Sheoran

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Anita Sheoran

Sheoran (श्योराण) Seoran (स्योराण)[1] Sheorayan (श्योरायण) Shivrain (शिवरायण) Shivran (शिवराण) Shyauran (श्यौरान) Sheoran (श्योरान) Syoran (स्योराण) Shivran (शिवरान)[2] Shiwran (शिवरान) Sioran (सियोरान)[3] Soran (सोराण) Shyauran (श्यौरान) Suran (सुराण) Souran (सौराण) Sauran (सौराण) [4]Sivrana (सिवराणा)[5] Syoran (स्योराण)[6] Shivran (शिवराण)[7] Shivrana (शिवराणा)[8] Sheroran[9] gotra Jats are found in Haryana and Rajasthan. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [10] It is a branch of Chauhan. Sheorani clan is found in Afghanistan. [11]

Contents

Origin

  • Shyoran Gotra derives name from Shoor (brave warrior).[15]

History

Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Shivi in Rajasthan are: Seu, Shivran, Shivral, Sihot, Sinwar, Chhaba etc. [16]

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) writes:[17] The Jat tribes[18] Sivirana or Sivran or Sheoran closely resembles the Rigvedic tribes of Sivas, one of the western frontier tribes who fought against the Bharatas on the Parusni in the Dasarajna battles.

Accor5ding to Bhim Singh Dahiya, Sheoran are the Sura of Indian Literature, [19] and Shor of Present day Central Asia. Mahabharata mentions a Suryasura and obviously not for the sun (Surya) but for the Sura people [20] Darada (the Darar clan people) a king of Bahlika was born from Surya. [21] The Sura Kings came for Yudhisthira’s sacrifice. [22]

Sheoran is a branch of Shivi Jats who ruled in Malwa and Rajasthan. When they moved from Malwa to Rajasthan, one group also moved to Neemrana, where they were found at the time of Emperor Humanyun.[23]


According to the bard of this dynasty king Gaj of Ghazni had two sons named Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. Mangal Rao was the ruler of Lahore and Masur Rao of Sialkot. Foreign invaders drove both of them out of their kingdoms. Masur Rao fled away to the deserts of Rajasthan. He had two sons named Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. Descendants of Abhai Rao came to be called Bhurhya Bhatti and those of Saran Rao, Saran. Mangal Rao had six sons, named Mojam Rao, Gulrish, Moolraj, Sheoraj, Kewl Rao and Phul Rao. Descendants of Gulrish came to be called Gloraya or Kiliraya, those of Moolraj, Munda and those Sheoraj, Sheoran.[24]

The Sheoran gotra is a big gotra having 52 villages in Luharu 25 in tehsil Badhra and teh. Charkhi Dadri and 25 big villages in Jind, known as 8 Khera. Other Villages Jodawali, Kardawan, Munnawali, Kinsrenti, Khunghai.

Sidhanwa village in Tehsil Loharu, District Bhiwani is said to be central place from where they spread to other areas in Haryana. Sidhanwa Village is having both Dhankhar and Sheoran gotra populations and they have brotherhood relations. The village should find a rightful place in the Jat history as it is an originating place for one of the important clan i.e. Sheoran. Legend has it that there were two brothers Sheora and Sumra who were passing by the place where this village is situated now to find some greener pastures due to a severe drought in their village. The wheel of their bull cart got damaged and they had to stop there. Nearby there lived a Saint named Baba Sidh Nath who advised them to settle there and blessed them. Sheorans are now scattered over many villages but the main thrust is in this area in about 52 villages. There is a famous Dera in this village in the name of Baba Sidhnath and a huge Dharamshala has also been built (for the pilgrims from other villages and holding the bigger social congregations and Panchayats) with the donations received from devotees which include local politicians as well. These donations run in lakhs every year.

H W Bellew[25] writes that The Afghans Proper the Bani Israil, as they call themselves in special distinction to all other divisions of the nation class themselves as the descendants of Saraban through his two sons, Sharjyun and Khrishyun.

