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Dudi (डूडी)[1] Dudee (डूडी) Duddy (डूडी) Doodee (डूडी) Doodi (डूडी) Dundi (डूंडी)[2] Dundiya (डूंडिया) is gotra mainly found in Jats of Rajasthan,[3] Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in India. Dudi gotra is also found in Bhati Rajputs, Sikhs, Muslims, Buddhists and Bishnois. A slight variation of the name, Dhudhis or Dhundi (ढूंडी) are found in Pakistan.



  • As par Badwa records Dudi Gotra is said to get name after 'Rao Dedraj Ji' or Dudi Raj in the ruling Federation of Chauhans.
  • Menal Inscription of Mahadeva Hara (Chohans) S. 1446 (1389 AD) provides us following ancestry of Hara Chohans: Koolun → Jaipal → Deva-Raj (Hara-Raj) + Ritpal → Kelhan → Koontul (+Deda- Raj) → Mahadeva.[4]

Villages founded by Dudi clan


Dudis are considered to be the descendents of Duda Rishi. Others believe the clan to be descended from a Jat named Duda. Some people believe that this clan has derived its name from Dudhi plant while still some others are of the view that Dudi gotra started from village named Dudiya Kheda [5]

Dudika is a name mentioned in Indore Copper-plate Inscription of Skandagupta Year 146 (=A,D. 465). (See - Gupta inscriptions. This shows their lineage with Gupta Kings.

IX Nadol Stone Inscription of Rayapala V.S. 1198 (1141 AD) (See -Chahamans_of_Marwar) identifies Dauvurika of this Inscription as Dudidar (डूडीदार) of Rajasthan.

Dhundi Raja - We find mention of Dhundi Raja in Kashi. Guru Charita[6] states regarding Guide to Kashinath that early in the morning, after taking the bath in the Ganges one should first offer worship to Dhundi Raja and then offer his worship to Lord Vishveshwara.

Dudi King of Ghazni

James Tod mentions the war of a Dudi king of Ghazni with Mangal Rao descendant of Salivahana, who had left Ghazni due to invasion on Ghazni from Khorasan and founded Salivahanpura in (S.72 = AD 16).

Raja Baland, son of Salivahana, had seven sons : Raja Bhatti, Bhupati, Kullar, Jinj, Surmor, Bhynsrecha, Mangreo. [7]

Mangal Rao succeeded Raja Bhatti, but his fortune was not equal to that of his fathers. Dhoondi, king of Ghazni, with a mighty force, invaded Lahore; nor did Mungul Rao oppose him, but with his eldest son fled into the wilds on the hanks of the river. The foe then invested Salivahanpura, where resided the family of the Raja ; but Musoor Rao escaped and fled to the Lakhi Jungle. There being only a cultivating peasantry in this tract, he overcame them, and became master of the country. [8]

The Genealogy of Mangal Rao it is as under: 53. Raja Gaj (founded Ghazni in Yudhishthira 3008= BC 93) → 54. Salivahana (S.72 = AD 16) → 55. Raja Baland → 56. Raja Bhatti → 57. Mangal Rao

Since the war of Dudi king of Ghazni was with Mangal Rao descendant of Salivahana (S.72 = AD 16) it must be around 91 AD taking 25 years for a generation.

Again we find mention of Dudi in the Multan Army of Husein Shah fighting with Rao Tano son of Rao Kehar (731 AD), the Bhatti Chief in Jaisalmer. James Tod writes that Rao Tano succeeded Rao Kehar. He laid waste the lands of the Barahas, and those of the Langaha of Multan. But Husein Shah advanced with the Langaha Pathans, clothed in armour with iron helms, with the men of Doodi, of Kheechee; the Khokur ; the Mogul, Johya, the Jadu, and Syed, all mounted on horses, to the number of ten thousand men, to attack the Jadoo.[9]

James Tod notes that Babar in his valuable Autobiography, gives us the names of all the tribes he met in his passage into India, and this enumeration goes far to improve the authenticity of the early annals of the Bhattis. Babar does not mention "the men of Doodi" [10] That means by the time of Baber the Dudi people had migrated from Multan.

