Dagur

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Shambhulal Dagar, Dantodiya, Ratlam

Dagar (डागर)[1] Digrana (डीगराणा)[2] Deegrana (डीगराणा)/ Dagur (डागुर)[3] [4] Dangar (डांगर)[5] Dangur (डांगुर) [6] Dagal (डागल) Danger/Dingari/Dangi/Dalgi[7] is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India and in Pakistan. Dagar/Dangarik (डंगरीक) Jat clan is found in Afghanistan.[8] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [9] Dagar Jat Gotra is also found in Ahirs.[10]

Origin

There have emerged several versions to trace the origin of the Dagurs:

  • Origin from Dang : According to one view the gotra got its name from the word Dang, which is used for mountain and the people who settled at Dang were called Dagur. [11]
  • The people who lived on the banks of Gambhir River in forest of Garkati were called Dagar.
  • Yadubhan founded a State in Himalayas and assumed the title of Dang, which gave the name Dagar.
  • They are said also to have got this name from a place called Dagarauha (डागारोहा).
  • The gotra gets name from word Dang, which is used for mountain and people who were settled at Dang were called Dagur. [12]

Genealogy of Yadubhan

Hukum Singh Panwar[14] has given the ancestry of Bharatpur rulers starting from 1. Yadu. Shini is at S.No. 38 and Krishna at S.No. 43 as under[15]:

34. Andhaka → 35. Bhajmana → 36. Viduratha → 37. Shura → 38. Shini → 39. Bhoja → 40. Hardika → 41. Devamidha → 42. Vasudeva → 43. Krishna → 44. Pradyumna → 45. Aniruddha → 46. Vajra → 47 (1). Naba + 47 (2). Khira (KhiraJhareja + Yadubhan)[16]

47. Naba → 48. Bahubal (+Prithibahu) → 48. Bahubal (w.Kamlavati Puar) → 49. Bahu → 50. Subahu → 51. Rijh → 52. Raja Gaj (founded Ghazni in Yudhishthira 3008= BC 93) → Salivahana (S.72 = AD 16) → 53. Raja Baland

History

Ram Swarup Joon[17] writes that Dangar, Dagar, Dingari, Dangi and Dalgi are all one and the same.


History of the Jats, End of Page-78


They are found spread over Western and Eastern Punjab and U.P. According to the Dagars of Delhi area their ancestors had come from Gujrat and their forefather was one Yadu Bhan, nephew of Nabha-ji and brother of Jadija. For this reason Dagars are related to the Gondals.

Yadu Bhan's coins are found in this area. The Salt Ranges of the Punjab are also called "Jadu Ka Dang".

As they lived in this hilly region, they are called Dagar or Danger. The Dagar have 20 villages in Delhi, and about 24 villages near Hindon in Jaipur State, some villages in Rohtak and about 25 villages in Bharatpur State. They are also found in Bikaner, Multan, Muzaffarnagar and Western Punjab.


H. W. Bellew writes that Dangarik of Ashret and Kalkatak districts in Afghanistan are Indian Jat.[18]

H.A. Rose[19] writes that Dagar (डागर) a Jat tribe isnumerous in Delhi and Gurgaon, and with a small colony in Rohtak.

In Brij area Jadecha and Yadubhan were two brothers in Yaduvansh. Jadecha established his kingdom in Kathiawar and joined Rajputs. Yadubhan moved to Himalayas and established his kingdom near Himalayas. The hills in the area of Yadubhan were known as 'Dang'. The hill series were known as 'Yadu ki Dang'. On the basis of their habitation in Dang, the Jat kshatriyas of this region are known as Daga, Dagur and Digrana.

Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about this clan that Pliny first mentions this Jat clan in Central Asia as 'Tagoras' who went westwards with Yue-che hordes in second century BC. Maencheu Helfen identifies them with the Asis and the Tokhars. [20] S.P. Tolstov identifies the Turkish tribe Duker, with the Tokhars. Digor is also mentioned as one of the four tribes of the Ossets (Vasati of Indian works). They called their on the Uruk river and its tributaries as Digor, or Digur, which name appears in the Geography of Moses, of Khorene as As-Digor. These Digors were the ancestors of the Dagar Jats. P C Bagachi believes the Dogar and Tukhars were one and the same. [21] The ruling family of Orchha - Tikamgarh was called Digora. [22] [23]

H. W. Bellew in An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan writes that Chanqiz Khan family, when the empire of the Mughal Tatar in Persia commenced to decline, by one Abdurrazzac, Bashtini ; who at the head of a numerous band of adventurers of all sorts raised the standard of rebellion, and capturing several cities of Khorasan, assumed royalty at Sabzwar, where his dynasty reigned under a succession of twelve princes for only thirty-five years. The national title of the Sarbedal was Dagar. The last Sarbedal prince, Amir Khwaja Abi Muyad, attached himself to Tamer-lane, when he entered Khorasan in 1380 A.D., and was treated by that conqueror with favour. [24]

फौजदार उपाधि

फौजदार - यह उपाधि मुगल शासनकाल में उन शाही उच्च अधिकारियों को दी जाती थी जो कई परगनों या प्रान्त की शासन व्यवस्था करते थे। जाटों को यह उपाधि भरतपुर नरेश महाराजा सूरजमल ने देनी आरम्भ की थी। प्राचीन राजवंशज जाट जो महाराजा की सेना में बड़ी संख्या में भरती थे, उनको महाराजा सूरजमल ने यह फौजदार की उपाधि प्रदान की थी। भरतपुर के सभी सिनसिनवार गोत्र के जाट, अलीगढ, मथुरा के खूंटेल (कुन्तल), डागुर, चाहर, गंड और भगौर गोत्रों के जाट फौजदार कहलाते हैं।[25]

मध्य एशिया में डागर

डागर - इतिहासकार प्लीनी ने लिखा है कि ये डागर जाट लोग मध्य एशिया में थे। वहां से 200 ई० पूर्व में यूची (जाटों) के झुण्ड के साथ पश्चिम की ओर चले गये।[26]

Dagur Khap

Dagur Khap is around Faridabad in Haryana. There are 300 villages in this khap. This is a big khap. There are 10 villages of this khap in Aligarh district in Uttar Pradesh. [27]

Dagur khap had 37 village before 1997 in Bharatpur But in 1997 Karouli was carved out of it as a separate district and 24 village of Dagurs were included in Karouli.

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Aligarh district

There are 10 villages of this khap in Aligarh district in Uttar Pradesh. [28]. The villages in Aligarh district of Brij region near Tappal are of Dagur Jats. Mukhram Singh founded the village "Dagur Nagla" near Mursan.


Daryapur, Daupur, Nangal, Pidaulia, Pudana, Salpur,

Villages in Agra district

Dagur Khap has 5 villages in Agra district. [29] Dagur villages in Agra district are:

Bamrauli Ahir, Bharkaul, Khetri, Sikroda, Tikari (1), Nagla Haveli Dayalbag,

Villages in Bulandshahr district

Badhpura, Khadana, Khallaur, Madona Jafrabad, Anheda

Dagars of Khadana, Badhpura, Khallaur villages in Bulandshahr are known as Dongri.

Villages in Bijnor district

Dagars of Amipura village in Bijnor are called Digrana

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Nistauli, Dhindar, Kakodi near Ghaziabad;

Villages in Hapur District

Noorpur,

Villages in Firozabad district

Chhichhamai,

Villages in Gautam Budh Nagar district

Chipiyana Buzurg,

Villages in Meerut district

Jamalpur Jalalpur, Karnawal,

Distribution in Delhi

Jharauda Kalan, Dhansa, Samaspur, Ujawaa, Malikpur and Issapur villages in West Delhi (near Haryana border, after Najafgarh). Maidan Garhi near IGNOU. Shahpur Jat in Hauz Khas area, South Delhi and Mangolpur Kalan in North-West Delhi.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Dagur Khap has 37 villages in Bharatpur district. Dagur Khap has 24 village in Hindon tashil in Karauli district [30]