Villages founded by Shyoran clan

Member of Chauhan Confederacy

Bhim Singh Dahiya[26] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Sheoran clan supported the ascendant clan Chauhan and become part of a political confederacy.[27]

Sheoran khap

Sheoran khap has 52 villages around Loharu and 25 villages around Badhra in district Bhiwani in Haryana. Main villages belonging to Sheoran gotra are Pachgama (पंचगामा),Badhra, Dalawas,Hui Bisalwas ,Kasani Dudhwa (दुधवा). [28]

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं कि राज्य जींद में इस वंश के 25 गांव हैं और लुहारू स्टेट के 52 गांव पूरे शिवराण गोत्र जाटों के हैं। हिसार जिलें में भी अनेक गांव है। भाट लोगों ने लिखा है कि शिवराव नामी राजपूत ने जो अब से 24 पीढ़ी पहले हुआ था, जाटनी से शादी कर ली, इसलिए उसकी सन्तान के लोग शिवराण कहे जाते हैं। इससे भी बड़ा गपोड़ा और क्या होगा कि एक ही आदमी के सिर्फ चौबीसवीं पीढ़ी में सैकड़ों गांव बस गए! हमारा मत है जो कि बिलकुल सही है कि शिवराण-जाट शिवि अथवा सिवोई समूह के जत्थे में से हैं, जो कि शिवि गोत्र अथवा शैव्य जाटों के भाई-बन्धु हैं। मालवा से हटकर जिस समय ये लोग राजस्थान में गए, उस समय इनका एक दल नीमराणे के आस-पास भी पहुंच गया और हुमायूं के समय तक उनका छोटा-मोटा राज इस स्थान पर रहा।[29]

Distribution in Uttarakhand

Villages in Haridwar district

Bahadarpur Jat,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Aligarh district

Palshera

Villages in Rampur district

Navadia is a village of Sheoran gotra Jats in Rampur District (U.P.). It is situated near Milak (25KM ahead of Rampur on the Delhi-Lucknow highway).

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

There are two villages of Sheoran's in Muzaffarnagar district.These are situated near Shamli. These villages are Malhendi and Pelkha. These two villages were established by two brothers. Jammal established Malhendi. He had four sons.

Villages in Bagpat district

There is one village by the name Angadpur in Bagpat district. It is the smallest part of three villages situated next to each other, the other two being Johri and Kheri. It is generally known by village Johri. Angadpur, which appears to be the oldest was established by two brothers Ran Singh and Nayan Singh who migrated from Rajasthan (details not known, but believed to be from Bhiwani (?) district), possibly in mid sixteenth century. Nayan Singh later converted to Islam. Descendants of both the brothers still reside at Angadpur. However there is little or no contact between the two communities. All Sheorans at Angadpur are related to one another and maintain close contact.

Distribution in Haryana

The Sheoran gotra is a big gotra having 52 villages in Luharu 25 in SUB.teh BADHRA teh. Charkhi Dadri and 25 big villages in Jind, known as 8 Khera. Other Villages Jodawali, Kardawan, Munnawali, Kinsrenti, Khunghai.

Villages in Bhiwani district

Akbarpur Sheoran (अकबरपुर), Arya Nagar, Badhra, Baralu (बरालू), Barwas (बारवास), Basirwas (बसीरवास), Berla, Bhandwa, Bisalwas, Chahar Kalan, Chahar Khurd, Chandwas, Dalawas, Dhani Kirawar, Dhani Mahu, Dhani Mithi, Dhanasri, Dhigava, Dudhwa, Fartia Kehar, Gagarwas, Garanpur (गारनपुर), Ghasola, Gignaw (गिगनाऊ), Gokalpura, Gopi, Hansawas Kalan, Hansawas Khurd, Hariawas (हरियावास), Hui, Hadoudi, Isharwal, Jeetpura, Jewali, Jhanjhara Sheoran, Jhumpa Kalan (झुंपा कलां), Jhumpa Khurd (झुंपा खुर्द), Kakroli Hatti, Kakroli Hukmi, Kakroli Sardara, Kandhara, Kari Dharni, Kari Tokha, Kari rupa, Kari Mela Kari Modh, Kasni Kalan (कासनी कलां), Kisskandha, Kushalpura (कुशलपुरा), Handi Khera, Kheowali, Laad, Ladawas, Mandhan Tosham, Mandholi Kalan (मंढ़ोली कलां), Modh, Nakipur (नकीपुर), Nandha, Ouan, Paju (पाजू), Pachganwa, Patwan (पाटवान, पाडवान), Salempur (सलेमपुर), Sidhanwa (main village), Singhani, Umarwas,

