Bamraulia

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Bamraulia (बमरौलिया)[1] [2] Bamrolia (बमरोलिया) Bamroliya Bamrolia (बमरोलिया) Vamraulia (वमरौलिया) Bhimbhrauliya (भिम्भ्रौलिया) Bhimbhrauliya (भिम्भरौलिया)/Bhimbh (भिम्भ)[3] [4] Bhimrolia[5] is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in India.

Origin

This gotra is said to be started after Chandravanshi Raja Brahmabhadra (ब्रह्मभद्र) son of Virabhadra in the lineage of Puru. [6] [7]This gotra is based on village Bamrauli situated near Agra.

History

The early history of Bamraulia gotra is not known. As per the books maintained by traditional Jagas, Jats in Yudhistir samvat 192 had established a village Bamrauli Khera on the banks of Chenab River. Raja Brahmdeo ruled here.


Ram Swarup Joon[8] writes....Bhimrolia is the gotra of the Dholpur dynasty. According to their bard, descendants of the Vir Bhadra were called Bhadras for 184 generations. After Tej Sen they were called Sens for 62 generations. For several generations thereafter they were called Muni and later Ghandras after King Vijaya Chand. Their last ruler was Shamsi, whose descendants are the present Dholpur dynasty.

Rajayapal Yadawa made Bayana his Capital in


History of the Jats, End of Page-75


1100 Vikram Samvat. Among the ancestors of Dholpur dynasty there was a king named Palansis Rao who was killed in Kanauj on the occasion of Sanyogita's Swayamwara (the self-selection of the groom by the girl). King Vijayapal who declared her his dharam sister gave his grandson Brahmadev and his mother queens Ghandra Kaumudi. When Shahabuddin Mohammad Ghori drove them out after killing the ruler. King Vijayapal had to face the invasion of Mohammad Ghori. He also had to fight against Abubakar Kandhari, Dharampal, and grandson of King.

Vijayapal founded the Rajput dynasty of Karoli. His younger son Sohan Pal founded the dynasty of Bichor. Their descendants are found both among the Jats and Rajputs. According to Colonel Todd, Chonkars, inspite of being Jats, are called Rajputs.

Madanpal had a son called Subaipal, who drove out Kriah Raja of Digh and established his rule there. The Chonkar gotra is found in Western and Eastern Punjab. There are ten villages belonging to the Chonkars in Aligarh district, two in Jullundur district and one in Ambala district.

Chronoly and origin of the gotra

Ram Swarup Joon has given the chronology of this gotra, obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur, in his book ‘History of the Jats’ (1938, 1967) as under:

In the branch of Puru there was ‘Sanyati’ whose son was Virabhadra. Virabhadra had four sons 1. Pon Bhadra 2. Kalhan bhadra 3. Atisur Bhadra and 4. Jakh Bhadra.

  • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra.
  • Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra.
  • Atisur Bhadra had Ajanta Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra.
  • Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra.
  • Brahma Bhadra was in the branch of Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Bamraulia gotra, the rulers of Gohad and Dholpur


According to the bards of Dahiyas, the descendants of above spread as under:

(a) Pon Bhadra’s to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s to KathiAwar and Gujrat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s to Punjab and Central Asia

(f) Brahma Bhadra’s by the name of Bamraulia to Jammu and Kashmir, Haridwar and Punjab (the ruling family of Dholpur Jat rulers is from this branch)

Bamrauli to Gohad

As per Rajputana gazetteer the Jagir of Bamrauli was transferred to Deshwal Jat zamindars of Bairath (near Alwar, Rajasthan) during the rule of Tomaras in Delhi in 11th century. During Feroze Tuglak's regime on Delhi, the satrap of Agra was Muneer Mohammad, who forced the Jats to leave the Bamrauli village in 1367. The Bamraulia Jats moved from Bamrauli to Gwalior region beyond Chambal River.

According to Cunningham and William Cook, Bamraulia gotra jats from village Bamrauli founded the city Gohad near Gwalior in 1505. Later it developed into an important Jat State that continued till independence of India. The Jat rulers of Gohad were awarded the title of Rana.

