Saran

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Saran (सारण)[1]/ (सारन)[2] Saharan (सहारण)/(सहारन)[3] is a gotra of Jats in Rajasthan,[4] Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh in India.


Contents

History

Villages founded by Saran clan

Described by Megasthenes

Saran is one of the Jat clans as described by Megasthenes With 300 cities as the Syrieni (Saharan) along with Derangae (Dengri), Posingae, Buzae (Bajya), Gogiarei (Gugar, Godara), Umbrae (Unvarwal), Nereae (Nehra), Brancosi (Bharangar ), Nobundae (Nawad), Cocondae (Kookana), Nesei (Naij), Pedatrirae (Penda), Solobriasae, Olostrae (Ojlan) Who adjoin the island Patale, from the furthest shore of which to the Caspian gates the distance is said to be 1, 925 miles

Sanchi inscription

They are mentioned by Cunningham[11] in an inscription at the Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi of the Ashoka period as under:

No. 87. — Aya Rahilasa Sārhineyakasa-Mātu dānam.

"Gift of Arya Rahila, the mother of Sarhineyaha.

Saran as per Records of Bards

According to the bard of this dynasty king Gaj of Ghazni had two sons named Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. Mangal Rao was the ruler of Lahore and Masur Rao of Sialkot. Foreign invaders drove both of them out of their kingdoms. Masur Rao fled away to the deserts of Rajasthan. He had two sons named Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. Descendants of Abhai Rao came to be called Bhurhya Bhatti and those of Saran Rao, Saran. Mangal Rao had six sons, named Mojam Rao, Gulrish, Moolraj, Sheoraj, Kewl Rao and Phul Rao. Descendants of Gulrish came to be called Gloraya or Kiliraya, those of Moolraj, Munda and those Sheoraj, Sheoran. Descendants of Kewal Rao and Phul Rao adopted pottery as their profession and were called Kumhar. [12]

People belonging to Kiliraya and Munda gotras are found in Bikaner State. [13]

Migration of Saran's

Traditionally Jats consider their origin from the far northwest and claimed ancient Garh Gajni (modern day area between Ghajni, Afghanistan to Rawalpindi, Pakistan) as their original abode.[14] Persian chronicler Firishta strengthened this view and informs us that Jats were originally living near the river of the Koh-i-Jud (Salt Range) in northwest Punjab.[15] The Jats then occupied the Indus valley and settled themselves on both the banks of the Indus River.

By the fourth century region of Multan was under their control.[16] Then they rose to the sovereign power and their ruler Jit Salindra, who promoted the renown of his race, started the Jat colonisation in Punjab and fortified the town Salpur/Sorpur, near Multan.[17]By the end of seventh century, Jats were thickly populated in Deybal region.[18]Their main population was settled in the lower Sindh.The Chachnama stratified these large population of Jats, as 'the western Jats' (Jatan-i-Gharbi) and 'the eastern Jats' (Jatan-i-Sharqi), [19] living on the eastern and western side of the Indus River. The chronicler s further classified them as 'The Jats living on the banks of the rivers (Lab-i-Daryayi) [20] and the Jats living in plain, desert (Jatan-i-Dashti); and 'the rustic Jats' (rusta'i Jat) living in villages.[21]As Jataki, the peculiar dialect of the Jats, also proves that the Jats must have come from the NW Punjab and from other districts (e.g. Multan) dependent upon the great country of the Five rivers.[22]

By the end of fifth and the beginning of the sixth century, Saran's and Jat's southward migration, second in line, took place and they reached Kota in Rajasthan, probably via Bikaner regions. From Kota they migrated further east and established their rule at Malwa under the rule of Salichandra, son of Vira Chandra. Salichandra erected a minster (mindra) on banks of the river Taveli in Malwa.[23] Probably after their defeat by Sultan Mahmud in 1027 AD, and later hard pressed by the Ghaznavi Turkish Commander, the Jats of Sind again migrated to Rajasthan and settled themselves in Bundi regions.[24] The second inscription found at Bundi probably dates from circa samvat 1191 (1135 AD) possibly refers to the Jats as opponents of the Parmara rulers of Rajasthan.[25]

When Muhammad bin Qasim attacked Dahlilah, a fortified town in between Roar and Brahmanabad, most of the inhabitants (the Jats) had abandoned the place and migrated to Rajasthan via desert and took shelter in the country of Siru (modern Sirohi distict) which was then ruled by King Deva Raj, a cousin of Rai Dahir.[26]

However, the third migration took place in early eighth century, Sihag, Godara, Saran,Punia and Jats of lower Sind migrated to Rajasthan, probably via Barmer regions to Bikaner, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh. By the twelfth century, the Jats settled in western Punjab, as the native poet Abul Farj Runi mentions them along with the Afghans.[24] Meanwhile, they also extended their abode in the eastern part of the Punjab (now Haryana to Sirsa and Hisar), as in the end of the twelfth century they resisted Qutb-ud-din Aybak in the region of Hansi.[27]

Saran Rulers in Jangladesh

Earlier they were in Central Asia than they migrated to northern Salt-range Punjab region in India and at the time of Alexander invasion in Punjab in 326 B.C. they fought with Alexander The Great and then Saran along with Sihag,Punia,Godara,Beniwal and Johiya migrated to north Rajasthan region known as Jangladesh and ruled there till 15th century.

