Dharan (धारन) Dharan (धारण)  Dharania (धारणिया) Dharaniya (धारणिया) Dharana (धरना) Dhari (धारी)  Dhar (धर) Dharana (धारना) Dharu (धारू)  Dhariya (धारीया) Dharia (धारीया) Dhariwal (धारीवाल) Dhariwal (धाड़ीवाल) Dhankar (धनकार) Dhaliwal (धालीवाल) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Dhārana: Indian coins
- 3 In epics
- 4 Clan History
- 5 History
- 6 Villages founded by Dhariwal clan
- 7 Guptas were Jats of Dharan gotra
- 8 NECERT Text books and Jats
- 9 Distribution in Punjab
- 10 Distribution in Haryana
- 11 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 12 Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
- 13 Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
- 14 Notable Persons
- 15 References
- 16 Further reading
Dhārana: Indian coins
Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 gives the list of combatants who came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shloka IX.44.81 names Dharan along with Nagavanshi kings Tittira and Viraja.
Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 72 mentions the Kings of races known for the destruction of their kinsmen. Dharan finds mention with Chedis, Matsyas, Vrishaddhaja, Praviras, Chandra-Vatsyas, and Vigahanas in shloka 5.72.16. 
Ram Swarup Joon writes In the Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48, while describing various Kings who attended a ceremony in the Durbar (court) of Maharaja Yudhisthira, seventeen names are mentioned which are today found as Jat gotras. These are Malhia, Mylaw, Sindhar, Gandhar, Mahity, Mahe, Savi, Bath, Dharan, Virk, Dard, Shaly, Matash, Kukar (Khokar) Kak, Takshak, Sand, Bahik (Bathi) Bije (Bijenia), Andhra, Sorashtra (Rathi) Mann, Ar, Sohat, Kukat, Othiwal (Othval).
Ram Swarup Joon writes that about Dharan or Dhariwal : One branch of the Mudgals was called Dharan. At present there are Dharan Jats as well as Brahmins. Later on, These people become known as Dhariwals. The daughter of Chandra Gupta II who was married to King Rudra Sen has given her gotra as Dharan.
H.A. Rose  has mentioned about Dhariwal (धारीवाल) clan. He writes that The Dhāriwāl, Dhaniwāl or Dhāliwāl, (or, in Karnal, Phor) Jats, for the name is spelt in all three ways, are said to be Bhattis, and to take their name from their place of origin Dharanagar. Once Akbar wanted to marry Dharm Kaur, the daughter of their Chief Mihr Mitha of Firozepur district in Punjab. She was very beautiful and very strong girl. Mihr Mitha consulted 35 Jat clan Khap people and the proposal was rejected by the Khaps. They are found chiefly on the Upper Sutlej and in the fertile district to the west, their head-quarters being the north-western corner of the Malwa, or Ludhiana, Ferozepur, and the adjoining parts of Patiala. Mr. Brandreth describes them as splendid cultivators, and the most peaceful and con- tented portion of the population of the tract. Akbar conferred the title of Mian on Mihr Mitha and gave him 120 villages round Dhaula Kangar in jāgir. The Dhariwal have undoubtedly been settled in that part from an early period, and the south-east angle of the Moga tahsil is still called the Dhaliwal tappa. Mitha's descendants are still called Mian, but they are said not to have been converted to Islam though for several generations their leaders bore distinctly Muhammadan names. However this may be Mihr Mitha is now their sidh with a shrine at Lallawala in Patiala, and on the 2nd sudi of each month sweetened- bread and milk are offered to it. In Sialkot, however, their sidh is called Bhoi and his seat is said to be at Janer Fatta. The Dhariwal are divided into two groups, Udhi or Odi and Moni or Muni (who alone are said to be followers of Mihr Mitha in Gujranwala) .
