Sheoran (श्योराण) Seoran (स्योराण) Sheorayan (श्योरायण) Shivrain (शिवरायण) Shivran (शिवराण) Shyauran (श्यौरान) Sheoran (श्योरान) Syoran (स्योराण) Shivran (शिवरान) Shiwran (शिवरान) Sioran (सियोरान) Soran (सोराण) Shyauran (श्यौरान) Suran (सुराण) Souran (सौराण) Sauran (सौराण) Sivrana (सिवराणा) Syoran (स्योराण) Shivran (शिवराण) Shivrana (शिवराणा) Sheroran gotra Jats are found in Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.  It is a branch of Chauhan. Sheorani clan is found in Afghanistan. 
- 1 Origin
- 2 History
- 3 Villages founded by Sheoran clan
- 4 Member of Chauhan Confederacy
- 5 Sheoran khap
- 6 ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं
- 7 Distribution in Uttarakhand
- 8 Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
- 9 Distribution in Haryana
- 10 Distribution in Punjab
- 11 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 11.1 Locations in Jaipur city
- 11.2 Villages in Jaipur District
- 11.3 Villages in Sikar district
- 11.4 Villages in Churu district
- 11.5 Villages in Hanumangarh district
- 11.6 Villages in Jhunjhunu district
- 11.7 Villages in Ganganagar district
- 11.8 Villages in Barmer district
- 11.9 Villages in Bikaner district
- 11.10 Villages in Tonk District
- 12 Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
- 13 Notable persons
- 14 Gallery of Sheoran people
- 15 श्योराण जाट गोत्र का इतिहास
- 16 External Links
- 17 References
Ram Swarup Joon writes about Sheoran, Shivran: According to the bard of this dynasty king Gaj of Ghazni had two sons named Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. Mangal Rao was the ruler of Lahore and Masur Rao of Sialkot. Foreign invaders drove both of them out of their kingdoms. Masur Rao fled away to the deserts of Rajasthan. He had two sons named Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. Descendants of Abhai Rao came to be called Bhurhya Bhatti and those of Saran Rao, Saran. Mangal Rao had six sons, named Mojam Rao, Gulrish, Moolraj, Sheoraj, Kewl Rao and Phul Rao. Descendants of Gulrish came to be called Gloraya or Kiliraya, those of Moolraj, Munda and those Sheoraj, Sheoran. Descendants of Kewal Rao and Phul Rao adopted pottery as their profession and were called Kumhar.
Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Shivi in Rajasthan are: Seu, Shivran, Shivral, Sihot, Sinwar, Chhaba etc. 
Alexander Cunningham writes that Opokien (Afghan) is mentioned by Hwen Thsang in a brief paragraph, which places it between Falana (Bannu) and Ghazni, to the north-west of the former, and to the south-east of the latter. From this description it would appear to be the same as the Lo-i of Fa-Hian, and the Roh of the Indian historians. Major Raverty describes Roh as " the mountainous district of Afghanistan and part of Baluchistan," or "the country between Ghazni and Kandahar and the Indus." The people of this province are called Rohilas, or Rohila Afghans, to distinguish them from other Afghans, such as the Ghori Afghans of Ghor between Balkh and Merv. There is, however, a slight chronological difficulty about this identification, as the Afghans of Khilij, Ghor, and Kabul are stated by Ferishta to have subdued the province of Roh so late as A.H. 63, or A.D. 682, that is about thirty years later than the period of Hwen Thsang's visit. But I think that there are good grounds for doubting the accuracy of this statement, as Hwen Thsang describes the language of Falana as having but little resemblance to that of Central India. The inhabitants of Roh could not, therefore, have been Indians; and if not Indians, they must almost certainly have been Afghans. Ferishta begins his account by saying that the Muhammadan Afghans of the mountains "invaded and laid waste the inhabited countries, such as Kirman, Shivaran, and Peshawar;" and that several battles took place between the Indians and Afghans " on a plain between Kirman and Peshawar." The Kirman here mentioned is not the great province of Kirman, or Karmania, on the shore of the Indian Ocean, but the Kirman, or Kirmash, of Timur's historians, which is the valley of the Kuram river. Thus Alexander Cunningham locates Shivarans in valley of Kurram River which is located in Paktia and Khost provinces of Afghanistan and Kurram Agency, North Waziristan Agency and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) writes: The Jat tribes Sivirana or Sivran or Sheoran closely resembles the Rigvedic tribes of Sivas, one of the western frontier tribes who fought against the Bharatas on the Parusni in the Dasarajna battles.