Sarans were rulers in Jangladesh. Jangladesh coincided with the princely state of Bikaner in Rajasthan. When Rathores under the leadership of Bika and Kandal were spreading their rule in Jangladesh. At that time Saran Jat were ruling in about 360 villages in Jangledesh. Pula Saran was their king and their capital was at Bhadang town. Bharang (भाड़ंग) is an ancient village in Taranagar tahsil in Churu district in Rajasthan. It is in Raiyatunda Panchayat in east of it. The ancient town was slightly away from the present town some where in between Bhurawas and Sahawa. We find traces of the ancient town in form of ruins and coins etc.

Prior to the rule of Rathores, it was capital of Saran Jats. Khejra, Phog, Buchawas, Suin, Badnu and Sirsala were its districts. Their king's name was Pula Saran and he had 360 villages under him.

As for the Jats prior to coming of Rathors in Rajasthan Nainsi refers to Jat settlements at Bhadang which is identified as the Saran Jatan Ra Des or des belonging to the Saran sept of Jats. [28]

There are evidences of town being in existence in 725 AD. There is temple of Pula Saran. Pandiyas were the priests of Sarans of this area.

Pulasar (पूलासर) is a village in Sardarshahar tahsil in Churu district in Rajasthan. It is situated in southeast direction of Sardarshahar at a distance of few kms. It was founded by its ruler Pula Saran.


Pula Saran's wife was Malki who was abducted by Godara chief Pandu and there was a war with Godara regarding Malki. Sarans had war with Rathores but the Godara Jats had aligned with Rathores due to which Sarans faced a defeat. Godaras were the most powerful among the Jat rulers of Jangladesh. The lack of harmony and coordination among other Jat rulers led to the defeat of Jat states in Jangladesh and established the Rathore Kingdom.

Saran Hinglaj temple - Saran Hinglaj temple is situated near the banks of Hingol River in Samakarata and Khald Pradesh, positioned on the trade routes connecting Baluchistan and Sindh with Gujarat, Jaisalmer, Marwar and Bikaner etc. [29]

Sub sections of Bhatti

According to H.A. Rose[30] Jat clans derived from Bhatti are: Lahar, Sara, Bharon, Makar, Mond, Kohar, Saharan, Isharwal, Khetalan, Jatai, Khodma, Bloda, Batho and Dhokia.[31]

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं कि भाट-ग्रन्थों में राव सारन नाम के भाटी और औलाद में हुए लोगों का नाम सारन है। भाट लोग कहते हैं कि सारन ने जाटनी से शादी कर ली थी। इससे उनके वंशज सार कहलाए, यह कथा नितान्त झूठी गढन्त है, जिनका हमने पिछले पृष्ठों में काफी खंडन कर दिया है। सारन वंशीय जाट-क्षत्रिय हैं। सारन व उनके पूर्वज जाट थे। वे उस समय से जाट थे, जिस समय कि लोग यह भी नहीं जानते थे कि राजपूत भी कोई जाति है। जांगल-प्रदेश में उनके अधिकार में 300 से ऊपर नगर और गांव थे। रामरत्न चारण ने उनके अधिकृत गांवों की संख्या 460 बताई है। उनकी राजधानी भाडंग में थी। खेजड़ा, फोगा, बूचावास, सूई, बदनु और सिरसला उनके अधिकृत प्रदेश के प्रसिद्ध नगर थे। राठौरों से उनके जिस राजा का युद्ध हुआ था, उसका नाम पूलाजी था। प्रजा इनकी धन-धान्य से पूरित थी। राज्य में पैदा होने वाली किसी चीज पर टैक्स न था। वहां जो चीजें आती थीं, उन पर भी कोई महसूल न था। कहा जाता है कि जांगल-देश के ब्राह्मण घी, ऊन का व्यापार किया करते थे। राज्य में जितनी भी जातियों के प्रजा-जन थे, सबके साथ समानता का व्यवहार किया जाता था। सारन शांति-प्रिय थे। उनकी प्रवृत्ति थी, ‘स्वंय जियो और दूसरों को जीने दो’। रामरत्न चारण ने अपने लिखे इतिहास में बताया है कि गोदारों जाटों का सरदार पांडु सारणों के अधीश्वर की स्त्री को भगा ले गया, इस कारण जांगल-प्रदेश के सभी जाट-राज्य गोदारों के विरुद्ध हो गए। कहना होगा कि जाटों के लगभग तीन हजार गांवों की सल्तनत को कुल्हाड़ी के


जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-619


बेंट गोदारा पांडु ने नष्ट करा दिया। पांडु यदि राठौरों के हाथ अपनी स्वाधीनता को न बेच देता, तो राठौरों पर इतनी आपत्ति आती कि फिर बेचारे जांगल-प्रदेश की ओर आने की हिम्मत तक न करते। गोदारों की शक्ति अन्य समस्त जाट-राज्यों की शक्ति के बराबर थी। यह नहीं कहा जा सकता कि जांगल-प्रदेश के जाटों को राठौरों ने जीता। जाटों के सर्वनाश का कारण उनकी पारस्पारिक फूट थी। उसी फूट का शिकार सारन जाट हो गए। उनका प्रदेश युद्धों के समय उजाड़ दिया गया और वे पराजित कर दिए गये, किन्तु शांति-प्रिय सारनों ने जो वीरता अपने राज्य की रक्षा के लिए दिखाई थी, वृद्ध सारन जाट उसे बड़े गर्व के साथ अपनी सन्तान को सुनाता है।

भाड़ंग के सारण

भाड़ंग चुरू जिले की तारानगर तहसील में चुरू से लगभग 40 मील उत्तर में बसा था. पृथ्वीराज चौहान के बाद अर्थार्त चौहान शक्ति के पतन के बाद भाड़ंग पर किसी समय जाटों का आधिपत्य स्थापित हो गया था. जो 16 वीं शताब्दी में राठोडों के इस भू-भाग में आने तक बना रहा. पहले यहाँ सोहुआ जाटों का अधिकार था और बाद में सारण जाटों ने छीन लिया. जब 16 वीं शताब्दी के पूर्वार्ध में राठोड इस एरिया में आए, उस समय पूला सारण यहाँ का शासक था और उसके अधीन 360 गाँव थे. इसी ने अपने नाम पर पूलासर (तहसील सरदारशहर) बसाया था जिसे बाद में सारण जाटों के पुरोहित पारीक ब्राह्मणों को दे दिया गया. पूला की पत्नी का नाम मलकी था, जिसको लेकर बाद में गोदारा व सारणों के बीच युद्ध हुआ. [32] मलकी के नाम पर ही बीकानेर जिले की लूणकरणसर तहसील में मलकीसर गाँव बसाया गया था.[33] सारणों में जबरा सारण और जोखा सारण बड़े बहादुर थे. उनकी कई सौ घोड़ों पर जीन पड़ती थी. उन्हीं के नाम पर जबरासर और जोखासर गाँव अब भी आबाद हैं, मन्धरापुरा में मित्रता के बहाने राठोडों द्वारा उन्हें बुलाकर भोज दिया गया और उस स्थान पर बैठाने गए जहाँ पर जमीन में पहले से बारूद दबा रखी थी. उनके बैठ जाने पर बारूद आग लगवा कर उन्हें उड़ा दिया गया.[34][35]

Saran in Indian epics

We find mention of name Saran in Indian Epics at various places. It is a matter of research if there is any connection of these with the present Saran clan.

Saran in Ramayana

Yuddha Kanda/Sarga 26 in Ramayana mentions about Saran, the spy of Ravana. On hearing the submission of Sarana, Ravana climbs up the roof of his palace and sees the entire army of vanaras from there. Ravana enquires about the various vanara leaders and Sarana shows him Nila, Angada, Nala, Sweta, Kumuda, Rambha, Sarabha, Panasa, Vinata and Krathana the army-generals along with their distinguishing characteristics. Sarana along with Shuka find mention in Ramayana Yuddha Kanda Sarga 26-29.

तद् वचः पथ्यम् अक्लीबम् सारणेन अभिभाषितम् । निशम्य रावणो राजा प्रत्यभाषत सारणम् ॥६-२६-१॥
सारण आचक्ष्व मे सर्वम् के प्रधानाः प्लवम् गमाः । सारणो राक्षस इन्द्रस्य वचनम् परिपृच्चतः ॥६-२६-१०॥

Saran in Mahabharata

Adi Parva Mahabharata Book 1 Chapter 211 in Subhadra-harana Parva mentions a grand festival of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas on Raivataka mountain. Sarana along with Gada, Vabhru, Nisatha, Charudeshna etc is mentioned in shloka 10 who accompanied by their wives adorned that mountain-festival. In this festival Subhadra is introduced as uterine sister of Saran.