३ नेकाश्वमेधयाजी लिच्छविदो(दौ)हित्रौ महादेव्या कुमारदेव्यामुत्पन्नो
५ पृथिव्यामप्रतिरथस्सर्व्वराजोछे(च्छे)त्ता चतुरुदधिसलिलास्वादित-
६ यशा नेकगोहिरण्यकोटिसहस्त्रप्रद=परमभागवतो महारा-
८ ताया (या) श्रीमहादेव्या कुबेरनागायामुत्पन्नोभयकुलालङ्कारभूतात्यन्तभगवद्भक्ता
१३ मुक्तवा समाज्ञापयति [।*]विदितमस्तु वो यथाम ग्रामोस्वाभि स्वपुण्याप्यायना[र्थ]
१४ कर्त्तिकशुक्लद्वादश्या(श्या) भगवत्पादमूले निवेद्य भगवद्भक्ताचार्य्यचनालस्वामिने पूर्व्व-
१५ दत्त्या उदकपूर्व्वमतिसृष्टो यतो भवद्भिरुचितमर्य्यादया सर्व्वाज्ञा=कर्तव्या[*]पूर्व्व-
१६ [राज्जा]नुमताश्चात्र चातुर्विद्याग्रहारपरिहारान्वितरामस्तद्यथाभट्च्छत्र प्रावेश्य
१७ आचारासनचर्म्माङ्गारकिण्व क्रेणिखनक अपा [र*]म्पर[*]अ[खनि]मेध्य अपुष्पक्षीरस[न्दोह]
१८ सनिधिस्सोपनिधिस्सकृपतोपकृप्त [।*]न[त] देष भविष्यद्राजभिस्सरक्षितव्य [*] परिवर्द्ध-
१९ यितव्यश्च [।*] यश्चास्मच्छासनमगणयमानस्सवल्पामप्यत्राबाधा(धा) कुर्य्यात्कारयीत वा
२० तस्य ब्राह्मणे(णै)रावेदितस्य सदण्डनिग्रह कुर्य्याम [।*] व्यास्गि(गी)तश्चात्र श्लोको भवति [।*]
२१ स्वदत्ताम्परदत्ता(त्ता) वा यो हरेत वसुन्धरा(राम्) [।*] गवा(वां) शतसहस्त्रस्यहन्तु-र्हरति दुष्कृतम् [॥*]
२२ सवत्सरे च त्रयोदशमे लिखितमिद(द) शासनम(म्) [।*] चक्क्रदासेनोत्कट्टितम [।*]
२ [क्र]मप्राप्तनृपश्रिय [।*]
३ जनन्या युवराजस्य४ शासन रिपुशास[न][म्।।*]
|Poona Plates of 13th year of Prabhavatigupta |
Prabhavatigupta (प्रभावतीगुप्त) was the chief queen of Vakataka King Rudrasena II (356-378 CE). She was daughter of Gupta King Mahārājādhirāja Chandragupta II born of the union with aNaga princess Mahādevī Kuberanaga. Prabhavatigupta has recorded herself born in a Naga family of Dharana Gotra in two plates found at Poona and Riddhapur.
On the death of Rudrasena II, his queen Prabhavatigupta, the daughter of Chandragupta II (376-413 AD),ruled her husband's kingdom for at least about 13 years, even though she is known to have three sons. Prabhavatigupta issued the Poona copper plate inscription in the 13th year of her rule as the mother of the Yuvaraja Divakarasena. In her Riddhapur copper plate inscription issued in the 19th regnal year of her son Pravarasena II, Prabhavati is represented as the mother of Maharaja Damodarasena and Pravarasena II. 
The daughter of Chandragupta II who was married to King Rudrasena II has given her gotra as Dharan. Dharan Gotra is found in Jats of Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. One branch of the Mudgals was also called Dharan. At present there are Dharan Jats as well as Brahmins. Later on, These people were known as Dhariwals.
Ranakpur is site of Shvetambara Jain Temple devoted to Adishvara in Desuri tahsil of Pali district in Rajasthan. The temple was built in V.S. 1496 in the reign of Rana Kumbha. This tirtha was visited by poet Megha in V.S. 1499, who has referred to seven Jina temples at this place. The temple of Adishvara was named after its builder, namely minister Dharana (धरण) and it came to be known as Dharanavihara. 
Villages founded by Dhariwal clan
- Dharanwas (धरणवास) - village in Dausa tahsil of Dausa district, Rajasthan.
- Dhariwal ki Dhani (धारीवाल की ढ़ाणी) - village in Churu district of Rajasthan
Guptas were Jats of Dharan gotra
The Guptas of Gupta Empire have been proved by historians to be Dharan Jats. The Arya Manjushri Mul kalpa, is a history of India covering the period 700 BCE to 770 AD. The history was a Buddhist Mahayana work, by a Tibetan scholar, and was composed sometime in the 8th century CE.