According to Bhim Singh Dahiya, Sheoran are the Sura of Indian Literature,  and Shor of Present day Central Asia. Mahabharata mentions a Suryasura and obviously not for the sun (Surya) but for the Sura people  Darada (the Darar clan people) a king of Bahlika was born from Surya.  The Sura Kings came for Yudhisthira’s sacrifice. 
Sheoran is a branch of Shivi Jats who ruled in Malwa and Rajasthan. When they moved from Malwa to Rajasthan, one group also moved to Neemrana, where they were found at the time of Emperor Humanyun.
According to the bard of this dynasty king Gaj of Ghazni had two sons named Mangal Rao and Masur Rao. Mangal Rao was the ruler of Lahore and Masur Rao of Sialkot. Foreign invaders drove both of them out of their kingdoms. Masur Rao fled away to the deserts of Rajasthan. He had two sons named Abhai Rao and Saran Rao. Descendants of Abhai Rao came to be called Bhurhya Bhatti and those of Saran Rao, Saran. Mangal Rao had six sons, named Mojam Rao, Gulrish, Moolraj, Sheoraj, Kewl Rao and Phul Rao. Descendants of Gulrish came to be called Gloraya or Kiliraya, those of Moolraj, Munda and those Sheoraj, Sheoran.
The Sheoran gotra is a big gotra having 52 villages in Luharu 25 in tehsil Badhra and teh. Charkhi Dadri and 25 big villages in Jind, known as 8 Khera. Other Villages Jodawali, Kardawan, Munnawali, Kinsrenti, Khunghai.
Sidhanwa village in Tehsil Loharu, District Bhiwani is said to be central place from where they spread to other areas in Haryana. Sidhanwa Village is having both Dhankhar and Sheoran gotra populations and they have brotherhood relations. The village should find a rightful place in the Jat history as it is an originating place for one of the important clan i.e. Sheoran. Legend has it that there were two brothers Sheora and Sumra who were passing by the place where this village is situated now to find some greener pastures due to a severe drought in their village. The wheel of their bull cart got damaged and they had to stop there. Nearby there lived a Saint named Baba Sidh Nath who advised them to settle there and blessed them. Sheorans are now scattered over many villages but the main thrust is in this area in about 52 villages. There is a famous Dera in this village in the name of Baba Sidhnath and a huge Dharamshala has also been built (for the pilgrims from other villages and holding the bigger social congregations and Panchayats) with the donations received from devotees which include local politicians as well. These donations run in lakhs every year.
H W Bellew writes that The Afghans Proper the Bani Israil, as they call themselves in special distinction to all other divisions of the nation class themselves as the descendants of Saraban through his two sons, Sharjyun and Khrishyun.
- From Sharjyun there sprung five clans, the principal of which is called Sheorani,
- From Khrishyun there sprung three clans, namely, Kand, Zamand, and Kansi.
- The Kand was divided into the Khakhi and Ghori, and included the Mandanr and Yusufzai clans. They are all now settled in the Peshawar valley.
Villages founded by Sheoran clan
- Goth Buhana - village, in Tehsil Buhana district Jhunjhunu
- Chahar Kalan - village, in Bhiwani district in Haryana, founded by two brothers of Sheoran gotra named 'Chachu' and 'Karan'.
- Dalawas - village in tehsil Badhra of Bhiwani district in Haryana founded by Hari Kishan Sheoran.
- Dhani Shyorani (ढाणी श्योराणी) - village is in Chirawa tahsil in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan.
- Mewala Kalan - village in Tehsil Tanda in district Rampur in Uttar Pradesh, founded in 1952.
