadyan - Jag Branch.
- Mukesh Kadyan - Social Service.
- Ram Phal Kadyan - DSP, Ganour.
- Sharda Kadyan - Animal Rights Activist.
- Sukanya Kadyan Berwal- Hon. Animal Welfare Officer, AWBI (Ministry of Environment and Forest - Govt. of India) / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana) / Programme Director to United Nations affiliated OIPA in India.
- Satnarayan Kadyan - Secretary to Speaker ,Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
- Ajay Kumar Kadian - IFS, Haryana, 1987.
- Rajesh Kadyan - IRS ,Delhi.
- Krishna Kadyan - Constituted Jat Sabha ,Andhra Pradesh.A Resident of Dubaldhan ,Rohtak.
- Lt Col Rajeev Singh Kadian - Beri ,(Nirachia) Aoc Officer.
- Sumitra Kadyan - Haryana Judicial Services (Jat Jyoti:4/2013)
- Bale Ram Kadian - Freedom Fighter Jem.Bale Ram Kadian VPO Beri, Distt Jhajjar
- Abhijeet Kadian: IPS-2012, ASP HQ Jhargram, WB Cadre, Husband of Savita Dahiya, IFS, M: 8902466267
- Viren Kadyan: Civil Judge cum JMIC Sirsa, Native Dubaldhan Majra, Jhajjar, M: 9466866822
- Virendra Kadyan: IRTS 2011 batch, Posted Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, M: 8010242052
- Pawan Kadyan: IAS (CSE-2011), Rank 79, Cadre West Bengal, From: Haryana
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-51
- B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.239, s.n.103
- Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma,p. 57
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 229
- Jat Varna Mimansa (1910): Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, pp.21-24
- Jat Varna Mimansa (1910): Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, p.23
- The stūpa of Bharhut,p. 139
- The stūpa of Bharhut,p. 142
- The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 235
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Empire of the Dharan Jats, Misnamed Guptas,p.187
- Bhilsa Tope, p. 347; and Plate XXIX, No.7
- CII, Vol. III, p. 31.
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix III, pp.337-38
- Catalogue of the coins of ancient India, Orient Reprint, 1975, SS 103.
- ASIAR, Vol. II, p. 10,
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.420
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.349-50
- Jat Varna Mimansa (1910), Author: Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, pp.21-22
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