Duddee Rulers of Rahim Yar Khan

Duddees Influence - In 1540, Duddees (Daudpota Family of Pakistan) a well-known tribe rose to considerable power in the eastern part of Bahawalpur. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi, the chief of Daudpota then came to power him and his descendants wielded small principalities of Bahawalpur State into a united kingdom. Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan I, Abbasi who came to power in 1702 was an able commander and leader. Throughout his reign he had to fight many battles against Kalhoras. He abdicated in 1723 A.D., in favor of his son Sadiq Mohammad Khan I. Sadiq Mohammad Khan I (1723-1746) was killed in a battle with Khuda Yar Khan Kalhora. Amir Mohammad Bahawal Khan I, (1 746-1 949) ascended the throne in 1746. During his short rule, he built the towns of Bahawalpur, Qaimpur, Hasilpur, Tranda Ali Murad Khan, Shahbazpur and Mohammadpur Laman.

On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan III. Sadiq Mohammad Khan III, (1852-1853) was crowned as Amir. On assuming ruler ship he confined prince Haji Khan and his brothers and treated them harshly. A large number of Bahawalpur army was demobilized. All the grants, rights and claims of Daudpotas and other usual expenses were diminished and abolished. These events made the Amir unpopular. On the 29th of Rabi-ul-Sani, 1269 A.H, Fateh Garh Fort was attacked at night. Prince Haji Khan, who was kept as prisoner, was freed and brought to Khanpur. Haji Khan entered Ahmedpur East without any resistance and Sadiq Muhammad Khan III was imprisoned. Prince Haji Khan who assumed the title of Fateh Khan ruled the state from 1853 to 1858 A.D. Prince Rahim Yar Khan succeeded his father, the late Amir Fateh Khan Abbasi, as Muhammad Bahawal Khan IV (1858-1866). He was poisoned and died on the 25th March. I866. On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan IV, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV was crowned when he was four and half year old. He was installed in 1879 when he attained maturity In the interim period from 1866 to 1879. The state was supervised by British Officers. Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan V, the next successor was about I6 years of age at the time of his father's death in 1907. Amir Sadiq Mohammad Khan Abbasi V (I 907-1955), was proclaimed Amir of Bahawalpur on the death of his father in 1907. He was then a child of three years old. He ruled the state till 1955 when it was integrated in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Dudi rulers in Rajasthan

Dudi Jats had ruled in Rajasthan. The Dudis are considered to be originated from Pushkar in Ajmer and ruled Didwana, Sambhar Lake, Nagaur area for 30 generations before the rule of Muslims and Rajputs. Raja Dharmpal Dudi ruled Didwana 25 generations ago in Dudi Nagavansh. Dudis founded the town Didwana in Nagaur district of Rajasthan and it was their capital.

According to 'Rao Chhotu Singh the Badwa of Dudis'[11], Dudi clan people were integral part of Chauhans. The Badwa has provided following information:

Nakh - Chauhan
Vansha - Agni
Varna - Kshatriya
Gotra - Sribachh
Mata - Jeenmata (worshipped on Shukla paksha 8)
Dada - Beegaji (worshipped on bhadwa badi 6)

Rao Chhotu Singh provides information that Rao Dedraj Ji in Chauhan vansha founded village Didiyasar (डीडीयासर). Dudi Gotra is said to get name after Rao Dedraj Ji. The ancestry of Rao Dedraj Ji is as under:

Vakpatiraja → Manakrao Chauhan → Dedraj → Chahar → Gopal → Ghadsi (who built Ghadsisar talab in Dadrewa)

Chaudhari Devsi Dudi left Didiyasar in samvat 1290 (1233 AD) and came to village Jal (जल). Chaudhari Gajsi Dudi left village Jal in samvat 1352 (1295 AD) and founded village Gajsar. Chadhari Sitram Dudi left village Gajsar in samvat 1422 and founded village Sitsar on baisakh sudi teej samvat 1422 (1365 AD).