K P Jayaswal brought this material out from above book in his eminently scholarly book :An Imperial history of India C 700 BC – C 770 AD. K P Jayaswal has spotted and brought out the fact that the second Guptas, (Chandra Gupta II, Samudra Gupta etc circa 200 BCE to 600 BCE) were Jats, who came originally form the Mathura area. They were of the Dharan Gotra, as shown by the Plate inscription of the Prabhavatigupta , where she gives her father’s (and her) Gotra as Dharan. The Dharan Jats still can be found in the U.P. Mathura region and they proudly point to their ancient glory, of how their forefathers ruled Hindustan.
According to him Gupta is said to have been a Mathura-Jata (Sanskrit- Jata-vamsa). Jata-vamsa, that is, Jata Dynasty stands for Jarta, that is, Jat. That the Guptas were Jat; we already have good reasons to hold (JBORS, XIX. p. 1U). His Vaisali mother is the Lichchhavi lady.
Here is produced point wise account from a famous historian K.P. Jayaswal's book, History of India, PP 115-16 :
- That nowhere Guptas disclose their origin or Caste status. That their caste sub-division was Dharan. Since Prabhavati Gupta daughter of Chandra Gupta II and queen of Rudrasen II Vakataka in her copper plate grant of Pune has shown sub-caste of her family (Gupta) as Dharan (EI XV-41 P-42).
- The Salvas were a branch of the Madras and were ruling at Sialkot. These Madras had a branch named Kuninda, who were related to Koliya Naga.
- Karaskars were thus a Punjabi people a sub-division of the Madras. We know that the Madras were Vahikas and Jartas. This community, thus, consisted of several sub-divisions.
- Since according to grammatical illustration of Chandragomin the Jarta defeated the Huns, which means Skanda Gupta defeated the Huns. Hence Guptas were Jartas or Jat.
३ गुप्त[*] तस्य पुत्रस्तत्पादपरिगृहि (ही) त (तो) लिच्छविदौहित्रो
४ महादेव्या(व्या) कुमारदेव्यामुत्पन्नो महाराजश्रीसमुद्रगुप्तस्तस्य पुत्र-
५ स्तत्पादानुद्धयातो न्यायागतानेकगोहिरण्यकोटिसहस्त्रप्रदस्सर्व्वराजो-
६ च्छेत्ता पृथिव्यामप्रतिरथ=परमभागवतो महादेव्या(व्या) दत्तदेव्यामु-
११ त्पादानुद्धयाता साग्रवर्षसतजीवपुत्रपौत्रा श्र(श्री)महादेवीप्रभ (भा)वती-
१३ कुशलमुक्तवा सम(मा)ज्ञापयत(ति)[।*]ऐहीकामुत्रिकमस्मिननगरे स्वपुण्याप्या[यना]त्थ[र्त्थ]
१५ न्तरनिवेशने[न*]सह कर्षकनिवेशनानि च चत्वार(रि)
१६ भुक्ता(क्त)काभोगक्षेत्रमुदकपूर्व्व(र्व्व) शासनेनो[न]सति(नि)बद्ध(द्धम) । उचिताश्चास्य
१८ अकरदायी(यि) अभटच्छत्रप्रावेश्य(श्य) अपुष्पक्षीरसन्दोह अचारा-
१९ सनचर्म्माङ्कार(र) अलवणक्लिन्नक्रेणिखनक(क) सर्व्वविस्वि(ष्टि)परिहारा(र)
२० परिहृत(त) सनिधान सोपनिधान सक्ल(क्लृ)प्तोपकलि(क्लृ)प्तम(मा)चन्द्रा
२१ दित्यकालिय(य) पुत्रपौत्रानुगामि भुञ्जता(ता) न केनचिद्वयाघात
२२ =कर्तव्य सर्व्वक्रियाभिस्सरक्षितव्य=परिवर्द्धयितव्यश्च[।*]यश्च(श्चा)स्मा(स्म)-
२३ च्छासनमगणयमान[*]स्वल्पामपि परिबाधा(धा) कुर्य्यात्कारयि(ये)त वा तस्य
२४ ब्राह्मण(णै)रावेदितस्य सदण्डनिग्रह करिष्याम [।*] अस्मि(स्मि)श्च धर्म्मादर-
२५ करणे अनी(ती)तानेकराजदत्ता(त्त)सञ्चित(न्त)नपरिपालन पुण्यानुकीर्तन-
२६ परिहारार्त्थ न कीर्तयाम [।*]सङ्कल्पाधि(भि)योगपराक्क्रमोपजि-
२७ जितान्वर्त्तमानामा(ना)ज्ञापयाम । व्यासगीतश्चात्र श्लोकxप्रमाण(णम्)[।*]
२८ स्वदत्ता(त्ता) परदत्ता वा यो हरेत वसुन्धराम्[।*]गवा शतसहस्त्रस्य
३० सेनस्य राज्यप्रशासतसव्वत्सरे एकुनविश्तिमे कार्तिक-
३१ मासशुक्लपक्षद्वादश्या(श्याम) दूतको(को) देवनन्दस्वामी [।*] ली (लि)खित
३२ प्रभुसिङ्घेन ॥
|Riddhapur plates of 19th year of Prabhavatigupta|
Bhim Singh Dahiya has proved by applying “Grimm’s Law of Variation” that in Indo-European languages the alphabet “J” changes to “G”. Due to this law the Chinese call Jats as “Getae” and Germans call them “Got”, “Gaut” or “Goth”. The Proto-Germanic name Gaut changes to Gupt as under:
When Chandragupta II, Vikramaditya married his daughter with a Vakataka prince he called tribe as "Dharan" which is a gotra of Jats even today. Skandagupta has written in an inscription of Junagarh that Gupta is a title, which means soldier or a chief.
