Maan

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Maan (मान)[1] Man (मान)[2] Mann (मान)[3] is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh in India and Pakistan. Maan is considered to be a branch of Bhati Jats. They are Suryavanshi kshatriyas. Shankpati, the father of bhakt Puranmal, was married to these people. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [4] They are called Manar in Gujarat. It is a branch of Chauhan. Man/Mangi/Manki clan clan is found in Afghanistan.[5]

Contents

History

B S Dahiya[6] writes: The Vayu Purana mentions them as Maunika or Maun (Man) Vishnu Purana mentions them as Maunas, a tribe of Gandharvas, who annihilated the Nagas (Wilson's Edn.). They are the same as the English/German, Maan. Their coins have been found in Goa/ Konkan areas. Perhaps, they are the Mannai on the west of Caspian Sea, who in the eighth century B.C. had their kingdom, called Mannai, now Armenia (Ari-Man). They were under the overlordship of Tiglath Pileser IV and it was on their seat that Deioces Manda founded his empire.

Bhim Singh Dahiya identifies this clan with the Rigvedic Tribe - Mana: (RV 1/169/8, 171/5. 1/86/5, 117/11, Vlll/18/20). The last hymn mentions a king, named Manya Mana. They are to be identified with the Mana, Mannai of West Asian history. They were on the river Purusni (Ravi) at the time of Rigveda. That it is a warrior clan, is proved by the fact that it is not found in the Brahmanic Gotra list of Purshottam. [7]

Mann and Kahlon are mentioned in the Markandeya Purana together as Mana, Kalaha, Kohalakas (Kohlis) and Mandavyas (Mandas) [8] The original name is Kahl, the German Kohl. [9]

Mana (मान) and Hala (हाल) - Varahamihira mentions Mana and Hala together in his Brihat Samhita the name of a people [10] But these are two different clan names the Mana and the Hala / Hala . The Mana are separately mentioned as a people in Markandeya Purana and so are the Hala and their country in the North. [11] Mana was also supposed to be the name of Agastya’s father; and consequently his family is called Mana. [12] But it is doubtful, to say the least. Rig Veda mentions a Mana and also sons of Mana. (252-See SED, p. 793) [9] The Rig Veda/Mandala 1/Hymn 169 [13]shloka 8 mentions Mana as under:

"Give to the Manas, Indra with Maruts, gifts universal, gifts of cattle foremost.
Thou, God, art praised with Gods who must be lauded. May we find strengthening food in full abundance."


According to Thakur Deshraj [14]about 1500 years ago a group of these people came from Ghazni and settled at place called 'Balavansa' near Delhi. Maan clan descended from Maas Singh. His son Bijal Singh came to 'Dhosi' village and settled here. The village Dhosi is surrounded by hills and situated near Narnaul in Haryana. Large number of people come to this place from far off places every year. Many temples and kunds have been constructed here. A fair is also organized at this place.

Prior to the Maan people came, Gandas gotra Jats were the rulers here. Bijal Singh was married to Gaurandevi, daughter of Nagal. He founded a village called 'Gorir' in the name of Gaurandevi at a distance of 3 km from Dhosi.[15]

Roopram Singh was the chieftain of this clan after 20 generations of Bijal Singh. At the time of Roopram Singh, Shekhawats had occupied this province. Roopram Singh struggled for about 10 to 12 years in mid nineteenth century against Shekhawats of Khetri, but Maan people did not accept the rule of Shekhawats.[16]

In Alipur village in Delhi there is a shaheed park, managed and administered by MCD, there are 70 names written in the park. They were crushed to death by road roller by Britishers for revolting in 1857, they were all Jats and there clan name was Mann. There were only 70 family of Jats in this village that time and all who were above 18 years of Age were crushed to death by road roller in 1857. After this incidence, the Britishers made a permanent stay in the village and set up a choki/thana to curb the Jats.

