Tevatia

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Tevatia (तेवतिया)[1] Tewatia (तेवतिया) Teotia (तेवतिया)[2] Tevathiya (तेवथिया) Tevathi (तेवथि)/(तेवाथी)[3] Tevathiya (तेवठिया)[4] is clan or gotra found in Jats of Haryana, Rajasthan, Western Uttar Pradesh in India. Population of Tevatia Jats is mainly concentrated in Faridabad, Gurgaon, Bulandshahr, Bharatpur, Chittorgarh, Mathura, Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Muzaffarnagar districts. There are some villages of tevatias in Bagpat, Bijnor, Moradabad, Nainital districts also. They are also found in Bhopal in MP.

Origin

Branches of Shivi Gotra - 1. Shivahote 2. Tevatia 3. Bhataunia [5]

History

Ram Swarup Joon[6] writes about Tewathiya: Moving down from Multan during the Mughal period, these people settled down In villages Tewathi in district Gurgaon. They call themselves Shavi Jats and their biggest villages is Bhattona.

Charades, father of King Bal Ram of this dynasty founded Ballabhgarh and married his daughter to King Suraj Mal of Bharatpur.

Bal Ram founded the state of Ballabhgarh.


B S Dahiya[7] writes:Certain coins were found at Ujjain and are described by K.P.Jayaswal. [8] A coin has a river with a fish on one side; it has a legend in the oldest form of Brahmi, reading Tubathi or Turbathi. Probably its Sanskrit equivalent is Turvasti. Coin seems to be older than Maurya times. The name which is a place name, appears to be connected with the dynastic name Turvasha. The reverse has a tree on the ground marked with a square.

These are the observation of late Dr. K P Jayaswal. His reading of the name, Tubathi is practically correct it should be tevathi / Tuvathi but it is not place name it is a clan name of the Jats. The symbols of water (with fish) and earth (with tree) are the tradition symbols of the Jats (Dharti-Pani in Hindi) It is perhaps, older than Mauryan times. Tabiti is the name of the fire goddess of the Scythians. If these suppositions are correct then it shows that the Tevathiya Jats came to India during Achaemenid disturbance. [9] [10]

Tevatia Jats believe that they have migrated from village named Tevti/Teoti. There is one village of this name in Bharatpur. There is also a village of this name near Ujjain. River Tapti is considered to be named after this gotra. Country Tibet is also believed to be named after this gotra.

If we look similar names in other countries we find one tribe named Teuton in Europe and Germany. Tevatia jats are believed to have come to India in 5th century B.C. during Mauryan period from Iran. The word Tevatia has no meaning in Hindi or Sanskrit languages. In Persian language Tevatia word is found which means "Goddess of Fire". In China also a similar word Tao is found which is indicator of 'greatness'.

Janoothar is a (Teotia) village in Bharatpur (Rajasthan) is more than 2400 years old. John Paul Tewatia founded Janauli village (Palwal, Haryana) more than 2000 years back. About 900 years back some Tewatia Jats crossed Yamuna river and founded present Bhatona village in Gulawthi (Bulandshahr) UP. Along with them went some Dagar and Rawat Jats also from Palwal. Palwal and Batana are Persian name. Bhatona is famous for Temple of Dagre wale Baba & thousands of devotees come to temple on Diwali & Holi for Darshan. Sarju Baba was born in Bhatona & took Samadhi at the place ,where this Temple is situated.

Dalip Singh Ahlawat[11] writes -

पहले इन जाटों का, जो भटिण्डा के क्षेत्र में आबाद थे, शिविगोत्र था। यह शिविगोत्र चन्द्रवंश में वैदिककालीन जाट गोत्र है। जैसा कि हम पहले लिख चुके हैं कि इस वंश के एक सरदार गोपालसिंह, जो कि तिब्बत गांव (जो अब तिरपत) का रहने वाला था, ने अपने वंशजों के साथ आकर बल्लभगढ़ राज्य की स्थापना की और शिवि गोत्र के स्थान पर अपने को तिब्बत (तिरपत) गांव के नाम से तेवतिया प्रसिद्ध कर दिया। उसके अन्य वंशधर जिनौली, नंगला, तिरसण, करिज, हाजीपुर, देलाको, छपरौली, अछगौदा, नंगलाभुक्कु, अटाली आदि गांवों में आबाद हुए जो इसी तेवतिया गोत्र के जाट हैं। सन् 1857 ई० के विद्रोह में अंग्रेजों ने तेवतिया जाटों के बल्लभगढ़ राज्य को समाप्त कर दिया किन्तु इसके बाद अंग्रेजी शासनकाल में तेवतिया जाटों की भटौना नाम की एक नई रियासत का विकास हुआ जो कि जिला बुलन्दशहर में है। इस भटौना रियासत का आदि पुरुषा बहारिया नामक जाट सरदार था, जो बल्लभगढ़ राज्य को सुदृढ़ करने वाले बलरामसिंह का भाई था। उसके तीन पुत्रों ने बुलन्दशहर जिले के उपजाऊ भाग गुलावटी के पास भटौना नामक स्थान पर अधिकार स्थिर किया। यहां से तेवतिया जाटों ने सन्तति वृद्धि की और कृषि की विशाल आय से बहुत गांव, भूमि मोल लेकर बसाए जैसे - अस्ता, छपरावत, खदैड़ा, देवली, नरावठी, नगौरा, शेख, बटाल, कयामपुर, भरथल, झण्डामसरखपुर, रामगढ़ी, महमूदपुर, मिसौली, गोठनी आदि। मेरठ में जानी खुर्द, चित्तौड़ा, भदौला, मुरादाबाद में भवानीपुर नामक गांव तेवतियों के हैं। इस वंश का विशाल वैभव गुड़गांव और बुलन्दशहर जिलों में भी है। सब मिलकर 60-70 गांवों में बसे हुए ये लोग अब तेवतिया के साथ भटौनिया नाम से कहे जाते हैं क्योंकि इनकी अधिक प्रसिद्धी भटौना गांव से निकलने पर हुई। ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य के लिए जहां इनकी सेवायें अग्रगण्य रहीं, वहां देशभक्ति और स्वाधीनता के लिए किए गए कार्य भी उल्लेखनीय हैं। चौधरी चरणसिंह भूतपूर्व प्रधानमन्त्री और भारत के किसानों के महान् नेता इसी गोत्र के थे।

