Sikarwar

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Sikarwar (सिकरवार)[1] [2] Sikarvar(सिकरवार) Sagarwar (सगरवार)[3] Sakarwar (सकरवार) Sakarwal (सकरवाल) Sikroliya (सिकरोलिया) Sikarwal (सिकरवाल)[4] is a gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh in India. They were rulersin Central Asia. [5] James Tod places it in the list of Thirty Six Royal Races.[6] Sakariya is a Gotra of the Anjana Jats in Gujarat.

Variants of the name Sikarwar

Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [7] They are called Sakariya in Gujarat. Shakar/Sakarwar clan is found in Afghanistan.[8]

Origin

According to a modern writer this gotra originated from place called Sikari in Uttar Pradesh. [9] But it has a rich history behind their name as follows.

Sikarwar Pal

Sikarwar Pal has 12 villages in Mathura district out of which Angai is famous one. Aligarh district has 12 villages and Firozabad has 8 villages of this khap. Kunwar Hukum Singh was born in this khap.[10]

History

Ram Swarup Joon[11] writes that Sikarwal gotra is a Suryavanshi gotra. A large number of persons belonging to this gotra are found as Rajputs. Sikarwal Jats have 12 villages Mathura.


According to James Todd[12] Sakarwal tribe never appears to have claimed much notice amidst the princes of Rajasthan ; nor is there a single independent chieftain now remaining, although there is a small district called after them, Sakarwar, on the right bank of the Chambal, adjoining Jaduvati, and like it now incorporated in the province of Gwalior, in Sindhia's dominions. The Sakarwal is therefore reduced to subsist by cultivation, or the more precarious employment of his lance, either as a follower of others, or as a common depredator. They have their name from the town of Sikri (Fatehpur), which was formerly an independent principality.[13]

B S Dahiya[14] writes:They are the same as Sakaravakas of the Puranas. In Mathura, they call themselves Sagarvar also. They are called Sacaravcae by the Greeks and this name is the same as the Puranic name. In about 100 B.C. the Sakarwars began to play an important part in the politics of Persia. Their part in the death of Phraates II and Artban was significant, and they Practically appointed Sinatroces as king of Persia in 77 B.C. In 27 / 26 B.C. when Phraates IV was contending with his adversary, Tiridates, The role of Sikarwars was decisive. [15] From A. Gardiner’s book, “The Coins of Greeks and Scythian Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum”, Plate XXXIV , 8 we know that the names of two kings of Sikarwar clan were Artader and his son Hyrcodes. They were ruling at Sogdiana and Bactriana in the second half of the first century B.C. As per Ghirshman, the Kushana King Heraus (of Her clan) sat on their throne in about 20 B.C. This was the period of the rise of Kaswan Jats and their ally, the Kangs (Kangnu or Kang-kiu of the Chinese and kankas of the Indian works) occupied Bukhara. Their coins have been found at Tali_Bargu, near Samarkand. [16] R. Ghirshman identified them with the Sacaravae of the Greek writers and the Sakarav of Sakara of the coins. O.G. Von wesendonk has rightly identified them with the Sakarvaka of the Puranas. [17] According to J. Marquart , they were the people meant in the inscription of Darius and styled as Saka-Hauma-Varka [18] but although both the Sakarvars and the Virks were Jats (Sakas), it is the latter people who are named by Darius. Of course the ruling clan of Virks had the Sikarvars and also other clans under them as partners at that time, but that was in the sixth century B.C. Ultimately, their kingdom was annexed by Kanishka into the Kaswan empire, as the Kaaba Zarthustra inscription of Shahpuhr I, shows that Sogdiana, along with the cities of Bukhara , Samarkand, Tashkand, ect. were inside the empire . [19] So the Sikarvar came to India in the first century A.D. or earlier. Perhaps they are the Sagartians of Herodotus and of the Behistna inscription. [20]

They were the rulers of Sikari. Sikarwars founded the historical place Sikari, near Agra. They were the rulers of 12 villages in Aligarh district. Kunwar Hukam Singh of Angai (Mathura) has been a famous person from Sikarwar gotra. Kunwar Hukam Singh was a close friend of Raja Mahendra Pratap.