Villages in Hisar district

Chhan Hisar, Gigorani, Koth Kalan, Milkpur, Gamda, Rakhigarhi,

Villages in Rohtak district

Kinsrenti,


Villages in Jhajjar district

Khunghayi

Villages in Sonipat district

Dobheta, Oolahana,

Villages in Mahendergarh district

Chhilro (छिलरो) Bayawali (बायावाली)

Villages in Jind district

Gawar(गावड़) Milakpur Pauli,

Villages in Yamunanagar District

Sudhail, Gohlni, Dadawas.

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Fazilka district

Sureshwala,

Villages in Firozpur district

Kular Firozpur,

Distribution in Rajasthan

People belonging to Kiliraya and Munda gotras are found in Bikaner State.

Locations in Jaipur city

Gandhi Nagar, Hanuman Nagar, Khatipura, Murlipura Scheme,

Villages in Jaipur District

Raghunandanpura, Harsauli, Hirnoda (2) , Boraj,

Villages in Sikar district

Bataranau, Bibipur Bara, Chachiwad Bara, Hetamsar, Kayamsar, Laxmangarh, Mandiwal Ki Dhani, Sadinpura, Sheoran Ka Bas, Sikar

Villages in Churu district

Bas Dhakan, Buchawas, Chariya (Salasar), Daudsar, Dudhwa Meetha, Jaleu Bari (30), Jetpura Churu, Kusumdesar (20), Loonchh, Sitsar, Suratpura (Rajgarh),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bhaisli, Sangaria, Shyora Tada,

Sheorani village is in Nohar tehsil of Hanumangarh district in Rajasthan.

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Bangothadi, Dhani Shyorani, Kari, Khirod, Kajlan, Ladayan, Raipur, Raipur Jatan, Ramu Ki Dhani, Raipur Ka Bas, Sukh Ram Ka Bas, Bhurasar Ka Bas, Bharathari,

Villages in Ganganagar district

KSD Dhani,

Villages in Barmer district

Seoron Ki Dhnai,

Villages in Bikaner district

Khajuwala, Rajpura Huddan,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Kacharia Jat,

