Kot

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Kot (कोत) Koth (कोथ) Khot (खोत) Khoth (खोथ)[1] Gotra Jats live in Rajasthan, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana. They were supporters of Saroya Confederacy. [2] [3] [4]

Origin

It is believed that this gotra originated from the place of the people who came from Khotan.

In Mahavansa


  • Kot - Mahavansa/Chapter 23 tells....A householder named Rohana, who was headman in the village of Kitti near the Kota-mountain, gave to the son who was born to him the name of the king Gothabbaya. At the age of ten to twelve years the boy was so strong that in his play he threw like balls for playing stones that could not be lifted by four or five men. When he was sixteen years old his father made him a club thirty-eight inches round and sixteen cubits long. When, with this, he smote the stems of palmyra or coco-palms, he felled them. Therefore was he known as a warrior. And him, too, did the king in like manner command to stay with Gamani. But his father was a supporter of the them Mahäsumma. Once when this householder was hearing a discourse of Mahäsumma in the Kotapabbata (Kotaparvata:कोतपर्वत) -vihara he attained to the fruition of (the first stage of salvation called) sotapatti. With heart strongly moved' he told this to the king, and when he had given over (the headship of) his house to his son he received the pabbajjä from the thera. Given up to the practice of meditation he attained to the state of an arahant. Therefore his son was called Theraputtabhaya.

History

Khot people probably came from Khotan. Khotan was founded by Kustana, son of Ashoka in 250 BC.[5]

Khotan River at present is known as Hotan. During Ramayana and Mahabharata periods it was called Sailoda.

Sailoda river is mentioned in Ramayana (IV.43.37) and Mahabharata (II.48.2) flowing in Uttarakuru region between the mountains of Meru and Mandara. There used to grow the Kichaka bamboo. It was inhabited by ancient people like Khashas, Ekasanas, Arhas, Pradaras, Dirghavenus, Paradas, Kulindas, Tanganas, and Paratanganas etc.

Sailoda is identified by V.S. Agarwal with the present Khotan River on the banks of which are mines of yashab or ashmasar which was probably known as suvarna. kichaka is a chinese word. [6]

The Allahabad Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta (335 - 380 AD) mentions Samudragupta's capturing a king born in the family of the Kotas (कोत) [7]

Udayagiri Cave Inscription of Chandragupta II (=A.D. 375-414) mentions Virasena, the child of Kotsa, the minister for peace and war under Chandragupta II, who knew the meanings of the words, and logic, and (the ways of) mankind, who was a poet and who belonged to (the city of) Pataliputra.[8]

The coins of the Kotas bearing their name have been found in East Punjab, and Delhi, and 'they probably ruled in the Upper Gangetic valley'.[9] Scholars differ in their views about placing the Kotas; some identify it with Kanyakubja while others with Pataliputra.[10]

It is known that Puspapura or Kusumapura was the name of both the Pataliputra and Kanyakubja.[11] It must, however, be noted that the city of Puspa here is connected mainly with Samudragupta and not with the Kota-kulaja,[12] so the location of the city of the Kotas is not to be traced in Kusumapura or Puspapura. It is well known that Chandragupta I received Magadha through his Licchavi-alliance and it is possible that Samudragupta enjoyed his youth playfully at Pataliputra (Puspa-āhvaye kridata). So Goyal's assumption that 'Harisena has referred to Kanyakubja and not Pataliputra'[13] is incorrect. It is only later that Kanyakubja gains the honour of being called Kusumapura when the glory of Pataliputra had started declining.[14]

In view of the context of the victory over Kota-kulaja along with the Naga kings Achyuta and Nagasena and with the support of numismatic evidence it may be said that the kotas lived somewhere between East Punjab and Delhi.