Sikarwar is also a clan of Suryavanshi Kshatriyas of first Century A.D. [21]

Jat clans linked with Kushan

डॉ धर्मचंद विद्यालंकार [22] लिखते हैं कि कुषाणों का साम्राज्य मध्य-एशिया स्थित काश्गर-खोतान, चीनी, तुर्किस्तान (सिकियांग प्रान्त) से लेकर रूस में ताशकंद और समरकंद-बुखारा से लेकर भारत के कपिशा और काम्बोज से लेकर बैक्ट्रिया से पेशावर औए मद्र (स्यालकोट) से मथुरा और बनारस तक फैला हुआ था. उस समय मथुरा का कुषाण क्षत्रप हगमाश था. जिसके वंशज हगा या अग्रे जाट लोग, जो कि कभी चीन की हूगाँ नदी तट से चलकर इधर आये थे, आज तक मथुरा और हाथरस जिलों में आबाद हैं. आज भी हाथरस या महामाया नगर की सादाबाद तहसील में इनके 80 गाँव आबाद हैं. (पृ.19 )

कुषाणों अथवा युचियों से रक्त सम्बन्ध रखने वाले ब्रज के जाटों में आज तक हगा (अग्रे), चाहर, सिनसिनवार, कुंतल, गांधरे (गांधार) और सिकरवार जैसे गोत्र मौजूद हैं. मथुरा मेमोयर्स के लेखक कुक साहब ने लिखा है कि मथुरा जिले के कुछ जाटों ने अपना निकास गढ़-गजनी या रावलपिंडी से बताया है. कुषाण साम्राज्य के अधिकांश क्षेत्र में जाटों की सघन जन संख्या उनको कुषाण वंसज होना सिद्ध करती है.(पृ.20)

सिकरवार का इतिहास: ठाकुर देसराज

ठाकुर देशराज[23] ने लिखा है....सिकरवार - नवमी सदी में इनका राज्य सीकरी (आगरा जिला) में था। सन् 812 से 836 के बीच भारत पर एक प्रबल आक्रमण मुसलमानों का हुआ था। उन से मुकाबला करने के लिए उस समय के अनेक राजा मेदपाट में इकट्ठे हुए थे।


[पृ.126]: उसमें सीकरी के सिकरवार भी शामिल थे। आगे चलकर सिकरवार भी 10 वीं सदी में जाट और राजपूत दो भागों में बट गए। कुंवर हुकुम सिंह जी आंगई इन्हीं सीकरी के सिकरवार की विभूति हैं।


ठाकुर देसराज[24] लिखते हैं....आगरा जिले में सीकरी नामक स्थान को इन्हीं लोगों ने बसाया था और पहले चंबल के किनारे पर आबाद थे। बाबर के आने से पहले तक किसी न किसी रूप में सीकरी के निकट के स्थान पर इनका अधिपत्य था। राजपूतों में भी सिकरवार गोत के लोग पाये जाते हैं। ये लोग अपने को सूर्य वंशी क्षत्रिय कहते हैं।

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Sikarwar Khap has 12 villages in Mathura district and 28 villages in Agra district. [25]

Dalip Singh Ahlawat writes -

जिला मथुरा में रघुवंशी सिकरवार जाटों के 12 गांव हैं। इन गांवों में आंगाई गांव बड़ा प्रसिद्ध है। यहां के कुंवर हुकमसिंह जी, प्रधान सार्वदेशिक (सब देशों की) आर्य प्रतिनिधि सभा, बहुत यशस्वी पुरुष हुए। इनके पुत्र नगीना रियासत के अधिपति थे। दूसरी पुरानी रियासत जारखी थी, जो टूंडला के समीप है। इसी वंश के ठाकुर मेवाराम हुए जिनके 12 पुत्रों ने अलीगढ जिले में सपेरा, जसराना, चितावर, सगीला, रामगढ, बेगपुर, सुखराल, किन्ढेरा, रसूलपुर, दुरसैनी, भवनगढ़ी और कलाई आदि गांवों को बसाया।[26]


Villages in Mathura district

Hathakauli, Angai, Chholi, Dhana Teja, Garhsauli, Kasimpur, Kiloni, Gharotha, Kahtela /Naglawali, Sdadpur, Sikarpur,

Villages in Agra district

Dhandhupura,Nagla Sikarwar,Paroli Sikarwar,

Villages in Firozabad district

Chhikaoo, Jarkhi,

Villages in Aligarh district

Bhawan Garhi, Kalai, Ramgarh, Sapera Bhanpuri,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Bajaj Nagar, Barkat Nagar,

Villages in Alwar district

Garoo,

Villages in Swai Madhopur district

Theegla,

Villages in Tonk district

Sikroliya Jats live in village : Kishanpura,

Villages in Bharatpur district

Nagla Hathaini, Kawai, Kheri Devisingh, Kolipura, Barauli Chhar, Jahangeerpur,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are: Ratlam 4,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior , Morar (Gwalior),