The first notice of this word 'Gupta' was taken by Panini in fifth century BC when two words are mentioned, viz., 'Goptri' and 'Gupti'. V S Agarwal in "India as known to Panini" defines 'Gupti' as 'defence' and 'Goptri' as the art of science of Military arrangements. On this basis the person who was incharge of defence was called 'Gupta' or 'Gopta'. Skandagupta wrote in his inscription that he had "appointed military governors in all provinces" (सर्वेषु देशेषु विधाय गोप्त्रीन) 
Thus we find that this word 'Gupta' means a military governor and used in this sense right from the fifth century BC to the 18th century AD and the so called 'Guptas' themselves used this word in the same sense. The mere fact that the word Gupta is a part and parcel of the names of the emperors, should not, and can not, give any other meaning to this word. If we give 'Gupta' the meaning of surname of the Vaishya caste, then even Chanakya will become a Vaishya because his name was Vishnugupta. Even the Mahabharata used this word 'Gupta' in the sense of military defence. 
While illustrating the use of a tense, grammarian Chandragomin mentions in sanskrit language अजय जर्टो हुणान - Ajay Jarto Hunan meaning "the invincible Jats defeated the Hunas". He was a contemporary of the event and we know from history that 'Guptas' were the only people who defeated Hunas. This has been rightly taken as proof that so called 'Guptas' were Jats. 
Majumdar and Atlekar mention the fact that at the time of marriage of Prabhavati Gupta, daughter of Chandragupta II, the name of their gotra was given as Dharan. The Poona and Riddhapur plates of Prabhavati Gupta herself give her gotra as Dharan. This has been identified with the still existing Dharan clan of Jats of Bikaner and the adjoining districts of the Punjab. , 
On above basis Bhim Singh Dahiya concludes that Guptas were Jats.
NECERT Text books and Jats
So far we have been complaining about how History in being taught in India. And how the Jats have been totally ignored. This is now changing, and it is gratifying to note that the Jats are no longer in isolation, and mainstream Indian Historians are giving the Jats their due.
The second Gupta age is described as the Golden Age of India. Long have the Jats been complaining that the these were Jats of the Dharan clan, however Indian Historians chose to ignore our History and teach that the 2nd Gupts were Vaisyas, (traders) anything but Jats.
National Council for Educational Research and Training ( NCERT) textbook in Hindi, for Class 11, Bharat ka Ithihaas - Prachin evam Madhyakalin (भारत का इतिहास-प्राचीन एवं मध्यकालीन) , by Dr. Kuldeep Raj Deepak, Published by Saravasti House Pvt Ltd, Educational Publishers, 3649 Chawri Bazaar Delhi 110 006., 2002 edition, tells us a more balanced story.
The single important point is that Indian Academia has now accepted the probability that the Guptas were Jats, and this is being taught in the school History text books, as part of the official curriculum. The book is the prescribed textbook for the Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi, the premier all India Board of Education and also in the Provincial Boards including the Haryana School Education Board, Bhiwani and Himachal Pradesh School Education Boards. The book is in Hindi, and relevant page-151 of its Chapter 12 is given here.
It tells us:
- Chapter 12, The rise and spread of the Gupta Empire
- "After the Maurya Empire, in the north West The Kushanas and in the South The Satavahanas brought political stability. However in the third century these two empires ended. Thereafter for a century there were many small kingdoms. There is not much knowledge of the history of this period. This period is known as the dark period of Indian History. In the fourth Century CE the powerful Gupta dynasty established an empire from Magadha (modern Patna in Bihar) and brought the history of India back into light from darkness.
