Gangas

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Gangas (गंगस)[1] /(गणगस)[2] Ganghas (गंघस)[3] Ghoghas (घोघस)[4] [5] Ghangas (घनगस)[6] Ghanghas (घणघस)/Ghangas (घणगस)[7] Ghangus (घंगस)/Ghanghas (घंघस)[8] Ghanghas (घणघस) Ghungesh (घंगस) Khangas (खंगस) Khangas (खंगास)[9] [10] Gangridi (गंगरिदी) Gangaridi (गंगरिदी) is Gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[11]

Origin

  • H.A. Rose writes that Ghanghas (घनघस) Jat clan is found in Amritsar and Karnal. It is also found in Jind tahsil. Folk-etymology derives its name from the tale that its eponym once asked a smith for an axe, but got instead a ghan (sledge-hammer) which he was told to shape into an axe by rubbing (ghisna) it.[13]
  • Ghanghas Gotra derives name from Ghana (Weapon).[14]

History

Jandiala Guru in Amritsar was founded by Jats and it was named after Jand, the son of the founder. Jandiala Guru is populated with Ghangas Sikh Jats and was founded by Ghangas gotra Jats.

H.A. Rose[15] writes that The Ghanghas in this District appear to have no jathera but make offerings, which are taken by Sikhs, to the samadh of Akal Das, their ancestor, at Jandiala in Amritsar, where an annual fair is held.


Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [16]


According to Bhim Singh Dahiya[17] this is a rare name but fortunately, Priscus mentioned a king of white Hunas, as Kong Khas, who made himself lord of Sogdiana in 356 AD and whose brother clans, crossed the Don River in 374/375 AD, as per Franz Altheim, the German Scholar. [18] This king Kangkhas, certainly was a Khangas Jat. Kung-Kas was a son of Kidara, which is improvable - the clan of son can not be different from the clan of the, father, unless, both father and son, founders of new clans. The Sassanid emperor of Iran, Piroz, promised to marry his sister to Kung-Khas.[19] But he broke the promise and the result was in which the Persians were summarily defeated. Piroz was taken prisoner and was released only after pledging his son Kawadh, as hostage and paying a large sum of gold coins as tribute. Kung-Khas restruck the tribute coins with his own name, and it is these coins, inter alia, which through light on the Khangas emperor in 4th century AD. Tribes and Castes names them as Khung as.[20]

The Bardical version is some what deformed. The word Ghangas is derived from Ghan (hammer - sledge hammer) Ghas (to break or destroy). As per the folk legend, a holy man was imprisoned by a powerful but evil person of the area. Locals were fearful of supporting the holy man. Baba Handal took a blacksmith's hammer (Ghan) and broke open the lock (on the door) where the holy man was imprisoned. The holy man was helped by Baba Handal in defiance to the powerful evil person. Thus the descendants of Baba Handal were known as Ghanghas or Ghangas (both spellings are in use). There is a popular Gurudwara to honor Baba Handal.

About 98% total Jat population of Village Dhanana in Bhiwani district in Haryana are Ghanghas. Dhanana is much known as Mitathal-Dhanana or Talu Dhanana. Dhanana is fatherly vill. of Ghanghas gotra. All Ghanghas Jat of India relate themsleves to Dhanana.

Villages founded by Gangas clan

Sub divisions of Saroya

Bhim Singh Dahiya[21] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Saroya when they gained political ascendancy. The Ghanghas clan supported the ascendant clan Saroya and became part of a political confederacy.[22]

Dhanana State in Haryana

Thakur Deshraj[23] writes that Ghanghas Jats had an independent state in Dhanana. This state had 900 sawars always ready for war. In their neighbourhood there was a Rajput village named Bapora. Bapora Rajputs had accepted paying tax to Delhi Badshah but Ghanghas Jats of Dhanana did not accept this proposal of paying any tax to the Badshah. Thakur Deshraj has mentioned about a song prevalent in the area which reveals this fact and is as under:

हरियाणा के बीच में एक गाँव धणाणा
सूही बांधे पागड़ी क्षत्रीपण का बाण ।।
नोसै नेजे भकड़ते घुड़ियन का हिनियाना ।
तुरई टामक बाजता बुर्जन के दरम्याना ।।
अपनी कमाई आप खात हैं नहीं देहि किसी को दाणा ।
बापोड़ा मत जाणियो है ये गाँव धणाणा ।।

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Alwar district

Tatarpur ,

Villages in Bhilwara district

Biharipura Bhilwara,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Ghanghas (घणघस) clan lives in :

Phephana,

Villages in Bikaner district

Ghanghas (घणघस) clan lives in : Beedasariya,

Villages in Tonk district

Gangas Jats live in villages:

Aranya Kankad (8), Chausala (1),

Ganghas Jats live in villages:

Akodia (4), Ramma (2),

Gangas Village in Rajsamand district

Gangas named Village is in in Railmagra tahsil Rajsamand district in Rajasthan.

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Meerut district

Dabathwa,

Villages in Bulandsahar district

Salabad Dhamaira (सलाबाद धमैडा)

Distribution in Haryana

These Jats arefound in District Bhiwani, Panipat and Jind of Haryana. About 98% total Jat population of Village Dhanana in Bhiwani district in Haryana are Ghanghas. Dhanana is much known as Mitathal-Dhanana or Talu Dhanana. Dhanana is fatherly vill. of Ghanghas gotra. All Ghanghas jat of India relate themsleves to Dhanana.

Villages in Panipat district

Bandh (बांध), Mandi (मांडी), Puthar (पुठर),

मांडी गावं के प्रसिद्ध समाजसेवी स्वर्गीय चौधरी रामकिशन घनगस सेवानिवृति के बाद भारतीय किसान यूनियन के प्रदेश उपाध्यक्ष रहे है, वे जाट महासभा हरियाणा के वरिष्ठ उपाध्यक्ष भी रहे थे । मांडी गाँव के रणदीप घनगस हरियाणा के वरिष्ठ पत्रकार है । आजकल चंडीगढ़ में एक हिंदी दैनिक समाचार पत्र में संपादक के पद पर कार्यरत है । भारतीय भाषाई समाचार पत्र संगठन (इलना) के प्रदेश अध्यक्ष है । आल इण्डिया न्यूज़पेपर एडिटर कांफ्रेंस, नई दिल्ली के सदस्य है एवं स्टेट मीडिया एक्रिडेशन कमेटी चंडीगढ़ हरियाणा सरकार के सदस्य भी है

Villages in Bhiwani district

Dhanana (main village), Jatai, Sukhpura, Taalu, Paposa, Balyali

Villages in Hisar district

Hasangarh, Kharkari,Chobara,Jakhod Khera

Villages in Sonipat district

Gharwal,

Villages in Yamunanagar district

Sudhal,

Distribution in Punjab

Jandiala Guru, a town on Amritsar - Jalandhar GT Road (Grand Trunk Road) is populated with Ghangas Sikh Jats. Jandiala Guru (also known as Guru ka Jandiala) was founded by Ghangas Jats. It is part of District Amritsar, Punjab, India and is 16 Kilometers (10 miles) South of Amritsar.

Ganghas Jat population in Patiala is 1,860. 810 were recorded as Khangas. [24]

Khangas are also found in Hoshiarpur district.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Bhopal district

Bhopal,

Villages in Harda district

Harda Khurd,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Ludhiana district

Notable Persons

  • डा. संदीप घनगस - गाँव मांडी, पानीपत में बच्चो के डाक्टर है ।
  • राजबीर घनगस - चंडीगढ़, हरियाणा में सहायक महाअधिवक्ता के पद पर कार्यरत है ।

External links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-2
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-101
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. घ-9
  5. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.300
  6. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.300
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. घ-10
  8. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.75
  9. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.75
  10. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-4
  11. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV (Page 342)
  12. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 236
  13. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G,p.283
  14. Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 14
  15. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.374-375
  16. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihasa
  17. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 255
  18. Geschite der Hunnen
  19. ibid
  20. Vol. II, p. 377
  21. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  22. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  23. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VII, 1934, p.221
  24. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p.126

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