- Seoron Ki Dhnai - village in Gudha Malani Tahsil of Barmer district in Rajasthan.
- Shyorana Ka Bas (श्योराण का बास) - village in Laxmangarh tahsil in Sikar district of Rajasthan.
Member of Chauhan Confederacy
Bhim Singh Dahiya provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Sheoran clan supported the ascendant clan Chauhan and become part of a political confederacy.
Sheoran khap has 52 villages around Loharu and 25 villages around Badhra in district Bhiwani in Haryana. Main villages belonging to Sheoran gotra are Pachgama (पंचगामा),Badhra, Dalawas,Hui Bisalwas ,Kasani Dudhwa (दुधवा). 
ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं
ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं कि राज्य जींद में इस वंश के 25 गांव हैं और लुहारू स्टेट के 52 गांव पूरे शिवराण गोत्र जाटों के हैं। हिसार जिलें में भी अनेक गांव है। भाट लोगों ने लिखा है कि शिवराव नामी राजपूत ने जो अब से 24 पीढ़ी पहले हुआ था, जाटनी से शादी कर ली, इसलिए उसकी सन्तान के लोग शिवराण कहे जाते हैं। इससे भी बड़ा गपोड़ा और क्या होगा कि एक ही आदमी के सिर्फ चौबीसवीं पीढ़ी में सैकड़ों गांव बस गए! हमारा मत है जो कि बिलकुल सही है कि शिवराण-जाट शिवि अथवा सिवोई समूह के जत्थे में से हैं, जो कि शिवि गोत्र अथवा शैव्य जाटों के भाई-बन्धु हैं। मालवा से हटकर जिस समय ये लोग राजस्थान में गए, उस समय इनका एक दल नीमराणे के आस-पास भी पहुंच गया और हुमायूं के समय तक उनका छोटा-मोटा राज इस स्थान पर रहा।
Distribution in Uttarakhand
Villages in Haridwar district
Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
Villages in Aligarh district
Villages in Rampur district
Villages in Muzaffarnagar district
There are two villages of Sheoran's in Muzaffarnagar district.These are situated near Shamli. These villages are Malhendi and Pelkha. These two villages were established by two brothers. Jammal established Malhendi. He had four sons.
Villages in Bagpat district
There is one village by the name Angadpur in Bagpat district. It is the smallest part of three villages situated next to each other, the other two being Johri and Kheri. It is generally known by village Johri. Angadpur, which appears to be the oldest was established by two brothers Ran Singh and Nayan Singh who migrated from Rajasthan (details not known, but believed to be from Bhiwani (?) district), possibly in mid sixteenth century. Nayan Singh later converted to Islam. Descendants of both the brothers still reside at Angadpur. However there is little or no contact between the two communities. All Sheorans at Angadpur are related to one another and maintain close contact.
Villages in Rampur District
Distribution in Haryana
The Sheoran gotra is a big gotra having 52 villages in Luharu 25 in SUB.teh BADHRA teh. Charkhi Dadri and 25 big villages in Jind, known as 8 Khera. Other Villages Jodawali, Kardawan, Munnawali, Kinsrenti, Khunghai.