Photo Gallery

Notable persons

  • Kirori Singh Sikarwar (ठाकुर किरोड़ीसिंह सिकरवार), from Sooti (सूती), Bharatpur was a Social worker in Rajasthan. [28]
  • Shyam Lal Sikarwar (ठाकुर स्यामलाल सिकरवार) , Kawai (कवई), Nadbai, Bharatpur was a Social worker in Bharatpur, Rajasthan.[29]
  • Chaudhary Udaybhan Singh, senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to constituency of Fathepur Sikri, Agra (17th Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, March 2017). He had also successfully contested to become MLA to constituency of Dayalbagh, Agra in year 1993.
  • Mrs Mamta Sikarwar - IPS Haryana, Comdt, 4 BN HAP Home Haryana Government. SP Residence, Panchkula, Haryana. Ph: 0172-2568675, 9815724689 (PP-971)
  • Shri Surendra Singh (Sikarwar) - (IAS/Uttar Pradesh/2005, IAS Identity No # 01UP070100) is presently Collector & District Magistrate (DM) of Muzaffarnagar. He earned his BSc and MSc at Jaipur (Rajasthan University) and served for ONGC before he qualified UPSC for IAS Cadre. He had been District Magistrate (DM) of Sant Ravidas Nagar, Balrampur and Firozabad. He basically belong to village Kasimpur (Saidpur) near Baldeo, Mathura.[30] http://muzaffarnagar.nic.in/
  • Dr. Sanjeev Pal Singh Sikarwar - Associate Professor, Raja Balwant Singh (Post Graduate) College, Agra. He is son of Chaudhary Udaybhan Singh, senior BJP leader and incumbent MLA to Fatehpur Sikri, Agra.
  • Dr. Arun Pratap Sikarwar - Assistant Professor, Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University), Agra. He basically belongs to village Hathakauli near Baldeo, Mathura.[31]. Email: arunsikarwar@dei.ac.in / arunlovy@gmail.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Arunlovy
  • Bahadur Singh (Sikarwar) - Junior Engineer JDA , Date of Birth : 5-April-1970, Vill- Kolipura Bharatpur, po - Pipla, teh.& distt.- Bharatpur, Rajasthan, Present Address : A-844, Siddharath Nagar, Jawahar Circle, Jaipur-302017, Phone : 9785175230, Mob: 9414320313, Email Address : bsfozdar@yahoo.com
  • Dr. Ashok Sikarwar - Founder and Director of Baldeo Public Senior Secondary School (affiliated to CBSE), Baldeo, Mathura. Mob. # 9412336541
  • Shri Rajendra Singh Sikarwar - Founder and Chairperson of Sikarwar Group of Institutions, Mathura. He is presently Mathura District In-charge/ Head of Rashtriya Lokdal party. He basically belongs to village Kasimpur (Saidpur), near Baldeo, Mathura. http://www.rssdc.info/
  • Mr. Ajit Singh Sikarvar - Govt. Service Interpretor, Lok Sabha Secretriat, New Delhi 8-A, Alok Nagar, Shahganj, Agra (UP). Ph: 9958284546, Email: ajeetsikarvar@indiatimes.com (PP-643)
  • Shri Yatendra Singh Sikarwar, Block Pramukh, Baldeo, Mathura. He is the Director of Sikarwar Group of Institutions. He basically belongs to village Kasimpur (Saidpur), near Baldeo, Mathura. Email: sikarwargroup@gmail.com, http://www.rssdc.info/
  • Shri Chandra Pratap Singh Sikarwar - Chief Sub-Editor and Sr. Journalist of Kalpataru Express news paper. He had been associated with Amar Ujala news paper as senior journalist and Bureau Chief of various district editions for almost 20 years.
  • Samrendra Sikarwar: RJS 2005 batch , Posted at Kota, M: 9413045391
  • Shailesh Pal Singh Sikarwar - Ghaziabad, Mob:8130277575

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.223
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-3
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-3
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-3
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p.342
  6. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races, pp.141
  7. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  8. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.113,115,138,164
  9. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 282
  10. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.22
  11. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p. 103
  12. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,pp.141
  13. See Crooke, Tribes and Castes N.W.P. and Oudh, iv. 263 ff
  14. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 271-272
  15. Albert Hermann, Sacaraucae in Pauly......, Vol I, pp. 1161-1620
  16. J.De Morgan op. city . pp. 536-544
  17. Kusan, Chromites and Hephthalites 1933, p 337
  18. op. cit., p. 43
  19. See American Journal of Semetic Languages and Literature 1940 p. 354
  20. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, 1980, p. 271-272
  21. Kishori Lal Faujdar: Uttar Pradesh ke Madhyakalin Jatvans avam Rajya, Jat Samaj, Agra, April 1999.
  22. Jat Samaj:11/2013,pp 19-20
  23. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Utpatti Aur Gaurav Khand)/Shashtham Parichhed, p.125-126
  24. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VIII,p.561
  25. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  26. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter XI, Page-1021
  27. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.30-31
  28. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.46
  29. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.51
  30. Jat Samaj, July 2006, p.31
  31. Jat Samaj, July 2006, p.30

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