Villages in Ratlam district

Piploda,

Villages in Nimach district

Khor Vikram (2),

Villages in Shivpuri district

Shivpuri,

Villages in Gwalior district

Morar (Gwalior),

Notable persons of this gotra

  • Harphool Jat Julaniwala
  • O. P. Sheoran - IAS
  • Anand Muni Vanparsth/Bhim Singh
  • Anita Sheoran (अनीता श्योराण)
  • Brig. Ranswaroop Sheoran
  • Hawa Singh Sheoran
  • Surendra Pal Singh Sheoran - IRS, Chandigarh
  • Ishwar Singh Sheoran - The Jat Regiment, Martyr 02-07-2000, Rajasthan
  • Kuljeet Singh Badhra - CHAIRMAN, VENUS DATA LABS PVT. LTD. (VENUS GROUP)
  • Azad Singh Sheoran - U. P. Pradhan Sanchalak, Sarvdeshik Aryaveer Dal
  • Dr. Anil Sheoran - IAS (2010), from Ramu Ki Dhani (रामू की ढाणी) village in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
  • Nathu Ram (Shivran) - Div. Engineer BSNL , Date of Birth : 10-August-1952, VPO.- Kayamsar , teh.- Fatehpur, distt.- Sikar, Present Address : Shivram Ent. Jaipur-Jhunjhunu Bye Pass Road Radha Krishnpura Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-248255, Mob: 9413395255, Email:nrs1952@msn.com
  • Pyare Lal Sheoran - RPS, Addl. SP, Date of Birth : 7-January-1968, Vill.- Sheoranon Ka Bas, PO- Narodara, Via- Laxmangarh, Sikar, Raj., Phone Number : 01573-232564, Mob: 9414180051
  • Nirmal Sheoran - Deputy District education Officer, Date of Birth : 28-June-1959,Principal DIET, BIRI, Charkhi Dadri. Mob:9812365072
  • Tyagi Mansa Ram (त्यागी मनसाराम) - a saint of Seoran gotra
  • Bujja Bhagat (बुज्जा भगत) - a saint of Seoran gotra
  • Suresh Kumar Sheoran - IC-51160H, Colonel Suresh Kumar Sheoran, 4th Battalion, The Sikh Regiment, Indian Army. Awarded with Sena Medal (Devotion to Duty), on 26 January 2012.[30]
  • Mr. S. R. Shivrain - ECM Spl Invitee, Retd. ICAS, B-1/103, Power Welfare Org Complex, Sec-43, Gurgaon-122002 Haryana, 0124-4045794, 9810593103, s_r_shivrain@hotmail.com, NCR (PP- 36)
  • Ch. Sher Singh Sheoran - Retd. District Education Officer (1997-2000),from district Jhajjar, Haryana. Present address: Village-Mandhan, Teh.- Tosham, Distt.- Bhiwani, Haryana. Mob-9050332332.
  • Heera Nand Arya - Ex Minister
  • Ram Narayan Gagarwas - IAS & Ex MP
  • Bahadur Singh Gagrwas - Ex Minister
  • Jai Prakash Gagarwas - Ex DIG(CRPF)
  • Mahinder Singh - IPS (Haryana Police)
  • Ravinder Sheoran - Gawaria Constructon Company
  • Raj Sing Gagrwas
  • Master Dhrampal Obra - MLA
  • Mahinder Singh Sheoran kakroli - IRS
  • Sudesh Sheoran Bisalwas - IRS
  • Capt Manoj Sheoran Gagarwas - HCS
  • Capt Sohan Lal - Pradhan 12
  • Retired Major K.C. Sheoran

Gallery of Sheoran people

श्योराण जाट गोत्र का इतिहास

भलेराम बेनीवाल [31] के अनुसार यह जाटों का प्राचीन गोत्र है. महाभारत में इनका उल्लेख सूर्यासर के रूप में हुआ है. शूर राजा पांडव राजा युधिष्ठिर के यज्ञ में शामिल हुये थे. भारतीय साहित्य में इनका नाम शूरा लिखा है. गुप्त काल में शूर सेन लिखा है. ईरान के रोअन्दिज नामक प्रान्त पर श्योराण जाटों का राज्य था. श्योराण कबीला आज भी वहां पर आबाद है. हुमायुंनामा के अनुसार श्योराण गोत्र के जाटों का मालवा में राज्य था. वहां से किसी कारण राजस्थान के नीमराणा के स्थान पर पहुंचे तथा राज्य स्थापित किया.

इस गोत्र के बारे में कहावत है कि श्योराण जाटों का राजपूतों से झगड़ा होता रहा और ये आगे बढते रहे. इसी प्रकार ये लोग लोहारू क्षेत्र में पड़ने वाले गांव सिधनवा में पहुंचे और वहीं बस गये. यहीं के महाराज ने इनको कुछ एरिया दे दिया. जिसे बाद में इन्होने रियासत के रूप में स्थापित किया, लुहारूदादरी में अपनी बढोतरी की और धीरे-धीरे लुहारू में ५० गांव व दादरी में २५ गांव में फ़ैल गये. आज श्योराण गोत्र के दादरी में ४७ गांव तथा लुहारू में ७० गांव हैं. सिधनवाचहड कला इस गोत्र के प्रधान गांव हैं.