Villages in Bhiwani district
Akbarpur Sheoran (अकबरपुर), Arya Nagar, Badhra, Baralu (बरालू), Barwas (बारवास), Basirwas (बसीरवास), Berla, Bhandwa, Bisalwas, Chahar Kalan, Chahar Khurd, Chandwas, Dalawas, Dhani Kirawar, Dhani Mahu, Dhani Mithi, Dhanasri, Dhigava, Dudhwa, Fartia Kehar, Gagarwas, Garanpur (गारनपुर), Ghasola, Gignaw (गिगनाऊ), Gokalpura, Gopi, Hansawas Kalan, Hansawas Khurd, Hariawas (हरियावास), Hui, Hadoudi, Isharwal, Jeetpura, Jewali, Jhanjhara Sheoran, Jhumpa Kalan (झुंपा कलां), Jhumpa Khurd (झुंपा खुर्द), Kakroli Hatti, Kakroli Hukmi, Kakroli Sardara, Kandhara, Kari Dharni, Kari Tokha, Kari rupa, Kari Mela Kari Modh, Kasni Kalan (कासनी कलां), Kisskandha, Kushalpura (कुशलपुरा), Handi Khera, Kheowali, Laad, Ladawas, Mandhan Tosham, Mandholi Kalan (मंढ़ोली कलां), Modh, Nakipur (नकीपुर), Nandha, Ouan, Paju (पाजू), Pachganwa, Patwan (पाटवान, पाडवान), Salempur (सलेमपुर), Sidhanwa (main village), Singhani, Umarwas,
Villages in Hisar district
Villages in Rohtak district
Villages in Sirsa district
Villages in Jhajjar district
Villages in Sonipat district
Villages in Mahendergarh district
Villages in Jind district
Villages in Yamunanagar District
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Fazilka district
Villages in Firozpur district
Distribution in Rajasthan
Locations in Jaipur city
Gandhi Nagar, Hanuman Nagar, Khatipura, Murlipura Scheme,
Villages in Jaipur District
Villages in Sikar district
Villages in Churu district
Bas Dhakan, Beijwa, Buchawas, Chariya (Salasar), Daudsar, Dokwa, Dudhwa Meetha, Jaleu Bari (30), Jetpura Churu, Kusumdesar (20), Lambor Bari, Loonchh, Neshal, Sitsar, Sujangarh (1), Suratpura (Rajgarh),
Villages in Hanumangarh district
Villages in Jhunjhunu district
Villages in Ganganagar district
Villages in Barmer district
Villages in Bikaner district
Villages in Tonk District
Hadigaon Kala (2),
Distribution in Madhya Pradesh
Villages in Mandsaur district
Villages in Ratlam district
Villages in Nimach district
Khor Vikram (2),
Villages in Shivpuri district
Villages in Gwalior district
- Harphool Jat Julaniwala
- O. P. Sheoran - IAS
- Anand Muni Vanparsth/Bhim Singh
- Roshan Lal Sheoran - SR. ACCOUNTS OFFICER, CBDT, MINISTRY OF FINANCE, NEW DELHI, from Kakroli Sardara, Bhiwani, Haryana.
- Anita Sheoran (अनीता श्योराण)
- Brig. Ranswaroop Sheoran
- Hawa Singh Sheoran
- Surendra Pal Singh Sheoran - IRS, Chandigarh
- Ishwar Singh Sheoran - The Jat Regiment, Martyr 02-07-2000, Rajasthan
- Kuljeet Singh Badhra - CHAIRMAN, VENUS DATA LABS PVT. LTD. (VENUS GROUP)
- Azad Singh Sheoran - U. P. Pradhan Sanchalak, Sarvdeshik Aryaveer Dal
- Dr. Anil Sheoran - IAS (2010), from Ramu Ki Dhani (रामू की ढाणी) village in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
- Nathu Ram (Shivran) - Div. Engineer BSNL , Date of Birth : 10-August-1952, VPO.- Kayamsar , teh.- Fatehpur, distt.- Sikar, Present Address : Shivram Ent. Jaipur-Jhunjhunu Bye Pass Road Radha Krishnpura Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-248255, Mob: 9413395255, Email:email@example.com
- Pyare Lal Sheoran - RPS, Addl. SP, Date of Birth : 7-January-1968, Vill.- Sheoranon Ka Bas, PO- Narodara, Via- Laxmangarh, Sikar, Raj., Phone Number : 01573-232564, Mob: 9414180051
- Nirmal Sheoran - Deputy District education Officer, Date of Birth : 28-June-1959,Principal DIET, BIRI, Charkhi Dadri. Mob:9812365072
- Tyagi Mansa Ram (त्यागी मनसाराम) - a saint of Seoran gotra
- Bujja Bhagat (बुज्जा भगत) - a saint of Seoran gotra
- Suresh Kumar Sheoran - IC-51160H, Colonel Suresh Kumar Sheoran, 4th Battalion, The Sikh Regiment, Indian Army. Awarded with Sena Medal (Devotion to Duty), on 26 January 2012.