Villages founded by Tevatia clan

  • Bhatona: About 900 years back some Tewatia Jats crossed Yamuna river and founded present Bhatona village in Gulawthi (Bulandshahr) UP. Along with them went some Dagar and Rawat Jats also from Palwal. Palwal and Batana are Persian name. Bhatona is famous for Temple of Dagre wale Baba & thousands of devotees come to temple on Diwali & Holi for Darshan. Sarju Baba was born in Bhatona & took Samadhi at the place ,where this Temple is situated.

Genealogy of Tewatias of Bhatona

Puranmal Teotia (1328 AD) → Sarthanand (1/2) Chawle Singh (1/3) Rattu Singh (3/3) → Teja Singh (6/7) → Sawant Singh (2/4) (Kilhora wale) → Inder Singh (2/2) → Laxman Singh (3/4) → Baba Chandan Singh (3/4) → Balwant Singh (1/6) → Rampal Singh (1/4) → Col. Virendra S Tavathia (Retd.) (6/6)

Tewatia Pal

Tewatia Pal has 12 villages in tahsil Khair in Aligarh district in Uttar Pradesh. Main villages are: Edalpur, Khera Sattu, Darkan Nagaria, Savai Raghunathpur, Sabhapur, Arni, Bhagatgarhi, Bhareri, Sattu ki Nagariya, Bhagwangarhi. This Pal share's a common temple of Lord Shiva which is located in this pal named as Bujana. [12]

Tewatia Khap

Some people consider it different from Tewatia pal but others consider Tewatia Pal to be small khap and Tewatia khap to be bigger one. Many villages of this khap are in Bulandshahr district. Ballabhgarh in Haryana and Nurpur in Ghaziabad are in this khap. Ex Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh was born in this khap in village Nurpur.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Bharatpur district

Bharatpur, Bhojaka, Januther, Kumhan,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Sainti,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Faridabad district

Ajronda, Alawalpur, Atali, Dehlaka, Janauli, Khedikalan, Kondal, Mirapur, Nagla Bhiku, Naya Gaon Palwal, Sihi

Villages in Gurgaon district

Kiranj,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Dalauda,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Ratlam 9,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior, Lashkar (Gwalior),

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Aligarh district

Bhareri, Darka Nagaria, Fatehgarhi, Harnarayan Garhi, Idalpur, Khera Sattu,

Villages in Bulandshahr district

Banboi, Bhatona, Bhogpur (near Bhatona), Chhapravat (छपरावत), Gulaothi, Kisoli, Nayabas,

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Bhadaula, Darkana, Kilhora, Sahibabad,

Villages in Baghpat district

Fakharpur, Mavikalan,

Villages in Hapur district

Noorpur,

Villages in Sambhal district

Bhawanipur,

Villages in Mathura district

Punjabi Nagra,

Villages in Hapur district

Noorpur Hapur, Udaipur Hapur,

Distribution in Delhi

Villages in Delhi

Saidullajab (Said-Ul-Ajaib),

Notable persons of Tewatia clan

  • Sunil Tewatia: Add. S.P. Govt Railway Police, Ajmer, M: 9414421710

Gallery of Tewatia people

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-14
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1140
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-14
  4. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.244, s.n.233
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, p.197
  6. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p. 106
  7. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 276
  8. Journal of Bihar and Orissa Society, 1936, vol. XVII, p.65
  9. Rowlinson’s Herodotus, Vol. III, p. 160
  10. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 276
  11. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IX (Page 803)
  12. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p. 17

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