अक्रूरः सारणश चैव गथॊ भानुर विडूरदः
निशठश चारु थेष्णश च पृदुर विपृदुर एव च Mahabharata (I.211.10)

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 188 gives list of Kshatriyas who came on Swayamvara of Draupadi. Shloka 16 here mentions Saran:

संकर्षणॊ वासुदेवॊ रौक्मिणेयश च वीर्यवान
साम्बश च चारु देष्णश च सारणॊ ऽथ गदस तथा Mahabharata (I.177.16), (1.188),

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 31 gives the Kshatriyas brought tributes on Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira. This list in shloka 5 mentions about Saran king along with Aniruddha, Vabhru, Gada, Pradumna, Samba, Charudeshna.

रामश चैवानिरुथ्धश च बभ्रुश च सह सारणः
गथ परथ्युम्न साम्बाश च चारु थेष्णश च वीर्यवान Mahabharata (II.31.5)

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 267 shloka 52 mentions about Saran as counsellor and officer of Ravana along with Shuka, who came as spies while Rama along with Vanaras were planning to cross the ocean and arrive at Lanka.

तत्रास्तां रावणामात्यौ राक्षसौ शुकसारणौ
चारौ वानररूपेण तौ जग्राह विभीषणः Mahabharata (III.267.52)


चारुथेष्णश च थुर्धर्षस तदैव गथ सारणौ
अक्रूरश च महाबाहुः किं मां वक्ष्यति सारदे Mahabharata (III.19.20)

In Bhagawata Purana

Sarana ancestry

'A study of the Bhagavata Purana; or, Esoteric Hinduism' by Purnendu Narayana Sinha, pp 223 mentions that Vasudeva had several wives. Sarana was brother of Baladeva born from Rohini the wife of Vasudeva.[36]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Adarsh Nagar, Ambabari, Bagruwalon ka Rasta, Bapu Nagar, Bhagwati Nagar, C-Scheme, Gandhi Nagar, Hanuman Nagar, Kailashpuri, Khatipura, Mansarowar Colony, Murlipura Scheme,

Villages in Jaipur district

Akoda, Khuriyal, Lakholai Phagi (6), Mukundpura Dadawata (2), Pratappura Phagi (2), Sunadiya (1), Tootoli (7), Mamana Dudu, Mangalwara, Meerapura,

Villages in Ajmer district

Sursura (1),

Villages in Alwar district

Sheetal Ka Bas,

Villages in Dausa district

Panditpura,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Aau, Agolai, Amla, Artiya Kalan, Bagoriya, Balesar Durgawatan, Bhavi, Bisalpur, Boyal, Hiradesar, Jati Bhandu, Jhanwar, Jodhpur, Keru, Khariya Khangar, Khinchan, Kuri, Mathaniya, Nandara Kalan, Nandiya Khurd, Ostaran, Phalaudi, Raikoriya, Raimalwara, Ratkudia, Sadri, Saranon Ki Dhani (Madlakhurd), Saranpura, Salwa Kalla, Shiv Sarnon Ki Dhani,

Villages in Nagaur district

Arwar, Bagrasar, Bajoli, Bakaliya, Barnel (Parbatsar), Basni Khaleel Bhaiya Khurd, Chittani, Degana Ganw, Dhundhiyari, Gachhipura, Gigaliya, Gotan, Gunsali, Kameriya, Kantiya, Khundala, Maharana, Meharana, Nagri, Raidhanu, Rasal, Ridmalas, Rol, Saranwas, Sarunda, Satheran, Udaipura,

Villages in Barmer district

Amarji Ki Dhani, Balotra, Barmer, Baytu, Bataru , Banta (बांटा), Beriwala Tala (बेरीवाला तला), Bhadrai, Boonth Jet, Chawa, Chabawas, Chandesara, Chhitar Ka Par, Chokhala, Dharasar, Doodhu, Garal (15), Goliya Jetmal, Jhakh, Jemlani Sarnon Ka Tala, Kalyanpur, Kanor, Kekad, Kashmir (कश्मीर), Kharapar, Kharin, Kosariya, Koshlu, Kanasar ( T.Sheo), Kothala, Malpur, Mokhab Khurd, Naya Bhuratia (Kawas), Naukh (10), Nokhra (15), Pooniyon Ka Tala Rateu, Rawatsar, Ratasar, Sarnu, Savau, Sindhari, Sawau Moolraj Baytu, Purawa, Sanwlor, Sarnon Ka Tala (t.Chohtan), Sarnon Ki Nari (t.Chohtan), Sawau Padamsingh, Bakani Sarnon Ki Dhani, Kehrani Sarnon Ka Tala, Sarnon Ka Tala (t.Gudha Malani), Sarnon Ka Tala (t.Gudha Malani), Sahar, Sarnon Ki Beri (t.Pachpadra), Swamiyon ki Beri, Kanasar (t.Sheo), Taratara Math,