Dharmpal Singh Dudee has obtained information from Badwa of Dudis. Dudi people are said to have lineage with Gogaji and Jujhar Singh. As per Badwa the origin of Dudi is from Chohan Sakal (?) - Sambhar - Ajmer - Didwana. Father of Gogaji Jivraj (Jewar) Moved from Didwana to Dadrewa. When Mahmud Ghazni attacked Somnath temple Goga provided him a tough resistance in western Rajasthan. Goga became martyr along with his all sons and relatives. Since no son of Goga was alive his brother Bairasi or his son Udayraj became Rana of Dadrewa. Some Rajputs move out from Dadrewa are Dudi now and write Dadarwal. Dodiya/Dudiya Dods Rajput Sampwant (?) of Chohan are also Dudi. Sekhsaria Jats from Sekhsar are also Dudi but write Sekhsaria.Sekhsar village was adopted by Dudis. Some other Gotras with Chohan link have are sister gotra of Dudi. We have to find common origin. One Burdak village founded by a Dudi but not a single Dudi now all Burdak now. There are so many other villages founded by Dudi but not a single Dudi now.[12]

According to the Badwa records of Dudis, Gajsar village in Churu district of Rajasthan was founded by Gaja Dudi in samvat 625 (568 AD). Gaja Dudi's brother was Sahja Dudi who founded Sahjoosar in present Churu district. There is one old fort at Gajsar. Gaja Dudi's daughter was Abhal De who was a brave lady and is said to be married to Mangal Saran of Bharang. All Dudis are said to be migrated from Gajsar.[13]

It is a matter of intensive research to find the exact year of establishment of the village Gajsar, since the two versions have a difference of 1365-568 = 797 i.e of 8 centuries?

Kalwa Bara village in tehsil Makrana of Nagaur district in Rajasthan was founded by Kaluji Jat of Dudi gotra. The tamrapatra of Jagir of Kalwa was given to Kaluji Dudi by Delhi Sultnate. Kaluji built many ponds, developed gochar lands and dug a Bera (still present) named Dhala in his Jagir. Kaluji had two sons Ashaji and Dedaji. Their descends are called Ashawat Dudi and Dedawat Dudi. After their death the Meratias of Borawad invited Dudis on feast and killed many of them and occupied the Jagir of Kalwa. The remaining Dudis moved to other parts of Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab etc. Some Dudis moved to far off Dhanis in Kalwa region.[14]

Dudis also founded Dhundhar and Dudiya Khera towns in Jaipur region. There are number of villages of Dudis in Nagaur, Bikaner, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Hanumangarh and Chittorgarh in Rajasthan. After the Jat kingdom of Rajasthan was taken over by the Rajputs, Some Dudis moved to Haryana and settled in villages around Bhiwani, Jhajjar and Hisar districts.

Dudis were also in the army of Maharaja Suraj Mal. After wars with Muslims in Delhi they moved to jungle areas towards Jhajjar and Rewari. The East of Yamuna was also over populated so they moved westward.

राव बीका और राव जोधा की जाटों को समूल नष्ट करने की चाल

राव बीका और राव जोधा ने जाटों को समूल नष्ट करने की चाल चली। उन्होंने राजपूतों को मन्त्र दिया कि हम जाटों से लड़कर नहीं जीत सकते इसलिए धर्मभाई का रिवाज अपनाकर जब विश्वास कायम हो जाये तब सामूहिक भोज के नाम पर बाड़े में इकठ्ठा करो। नीचे बारूद बिछाकर नष्ट करो। इस कुकृत्य से असंख्य जाटों को नष्ट किया गया। [15] बीकानेर रियासत के मुख्य गाँव जहाँ जाटों को जलाया गया -

Other Chauhan Samants

Some Chauahn Samants may have relation with Dudis are as follows:

Khichi Chauhan- Asrao 's son was Manakrao whose descendants are known as Khichi Chauhans. Asrao gave his son jagir of 84 villages. He constructed two forts Bhadanon and Jayal. After this ajairaj, Chandrarao, Lakhanrao, sangamrao and Gundalrao were samantas of Chauhans. (Devi Singh Mandawa,p.135)