कड़वास स्टेट

ठाकुर देशराज[9] ने लिखा है .... [पृ.567]: शिवि वंशी वीरभद्र की एक शाखा बमरोलिया जाटों की है। गोत्र इनका है राणाउत्तर प्रदेश के बमरोली गांव से मध्य भारत में जाने के कारण बमरोलिया गोत्र हुआ।

गोहद के राणाओं की यह एक शाखा है। गोहद मध्य भाग में मराठों के पहले एक शक्तिशाली राज्य था। महादजी सिंधिया ने जब गोहाद पर चढ़ाई की तो गोहाद को फतह करने में कुछ दिन तक नाकामयाब रहा।

आखिर महादजी सिंधिया की विजय हुई। तब उसने इस खानदान के कुछ प्रभावशाली लोगों को खुश रखने के लिए स्वतंत्र जागिरें दी। राजा अमानसिंह, अचलसिंह और ठाकुरदास जी को महादजी सिंधिया ने अकाझरी कैंप में बुलाकर अंताकी, कड़वास, अतरसोहा, छिरेटा, अंतऊआ, चित्तौड़ा आदि गांव जागीर में दिये।

अब यह स्टेट तीन हिस्सों में बटी हुई है। राजा उदयभान सिंह, श्री गणेशसिंह और दीवानसिंह इन तीनों हिस्सों के अधिपति हैं।

राजा उदयभान सिंह जी एक योग्य और शिक्षित सरदार हैं। सिंधिया हाई स्कूल में आपने शिक्षा पाई है। ग्वालियर राज्य सभा के प्रेसिडेंट रहे हैं। हिम्मत के आप बड़े धनी हैं। दुश्मन से घबराते नहीं हैं। आप


[पृ.568]: संत मत के अनुयाई हैं। आपके भतीजे भगवानसिंह जी श्री गणेशसिंह जी के सुपुत्र हैं। कौमी सेवा में भाग लेते हैं। ग्वालियर राज्य जाट सभा को उन्होंने अपनी सेवाएं दे रखी हैं। तीसरे दीवानसिंह जी का स्वर्गवास हो गया है। राजा उदयभान सिंह जी इस समय 42-43 साल के नौजवान व्यक्ति हैं और बड़े उत्साही हैं।

Chronology of Bamraulia ruler s

Gohad state

Singhandev was the first Jat ruler of Gohad state. As per their bard[10], and The chronology of Jat Ranas of Gohad as per their genealogy [11] has 17 names including above:

Dholpur state


Historically important among above Jat rulers in Gohad were Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1703-1756) and Maharaja Chhatra Singh Rana (1757-1782). They also occupied the Gwalior fort twice Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1740-1756) and Maharaja Chhatra Singh Rana (1780-1783). The Maharanas allied with the British against the Marathas, and in a British-brokered deal exchanged Gohad for Dholpur in 1806. During this period they constructed historical monuments in the Gwalior Fort -The Chhatri of Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana and Bhimtal. Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad Gwalior organizes Mela here on Ram Navami every year.

The Jat rulers of Gohad had constructed forts, palaces, temples, wells, gardens etc., which are of archeological importance and historical monuments. To mention some of them are Gohad Fort, Itayali Darwaja, Chhatra Mahal, Shish Mahal, Satbhanwar, Laxman-tal, Rani-guru temple, Laxman temple, Modi-ki-Haveli etc.

Bamraulia Bard

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Bhind district

Asui, Bagthara, Bhind, Chitaura, Etayada, Itayli, Jagalpura, Karwas, Khitoli, Pipahada, Pipahadi, Madhaina, Nenoli,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam with population of this gotra are:

Ratlam 1,

Villages in Sehore district

Kakarda,

Presently Bamraulia Jats are found in 'Kakarda' village of Sehore district in Madhya Pradesh.

Villages in Narsinghpur district

Narsinghpur

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior, Lashkar (Gwalior), Morar (Gwalior),

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Dholpur district

Dholpur

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Agra district

Bamrauli, Bamrauli Katara, Bamrauli Ahir,

Villages in Mathura district

Jhurawai,

Notable persons

  • Kirti Mal was Bamraulia clan Jat warrior of Dholpur in Rajasthan. He was the Chief of Army of Rana Sanga (1484 - 1527).
  • Chittar Singh Dholpur (कुंवर चित्तरसिंह धोलपुर) (Bamraulia), from Dholpur, Rajasthan, was a social worker and freedom fighter. [12]
  • Bhramar Singh Rana (Bamraulia) (born:1923) (भ्रमरसिंह राणा), from Etayada, Gohad, Gwalior, Uttar Pradesh, was a social worker in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. [13]
  • ठाकुर बलवंतसिंह – [पृ 579]: महगावां परगने में नहनौली गांव के ठाकुर बलवंतसिंह, ठाकुर मेघसिंह, ठाकुर सुंदरसिंह, जसवंत सिंह ठाकुर मनी सिंह [पृ.580]: आदि बमरौलिया गोत्र के जाट सरदार हैं जो प्रतिष्ठित पुरुष और माननीय सरदार हैं। [14]
  • ठाकुर रघुवीरसिंह - [पृ 580]: असुई परगना महेगवा में एक मशहूर गांव है। यहां के रईस ठाकुर रघुवीर सिंह जी राणा से सभी लोग परिचित हैं। आप की अवस्था लगभग 50 साल है। [15]

References

Further reading

  • Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985): Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas (Hindi)
  • Dr Natthan Singh (2004): Jat-Itihas

External links


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