Villages in Jaisalmer district

Bhaniyana,

Villages in Pali district

Chandawal Nagar, Mandiyan, Bera Ghenadi (Dadia), Dhundhla (Sojat), Sojat Road, Sarangwas(Sojat),

Villages in Jalor district

Khara, Lalji Ki Dungari, Mirpur Kheda,

Villages in Sikar district

Chuwas, Hudera, Mirjwas, Ghirania Bara

Villages in Churu district

There are 90 villages of Saran Jats around Sardarshahar. Villages inhabited by Sarans are: Alsar, Amarsar Sujangarh, Balrasar (6), Bandhnau, Basnau , Bhalau Teeba, Bhagela, Bhanin, Bhanipura Churu, Baniyala Baen, Beenasar, Bharang, Bheroonsar, Bhojrasar, Bhuwari, Bidasar, Bilyun, Bogera, Buchawas, Bukansar Bara, Chhabri Khari, Chimanpura, Dabri Badi, Dalman (150), Dewasar, Dhana, Dhani Asha, Dhani Panchera, Dheerasar Charnan, Dheerwas Bara, Dheerwas Chota, Dhingi, Dhigharla, Dhanauti Bari, Gagore, Godas, Gajoowas, Gothyan Bari, Gusainsar, Hariyasar Jatan, Jaisangsar, Jaitasar, Jhotaran, Jigsana Tal, Jorji Ka Bas, Jyak, Kadia, Kailas, Kaloosar, Kandhalsar, Karejra, Dhana Kaswan, Khejaran, Khudi Khari (70), Kohina, Lalgarh, Lohsana Bara, Malsar, Malaksar, Melusar, Naiyansar, Nainasar, Pahadsar, Parewara, Pulasar, Pichakaraien taal, Punras, Ratanpura, Ratnadesar (15), Ragha Choti, Ragha Bari, Raiyatunda, Rajpura, Ratanpura, Rewasi, Sahwa, Sardarshahar, Sarsar, Satyun, Shimla Sardarshahar, Sirsala, Suratpura, Udasar, Udsar, Udwala, Dhani kulriyan, Devipura, Nangal Bari, Hameerwas,

Villages in Bikaner district

Bajju, Bhamatsar, Beegawas Ramsara, Bikaner, Kisnasar, Kolayat, Nathusar, Lalam Desar Bara, Rajpura Huddan, Kuntasar (2), Udasar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Ayalki, Amarpura Rathan, Bashir, Bhaguwala, Bhagwan, Bharwana, Bhojasar, Bolanwali, Chahuwali (चहुवाली), Chaiya, Chanan, Chhapanwali, Dabli Khurd, Deeplana, Deidas, Dhaban, Dhadheta, Dhandhela, Dingarh, Ghotda, Gogameri, Goluwala, Jasana, Kaluana, Kharakhera, Kishanpura Utradha, Kular, Lakhe Wali Dhab, Makkasar, Maliya Nohar, Manak Thedi, Morjand Khari, Nagrana, Nathor, Nukera, Nyaulkhi, Pacca Saharana (पक्का सहारणा), Pakki Dabli, Panditanwali, Phephana, Pilibanga, Rajpuria, Ramgarh Ujjalwas, Ramgarh, Ratanpura, Ratna Desar, Rohidawali, Saharani, Saliwala, Silwala Kalan, Silwala Khurd, Sangaria, Teja Khera, Thalarka, Toparia,

Villages in Sri Ganganagar district

17 LNP, 46 RBA Padampur, Amarpura Jatan, Bakhtana 13Q, Bhompura, Binjh Bayala, Chak 1F Chhoti, Chak CH.RUPA RAM WALA, Chak Manphool Wala, Chak-4z ii, Dhingawali Jatan, Dungar Singh Pura, Ganeshgarh, Gharsana, KSD Dhani, Ladhuwala, Lalgarh Jatan, Likhmewala, Madhera, Mammad, Purani Abadi, Rawla, Sadhuwali, Sardarpura Jiwan, Tatarsar,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Birol, Khedar Ki Dhani,

Villages in Tonk district

Bagpura (1), Bhairupura (5), Kachaulya (1), Kala ki Dhani (1), Naya Dhila (1), Pandreda (1),

Villages in Bhilwara district

Sarnon Ka Khera, Saran Ka Khera (t.Mandalgarh),

Villages in Sirohi district

Saran Ka Khera (t. Reodar),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Kaithal district

Kharak, Dubal (दूबल), Kole-Khan (कौलेखाँ)

Villages in Jind district

Julani, Khrainti,

Villages in Hisar district

There are 24 villages of Saran Jats in Hisar district. Villges are: Chaudhriwas, Kuthara (कुठारा), Badchhapar (बड़छपर), Kaimri, Riyasar (रियासर), Julana (जुलाना), Kherti ((खेरटी), Hasangarh (हसनगढ़), Yajara (याजरा), Virwal (विरवाल), Sarsana (सरसना), Khedar, Parbhuwala,