- Mr. S. R. Shivrain - ECM Spl Invitee, Retd. ICAS, B-1/103, Power Welfare Org Complex, Sec-43, Gurgaon-122002 Haryana, 0124-4045794, 9810593103, firstname.lastname@example.org, NCR (PP- 36)
- Ch. Sher Singh Sheoran - Retd. District Education Officer (1997-2000),from district Jhajjar, Haryana. Present address: Village-Mandhan, Teh.- Tosham, Distt.- Bhiwani, Haryana. Mob-9050332332.
- Heera Nand Arya - Ex Minister
- Ram Narayan Gagarwas - IAS & Ex MP
- Bahadur Singh Gagrwas - Ex Minister
- Jai Prakash Gagarwas - Ex DIG(CRPF)
- Mahinder Singh - IPS (Haryana Police)
- Ravinder Sheoran - Gawaria Constructon Company
- Raj Sing Gagrwas
- Master Dhrampal Obra - MLA
- Mahinder Singh Sheoran kakroli - IRS
- Sudesh Sheoran Bisalwas - IRS
- Capt Manoj Sheoran Gagarwas - HCS
- Capt Sohan Lal - Pradhan 12
- Retired Major K.C. Sheoran
- Pramod Shyoran - IAS-2014, Rank-364. 
- Rajvir Singh Sheoran (Havildar) - From Mori, Dadri, Bhiwani, Haryana, Martyrs of Kargil war on 17 May 1999, Unit-04 Jat Regiment
Roshan Lal Sheoran,Gram Sachiv,Mandholi Kalan Bani Singh,Jaildar,Pradhan 7 Goan Mandholi Kanni Pradhan
- Ramdhan Shyoran - From Neshal, Rajgarh Churu, Rajasthan was a Freedom fighter and officer of the Indian National Army, who died in 2016 at the age of about 100.
- Amit Sheoran: Civil Judge cum Judicial Magistrate 1st class, 2013 HCS (J). M: 8397078900, Village: Dubheta (Gohana) Sonipat, Haryana
- Kuldip Singh Sheoran - IG , PTM, TM, Head of Indian Coast Guard Andaman & Nicobar Region (A&N), Port Blair
Gallery of Sheoran people
श्योराण जाट गोत्र का इतिहास
भलेराम बेनीवाल  के अनुसार यह जाटों का प्राचीन गोत्र है. महाभारत में इनका उल्लेख सूर्यासर के रूप में हुआ है. शूर राजा पांडव राजा युधिष्ठिर के यज्ञ में शामिल हुये थे. भारतीय साहित्य में इनका नाम शूरा लिखा है. गुप्त काल में शूर सेन लिखा है. ईरान के रोअन्दिज नामक प्रान्त पर श्योराण जाटों का राज्य था. श्योराण कबीला आज भी वहां पर आबाद है. हुमायुंनामा के अनुसार श्योराण गोत्र के जाटों का मालवा में राज्य था. वहां से किसी कारण राजस्थान के नीमराणा के स्थान पर पहुंचे तथा राज्य स्थापित किया.
इस गोत्र के बारे में कहावत है कि श्योराण जाटों का राजपूतों से झगड़ा होता रहा और ये आगे बढते रहे. इसी प्रकार ये लोग लोहारू क्षेत्र में पड़ने वाले गांव सिधनवा में पहुंचे और वहीं बस गये. यहीं के महाराज ने इनको कुछ एरिया दे दिया. जिसे बाद में इन्होने रियासत के रूप में स्थापित किया, लुहारू व दादरी में अपनी बढोतरी की और धीरे-धीरे लुहारू में ५० गांव व दादरी में २५ गांव में फ़ैल गये. आज श्योराण गोत्र के दादरी में ४७ गांव तथा लुहारू में ७० गांव हैं. सिधनवा व चहड कला इस गोत्र के प्रधान गांव हैं.