- Who were the Guptas?
- Different scholars have different opinions on this subject.
- According to Kashi Prakash Jaiswal, they were Jats, and had been residents of the Punjab. 
- Dr Altekar called them Vaisyas on the basis of the Vishnu Purana.
- Dr Ramshankar Tripathi and other scholars also called them Vaishyas on the basis of the word ‘Gupt’.
- However there is no historical basis for this premise.
- In History there have been many famous person, to whose name the word Gupt has been joined and they are not Vaishyas.
- The prime mister of Chandragupta Maurya, was Vishnugupta, and the famous astrologer and mathematician of the Gupta age- Bhramgupta were Brahmins.
- Dr Hemchandra RayChaudhary called the Guptas to be of the Brahmin caste, but Pundit Har Prasad Shastri calls them Kshatriyas. However, until now there has been no certainty about them.”
The book : “ Bharat ka Ithihaas- Prachin evam Madhyakalin,” by Dr. Kuldeep Raj Deepak, can be obtained from any education book shop or from the Publisher - Saravasti House Pvt Ltd, Educational Publishers, 3649 Chawri Bazaar Delhi 110 006, 2002 edition, Telephone: ( 011) 3260253, 3281022,3285568., Fax (011)3285569
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Amritsar district
Villages in Jalandhar district
Villages in Hoshiarpur district
Villages in Gurdaspur district
Villages in Gurdaspur district
Villages in Firozpur district
Villages in Moga district
Distribution in Haryana
Villages in Faridabad District
Villages with Dhariwal population in Faridabad District are:
Villages in Gurgaon District
There are some famous personalities from Dhariwals in Gurgaon district which include: Late Sh.Vedraj Dhariwal - DSP Haryana Police
Villages in Mahendergarh District
Villages in Bhiwani District
Villages in Rewari District
Villages in Yamunanagar District
Sikh Jats belonging to Dhariwal gotra lives in:
Dhariwal Jats lives in:
Villages in Hisar District
Distribution in Rajasthan
Villages in Churu district
Villages in Hanumangarh district
Dharania (धारणिया) Jats live in villages:
Villages in Sikar district
Dharan Gotra Jats live in villages:
Locations in Jaipur city
Villages in Dausa district
Villages in Tonk district
Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
Villages in Muzaffarnagar district
Villages in Moradabad district
Dharan Gotra live in villages:
Villages in Jyotibaphule Nagar District
Villages in Ghaziabad District
Villages in Hapur District
Villages in Meerut district
Dharan Jats live in villages:
Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
Villages in Ratlam district
- Prabhavatigupta (प्रभावतीगुप्त) - The chief queen of Vakataka King Rudrasena II (256-278 CE).
- Sardar Jai Singh Dhariwal was included in twelve misls of the Sikhs.
- Ch. Ajay Singh Garsa, Dharan, Rewari, Haryana
- Ram Chandra Dhariwal - Date of Birth : 8-July-1958, A.En. Irrigation, Vill.- Dhani Doongarsinghpura PO.- Ratan Nagar, TEH.& DIST.- Churu, RAJ. Present Address : B-304,Agrasen Apartment-B,Sect.2, Vidyadhar Nagar, Jaipur, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2236990, Mobile Number : 9414260778, Email Address : firstname.lastname@example.org
- Randhir Singh Dhariwal - A. En. RIICO, Date of Birth : 5-September-1971, Vil. - Lakhanwas , teh.- Bhadra, dist. - Hanumangarh, Present Address : 14/146 Malvianagar, Phone Number : 2721368, Mob: 9414322081
- Bhoor Singh Dhariwal - Chief Manager (Retd.) SBBJ, Date of Birth : 1-August-1947, East of Shiv Mandir Talkies Fatepur Road, Anandnagar, Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-253025, Mob: 9829042633
- Sh.Rajbir Singh Dhariwal - Additional Director Labour (H&S) Haryana, from Faridabad district, Haryana.
- Late Sh.Khayali Ram Jaildar (Dhariwal) - from Faridabad district, Haryana.
- Late Sh.Murlidhar (Dhariwal) - Tehsildhar from Faridabad district, Haryana.
- Late Sh.Vedraj Dhariwal - DSP Haryana Police.
- Late Shri Dharam Singh (Dhariwal) Village-Jaguwa Khurd, Jotibaphule Nagar UP -Work in promotion of Education.
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