Dodiya Samantas - Dod or Dodiya (डोडिया) - Earlier they had rule over some states in Gujarat. Present Hadauti was earlier occupied by Hunas and known as Huna Pradesh. Dods (डोड) defeated them and established their capital at Dodgarh (Gagrum). This area was under Nagavanshi rulers. This is mentioned in an Inscription of v.s. 847 (770 AD). Dodiyas defeated them and continued to rule here till v. s. 1300 (1243 AD). Jahajpur area in Mewar was also ruled by Dods. An inscription of their rule is found of the year v.s. 1334 (1177 AD). Telanjarai Dod was a samanta of Prithviraj. (Devi Singh Mandawa,p.135)

Dods of Bulandshahr - This town was earlier known as Vana (वाणा). This was ruled by Dod Kshatriyas, who were samantas of Chauhans. During reign of Prithvirah the ruler of this area was Anang. Anang had left a grant of v.s. 1233 (1176 AD). According to this grant 16 generations of Dods ruled here. They probably established here around 900 AD. When Mahmud Gazanvi attacked Mathura, Bulandshahr was ruled by Hardatt Dod. (Devi Singh Mandawa,p.135)

Dudis in Sindh

The Dudi people were old rulers of Khokara Kot, an ancient kingdom of Aryan times. There are many Dudee Gotra villages in Sindh.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

22 Godam, Ambabari, C-Scheme, Dev Nagar, Dookana (Jahota), Ganesh Colony (Khatipura), Ganpati Nagar, Hasanpura, Jhotwara, Jyoti Nagar, Khatipura, Kishanpol, Kishanpol Bazar, Mahesh Nagar, Mansarowar Colony, Murlipura Scheme, Purani Basti, Queens Road,

Villages in Jaipur district

Akhepura, Bhooratiya (1), Bichi (1), Dhamana (29), Hirnoda (10), Kakarda, Kudli (11), Madanpura (3), Mandaliya (6), Norangpura Sewa (8), Rasili (6), Tootoli (1), Udaipuria, Dudu, Mangalwara Sholawata,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Banar Jodhpur, Baori, Bhoja Kor, Bilada, Dudi Nagar, Dudiyo Ki Dhani, Jodhpur, Kagal, Kuri, Falaudi, Hiradesar, Lordiyan, Merasiya, Masooriya, Pipad, Ramrawas Khurd, Ratkudia, Salwa Kalla, Sargiya Kalan, Sathin, Tabadiya Khurd,

Villages in Sikar district

Bheema, Bhojdesar (10), Chak Kishanpura, Umara,

Villages in Nagaur district

Bachhwari, Barnel (Parbatsar), Beechawa, Bher, Chui, Dabriya, Degana Ganw, Deh, Gachhipura, Gigaliya, Goredi Karna, Kalkala Ki Dhani, Kalwa, Lalas, Ladnun, Mandukara, Mithariya, Ranigaon, Rajendra Dudi, Rawaliyawas, Sarunda,

Villages in Churu district

Badabar (15), Bamania (7), Bas Dhakan, Bidasar, Chhabri Meethi (1), Dalman (4), Gajsar, Hamirwas, Khadyalo, Kusumdesar (100), Maihnsar (1), Parihara, Poti Churu, Rajiasar (2), Ratangarh (10), Rukhasar (1), Shehla (1), Sitsar (300), Surjansar,

Villages in Barmer district

Balotra, Barmer, Chokhla, Dhanne Ki Dhani, Doodiya Kalan, Madpura Barwala, Naukh (5), Rawatsar Barmer, Sahar,

Villages in Jalore district

Khara, Mirpur Kheda,

Villages in Jaisalmer district


Villages in Bikaner district

Bikaner, Biramsar, Doodiyali, Khajuwala, Sadhoona,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bharwana Hanumangarh, Chhani Badi, Gandhi Badi, Jadwala, Nathwana, Nimla, Nukera, Ratanpura Sangaria, Thalarka,

Villages in Ganganagar district


Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Chinchroli, Doodiyo Ki Dhani, Gokul Ka Bas, Kari, Kolasiya, Kulod Khurd, Mahansar, Samaspur, Solana,

Villages in Sri Ganganagar district

Chake 4M.ML,

Villages in Tonk district

Motipura (1), Sri Gopalpura (4), Dabar Doomba ,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Doodi Talai,