Villages in Sirsa district

Ali Mohammad, Asa Khera (आसा खेडा), Barasari (बरासरी), Chautala, Dhingtania (धिंगतानिया), Farmana Khas (Meham), Jhittikhera, Kaluana, Kalwana, Jasania (जसनिया), Nuhiyan Wali, Shakar Mandori (शकर मंदोरी ),

Villages in Fatehabad district

Bhattu Kalan, Pili Mandori,

Villages in Rohtak district

Farsana (फरसाना) , Farmana Khas, Madina (मदीना), Bhaini Chandrapal (भैनी चंद्रपाल) , Singhpur (सिंहपुर) , Nidaana (निदाना) , Vailwa (वैलवा) , Saiman (सैमाण) ,

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Barna

Villages in Yamunanagar district

Dadupur Chhawni, Jathlana,

Distribution in Gujarat

Villages in Banas Kantha district

Sherpura, Yavarpura,

Distribution in Punjab

Bhagsar, Kular, Panchkosi, Julani,

Villages in Fazilka district

Lakhe Wali Dhab, Ramkot, Shehtirwala,

Villages in Firozpur district

Kular Firozpur, Panchkosi,

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Chipra,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Saharan gotra Jats are found in MP in many districts. They are at Atarsama Harda, Bhopal, Harda, Intkheri (Raisen),

Villages in Mandsaur district

Molyakheri, Rajnagar (Sitamau), Ralayta (Haidra Mata),

Villages in Nimach district

Fatehnagar (3), Jawad (1), Kundal (1), Khadawda (4), Malaheda (1),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Badauda 12, Bangrod 1, Banjali 2, Bardiya goyal 2, Bhatkheda 1, Bilpank 2, Damottar 2, Dantodiya 2, Dhamottar 2, Dhaunswas 9, Dheekwa 13, Ghatwas 1, Jawra 1, Jharsandala 1, Kalkheda 19, Kalori 2, Kalori khurd 1, Kotdi 1, Narayangarh sailana 1, Negarda 10, Panched 4, Panchewa 12, Piploda 28, Raoti 1, Ratlam 3,, Rupa kheda 22, Sikhedi 3, Surana 7,

Villages in Harda district

Abgaon Kalan, Atarsama, Baidi, Bhadugaon, Bichhola, Devtalab, Goyat Harda, Harda, Kartana, Khardana, Kolipura, Kunjargaon, Kusia, Nimakhedi, Pidgaon, Rijgaon,

Villages in Sehore district

Gopalpur Sehore,

Villages in Dewas district

Tipras, Kothmir, Mehandul,

Villages in Dhar district

Kalola,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

सारण (सहारण ) गोत्र के उत्तर प्रदेश में 10 से भी ज्यादा गाँव है जो की मेरठ ,बिजनोर ,मुज्ज़फर नगर ,बिजनोर ,गाज़ियाबाद जिले में है । सारण इतिहास के अनुसार सारण जाट उत्तर प्रदेश में राजस्थान से जाकर बसे थे । सहारण खाप के गाँव निम्न है नगला शेरपुर ,सुल्तानपुर ,अलीपुर ,अटलपुर ,भदौरा .चिन्दोदी ,रामपुर ,सिसोला ,नावडिया, राजपुर छाजपुर, चंदौड़ी ,खेडा गदई मुबारकपुर सहारण Information add by- Manvendra Singh Tomar

Villages in Meerut District

Atalpur,Alipur,Bhadaura,Chindhori,Meerpur , Rampur Muzakkipur,Sisola,

Village in Ghaziabad district

Nagala Sherpur,Sultanpur,

Villages in Rampur District

Navadia,

Villages in Mujaffarnagar And Shamali District

Rajpur Chajpur , Chandaudi, Khera Gadai, Oon (ऊन), Pandaura,

Villages in Bijnor District

Mubarakpur Saharan (t.Najibabad),

Distribution in Pakistan

Hindu

Saran Hindu Jats are residing in Umarkot, Tharparkar, Mirpurkhas and Sanghar districts of Sindh Province,Pakistan and Punjab (Pakistan).

Muslim

The Saran were another Mulla Jat clan found mainly in Hissar and Sirsa. Like other Mulla Jat clans, they emigrated to Punjab (Pakistan) after partition.