संक्षिप्त इतिहास

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं -

यह भाटी जाटों की एक शाखा है, ऐसा भाट-ग्रन्थ मानते हैं। इनकी वंशावली जो जाटों की लिखी हुई है, उसमें भाटियों को सूर्यवंशी लिखा है। साथ ही यह भी लिखा है कि भक्त पूरनमल के पिता शंखपति का विवाह इन्हीं लोगों में हुआ था। लगभग पन्द्रह सौ वर्ष पहले इनका एक समूह देहली के पास बलवांसा नामक स्थान में गजनी से आकर आबाद हुआ था। मानसिंह जिसके नाम पर इस वंश की प्रसिद्धि बताई जाती है, उसका पुत्र बीजलसिंह ढोसी ग्राम में आकर अवस्थित हुआ। ढोसी नारनौल के पास पहाड़ों में घिरा हुआ नगर था। इस स्थान पर अब भी दूर-दूर के यात्री आते हैं, मेला लगता है। कई मन्दिर और कुंड यहां पर उस समय के बने हुए हैं। पहले यहां गंडास गोत्र के जाटों का अधिकार था। इसने नागल की पुत्री गौरादेवी से सम्बन्ध किया और फिर ढोसी से 3 मील हटकर


जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-605


गौरादेवी के नाम पर गोरीर नाम का गांव बसाया। आगे उनसे जितना भी हो सका, अपना राज्य बढ़ाया। वीजलसिंह से 20 पीढ़ी पीछे सरदार रूपरामसिंहजी हुए। उस समय इस प्रदेश पर शेखावत आ चुके थे। खेतड़ी के शेखावतों से रूपरामसिंहजी का 10, 12 वर्ष तक संघर्ष रहा, किन्तु इन्होंने अधीनता स्वीकार न की। मान लागों के अनेक दल थे और वे अनेक प्रदेशों में बसे हुए हैं। खेतड़ी के शेखावतों से रूपरामसिंह का युद्ध अब से लगभग 80-90 वर्ष पहले हुआ था, क्योंकि कुं. नेतरामसिंहजी गोरीर वालों से रूपरामसिंहजी चार पीढ़ी पहले हुए थे। उस समय सुखरामसिंहजी के पास कितना इलाका था, भाट लोगों की पोथियों से इतना पता नहीं लगता है।

Villages founded by Maan clan

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

The population of Mann in Patiala district is 48,000. This clan has given their name to many villages for example, Manwala, Man Khera, and Man-sa. [17] Abulkhurana, Deonkhera, Sainakhera, Adhanian, Jai Singhwala, Bhamba, Ghaga, jats in all these villages came from Krishanpura (Manasa around 1790's)and before that they have their origin around Fetehabad (Hisar around 1600's)

Villages in Amritsar district

Mann population is 5,577 in Amritsar district.[18]

Jhabal Mannan (Tarn Taran Tahsil),

Villages in Ludhiana district

Mann population is 10,563 in Ludhiana district.[19]

Villages in Jalandhar district

According to B S Dhillon the population of Mann clan in Jalandhar district is 6,000.[20]

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

In Hoshiarpur district the Mann population is 8,670. This clan is concentrated around the village of Dhada in the sub-district of Garhshankar.[21]

Villages in Firozpur district

In Firozpur district the Mann population is 21,000. [22]

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Man named Village is in Dera Baba Nanak tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Man named village is in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Villages in Kapurthala

Man named Village is in Phagwara Tahsil of Kapurthala district in Punjab.

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Muktsar district

Villages in Rupnagar district

Villages in Sangrur district

Distribution in Delhi

Alipur, Devli Hamidpur, Khera Khurd, Kishan Garh, Nayabans, Pehladpur Banger,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages In Sirsa District

Kheowali, Sikanderpur

Village in Mahendra Garh district

Jhigawan ,

Villages In Sonipat District

Janti Kalan, Sersa,

Villages In Bhiwani District

Bhandwa, Dhani Mahu, Laad, Mandola, Talu,

Villages In Karnal District

Ballah (Near Salwan), Gogdipur.