Villages in Pali district


Villages in Alwar district

Alwar, Kotkasim,

Villages in Bhilwara district


Villages in Kota district

Ganeshkhera ,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal, Nasrullaganj (Sehore),

Villages in Harda district

Adampur, Ajnai, Ajnas Ryt, Atarsama, Baidi, Bamnai, Barnga, Bichhola, Bichhapur, Dagawan Neema, Dhani Tajpura, Harda, Kadola Ubari, Kartana, Kunjargaon, Kusia, Oshopuram, Rundlay, Ratatalai, Sontalai, Timarni,

Villages in Mandsaur district

Dilawara, Jaggakheri, Pipalia Karadia,

Villages in Nimach district

Khor Vikram, Morvan,

Villages in Ratlam district

Dhaunswas is a notable village of this gotra in Ratlam district. Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Barbodana 3, Dantodiya 3, Dhaunswas 34, Dodiana 3, Ghatwas 2, Hanumanpalia 4, Kalori 1, Kalori khurd 1, Kanser 1, Kunwajhagar 1, Mundari 3, Namli 3, Ramgarh Chaudawas 3, Ratlam 1, Shaka Khedi 1, Sikhedi 1, Umar thana 1,

Villages in Sehore district


Villages in Dhar district

Dattigara (2),

Villages in Dewas district

Deola, Khal, Kundgaon Buzurg

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Bhiwani district

Charkhi, Dudiwala, Fatehgarh, Ghasola, Gothra Bhiwani, Mori, Morwala,

Villages in Jhajjar District

Jhadli (झाड़ली), Ruriawas (रुड़ियावास, रुड़ियास),

Villages in Rewari District

Dhakiya, Dhalunda, Dohkiya,

Villages in Sirsa District

Asa khera, Banwala, Chautala, Jhittikhera, Musahibwala, Paniwala Mota, Pili Mandori Sirsa, Teja Khera,

Villages in Fatehabad district


Villages in Hisar District


Villages in Kaithal District


Distribution in Punjab

Bhagsar, Dighawali, Dudi village in district Faridkot,

Villages in Moga district

Distribution in Pakistan

Dhudhi is A tribe of Bar nomads claiming Parmar Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sargodha, Sialkot, Jhang, Vehari, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Okara districts.

Dhudhi (ढूढी), Dhuḍhi, is a tribe of Muhammadans found in Pakpattan tahsil, Montgomery district, and akin to the Raths. In this district it is classed as Rajput, Jat, Arain, and in Shahpur as Jat. In Montgomery the Dhudhi Hutiāna rank as Rajputs. [17]