श्योराण खाप चौरासी की पंचायत संगठन इस बात का प्रतीक है. इस खाप के फ़ैसलों को राजाओं ने भी माना है. एतिहासिक तथ्यों के आधार पर कहा जा सकता है कि दिल्ली के जाट सम्राट अनंगपाल तोमर की पुत्री रूकमणी के दो पुत्र थे-एक पृथ्वी राज व दूसरा चाहर देव. पृथ्वीराज का दिल्ली पर राज्य रहा. गौरी से परास्त होने के बाद पृथ्वीराज चौहान का वध कर दिया. गौरी ने चाहर देव के लड़के विजयराज को कर के बदले राज्य सौंप दिया. विजयराज के दो पुत्र थे- श्योरा (सोमराव) तथा दूसरा समराव (श्युमरा). इन्होने भी गौरी के साथ लड़ाई में भाग लिया. युद्ध हारने के बाद ये दोनों जंगलों में चले गये और भिवानी के पास सिधनवा गांव में सिद्ध तपस्वी के डेरे पर शरण ली. फ़िर जंगल साफ़ करके वहीं पर श्योराण खाप के वर्तमान गांवों की स्थापना की.
हरफ़ूल जाट जुलाणी वाला इसी गोत्र का है.
श्योराण गोत्र के प्रमुख गांव:
लोहाक, चहड़ कला, सिधनवा, दमकोरा, सिघानी, गागड़वास, बारवास, सिरसी, गारनपुर, कासनी कला, हाजमपुर, गिगनाऊ, बसीरवास, गोठड़ा, बरालू, हरियास, कुशलपुरा, सलेमपुर, नकीपुर, झुंपा कला, झुंपा खूर्द, फ़रटिया केहर, पाजू, बीढन, मण्ढोली, बेरान ढाणी अकबरपुर, ठाणी पाड़वान आदि १२५ के लगभग गांव हैं.
महत्वपूर्ण श्योराण लोग
- Anandswaroop Sheoran Raipur Jatan Buhana
- प्रिंसिपल नीर सिंह - शिक्षाविद ग्राम ढाणी बायवाली, नारनौल
- शमशेर सिंह - ग्राम अलेवा, जिन्द
- देशपाल सिंह - ग्राम रायपुर जाटान, करनाल
- रणदीप सिंह - ग्राम रायपुर जाटान, करनाल
- धर्मवीर सिंह - आर्यनगर भिवानी, भूतपूर्व सि.आर.पी.अफ़. कमान्डेन्ट
- चांद रूप - शिक्षाविद ग्राम भालोट, रोह्तक
- Ch. Sher Singh Sheoran - Retd. District Education Officer (1997-2000), from district Jhajjar, Haryana.
- त्यागी मनसाराम व बूज्जाभगत - श्योराण गोत्री
- श्रीमती प्रियंका सुशील श्योराण- जिला प्रमुख श्रीगंगानगर (राजस्थान)
- Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats, Rohtak, India (1938, 1967)
- B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.216
- O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 2316
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-98
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-58
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-147
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. श-8
- History and study of the Jats/Chapter 10
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p.342
- The Races of Afghanistan/Chapter II, by H W Bellew, p.19
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 281
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 280
- Hukum Singh Panwar:The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, pp.151-152
- Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 14
- Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p. 100
- Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.14
- The Ancient Geography of India/Udyana, pp. 87-88
- Pushtu Dictionary, in voce.
- Briggs's Translation, i. 7.
- .The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, pp.151-152
- Shrimadacharya Shrinivasacharya, Jat Itihas, Calcutta, n.d. pp. 9-16. Niranjan Singh Chaudhary, Jat Gotravali, Jat Hitkari Prakashan, Gopinath Bazar,Varindavan, Mathura, n.d. pp. 1-10. Jat Gotras are given in alphabetic order in Hindi in both of the booklets.
- Mahabharata, 2 / 13 / 26
- ibid, 1 / 67 / 58
- ibid , 2 / 44/8
- Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 289
- Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas, p.596
- Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, S.No.82
- The Races of Afghanistan/Chapter II,p.19
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-76
- Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p. 21
- जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-596
- 'Jat Privesh', July 2015,p. 18
- भलेराम बेनीवाल: जाट यौद्धाओं का इतिहास, पृ. 706-707.
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