Chahal

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Chahal (चहल) [1][2] Chahl (चहल)[3] Chahal (चाहल)[4] Chail (चहल) Chahil (चाहिल) [5] gotra Jats are found in Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.Chahals from Punjab are pronounced as Chāhal (चाहल). Chahals are mostly Sikh Jat .They are found in high numbers Pakistan. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[6] Chauhan is branch of Chahal. It is an ancient clan today found from India to Lebanon and Israel. They were supporters of Chauhan Confederacy and Tomar Federation.

Origin

  • Chahal and Chahar are same and are said to have originated from ancient Cholas.[7]

History

Ram Swarup Joon[8] writes about Chol, Chahal, Cahhar, Chahar: This is a very old gotra. They had kingdoms in Central and Southern India. There is evidence to prove that they ruled in Gujrat also. They are found in large numbers in Bharatpur and Gurgaon. Chahars are also called Faujdars. In Agra they have 242 villages in one compact area. Chahar Sikhs is found scattered in all the districts of the Punjab. There are 19 references to Chol Kshatriyas in the Mahabharata.


Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about this clan that a part of Khionites/white Hunas, the Chahlas (Chols of European historians) in the fourth century AD, were settled on the east of Caspian sea. This was the period when Jauvlas/Johls were occupying Zabulistan in Ghazni area. In 438-39 AD the Iranian Emperor Yazdegirel II led an expedition against the Chahls to the north of Gurgan. It was at Gurgan in steppes of Dahistan that Yazdegird I had been killed by the Jats in 420 AD, even in his own military headquarters, as Gurgan really was.[9] The Chahls must have come to India in the fifth century AD.[10]


H.A. Rose[11] writes that Chahal (चाहल), or more correctly Chahil (चाहिल).— One of the largest Jat tribes in the Punjab. They are found in greatest numbers in Patiala, but are very numerous in Ambala and Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Gurdaspur, and extend all along under the hills as far west as Gujranwala and Sialkot. It is said that Raja Agarsen Surajbansi had four sons, Chahil, Chhina, Chima, and Sahi, and that the four Jat tribes who bear these names are sprung from them : (yet they intermarry). Their original home was Malwa, whence they migrated to the Punjab. According to another story one of their ancestor named Raja Rikh joined Tomar Federation, who came from the Deccan and settled at Kahlur. His son Birsi settled at Matti in the Malwa about the time of Akbar, and founded the tribe.

In Amritsar the Chahil say that Chahal was a son of Raja Khang, who once saw some fairies bathing in a tank. He seized their clothes and only restored them on condition that one of them became his bride. One Ichhran was given him, on condition that he never abused her, and she bore him a son, but one day he spoke harshly to her and she disappeared.* But to this day no Chahil ever abuses his daughter ! Settled first at Kot Gadana near Delhi, the Chahil migrated to Pakhi Chahilan near Ambala and there founded Rala Joga or Jogarla in the Malwa.

The Chahil affect Jogi Pir, originally Joga, son of Rajpal, who is said to have been killed, after fighting with the Mughals even when he had been decapitated. Jogi Pir is their chhara {?jathera), and a fair is held in his honour on the 4th nauratra in Asauj. In Jind the Chahil claim descent from Bala who joined Chauhan Confederacy and acquired influence by accepting offerings made to Guga, and Chahils, whatsoever their caste, still take these offerings.! In Jind the Chahil worship Khera Bhumia.

They are probably, says Mr. Pagan, Bagris, originally settled in Bikaner.

Chauhan Sub divisions of Chahal

Bhim Singh Dahiya[12] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Chauhan clan supported the ascendant clan Chahal and become part of a political confederacy.[13]

चहल गोत्र का इतिहास

सन्दर्भ- अनूप सिंह चाहर, जाट समाज आगरा, नवम्बर 2013, पृ. 26-27

प्राचीन इतिहास के अनुसार चौथी शताब्दी में चहल (यूरोपियन इतिहासकारों के चोल) केस्पियन सागर के पूर्व में मध्य एशिया के दहिस्तान में गुरर्गन के शासक थे। सन 438-439 ई. में ईरान सम्राट यज्दगिर्द द्वितीय (Yazdegird II) ने चहलों के विरुद्ध अभियान छेड़ा। दहिस्तान के घास के मैदान में उत्तरी प्रजदिगिर्द गुरर्गन में सम्राट के सैनिक शिविर में ही चाहलों ने उसे मार दिया। सन 440 ई. यज्दगिर्द तृतीय (Yazdegird III) ने चाहलों को युद्ध में हरा दिया। चाहल भारत में सम्भवतः पांचवीं शदी में आये थे। इनको चहल-चाहल तथा चहर-चाहर दोनों रूप से उच्चारित किया जाता है।