Natable persons

  • Gaja Dudi (568 AD) - Gajsar (गाजसर) - village in Churu tehsil of Churu district of Rajasthan was founded by Gaja Dudi in year 568 AD.
  • Chaudhari Devsi Dudi (1233 AD) - who left Didiyasar in samvat 1290 (1233 AD) and came to village Jal (जल).
  • Chaudhari Gajsi Dudi (1295 AD) - who left village Jal in samvat 1352 (1295 AD) and founded village Gajsar.
  • Chadhari Sitram Dudi (1365 AD) - who left village Gajsar in samvat 1422 and founded village Sitsar on baisakh sudi teej samvat 1422 (1365 AD).
  • Karmabai (20.8.1615 - 1691) - was a famous Jat woman popularly known as Bhakt Shiromani Karmabai. She was a strong devotee of Lord Krishna.
  • Sant Harji Ram - Nanakpanthi sadhu writer village Takooberi (Barmer), has written 206 bani- sakhi of gurugaranth sahib. His guru was maharaj chanandas.
  • Budh Ram Dudi - Freedom Fighter
  • Prem Pratap Singh (Dudi)- Retd. Rajasthan Higher Judicial Services
  • Shobha Singh Dudi- Zila Pramukh, Hanumangarh
  • Jeet Ram Dudi - Ex-MLA, Rajasthan
  • Jaideep Dudi - Ind.MLA from Bhadra,Hanumangarh
  • Kamal Patel - Politician BJP, MP
  • Dharmpal Singh Dudee - Author
  • Surajbhan Singh Dudi - Editor, Jat sewak
  • Lal Chand Dudi - Ex. Minister, Govt.of Rajasthan
  • Jetha Ram Dudi - Social worker from Biramsar village in Bikaner district in Rajasthan.
  • Rameshwar Lal Dudi - M P Lok Sabha (1999), Pradhan, Bikaner
  • Ram Narayan Dudi - Cabinet Minister Rajasthan from village Ratkudia in Rajasthan
  • Rupa Ram Dudi - Cong MLA from Didwana ,Nagaur elected in 2009
  • Babu Lal Doodi-Manager in Eicher motors Ltd from village Minda in Nagaur,Rajasthan
  • Chandra Prakash Dudi - Nagaur
  • Rajendra Singh Dudi - RAC/s SERVICES, Bikaner, Phone Number : 0151-2251159, Mobile Number : 9413301238
  • Asha Ram Dudi - RAS, Home district Nagaur. Present Address : Prakash Dudi, Infront of Maha Vishnu Mandir, Jawahar Nagar, Loha Garg Road, Ajmer, Rajasthan. Resident Phone Number : 01539-225001, Mobile Number : 9460948989
  • D. C. Dudi - Date of Birth : 10-August-1964, HOD( Geography) Department, VPO Hamirwas, Rajgarh Churu, Present Address : 51/188, Aman villa, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Mobile Number : 9414462203
  • Sher Singh Doodi - X.En (Retd.) I.G.N.P , Date of Birth : 14-July-1946, Permanent Address : 95, Laxminagar ,Jodhpur, Phone: 0291-2541058
  • K.R. Choudhary (Dudi) - Railways, X.En., Date of Birth : 22-July-1965, VPO.- Kotkasim, distt.- Alwar, Present Address : 276/A, Officer Colony, Ganpati Nagar Railway Jaipur. Phone Number : 0141-2759285, Mob: 9001195222
  • Ms Ashu Choudhary (Dudi) - RAS, Date of Birth : 16-April-1975, Permanent Address : 190, Mangal Vihar, Scheme No-5, Alwar, Rajasthan, Present Address : E-40, Sector-b, Malaviyanagar, Jaipur, Phone Number : 0141-2550579, Mob: 9413305233, Email: ashee@live.in
  • Sohan Ram Dudi - Ret SGT Indian Air Force ,Jodhpur, VPo.- Kagal, teh.- Bhopalgarh , Distt.- Jodhpur, Present City : Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
  • Bhauma Ram Dudi, Village: Chokhla, Baytu tahsil, who lost life in struggle against Jagirdars in 1961
  • P.C.Dudi- Divisional Commercial Manager in Nothern Railways from Ramdawas khurd. DOB:- 13-01-1965

See also

Gallery of Dudi people

Foot notes

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.41,s.n. 1052
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.42,s.n. 1052
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  4. James Todd Annals/Personal Narrative, Vol. II,pp.683-686
  5. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, p. 249
  6. Chapter-42, Lord Vishvanath's Grace on Twasta,p.41
  7. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.201
  8. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.202-203
  9. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.209
  10. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.209,fn.7
  11. Rao Chhotu Singh Village - Dadia, Tahsil - Kishangargh, District - Ajmer Rajasthan, Phone: 01463-230349, Mob: 09001329120
  12. dharmpal dudee <dharmpaluk@yahoo.co.uk>
  13. Laxman Ram Mahla - Uddeshya: Sarv Samaj Baudhik evam Pratibha Samman Samaroh Churu, Smarika, June 2013, by Jat Kirti Sansthan Churu, p.189
  14. Jat Samaj, Agra, October 1998
  15. Dharati Putra: Jat Baudhik evam Pratibha Samman Samaroh Sahwa, Smarika 30 December 2012, by Jat Kirti Sansthan Churu, p.39
  16. Churu Janpad Ka Jat Itihas by Daulat Ram Saran Dalman
  17. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D, p.240
  18. Jat Gatha, September-2015,p. 15
  19. Jat Gatha, September-2015,p. 15


More information can be had from The Badwa of Dudis – Shri Chhotu Singh Rao, Village – Dadia Tahsil : Kishangarh, Ajmer, Ph. 01463-230349, Mob: 09001329120

External links

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