Villages in Yamunanagar district

Jhaguri

Villages in Kaithal district

Atella, Baba Ladana

Villages in Jhajjar district

Issarheddi, Jhajjar, Lowa Kalan (Bahadurgarh), Seedipur,

Villages In Jind District

Sinsar,

Distribution in Maharashtra

Villages in Nasik district

Tokada,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

C-Scheme, Ganesh Colony (Khatipura), Ganpati Nagar, Khatipura, Machra, Malviya Nagar, Mansarowar Colony, Moti Nagar, Murlipura Scheme, Vaishali Nagar, Vasundhara Colony, Vidyadhar Nagar,

Villages in Jaipur district

Shyampura,

Villages in Churu district

Bhalau Teeba, Khyali,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Adooka, Bhirr, Bhobia, Gaurir,

Villages in Nagaur district

Phardod, Soneli (1),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Alayki, Bharwana, Bhobia, Ghotda, Ramgarh,

Villages in Bharatpur district

Habeebpur,

Villages in Sikar district

Banathala,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bareilly district

Bhoola Nabipur (भूला नबीपुर) (in Baheri tahsil), Raath,

Villages in Hapur district

Behlolpur,

Villages in Saharanpur district

Paniyali Kasimpur,

Villages in Baghpat district

Adarsh Nangla, Sanoli,

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Munsab Nagla, Muzaffarnagar, Pinana,

Villages in Meerut District

Parichhatgarh,

Villages in Bijnor District

Alipur Man,

Villages in Jyotibaphule Nagar district

Kapasi, Nartho,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Badari,

Villages in Nimach district

Harnawda,

Villages in Ratlam district

Delanpur

Villages in Barwani district

Talun,

Villages in Morena district

Morena

Distribution in Pakistan

Maan - The Maan are one of the original Jat clans, together with the Bhullar and Heer/Hayer being known as the Asl or original Jats. They are found throughout central Punjab. Prior to partition, they were also found in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Firuzpur and Patiala districts. They are now found in Faisalabad, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala, Lahore, Kasur, Okara, Sahiwal and Sargodha districts. The Maan were also found among the Mulla Jat of Karnal District.

Notable Persons

  • Sudhir Mann - MANAGER IFFCO, Date of Birth : 8-August-1965, NEAR BABY HAPPY SCHOOL RANI BAZAAR, BIKANER (RAJ.), Present Address : C/O JIWAN SINGH CHOUDHARY , 453, DADABARI EXTN., KOTA, (RAJ.), Resident Phone Number : 07442504187, Mobile Number : 9414273853
  • Jiwan Singh Maan, Maan - Jat, From Amritsar district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs.
  • Harnam Singh Bhaga, Maan - Jat, From Gurdaspur district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs.
  • Sardar Kirpal Singh of Mughal Chak, Maan - Jat, From Gujranwala district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs of Pakistan.
  • Anil Man - Dyanchand Awardee.
  • Vikram Maan - Winner of 'Best Champion Gold Medal' award in NDA Dehradun. He was honoured by Army Chief General Vikram Singh. He was in top ten in selection of NDA. [23]
  • Col. Dilsukh - Companion Subhash Chandra Bose of INA
  • Harsharan Kaur - Maan Jat woman who defended Jamrod (Pakistan) Fort in 1837

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.56,s.n. 2028
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.240, s.n.139
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-37
  4. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  5. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.120
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 264
  7. तवं मानेभ्य इन्द्र विश्वजन्या रदा मरुद्भिः शुरुधो गोग्राः |सतवानेभि सतवसे देव देवैर्विद्यामेषं वर्जनं जीरदानुम || (RV 1/169/8)
  8. ibid LVIII 46
  9. 9.0 9.1 Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), 1p. 286
  10. Sanskrit English Dictionary ( M. Williams), p. 806
  11. ibid , p. 809 and p. 1293
  12. 251-ibid
  13. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Rig_Veda/Mandala_1/Hymn_169
  14. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p.605
  15. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p.605
  16. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p.606
  17. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p. 126
  18. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.124
  19. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.123
  20. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.127
  21. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.27
  22. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p. 127
  23. Jat Jyoti: January 2013,p. 25

Further reading


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