श्योराण खाप चौरासी की पंचायत संगठन इस बात का प्रतीक है. इस खाप के फ़ैसलों को राजाओं ने भी माना है. एतिहासिक तथ्यों के आधार पर कहा जा सकता है कि दिल्ली के जाट सम्राट अनंगपाल तोमर की पुत्री रूकमणी के दो पुत्र थे-एक पृथ्वी राज व दूसरा चाहर देव. पृथ्वीराज का दिल्ली पर राज्य रहा. गौरी से परास्त होने के बाद पृथ्वीराज चौहान का वध कर दिया. गौरी ने चाहर देव के लड़के विजयराज को कर के बदले राज्य सौंप दिया. विजयराज के दो पुत्र थे- श्योरा (सोमराव) तथा दूसरा समराव (श्युमरा). इन्होने भी गौरी के साथ लड़ाई में भाग लिया. युद्ध हारने के बाद ये दोनों जंगलों में चले गये और भिवानी के पास सिधनवा गांव में सिद्ध तपस्वी के डेरे पर शरण ली. फ़िर जंगल साफ़ करके वहीं पर श्योराण खाप के वर्तमान गांवों की स्थापना की.

हरफ़ूल जाट जुलाणी वाला इसी गोत्र का है.

श्योराण गोत्र के प्रमुख गांव:

लोहाक, चहड़ कला, सिधनवा, दमकोरा, सिघानी, गागड़वास, बारवास, सिरसी, गारनपुर, कासनी कला, हाजमपुर, गिगनाऊ, बसीरवास, गोठड़ा, बरालू, हरियास, कुशलपुरा, सलेमपुर, नकीपुर, झुंपा कला, झुंपा खूर्द, फ़रटिया केहर, पाजू, बीढन, मण्ढोली, बेरान ढाणी अकबरपुर, ठाणी पाड़वान आदि १२५ के लगभग गांव हैं.

हिसार में पोली, कोहळी, छान, कवारी, विडोद.

भिवानी में कालियास, हसाण, मठाण

चुरू में लूंछ, चुबकिया ताल, देगा की ढाणी.

सिरसा में भाखुसरान, लुदेसर.

मेरठ में रोरी, रोहटा. हरिद्वार के पास बहदपुर.

सहारनपुर के पास छछरोली, मथुरा के पास छाता के नजदीक नानपुर, बदरूम, प्राणपुर, आदि श्योराण गोत्र के गांव हैं.

महत्वपूर्ण श्योराण लोग

  • Anandswaroop Sheoran Raipur Jatan Buhana
  • प्रिंसिपल नीर सिंह - शिक्षाविद ग्राम ढाणी बायवाली, नारनौल
  • शमशेर सिंह - ग्राम अलेवा, जिन्द
  • देशपाल सिंह - ग्राम रायपुर जाटान, करनाल
  • रणदीप सिंह - ग्राम रायपुर जाटान, करनाल
  • धर्मवीर सिंह - आर्यनगर भिवानी, भूतपूर्व सि.आर.पी.अफ़. कमान्डेन्ट
  • चांद रूप - शिक्षाविद ग्राम भालोट, रोह्तक
  • Ch. Sher Singh Sheoran - Retd. District Education Officer (1997-2000), from district Jhajjar, Haryana.
  • त्यागी मनसाराम व बूज्जाभगत - श्योराण गोत्री

External Links

Reference

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.216
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 2316
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-98
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-58
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
  8. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. श-8
  9. History and study of the Jats/Chapter 10
  10. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  11. The Races of Afghanistan/Chapter II, by H W Bellew, p.19
  12. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 281
  13. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 280
  14. Hukum Singh Panwar:The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, pp.151-152
  15. Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 14
  16. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.14
  17. .The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, pp.151-152
  18. Shrimadacharya Shrinivasacharya, Jat Itihas, Calcutta, n.d. pp. 9-16. Niranjan Singh Chaudhary, Jat Gotravali, Jat Hitkari Prakashan, Gopinath Bazar,Varindavan, Mathura, n.d. pp. 1-10. Jat Gotras are given in alphabetic order in Hindi in both of the booklets.
  19. Mahabharata, 2 / 13 / 26
  20. ibid, 1 / 67 / 58
  21. ibid , 2 / 44/8
  22. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 289
  23. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas, p.596
  24. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, S.No.82
  25. The Races of Afghanistan/Chapter II,p.19
  26. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  27. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-76
  28. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p. 21
  29. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-596
  30. http://netindian.in/news/2012/01/25/00018449/368-republic-day-gallantry-other-defence-decorations-announced
  31. भलेराम बेनीवाल: जाट यौद्धाओं का इतिहास, पृ. 706-707.

Back to Jat Gotras