Villages in Bharatpur district

Atali, Barbara, Bhatawali, Bhootauli, Chainpura, Chitokari, Gagvana, Gobra, Hairsauni, Katra, Khanswara, Mudhera , Nahsal, Newara, Pathroda , Shahpur Nadbai , Tola , Paltoo,

Villages in Alwar district

Beejawar, Hulyana, Intera, Kerwa Jat, Rela,

Villages in Karauli district

Chinayata, Dhindora, Dhursi, Hukmikheda, Jat Nagla, Jat Sarai, Jatwara, Kachroli, Kheep Ka Pura, Kheri Hewat, Khareta, Sherpur Hindaun,

Villages in Kota district

Ganesh Pura,

Locations in Jaipur city

Airport Colony, Banipark, Bapu Nagar, Brahmpuri, C-Scheme, Imliwala Phatak, Khatipura, Murlipura Scheme, Narayan Nagar, Sanganer, Station Road, Tonk Road, Uniyaron ka Rasta,

Villages in Jaipur district

Dagar (डागर) Jats live in villages: Aliwas (1), Amli ki Dhani (1), Bagru Khurd (1), Boraj (बोराज), Chauru (1), Kacholya (3), Mahlan Jaipur, Mordi (3), Nasnota, Sanwa ka Bas (1), Laxminarayanpura,

Dangar (डांगर) Jats live in villages: Bhojpura Madhorajpura (1), Rampura Unti,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

In Madhya Pradesh they are found in Bhopal, Ratlam districts.

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam with population of Dagar gotra are:

Berchha 1, Chikliya 1, Dantodiya 23, Dhaturiya 1, Rupa kheda 1, Sikhedi 2, Sinod 8, Surana 1,

Villages in Dewas district

Khudgaon, Pipalkota,

Villages in Harda district

Kachbaidi,

Villages in Morena district

Ambah, Kailaras,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior,

Villages in Sheopur district

Sheopur,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Palwal district

Asawata, Dhatir, Ghughera, Jhadsentaly, Kishorpur, Mandkola, Pahladpur Palwal,

Villages in Bhiwani district

Ghasola, Sehlanga

Villages in Rohtak district

Kabulpur, Mor Khedi,

Villages in Faridabad district

Jajru, Khedi Kalan (खेड़ीकलां)Faridabad district in Haryana.[31]

Villages in Gurgaon district

Tirpari,

Villages in Sonipat district

Bagru,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Chhapar, Dariyapur, Dhansa, Jaundhi, Surakhpur

Villages in Karnal district

Sikanderpur,

Villages in Bhiwani district

Jagrambass tehsil Badhara

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census, the following were the principal Muslim Jat clans:

Notable persons

  • Lt General Shri Vali Dagur - Highest Military Officer. [32]
  • Pravesh Devi Dagur - Smt Pravesh Devi Dagur from village Dhidhora (ढिढोरा) tehsil Hindon district Karauli in Rajasthan was awarded with President of India's Jiwan Raksha Rashtriya Award for her bravery on 22-06-2006 by saving life of a five year child and her mother from drowning in Kalisil Dam on Kailadevi pilgrimage in Karauli district in Rajasthan. Other awards she got were Samaj Ratna Award - 2006, Yuva Ratna Award - 2006, Sarv Deshik Arya Yuvak Parishad's Late sh. Laxmi Narayan Virangana Samman - 2007. Ref-Jat Vikas Patrika, September 2008, p.49
  • Saheed Captain Prithivi Singh Dagar - From Malikpur Najafgarh, Road from Jafar Pur to Malikpur and beyond is named after him he was an army officer and sacrifice his life with a fight with chinese extremist at sikkim (Nathulla Darra) in 1962 war. He got bravery awards posthumously Vir Chakra from rashtarpati.
  • Late Dr. Chand Ram Dagur - from Bagru village from Sonipat ,he had also won awards for best citizenship & he was also a social worker & activist member of Jat society.
  • Sher Singh Dagar - Sher Singh Dagar (शेर सिंह डागर) was born in a family of farmers on 2.2.1950 in Delhi. He got educated in Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, University of Delhi. In his career he fought for the student community and initiated the creation of south campus of University of Delhi, played vital role in establishment of evening shifts in DU colleges , degree for college of arts students & its affiliation with DU. He fought for govt. employees for implementation of Pay Commission in the year of 1985-87. He also fought for the farmers of Delhi not to acquire their agriculture land by Delhi Govt. or DDA and fought for various issues related to urbanized villages such as house tax through panchayats etc which resulted in introduction of unit area system in villages & other areas & exemption of house tax to residents who are the original owners in the concerned villages. He is continuously fighting against price rise, corruption & other area problems. He is associated with many Institutes in the field of social service.
  • Mahavir Singh Dagar - IAS 1984 batch , P S Narmada and Water Resources Department, Gujarat, Add Chief Secretary, Gujarat, From Bharatpur, M: 9978406129
  • Ramdhan Dagar: IRS IT 2013 batch, M: 9996330696, 9540932995
  • Satish Dagar - Dy.S.P. CBI who probed the Baba Ram Rahim rape case and sent him to Jail. डेरा प्रमुख गुरमीत राम रहीम मामले को अंजाम तक पहुंचाने वाला असली हीरो ....सीबीआई के जाबांज़ डीएसपी सतीश डागर न होते तो यह केस अपने मुकाम पर नहीं पहुंच पाता. सतीश डागर ने ही साध्वियों को सामने आने के लिए मानसिक रूप से तैयार किया था. सतीश डागर नहीं होते ये लोग खौफ का सामना नहीं कर पाते. सतीश डागर पर भी बहुत दबाव पड़ा, मगर वे नहीं झुके. बड़े-बड़े आईपीएस ऐसी हिम्मत नहीं जुटा पाते हैं मगर डीएसपी सतीश डागर ने कमाल का साहस दिखाया है. पहले पंचकूला से सीबीआई की कोर्ट अंबाला में थी. जब ये लोग वहां सुनवाई के लिए जाते थे तब वहां भी बाबा के समर्थकों की भीड़ आतंक पैदा कर देती थी. हालत यह हो गई कि जिस दिन सुनवाई होती थी और बाबा की पेशी होती थी उस दिन अंबाला पुलिस लाइन के भीतर एसपी के ऑफिस में अस्थायी कोर्ट बनाया जाता था. छावनी के बाहर समर्थकों का हुजूम होता था. ऐसी हालत में उन दो साध्वियों ने गवाही दी और डटी रहीं, आसान बात नहीं उस बाबा के खिलाफ जिससे मिलने कांग्रेस, भाजपा के बड़े-बड़े नेता सलामी देने जाते हैं. [33]

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.237, s.n.45
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.42,s.n. 1046
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ड-8
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.41,s.n. 1016
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ड-4
  6. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.41,s.n. 1016
  7. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 78-79
  8. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan,H. W. Bellew, p.82,147
  9. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, pp.341-342
  10. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter VI,p.111
  11. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas,p. 249
  12. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 250
  13. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.187
  14. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Appendices/Appendix No.1
  15. Yadu Vamsavali of Bharatpur given by Ganga Singh in his book 'Yadu Vamsa', Part 1, Bharatpur Rajvansa Ka Itihas (1637-1768), Bharatpur, 1967, pp. 19-21
  16. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.196
  17. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 78-79
  18. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan , H. W. Bellew, p.,147
  19. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D, p.217
  20. Vol. I, p. 171
  21. Indian History Congress, 1943, p.36
  22. Epigraphica Indica, part III, p. 89
  23. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 250
  24. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.82
  25. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter II, p-85
  26. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV,p.351
  27. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania, Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p. 17
  28. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania, Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, Agra, 2004, p. 17
  29. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  30. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  31. Added by Rajesh Dagar from Faridabad district Haryana.
  32. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 333
  33. ND TV News 26.8.2017
  • Jat Samaj: Agra, April 2000

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