इन्हें गीक, मध्य एशिया, दक्षिण भारत में चोल और चीन, मंगोलिया, ब्रज (भारत) में चाहर, पंजाब, हरयाणा, पाकिस्तान में चाहल-चहल के रूप में उच्चारित किया जाता है। भारत एवं विदेशों में मुसलमान, ईसाई , हिन्दू तथा अन्य धर्मों में चहल-चाहल जाट पाये जाते हैं।

रामायण, महाभारत, मैगस्थनीज के वृतांत, अशोक के शिलालेखों तथा अन्य ग्रंथों में चोलों का उल्लेख मिलता है।

चाहर उस चोल जाटवंश की शाखा हैं, जिसका शासन रामायण काल में दक्षिण भारत में था। महाभारत काल में इनका राज्य उत्तर दिशा में भी था।

महाभारत वन पर्व अध्याय-48 में उल्लेखित चोल देश के नरेश ने महाराजा युधिष्ठिर के राजसूय यज्ञ में काफी धनराशि भेंट की थी।

यत्र सर्वान महीपालाञ शस्त्रतेजॊ भयार्थितान
सवङ्गाङ्गान सपौण्ड्र उड्रान सचॊल थरविडान्धकान (III.48.18)

महाभारत सभा पर्व अधयाय-24 में अर्जुन द्वारा उत्तर में जीते गए राज्यों में चोल भी था।

ततः सुह्मांश च चॊलांश च किरीटी पाण्डवर्षभः
सहितः सर्वसैन्येन परामदत कुरुनन्थनः (II.24.20)

महाभारत भीष्म पर्व अध्याय-10 में भारतवर्ष के भूगोल का वर्णन किया गया है जिसमें चोल राज्य का उल्लेख दक्षिण के राज्यों के साथ किया गया है।

कर्णिकाः कुन्तिकाश चैव सौब्धिदा नलकालकाः
कौकुट्टकास तदा चॊलाः कॊङ्कणा मालवाणकाः (VI.10.58)

महाभारत भीष्म पर्व अध्याय-46 में चोल राजा का उल्लेख दक्षिण के राज्यों के साथ किया गया है।

बाह्लिकास तित्तिराश चैव चॊलाः पाण्ड्याश च भारत
एते जनपथा राजन थक्षिणं पक्षम आश्रिताः (VI.46.50)

आठवीं शताब्दी में दक्षिण भारत में चोल वंश जाटों का राज्य था, जिसमें तमिलनाडु और मैसूर के अधिकांश प्रदेश शामिल थे।

नौवीं शताब्दी में पालवों के ध्वंशावशेषों पर चोल वंश स्थापित हुआ। चोल वंश के संस्थापक विजयपाल नरकेशरी (850-891 ई.) थे इनकी राजधानी तांजाप (तंजौर या तंझुवर) थी। इस वंश में अनेकों पराक्रमी राजा हुए। राजेन्द्र चोल द्वितीय (1051–1063 ई.) और राजा राजराज (1063–1070 ई.) कुलोत्तुंग (1070–1120 ई.) के पश्चात् इस वंश के शासक कमजोर होते चले गए। चालुक्यों और मालिक काफूर ने 14 वीं शताब्दी में चोल वंश को जीत लिया।

दहिस्तान में चहल जाटवंश

चहल - इस जाटवंश का राज्य दहिस्तान देश (कैस्पियन सागर) के क्षेत्र पर था। इनको सन् 440 ई० में यज़देगिर्द तृतीय (Yazdegird III) ने युद्ध करके इसी क्षेत्र में हराया। जाट्स दी ऐनशन्ट रूलर्ज, पृ० 36, लेखक बी० एस० दहिया)। चहल गोत्र के जाटों की आबादी उत्तर प्रदेश, राजस्थान, पंजाब और हरयाणा के कई जिलों में है। पंजाब में ये लोग सिक्खधर्मी हैं। विदेशों में भी मुसलमान व ईसाई तथा अन्य धर्मी चहल जाट पाए जाते हैं। [14]

Chahal village in district Bharatpur

Chahal is also name of a village in tehsil Bayana in district Bharatpur in Rajasthan.

