Rad

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Rahar (राड़)[1] Rahar/Raher (राहड़)[2] Rad (राड़) Rahad (राहड़) [3]Rar (राड़) Radh (राढ़)[4] is Gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Pakistan. Rod clan is found in Northern India.[5]

Origin of name

  • Radda (b. ? - r.1111 AD) (रड़्ड़) of Lohara family was the King of Kashmir in 1111 AD for a very short period. Uchchala was killed by a revolt of servants and in their presence. Raḍḍa became king for a short time. He was killed by Garga and Salhana step brother of Radda became king.[6]. It is very likely that King Radda (रड़्ड़) may have given name to Rad (राड़) clan (RaddaRad) as we get Jat (जाट) from Jatta (जट्ट) in Sanskrit.
  • Some historians believe that Rad people were always ready for war and one of the best Warriors of Jat Community hence the name as Rad (राड़) in Rajasthani Language means war. [7]
  • They may also get name from ancient Rarh region, that lies between the Chhota Nagpur Plateau on the West and the Ganges Delta on the East. [8] Prince Vijaya or Singha migrated from Rarh region in 543 BC and founded Kingdom known as Sinhala in Sri Lanka.
  • Raheraka is a place mentioned in Mahavansa/Chapter 21.
  • A Nagavanshi King Rattha/Rāṭṭha (राट्ठ) may be their ancestor.[9]

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 21 tells ...Mahäsiva's younger brother, Suratissa, reigned after his death ten years, zealously mindful of meritorious works. In the southern quarter (of the city) he founded the Nagarangana-vihara, in the eastern quarter the vibära (called) Hatthikkhandha and the Gonnagirika (vihara) on the Vangutrara-mountain the (vihära) named Pacinapabbata and near Raheraka the (vihära) Kolambahalaka; at the foot of the Arittha (mountain) the Makulaka (vihära), to the east the Acchagallaka (vihara), but the Girinelavahanaka (vihara) to the north of Kandanagara; these and other pleasing viharas, in number five hundred, did the lord of the earth build on this and the further bank of the river, here and there in the island of Lanka, before and while he reigned, during the period of sixty years, piously and justly, devoted to the three gems. Suvannapindatissa was his name before his reign, but he was named Süratissa after the beginning of the reign.

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[10] tells us that ....Radda (b. ? - r.1111 AD) (रड़्ड़) of Lohara family was the King of Kashmir in 1111 AD for a very short period. Uchchala was killed by a revolt of servants and in their presence. Raḍḍa became king for a short time. He was killed by Garga and Salhana step brother of Radda became king.

For detailed history of Radda see - Radda.

It is very likely that King Radda (रड़्ड़) may have given name to Rad (राड़) clan (RaddaRad) as we get Jat (जाट) from Jatta (जट्ट) in Sanskrit.

Rads in Sindh

Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Haryana & Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The Jats of Gotra Rad and Kath came to Marwar. Kath came from Ravi River.[11]


Bhim Singh Dahiya[12] writes that The first war that these Jats had to fight with the rising power of Islam was in 654/655 A.D. only ten years after the visit of Hiuen-Tsang.


[p.223]: It was beaten back. Another war and defeat of the invaders is noted from Kholau-Sul-ul-Akbar.[13] Obaidullah, Governor of Seistan, was ordered by his superior, Hejauge, ruler of Khorasan, to invade Kabul. The ruler of Kabul is named as Retpeil (Ratha Pal ?). The war was fought in 697 A.D. and Rath Pal, "artfully retiring, drew the Mohammedan army into the defiles, and blocking up the rear, cut off their retreat, and Obaidullah was compelled to purchase his liberation by the payment of seven hundred thousand dirhams". The repeated attacks of the Arabs were fought back; and when it became necessary to solicit help, they found that their traditional and nearest helper, viz., Iran, was already under the Arabs and therefore any help from these quarters was out of question. The only other source was Chinese and it is to the Chinese that the Jats sent repeated embassies up to the year 755 A.D. But no help came and they had to fight with their own resources. The Indian nation shall be indebted to these Jats for stopping the Arabs from entering Kabul from 654 to 870 A.D. In 870/71 A.D. the Arab General, Yaqubb-in-Laith overthrew this kingdom of Kabul by treachery.


Rads in Rajasthan

The Malani region was known as Radadhara (राड़धरा) in ancient times. Probably this region gets name after Rads.

Manana is considered to be the place of origin of Rad Gotra. From here they have spread throughout in Rajasthan. The ancestors of Rads of Kuchera, the famous Mirdhas, have migrated from Manana. Three ancestor brothers of Mirdhas developed differences with Jagirdar of the area and left it. One of the brothers was named Mana Rad moved from here and settled in Kuchera. He was very famous and it is believed that the Delhi emperor knew him personally. It is clear from the following verse in Rajasthani Language[14]:

मानो राड़ मनाणे वालो, जिणने जाणे दिल्ली वालो
Meaning - Mana Rad of Manana village is known to Delhi Rulers.