सेहला गाँव से सहनाली जाने वाले रास्ते में गायों को छुड़ाने में खोत जाट शहीद हो गए थे जिनके यहाँ चबूतरे बने हुए हैं। खोत जाट उनको अपना कुल देवता मानते हैं। विवाह के पश्चात् गठजोड़े की धोक-पूजा यहाँ की जाती है। आगे शोध की आवश्यकता है।[15]

Villages founded by Khot clan

Sub divisions of Saroya

Bhim Singh Dahiya[16] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Saroya when they gained political ascendancy. The Khot clan supported the ascendant clan Saroya and became part of a political confederacy.[17]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Location in Jaipur district

Rajpura Phagi, Sanganer,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Bagoriya, Dasaniyan, Falaudi, Gagari, Jodhpur, Panchla Khurd, Todiyana,

Villages in Barmer district

Akdara, Arang, Barmer, Bheemra, Bijrar, Gangavas (गंगावास), Hira Ki Dhani, Hukmani Khoton Ki Dhani, Jaydoo, Khotho Ki Dhani (Bhadasar), Khothon Ki Dhani, Purawa, Sahar,

Villages in Jaisalmer district

Bhaniyana,

Villages in Churu district

Baniyala, Sehla, Rukansar, Chhajusar, Pichakarae Tal (25), Rooplisar.

Villages in Sikar district

Antroli, Ganedi, Punyana, Raipura, Tajsar,

Villages in Nagaur district

Reengan,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Kharakhera, Mahrana, Sangaria, Kharsandi, Khinania, Khotanwali, Bharwana, Pichkarain.

Villages in Sri Ganganagar,abohar district

Fathui, Panniwali, Roherianwali

Villages in Tonk district

Bhanwati, Khandwa.

Villages in Jaipur district

Gadooda, Gopalpura Jhadala, Rajpura,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa district

Arniawali (अरनियावाली), Hanzira, Kaluana,

Villages in Hisar district

Koth Kalan, Koth Khurd, Kothkheda. Sadalpur,

Villages in Panipat district

Khotpura.

Distribution in Punjab

Village in Fazilka district

Roherian Wali (Abohar)

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Villages in Patiala district

Distribution in M P

Villages in Barwani district

Talun,

Notable persons

  • Virasena (वीरसेन) (Kot) was a minister for peace and war under Chandragupta I (320 - 335 AD). Virasena (वीरसेन) was a King mentioned in Mahabharata (XIII.115.69).
  • Ch. Mohinder Singh Khoth - Draughtsman (Grade II) in Archaeological Survey Of India in Jaipur. VPO-Khinania, Dist.-Hanumangarh. Present Address-37/142 Rajat Path, Mansarovar, Jaipur. Mob-9460553766,Res.-0141-2390763
  • Dr Teja Ram Khoth - Accupressure Doctor, from Gagari village, Osian tehsil, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
  • Jag Ram Khoth - Akdara, tah: Baytoo, who lost life in struggle against Jagirdars in year 1950
  • Bhagirath Khoth - Social Welfare Officer, Date of Birth : 4-May-1954, V&PO - Panniwali ,distt.- Sri Ganganagar, Present Address : 47/21, Kiran Path, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2782653, Mob: 9414461435
  • Subhash Khot - First Indian engineer who won Waterman Oscar Award in field of Computer Science in United States.Subhash Khoth is passout from IIT Bombay.
  • Gautam Khot - Lt. Col. in Indian Army and Paramvir Chakra holder.
  • Rajendra Prasad Khot: RPS 1998 batch, Add SP Dholpur, from Sehla (Ratangarh), Churu, Rajasthan M: +919929077377

External Links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.298
  2. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma,p. 57
  3. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I, p.316
  4. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, pp. 364-365
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur,p.911]
  7. L. 14:दण्डैर्ग्राह्यतैव कोत-कुलजं पुष्पाह्वये क्रीडता-
  8. कौत्सश्शाब इति ख्यातो वीरसेन: कुलाख्यया । शब्दार्थ-न्याय-लोकज्ञ कवि पाटलिपुत्रक ॥
  9. The Vakatka-Gupta Age by R. C. Majumdar and A.S. Altekar pp. 139-40
  10. Ibid, p. 140; S.R. Goyal, D. pp. 140-141; Journal of Bihar and Orissa Research Society, Patna. pp. 113, 119.
  11. Corpus Inscripionum Indicarum, Vol. III by John Faithful Fleet , p. 5.
  12. Ibid., p. 12; also see Pataliputra in the place-names.
  13. S.R. Goyal, D. p. 140.
  14. U.N. Roy, Studies in Ancient Indian History and Culture, p. 93
  15. उद्देश्य:जाट कीर्ति संस्थान चूरू द्वारा आयोजित सर्व समाज बौधिक एवं प्रतिभा सम्मान समारोह, स्मारिका जून 2013,p.121
  16. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  17. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376

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