Gallery of Saharans

Notable persons of Saran gotra

  • B. R. Saharan - Prof.(Retd.),Zoology, Date of Birth : 15-January-1948. Vill.- Dhani Panchera, Teh.- Sardarshahar, Distt.- Churu, Present Address : 21/81,MLA Quarters,Kaveri Path, Mansarowar, Jaipur- 302020, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2392211, Mobile Number : 9829057622
  • Col. Hari Singh Saharan - Prsident, All India Saharan Pariwar Samaj Sewa Samiti. Colonel, Date of Birth : 11-July-1953, Present Address : 158, Mahadev Nagar, Near Vaishali Nagar, Gandhi Path, Jaipur - 302021, Resident Phone Number : 0141-4001550, Mobile Number : 9660903606, Email Address : saharanhari@yahoo.co.in
  • Ram Lal Saran - DGM (Fin.) Airport Authority of India, Date of Birth : 1-January-1960, VILL.- Kishanasar], PO- Garbadesar TEH.-Lunkaransar,Distt.- Bikaner, Present Address : 10/878, MALVIYA NAGAR, JAIPUR, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2722102, Mobile Number : 8107785762, Email Address : rlsaran@aai.aero
  • H. R. Saharan - Chief Manager Bank Of India (Retd.), VPO - Bakhtana 13Q, Teh.& Distt. - Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, Present Address : 40/91, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2390722, Mobile : 9414602948, Email Address : hrsaharan@yahoo.com
  • Mani Ram Saran - Chief Engineer (Retd.) Ground Water Deptt., Date of Birth : 1-August-1948, VPO- Khejaran, teh.- Sardarshahar, distt. - Churu, Raj., Present Address : A-83 , Urmila Marg ,Hanuman Nagar, Jaipur, Phone Number : 0141-2352419, Mob: 9461481711
  • Dayaram Saharan Ramgarh - L.S.A. Veterinary Hospital,Phephana Date of Birth : 4-5-1977, VPO- Ramgarh, teh.- Nohar, distt. - Hanumangarh, Raj., Present Address :Ward no.1,Balaji Nagar,Nohar, Mob: 9829635298
  • Nimba Ram Saran - RPS from village Sawau Padamsingh (Barmer),
  • Mangi Lal Saran - Commandant BSF, from village Kharin (Barmer),
  • Late Shri Jotram Saharan Ramgarh Nohar Hanumangarh
  • Daulat Ram Saran Dalman: Sanrakshak Jat Kirti Sansthan Churu
  • Mahander Singh Saharan - Maha Sachiv M/S All India Saharan Pariwar Samaj Sewa Samiti, Mob: 09810418495. Prop. Shri Babosa Cargo Relocation Gurgaon. Vil. Chubkiyagarh, Rajgarh Churu, Rajasthan.
  • Santosh Kumar Saran - MLA Sadulshar Vidhansabha
  • Banwari Lal Saharan - Social worker, From Ellenabad,Haryana,
  • Surender Singh Saharan - Prop M/S Sunrise Road Carrier Kapashera New Delhi, From village Bagla, dist Hissar, Haryana, Mob: 09811627474, 09311221007
  • Amir Singh Saharan- Village Bhadashapur, Farmana, Haryana, Bhim Awarad (Haryana) - 2000, Bharat Arjun Awarad 2002, Baliwal top ten palayers
  • Vijandar Singh Saharan - Farmana State Gernal Secretary Haryana Pharmacist Assocaition, All India vice President Fedration of Indian Pharmacist Orgenisation, Haryana Govt Awarad Bety Bachao, Mob: 09255121576
  • Jitandar Saharan - Farmana Maham Social workar and politician, INLDm Mob: 0981289400
  • Dr Dharamvir Singh Saharan - retdMD AIIMS Delhi, retd Helth Director of Haryana Govt. Mob:9810009877, lives in Gurgaon
  • Dharamvir Dingh Saharan - Congress leader, Vice Chairman Jila Parisad Kaithal, Haryana, Mob:9891758023
  • Mahavir Singh Saharan - Xen DHVN Gurgaon.
  • Bhoop Singh Saharan - Birla Group, Delhi. 29 Prthvi Raj Road, India Gate New Delhi
  • Jayparkash Saharan - urf JP ex. Minister Govt of India and Haryana Govt. Congress leader in Haryana.
  • Dr Arvind Kumar Saharan - Saharan Nursing Home Rurkee, Dist Haridwar, Uttarakhand, Mob: 09760327742
  • Krishan Kumar Saharan - S/O Daulatram Saharan Ex. Minister & politician from Rajasthan
  • Puspendar Saharan - Advoct Muzaffarnagar, UP, Mob: 09045538808, Member of All India Saharan Pariwar Samaj Sewa Samiti
  • Dharveer Saharan - Jat Maha Sabha Pardhan Meerut, UP, Phone: 0121- 2682336
  • Depandar Saharan - Political leader BSP, Meerut, UP
  • Sayodhan Singh Saharan - Garam Pradhan Chindori, Meerut, UP
  • Mukesh Saharan - Chindori, Meerut, UP. Member of All India Saharan Pariwar Samaj Sewa Samiti, Ph: 0121-2886238, Mob:09411643518
  • Dr Surendar Pal Singh Saharan - s/o Sh Motiram Saharan, Shri Gaganagar
  • Dr Birajmohan Saharan - S/O sh chetan ram saharan ghaneshgarh shri gaganagar
  • Ramnarayan Saharan - Industrial president bhiwadi mfg association
  • Ridhi Nath Ji Saran - From Balak village in Hisar district. इनके मामाजी का नाम भागमल चौधरी था। रिधिनाथ जी ने इलाहबाद त्रिवेणी पर कठोर तप किया था। इन्होने कुम्भ मेले पर 360 चेलों को मूंडा था। इनके शिष्य जगजीवननाथ गिरी ने विक्रम संवत 1415 में पण्डरेउ मठ की नींव रखी थी। इस मठ की कीर्ति उस समय श्रीपंचजूना जगजीवननाथ गिरी अखाडा के रूप में सबसे ऊपर थी।
  • संत कैप्टन लालचन्द - जिला चुरू के रहने वाले सहारण गोत्री जाट जिन्होंने एक नया अध्यात्मक विचार पैदा किया।
  • Dhiru Ram Saharan - Samaj Sewa Samiti memorial trust Shiv Shakti reped x fors rishi nagar hissar haryana
  • Dr Surender Saharan
  • Anamika Saran - RJS
  • Gauri Shankar Saran - Son of Shrawan Kumar Saran, DOB:7-5-1994, Got 88.17% marks in tenth, 95.08% (year 2010-11) in Senior Secondary Science Group with 9th rank, Selected in IIT Bombay. His great grandfather was Shyoji Ram Saran a leading reformer of the area who participated in 1934 Jat Prajapati Mahayagya in Sikar along many villagers. [37]