गणेश बेरवाल[15] ने लिखा है कि राजगढ़ के बारे में सरकारी गज़ट में अंकित है कि यह महान थार रेगिस्तान का गेट है, जहां से होकर दिल्ली से सिंध तक के काफिले गुजरते हैं। 1620 ई. के पहले यहाँ प्रजातांत्रिक गणों की व्यवस्था थी जिसमें भामू, डुडी, झाझरिया, मलिक, पूनीयां, राडसर्वाग गणतांत्रिक शासक थे । जैतपुर पूनीया गाँव था जहां से झासल, भादरा (हनुमानगढ़) तक का बड़ा गण था। जिसका मुख्यलय सिधमुख था। गण में एक ही व्यक्ति सिपाही भी था और किसान भी। लड़ाई होने पर पूरा गण मिलकर लड़ता था। राठोड़ों की नियमित सेना ने इनको गुलाम बनाया।

In Rarh region

James Legge[16] writes about the travels of Fahian and writes that in 412 AD he reached the country of Singhala i.e "The Kingdom of the Lion," or Ceylon. Singhala was the name of after Prince Vijaya from Sinhapura (India), to whom the founding of the kingdom was ascribed. His father was named Singha, “the Lion,” which became the name of the country; — Singhala, or Sinhala Kingdom, “the Country of the Lion.

In this connection We find mention of a region called Rarh in the Sinhala history, which traditionally starts in 543 BCE with the arrival of Prince Vijaya or Singha, a semi-legendary prince who sailed with 700 followers on eight ships 860 nautical miles to Sri Lanka from the southwest coast of what is now the Rarh region that lies between the Chhota Nagpur Plateau on the West and the Ganges Delta on the East. [17] He established the Kingdom of Tambapanni, near modern-day Mannar.


According to the linguist Sarkar the Chinese called Rarh as Lati, the Greek as Ganga Ridae and the Aryans as Rāṭṭha. Moreover many Greek, Roman and Egyptian sources use the variations of Gangaridai, Gangaridae, Gangaritai and Gangaridum with the sense of a state, nation or civilisation which existed more or less in the same or a larger extent of Rarh. Megasthenes, Ptolemy, Strabo, Pliny, Arrian, Diodorus Siculus, Quintus Curtius Rufus and Plutarch all wrote about Gangaridae.[18][19][20]

Conclusion

The invasion of Alexander in 326 BC forced Jat clans to the region known to Greeks as Gangaridae and Chines as Rarh region. As stated above historians are not clear about the etymology of Rarh region because they do not have knowledge about Jat clans.

Probably the name to Rarh region was given by the Rad people.

A Nagavanshi King Rattha/Rāṭṭha (राट्ठ) was probably their ancestor in this region.

Probably they came to Rajasthan and Sindh regions in about 540 AD due to the fall of Gupta empire which was considered to be of Dharan Jat clan.

This is the reason that we find mention of many Jat clans in eastern regions like Chhota Nagpur and Orissa.

Villages founded by Rad clan

  • Rahdon Ka Bas (राहड़ो का बास) - village in Jhunjhunu tahsil in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bolanwali, Deidas, Dhaban, Dholipal, Hanumangarh, Maliya Nohar, Kohlan, Ramgarh, Ratanpura, Sangaria,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Birol, Ladusar, Lutoo (20), Raharo Ka Bas, Raharo Ki Dhani (Ladusar), Triloka Ka Bas,

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Murlipura Scheme, Vidyadhar Nagar, Lion's lane,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Bhandu Khurd, Nandiya Khurd, Salwa Kalla,

Villages in Sikar district

Bairas, Bibipur Chhota, Bidsar, Dinarpura Sikar (10), Kheri Radan, Laxman Ka Bas, Rar Ki Dhani, Sikar, Sulyawas,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Murliya,

Villages in Churu district

Anandsinghpura, Chhapar Churu (1), Churu, Ghanghu, Heera Ka Bas, Lalgarh, Lambor Bari, Ragha Chhoti, Sadulpur, Vijaipura Churu,

Villages in Nagaur district

Bhadwasi Degana, Bhinchawa, Borwa, Genana, Indokha Makrana, Indrawad, Jakhera, Kalwa, Katyasani, Kharnal, Kuchera, Kasumbi, Kutiyasani Khurd, Loroli Kalan, Modriya, Rabdiyad, Sindhlas,

Villages in Tonk district

Morla (1),

Villages in Jalor district

Rado Ki Dhani (t,Sanchore)

Villages in Barmer district

Radiya Talar, Radoo (राडू), Rarli,

Villages in Bikaner district

Satasar, Takhatpura,

Villages in Sawai Madhopur district

Kushtla,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Fatehabad District

Rahar gotra found in Villages:

Baijalpur, Kirdhan, Pili Mandori,

Villages in Hisar District

Shamsukh, Naloi,

Villages in Bhiwani District

Dhana Narsan, Siwara

Villages in Jind District

Jeeta Khed,

Villages in Mahendergarh District

Rarh gotras found in Villages

Chhilro,

Villages in Sirsa District

Chakerian, Phulkan,

Villages in Rohtak District

Rohtak,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Mansa district


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Guna district

Chorai,

Villages in Nimach district

Nimach (1), Fatehnagar (1), Palsoda (1), Pipalyavyas (1), Roop Pura (7), Chaplana (1), Khadawda (2),

Villages in Ratlam district

Jharsandala village is notable for this gotra. Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Bangrod 7, Berchha 1, Damottar 7, Dantodiya 1, Dhamottar 8, Dhaunswas 1, Dheekwa 2, Ghatwas 1, Hanumanpalia 2, Jharsandala 36, Lapatia 1, Panchewa 1, Sinod 1,

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Raad were the principal Muslim Jat clan in:

  • Multan District - Raad (201)

Notable Persons

  • Nathuram Mirdha
  • Baldev Ram Mirdha
  • Ram Niwas Mirdha
  • Raghuvendra Mirdha
  • Sandeep Rahar- Date of Birth : 4-Oct-1987, Director at Levitate Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Vil - Baijalpur, PO- Baijalpur, Teh.- Bhuna, Distt.- Fatehabad, Present Address : 19, Ram Vihar, NEAR Savera Cement House, Kaimri Road, Hisar. Mob.No. – +91-70907-00000, Email Address : sandeeprahar007@gmail.com, Profession: Web Designer.
  • Poonam Kumar Chaudhary (Rar) - International Shooter from Kanor, Barmer.
  • Prof. D. R. Jat - Principal, Commerce College, Jaipur.
  • Dayanand Rahar - Superintendent : Customs & Central Excise, V&PO - Ladusar, District -Jhunjhunu ,Raj. Present Address : 121, Lion's Lane, Near Hanuman Nagar Extension,Sirsi Road,Jaipur, Phone : 0141-2173647, Mob: 9414507053, Email: dayanandrahar@gmail.com
  • Mangi Lal Choudhary (Rar)- Date of Birth : 1-February-1951, L.I.C OF INDIA, VILL- Katyasani PO- Manji, Teh.- Degana, Distt.- Nagaur, Present Address : 34, AGRASEN NAGAR, NEAR MAHESH NAGAR RLY. PHATAK, JAIPUR. Mob.No. - 9799392573, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2590029, Mobile Number : 9414060029
  • Prof. Dhanna Ram Jat (Rar) - Date of Birth : 3-July-1953, Principal, University Services. VILL. - Genana, Teh.- Ladnun Distt.- Nagaur, Raj. Present Address: A-51, Malviya Nagar (JDA Colony) Jaipur, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2752784, Mobile Number: 9828079357
  • Vinod Kumar Rahar - Date of Birth : 18-April-1984, Assistant Manager Tata Motars Ltd., Present Address : Rahar Sadan,Near Railway Tower, Sadulpur, District-Churu, Rajasthan-331023, Resident Phone Number : 9414986011, Mobile Number : 9212508227, Email Address : mechboy.vinod@gmail.com
  • Mr.Sanjay Singh Rahar - Govt Service, SDO Irrigation Haryana Govt. Karnal, 1, Mall Road, Canal Colony Karnal Haryana, 0184-2255291, 0184-2274718 (PP-990)
  • Mr. Asha Ram Rahar - Sr. Consultant Oppl. Soft. Inc. 3150, Alomaden Expressway Suit, 106, San Josa, California - 95118 California, 3649, Copperfield Drive, No. 399, San Jase, CA-95136, California Ph:408-267-221, 408-265-5684, Email: asha@oppalsoft.com (PP-1194)

Gallery of Rad people

See also

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. र-23
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. र-15
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.57,s.n. 2138
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. र-24
  5. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.122,179
  6. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII (ii),p.319
  7. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 278
  8. The Mahavamsa
  9. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India,pp.285,407
  10. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII (ii),p.319
  11. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.14
  12. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Harsha Vardhana : Linkage and Identity,pp.222-223
  13. Col. Tad, op., cit. Vol. II, p. 244.
  14. Bhagirath Singh Nain: Jat Samaj, Agra, March 2010, p.21
  15. Ganesh Berwal: 'Jan Jagaran Ke Jan Nayak Kamred Mohar Singh', 2016, ISBN 978.81.926510.7.1, p.2
  16. A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms/Chapter 37,f.n. 4
  17. The Mahavamsa
  18. Sarkar, Shrii Prabhat Ranjan (2004). Ráŕh – The Cradle of Civilization. Ananda Marga Publications. OCLC 277280070.
  19. Chattopadhyaya, Rupendra K. "Radha". Banglapedia.
  20. "The Historic State of Gangaridai".

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