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Mansa district

Biroke Kalan, Kanakwal Chahlan,

Villages in Amritsar district

Sathiala,

Villages in Moga district

Ramu Wala,

Villages in Faridkot district

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Villages in Patiala district

Villages in Sangrur district

Gulahri,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Jind district

Alewa, Badanpur, Baroda, Barodi, Budha Khera, Frain Kalan, Gatauli, Kheri Bulanwali, Mohal Khera, Ponkar Kheri, Radhana, Ujhana,

Villages in Kaithal district

Bhaini Majra, Kurar, Narar,Sangatpur,

Villages in Sonipat district

Gangana, Gharwal, Jauli, Mahmudpur (Gohana), Rukhi

Villages in Bhiwani district

Nimri,

Villages in Hisar district

Bobua, Khanda Kheri, Madha, Pali, Rajli

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Berthala,

Villages in Yamunanagar district

Sankhera,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Mukarandpur

Villages in Jyotiba Phuley Nagar district

Khad Gujar, Khandsal,

Villages in Moradabad district

Ismailpur, Madhuva Khalsa, Mundha Kheri, Phoolpur, Pota, Hazibada sattupura Saidpur Gangu

Villages in Sambhal district

Villages in Hapur district

Hasanpur,

Villages in Bulandsahar district

Salabad Dhamaira (सलाबाद धमैडा)

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Distribution in Pakistan

Chahal is One of the larger Jat clans, found through out central Punjab. The Chahal are also found in Jhelum and Gujrat Districts. They were also one of the larger Muslim Jat clan in East Punjab.

Monuments

Gurudwara Baba Joga Singh Chahal - also known as jogi peer. in punjab in most of the chahal villages Gurudwara Baba Joga Singh Chahal is situated and it is also sittuated in Sambhal district's Bhartal Sirsi village . Annual fare is held every year in all the Gurudwara Baba Joga Singh Chahal places

Notable persons

  • Krishna Kumar Chahal - World Record of memory in 2006. (Jat Samaj:11/2013,p.24)
  • Baba Joga Singh Chahal - Jatt Sikh Warrior and Saint . many chahal villages in punjab have Baba Joga Singh Chahal Gurudwaras which are also called jogi peer . In Uttar Pradesh vill. Bhartal Sirsi in Sambhal district also have his gurudwara where annual fare happens for Chahals.
  • HS Chahal (Maj) - From....?, Rajasthan, Martyr of Op Cactus Lily Martyr 1971, The Grenadiers Regiment
  • Bhuvnesh Kumar Chahal from Village Saidpur Gangu Moradabad,IIT ROORKEE1989, Dy General Manager, NTPC NOIDA 9650991471
  • Kuldeep Chahal - IPS, Punjab, Resident of Vill.-Ujhna district Jind, Haryana secured 82nd rank in Civil Service Exam.-2008. कुलदीप सिंह चहल पंजाब पुलिस मे SSP है जो अब तक 25 से ज़्यादा Encounter कर चुके हैं !
  • Dr.S.M.Chahal - Dean, College Of Anilmal Science, CCS HAU, Hissar
  • Mr. Wazir Singh Chahal - S/O Balwant Singh DOB 15-03-1957, Govt. Service Manager Punjab national Bank, B.O. - Kassar, Dist. - Jhajjar, Haryana-124507, House No. - 1269, Sector-6, Bahadurgarh (Haryana) Ph: 01276-242838, 9315876216 (PP-911)
  • Mr. Jagdish Singh Chahal - Govt Service Lecturer Education, Haryana Govt. 101/22, Laxmi Nagar Sonepat, Haryana, Ph: 01262-251929 (PP-938)
  • Mr. Raj Kumar Chahal - Asstt. Manager NSC Agriculture, C-128, Salimar Garden, Extn-II, Sahibabad Ghaziabad UP, Ph: 011-25712295 (PP-104)
  • Bahadur Sardar Arjun Singh Chahal, Chahal - Jat, From Amritsar district was in the List of Punjab Chiefs.
  • गोगामेड़ी वाले - चहल गोत्री जाट, राजस्थान के गजरेरा गांव के रहने वाले थे, जिनके नाम पर मेड़ीधाम विख्यात है। यहां सभी धर्मों के लोग इन्हें पूजने जाते हैं।
  • Navneet S. Chahel: IAS, UP Cadre, 2011 Batch, Currently posted in Meerut as Chief Development Officer, M: 9837503629
  • Manjit Singh Chahal (born 1 September 1989), from Ujhana, Jind, is an Indian middle-distance runner who specialises in the 800 metres and 1500 metres events. He represented India at the 2018 Asian Games and won the gold in the 800 metres event at Jakarta.

External Links

References


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