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.209
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-105
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-159
  4. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  5. Churu Janpad Ka Jat Itihas by Daulat Ram Saran Dalman
  6. Jat Express, 10 July, 2011,p.2
  7. Churu Janpad Ka Jat Itihas by Daulat Ram Saran Dalman
  8. Jat Express, 10 July, 2011,p.2
  9. Daulat Ram Saharan, Dharati Putra: Jat Baudhik evam Pratibha Samman Samaroh Sahwa, Smarika 30 December 2012, by Jat Kirti Sansthan Churu, pp.9
  10. Churu Janpad Ka Jat Itihas by Daulat Ram Saran Dalman
  11. The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 240
  12. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, S.No.82
  13. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, S.No.82
  14. Elliot, op. cit., Vol.I, p.133
  15. Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah Firista, Gulsan-i-Ibrahimi, commonly known as Tarikh-i-Firishta, Nawal Kishore edition, (Kanpur, 1865), Vol.I, p.35
  16. Dr S.Jabir Raza, The Jats - Their Role and Contribution to the Socio-Economic Life and Polity of North and North West India. Vol I, 2004, Ed Dr Vir Singh
  17. Inscription No.1, Tod, op.cit., Vol.I, p. 622-23.
  18. Encyclopedia of Islam, vol.II, p.488
  19. Chachnama, pp.98, 117,131
  20. Zai'nul-Akhbar, p.191; Tarikh-i-Firishta, Vol.I,p.35
  21. Chachnama, pp.104,167
  22. Richard F. Burton, op. cit., p.246
  23. Inscription No.1, Tod, op.cit., Vol.II, Appendix pp. 914-917.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Dr S.Jabir Raza, The Jats - Their Role and Contribution to the Socio-Economic Life and Polity of North and North West India. Vol I, 2004, Ed Dr Vir Singh
  25. Inscription No.II, Tod, op.cit., Vol.II, Appendix, pp. 917-919 and n. 13
  26. Chachnama, p.166
  27. Hasan Nizami, Tajul-ma'asir, Fascimile translation in ED, Vol. II, p.218
  28. Nainsi Khyat, Vol. I p. 12
  29. In praise of death: history and poetry in medieval Marwar (South Asia), By Janet Kamphorst, p.253
  30. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  31. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316
  32. दयालदास ख्यात, देशदर्पण, पेज 20
  33. Dr Pema Ram, The Jats Vol. 3, ed. Dr Vir Singh,Originals, Delhi, 2007 p. 209
  34. चौधरी हरिश्चंद्र नैन, बीकानेर में जनजाति, प्रथम खंड, पेज 18
  35. Dr Pema Ram, The Jats Vol. 3, ed. Dr Vir Singh,Originals, Delhi, 2007 p. 202
  36. A study of the Bhagavata Purana; or, Esoteric Hinduism by Purnendu Narayana Sinha, p. 223
  37. Uddeshya: Sarv Samaj Baudhik evam Pratibha Samman Samaroh Churu, Smarika, June 2013, by Jat Kirti Sansthan Churu,p.192
  • Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934.
  • James Tod: Annalas and Antiquities of Rajasthan (1829)

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